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It As A Resource For Competitive Agility: An Analysis Of Firm Performance During Industry Turbulence, Shoshana Altschuller, David S. Gelb, Theresa F. Henry 2010 Iona Colege

It As A Resource For Competitive Agility: An Analysis Of Firm Performance During Industry Turbulence, Shoshana Altschuller, David S. Gelb, Theresa F. Henry

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

In an increasingly fast-paced business context, agility is crucial to firm performance. Competitive agility, the ability of a firm to rapidly sense and respond to changes in its environment, is especially important during industry turbulence. This research examines whether investment in Information Technology (IT) enhances firms’ competitive agility using analysis of firm performance during industry growth and contraction. The research approach addresses the causality question faced by previous IT productivity studies by focusing on ex-ante IT investment and subsequent firm performance during periods of unanticipated industry shocks. Findings indicate that IT investment enhances competitive agility but only in industries with ...


A Framework For Identifying And Understanding Risks In Information Technology Projects, Jack T. Marchewka 2010 Northern Illinois University

A Framework For Identifying And Understanding Risks In Information Technology Projects, Jack T. Marchewka

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Managing the costs, complexity, and risks of IT projects continues to be a challenge for many organizations. Project risk management is becoming an important sub-discipline of software engineering, and focuses on identifying, analyzing, and developing strategies for responding to project risk efficiently and effectively. This paper presents an IT project risk identification framework to facilitate identifying and understanding various project risks as part of an overall project risk management process. The proposed framework should be of interest to IT practitioners during the creation of the project plan and over the course of a project so that appropriate and corrective actions ...


Identifying Entity Types For E-R Diagramming In Developing Data- Intensive Web Applications, Seung C. Lee 2010 University of Minnesota at Duluth

Identifying Entity Types For E-R Diagramming In Developing Data- Intensive Web Applications, Seung C. Lee

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Although the Web has become a major enabler for data-intensive business applications such as e-tailing, customer relationship management, and supply chain management, we find that most Web applications are built up in ad hoc fashion, raising the data-related issues of data definition and data integration. This paper proposes a new approach for identifying entity types for E-R diagramming in developing data-rich Web applications. The methodology is founded on elements of Web applications including pages, links, Web application architecture, and business logic modules.


A Bpm-Systems Architecture That Supports Dynamic And Collaborative Processes, Pascal Ravesteijin, Martijn Zoet 2010 HU University of Applied Sciences

A Bpm-Systems Architecture That Supports Dynamic And Collaborative Processes, Pascal Ravesteijin, Martijn Zoet

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Business Process Management Systems (BPMSs) are increasingly implemented in and across organizations. However, the current combination of functionality, concepts and characteristics in BPMSs is very much based on an industrial-based view of the economy while western economies are rapidly moving towards an information and service economy in which the ratio of knowledge workers is rising dramatically. Compared to the ‘old’ type of worker the knowledge worker is typically highly educated, used to collaborating with other knowledge workers and less likely to be sensitive to a controlling style of management in the execution of his or her work. While many organizations ...


Evaluating The Perceived Impact Of Collaborative Exchange And Formalization On Information Security, Randall Young 2010 University of Texas

Evaluating The Perceived Impact Of Collaborative Exchange And Formalization On Information Security, Randall Young

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Organizations integrate information security measures through information security planning and policy development. This study aims to examine how the extent of collaborative exchange within the organization and extent of formalization of the information security function impact the effective utilization of well-established information security objectives. The security objectives of interest, described in general deterrence theory, are deterrence, detection and recovery. This study finds that organizations that exhibit higher levels of collaborative exchange and develop and implement more information security policies are more effectively utilizing the information security strategies of detection, deterrence and recovery. This study highlights the importance of the complementary ...


An Integrative Conceptual Model Of Vietnam As An Emerging Destination For Offshore Outsourcing Of Software Development For Finnish Companies, Nazmun Nahar, Linh Kuivanen 2010 University of Jyvaskyla

An Integrative Conceptual Model Of Vietnam As An Emerging Destination For Offshore Outsourcing Of Software Development For Finnish Companies, Nazmun Nahar, Linh Kuivanen

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Companies are constantly under pressure to develop software within tight budgets and more efficiently. Offshore outsourcing has been seen as one solution to the dilemma, and lucrative outsourcing businesses have evolved in many countries. Vietnam is now emerging within this global outsourcing sector. This study conducts an in-depth literature review and analyzes a number of important issues related to developing countries in general and Vietnam in particular, as an offshore outsourcing destination for Finnish companies for developing their software. From the analysis, an integrative conceptual model of software development through offshore outsourcing was developed. The study found challenges as well ...


Impacts Of It Resources On Business Performance Within The Context Of Mergers And Acquisitions, Viet T. Dao 2010 Shippensburg University

Impacts Of It Resources On Business Performance Within The Context Of Mergers And Acquisitions, Viet T. Dao

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

No abstract provided.


Technological-Personal-Environmental (Tpe) Framework: A Conceptual Model For Technology Acceptance At The Individual Level, Yijun Jiang, Dongyu Chen, Fujun Lai 2010 Southwestern University of Finance and Economics

Technological-Personal-Environmental (Tpe) Framework: A Conceptual Model For Technology Acceptance At The Individual Level, Yijun Jiang, Dongyu Chen, Fujun Lai

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This paper describes the development of the Technological-Personal-Environmental (TPE) framework, which explains individuals’ behaviors of technology acceptance. We argue that existing individual-level technology acceptance theories provide a valuable, but incomplete, understanding of individuals’ technology acceptance. By synthesizing extant technology acceptance models and theories, the proposed TPE delineates the individual-level technology acceptance from technological, personal, and environmental aspects. The proposed framework provides a wider angle to investigate individual-level technology acceptance.


Leadership Characteristics And Team Outcomes In The Development Of A Marketing Web Page, Garry L. White, Karen H. Smith 2010 Texas State University, San Marcos

Leadership Characteristics And Team Outcomes In The Development Of A Marketing Web Page, Garry L. White, Karen H. Smith

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Team structures are changing under the pressures of e-commerce and globalization. Today teams have to manage the challenges of working across functional boundaries, such as marketing and web development. In such an environment, research in the disciplines of management and psychology have found that shared leadership among team members may be superior to traditional leadership by a single team member, but this notion has not been tested in the contexts of marketing and web development. This paper presents the results of an empirical study showing that teams with shared leadership exhibited better performance and greater member satisfaction than teams with ...


An Excel Planning And Teaching Decision Aid For Bonner's Conceptual Framework, Freddie Choo, Kim Tan 2010 San Francisco State University

An Excel Planning And Teaching Decision Aid For Bonner's Conceptual Framework, Freddie Choo, Kim Tan

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Bonner (1999, 2008) prescribes a conceptual framework entitled “Choosing teaching methods based on learning objectives: An integrative framework” to plan and teach accounting. Bonner’s conceptual framework involves a holistic-mapping-process in which an instructor holistically maps a set of accounting learning objectives (ALO), general learning objectives (GLO), necessary conditions (NC), and teaching methods (TM). The scope of this paper is aimed at developing an Excel planning and teaching decision aid (EDA) for Bonner’s holistic-mapping- process. This EDA neither replaces nor supplants the conventional judgment-based planning and teaching process. By presenting and making the EDA available, perhaps accounting information systems ...


Use Of A Fast Information Extraction Method As A Decision Support Tool, Mahmudul Sheikh, Sumali Conlon 2010 Rust College

Use Of A Fast Information Extraction Method As A Decision Support Tool, Mahmudul Sheikh, Sumali Conlon

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Ad-hoc extraction of information from documents can ensure the transparency of decisions made by an organization. Different Information Extraction methods have been applied to extract information from various domains. Most widely known methods use manually annotated training documents that require high development time. The automated training methods are not scalable to large application domains. We have developed a semi-automated knowledge-engineering method for building the knowledge-base with minimal efforts. Because our method reduces manual processing of the training data, the development process is very fast. We have developed a prototype application to extract information from the project-reports of the American Recovery ...


Enterprise Systems Network: Securid Solutions, The Authentication To Global Security Systems, Emmanuel U. Opara, Vance Etnyre 2010 Prairie View A&M University

Enterprise Systems Network: Securid Solutions, The Authentication To Global Security Systems, Emmanuel U. Opara, Vance Etnyre

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

Enterprise systems need reliable, flexible and secure means for making public and confidential information available to users in a secured and trusted manner. Although enterprise systems have variety of choice to authenticate these users, organizations face significant issues when granting access and providing a manageable structure for valuable access control. Logon functionalities such as user name and password algorithm have been used to grant authentication and authorization into enterprise systems network resources. Since most systems clients prefer the ease of using passwords, and since passwords are easily compromised, the urgency for a stronger authentication process becomes paramount. This study performed ...


A Framework For Analyzing Business Model Innovation In Mobile Commerce, Chung-Shing Lee, Jonathan C. Ho 2010 Pacific Lutheran University

A Framework For Analyzing Business Model Innovation In Mobile Commerce, Chung-Shing Lee, Jonathan C. Ho

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

The paper develops and tests a framework for evaluating mobile commerce business models and strategies. To study business model innovation in mobile commerce, we analyze the cost, revenue, and growth components of the business model. In addition, we also investigate whether the implementation of the new business model successfully capitalized on the key disruptive attributes of mobile commerce. An analytical framework is developed to guide the empirical study of the two leading mobile commerce companies in Taiwan. The empirical research indicates that the mobile commerce industry in Taiwan has been able to capitalize on many but not all of the ...


Gender Differences In The Determinants Of Sharing Information Via Mobile Phones, Chung-Chu Liu 2010 National Taipei University

Gender Differences In The Determinants Of Sharing Information Via Mobile Phones, Chung-Chu Liu

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

The notion of sharing information has become a critical element in competitive advantage for mobile phone companies. The purpose of this particular research is to collate, compare and prioritize gender differences in the determinants of sharing information via mobile phones. The content analysis and the analytic hierarchy process methods were made use of to collect and examine relevant data. According to the findings of this research, the determinants of information sharing via mobile phones may be arranged into four fundamental categories. The categories, in order of significant, are: situational factors (including time pressures, convenience, and price discounts), the unique characteristics ...


Optimal Equipment Replacement And Scrapping Under Improving Technology, George C. Bitros, Natali Hritonenko, Yuri Yatsenko 2010 Athens University of Economics and Business

Optimal Equipment Replacement And Scrapping Under Improving Technology, George C. Bitros, Natali Hritonenko, Yuri Yatsenko

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

The rational replacement management of hi-tech equipment is an important problem of technology management. This paper analyzes and compares two alternative policies for determining the service life and replacement demand of industrial equipment under improving technology. These policies lead to different estimates of the impact of new technology on the replacement policies and equipment service life.


Information Technology Certification Value: An Initial Response From Employers, David Wiershem, Guoying Zhang, Charles R. Johnston 2010 Texas State University

Information Technology Certification Value: An Initial Response From Employers, David Wiershem, Guoying Zhang, Charles R. Johnston

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This article looks at the value of certification from the employer's perspective. It is perhaps the first study in this area that gathers data directly from employers. A survey of directors of university information technology departments is analyzed, and the results indicate limited support for certifications being valued assets of their employees. While not sufficiently strong enough to warrant generalization of the results to business in general, with this information, students and professionals should be able to better prepare themselves for finding employment and academic programs can better evaluate the appropriateness of the inclusion of certification training in their ...


Key Success Factors In Knowledge Transfer During M&A In Traditional Industries: An Empirical Study, Jun Huang, Juan Ling, Jiaqin Yang, Quanwu Zhao 2010 Southwest University

Key Success Factors In Knowledge Transfer During M&A In Traditional Industries: An Empirical Study, Jun Huang, Juan Ling, Jiaqin Yang, Quanwu Zhao

Journal of International Technology and Information Management

This paper describes a study on identifying key successful factors in knowledge transfer resulting from business mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in those (so-called) traditional industries (e.g., textile and steel & iron) with the data collected in the steel and iron industry in Southwestern China. Specifically, this research investigates the relationship between prior-gained knowledge of merging companies, preparation and implementation processes, and actual performance after knowledge transfer. The result reveals that such prior-gained knowledge of merging companies will have a significant positive impact on the motivation for proposed M&A, while it, in contrast, may only have a limited impact ...


Facilitators And Obstacles Of Intercultural Business Communication For American Companies In China: Lessons Learned From The Ups Case, Hongmei Gao, Penelope B. Prime 2010 Kennesaw State University

Facilitators And Obstacles Of Intercultural Business Communication For American Companies In China: Lessons Learned From The Ups Case, Hongmei Gao, Penelope B. Prime

International Business Faculty Publications

This article analyzes how the execution of business strategy for global enterprises is shaped by the dual challenges of communicating in a different national culture and working in a changing economic environment. The article develops a framework from the UPS case in China to illustrate the key components of strategy for US companies operating businesses in China. The article proposes that Chinese-American communication effectiveness can be achieved through overcoming fi ve obstacles: cultural multiplicity, relationship/ task orientation, time concept, business style difference, and language use, while utilizing fi ve facilitators: pragmatism, gender equality, English, American pop culture, and a “big ...


Transitioning To A Modular Enterprise Architecture: Drivers, Constraints, And Actions, Viswanath Venkatesh, Hillol Bala 2010 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Transitioning To A Modular Enterprise Architecture: Drivers, Constraints, And Actions, Viswanath Venkatesh, Hillol Bala

Computer Information Systems Faculty Publications

Best practice suggests that a modular enterprise architecture, where interfaces between and among business processes and services are standardized, is a key IT capability for firms to achieve profitable growth. But few firms have successfully designed, implemented, and maintained such an architecture. This article presents findings on the drivers, constraints, and actions taken by two companies that transitioned to a modular enterprise architecture in response to competitive pressures from their business partners or customers. One company implemented an industry standard and the other developed custom partner interface processes (PIPs) to achieve business modularity. The lessons from these two case studies ...


Power, Conflict, And Cooperation: The Impact Of Guanxi In Chinese Marketing Channels, Guijun Zhuang, Youmin Xi, Alex S. L. Tsang 2010 Hong Kong Baptist University

Power, Conflict, And Cooperation: The Impact Of Guanxi In Chinese Marketing Channels, Guijun Zhuang, Youmin Xi, Alex S. L. Tsang

Department of Marketing Journal Articles

This paper tests the impact of guanxi on behaviors among firms in a Chinese marketing channel. Guanxi is operationalized in this paper as emotional closeness and interactive state. We find that the emotional closeness between channel-boundary personnel of firms has a positive impact on their exercise of noncoercive power, a negative impact on their exercise of coercive power, and a negative impact on the perceived conflict between them. In addition, emotional closeness has an indirect but positive impact on perceived cooperation. Interactive state between the boundary personnel of two firms has a positive impact on a firm exercising noncoercive power ...


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