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Optimal Pricing And Treatment Policies In Health Care, Gregory J. Critchley 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Optimal Pricing And Treatment Policies In Health Care, Gregory J. Critchley

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Health care decision makers are faced with many types of uncertainty. There may be uncertainty in the benefit a new treatment provides, uncertainty in the demand for the new treatment, and uncertainty in the drug approval process. In three essays, I study the impact of various types of uncertainty within health care systems.

In the first essay, I study the welfare properties of six practical pharmaceutical pricing and access policies. Using a game theoretic approach, I find that when demand can be influenced by costly marketing effort, there are meaningful differences to the desirability of various pricing and listing agreements ...


Suffering From Whiplash? The Effects Of Pencil Whipping On Data Variability In The Safety Industry, Maira Compagnone, Royale Nicholson, Sam Biggs, Connor Linden, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Philip Hinson, Yalcin Acikgoz 2019 Appalachian State University

Suffering From Whiplash? The Effects Of Pencil Whipping On Data Variability In The Safety Industry, Maira Compagnone, Royale Nicholson, Sam Biggs, Connor Linden, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Philip Hinson, Yalcin Acikgoz

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Big data is being used by organizations to identify trends and predict future safety incidents. However, analytics using big data relies heavily on data quality, which can be compromised by a lack of data variability. In the safety industry, the data reports most frequently analyzed include checklists that are filled out by managers and operators, and research is being attempted to link the variables from these reports to safety outcomes. A major obstacle is the reduced variability in these reports due to a phenomenon known as “pencil whipping.” Pencil whipping occurs when an employee completes a safety checklist during behavior-based ...


Does A Quota A Day Keep The (Safety) Doctor Away? The Effect Of Mandatory Observation Quotas On Safety Outcomes, Maira Compagnone, Ava Young, Rachel Bellflowers, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Yalcin Acikgoz 2019 Appalachian State University

Does A Quota A Day Keep The (Safety) Doctor Away? The Effect Of Mandatory Observation Quotas On Safety Outcomes, Maira Compagnone, Ava Young, Rachel Bellflowers, Tara O'Neil, Matthew Laske, Yalcin Acikgoz

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Injuries and fatalities continue to occur at high rates across industries (BLS, 2018) despite attempts from researchers and practitioners to identify risks and improve operating procedures. Data analysis is currently used across other industries to improve outcomes, and the safety industry is turning to the use of big data in an attempt to lower injury rates. Despite the growing body of research including both data and safety outcomes, little has been done to understand the mechanisms of one of the most popular intervention techniques, behavior-based safety (BBS). BBS relies on human observation techniques, along with checklists, which increases the amount ...


How Your I-O Psychology Training Has Prepared You Handle The Big, Complex, And Scary World Of Data Analytics, Shawn M. Bergman 2019 Appalachian State University

How Your I-O Psychology Training Has Prepared You Handle The Big, Complex, And Scary World Of Data Analytics, Shawn M. Bergman

River Cities Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference

Organizations, looking for new ways to collect and harness big data, are scouring the Internet in search of untapped outlets of information about job applicants and are using analytics on their internal big data generated by internal HRIS and processes. Despite being experts in organizational systems, quantitative and research methodologies, human behavior, and organizational change, human resource professionals are often intimidated by big data and analytics and are left out of critical analytic business planning, implementation, and evaluation conversations. While it is undeniable that technology has the capability to enhance human resource decision-making, the strong emphasis on technology also highlights ...


A Data Mining Approach To Building A Predictive Model Of Low-Cost Carriers' Presence In The U.S. Domestic Routes, Canh Nguyen, John E. Deaton, Nurettin Dinler 2019 Florida Institute of Technology

A Data Mining Approach To Building A Predictive Model Of Low-Cost Carriers' Presence In The U.S. Domestic Routes, Canh Nguyen, John E. Deaton, Nurettin Dinler

International Journal of Aviation, Aeronautics, and Aerospace

The purpose of the study was to build the predictive model of the presence of U.S. low-cost carriers (LCCs) in the domestic network structure. SEMMA (Sample, Explore, Modify, Model, and Assess) schematic in data mining was followed and employed as the primary methodological procedure. Data in the period of 1Q2016-1Q2018 were extracted from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (DB1B database) and reconstructed to form predictors. Stepwise logistic regression showed a significant predictive performance compared to decision tree technique in terms of fitting measures, which was then used as the concluding model. Significant predictors included: (1) Market concentration positively related ...


Multi-Generational Workforce Strategies For 21st Century Managers, Gail M. Cushing 2019 Southeastern University - Lakeland

Multi-Generational Workforce Strategies For 21st Century Managers, Gail M. Cushing

Doctor of Education (Ed.D)

At any given time, managers can employ up to five generations of individuals in the workplace. Each generational cohort enhances the workplace with their own belief system, habits, attitude, and work expectations. The manager's responsibility to both the organization and the workforce is to bring all the employees together to foster shared values and work towards the organization’s common goal. The aim of this qualitative collective case study was to investigate the strategies managers use to direct a multigenerational workforce in today’s marketplace. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews from managers in the banking, educational, grocery, medical ...


Application Of Critical Chain Project Management To The Production Part Approval Process, David Podolak 2019 Western Kentucky University

Application Of Critical Chain Project Management To The Production Part Approval Process, David Podolak

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Daicel Safety Systems Americas, INC has traditionally utilized various methods to manage project completions including the Critical Path Method (CPM). Though these methods have led to successful project completions, they often come with adverse effects. Due to the amount of literature and advancement in the project management discipline, alternative options such as Critical Chain Project Management (CCPM) have gained popularity. CCPM seeks to perfect the CPM approach by recognizing resource constraints and the critical chains dependency on them while safeguarding completion dates with buffers. CCPM offers project managers an option to remove resource inefficiency and stalling while meeting deadlines.

The ...


Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston 2019 Iowa State University

Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston

Scott Grawe

Firms recognize that working together through collaborative relationships offers potential benefits such as improving cooperation, information sharing, and overall performance. An additional and extremely valuable benefit of working together is the potential for creating innovative business approaches and solutions. Thus, developing external linkages has become a higher priority within many organizations. Boundary spanning employees offer one means of achieving closer cross‐firm relationships. We investigate the roles of boundary spanners by examining service providers and their relationships with customers. More specifically, we examine boundary spanning employees that are physically on‐site at customer facilities. Results provide strong support that boundary ...


Logistics Salience Impact On Logistics Capabilities And Performance, Peter M. Ralston, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daugherty 2019 Iowa State University

Logistics Salience Impact On Logistics Capabilities And Performance, Peter M. Ralston, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daugherty

Scott Grawe

Purpose – The purpose of this manuscript is to assess the impact of logistics salience on logistics capabilities and performance. Specifically, the impact of logistics salience on logistics innovativeness and logistics service differentiation is measured along with logistics innovativeness and logistics service differentiation effect on logistics performance. Design/methodology/approach – Conclusions were drawn from survey data gathered from logistics and supply chain managers at US firms. Structural equation modelling was utilized to measure the statistical significance of the hypothesized model paths with all findings meeting the basic requirements of interpretation. Findings – The results suggest that logistics salience positively impacts both logistics ...


Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston 2019 Iowa State University

Enhancing Dyadic Performance Through Boundary Spanners And Innovation: An Assessment Of Service Provider–Customer Relationships, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daughterty, Peter M. Ralston

Peter Ralston

Firms recognize that working together through collaborative relationships offers potential benefits such as improving cooperation, information sharing, and overall performance. An additional and extremely valuable benefit of working together is the potential for creating innovative business approaches and solutions. Thus, developing external linkages has become a higher priority within many organizations. Boundary spanning employees offer one means of achieving closer cross‐firm relationships. We investigate the roles of boundary spanners by examining service providers and their relationships with customers. More specifically, we examine boundary spanning employees that are physically on‐site at customer facilities. Results provide strong support that boundary ...


Logistics Salience Impact On Logistics Capabilities And Performance, Peter M. Ralston, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daugherty 2019 Iowa State University

Logistics Salience Impact On Logistics Capabilities And Performance, Peter M. Ralston, Scott J. Grawe, Patricia J. Daugherty

Peter Ralston

Purpose – The purpose of this manuscript is to assess the impact of logistics salience on logistics capabilities and performance. Specifically, the impact of logistics salience on logistics innovativeness and logistics service differentiation is measured along with logistics innovativeness and logistics service differentiation effect on logistics performance. Design/methodology/approach – Conclusions were drawn from survey data gathered from logistics and supply chain managers at US firms. Structural equation modelling was utilized to measure the statistical significance of the hypothesized model paths with all findings meeting the basic requirements of interpretation. Findings – The results suggest that logistics salience positively impacts both logistics ...


The Use Of Performance Measurement In Universities Of Pakistan, Muhammad Tanveer, Asif Mahbub Karim Dr. 2019 Binary University, Malaysia

The Use Of Performance Measurement In Universities Of Pakistan, Muhammad Tanveer, Asif Mahbub Karim Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Purpose: The performance measurement includes collecting the information regarding the individual’s performance to analyze for the reporting. . Performance measurement’s main aspect is to identify the exertion are being achieved or not. This is the main purpose of performance measurement in the current study of Pakistani Universities. Moreover, the focus on the performance measurement is still not very strong in Pakistani educational system. Few observations made from the recent studies are that the enrollment in the university has been raised up to a great extent from past few years.

Methodology: This research paper is focus on “The Use of ...


A Study In Three Practical Management Science Problems, John S.F. Lyons 2019 The University of Western Ontario

A Study In Three Practical Management Science Problems, John S.F. Lyons

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study of practical problems in Management Science (MS) describes novel mathematical models for three different decision settings. It addresses questions of: (a) what optimal route should be taken through a time-windows and topographically complex network; (b) what optimal sequencing of scheduled surgeries best coordinates flow of patients through central recovery; and (c) what prices should be charged and what stock amounts should be produced for two markets or channels to maximize profit explicitly, given various capacity and uncertainty conditions.

The first problem is in a sport analytics context, using a novel Integer Programming and big data from Whistler-Blackcomb ski ...


Supply Chain Collaboration: A Literature Review And Empirical Analysis To Investigate Uncertainty And Collaborative Benefits In Regards To Their Practical Impact On Collaboration And Performance, Peter Ralston 2019 Iowa State University

Supply Chain Collaboration: A Literature Review And Empirical Analysis To Investigate Uncertainty And Collaborative Benefits In Regards To Their Practical Impact On Collaboration And Performance, Peter Ralston

Peter Ralston

This dissertation investigates supply chain collaboration. Supply chain collaboration is defined as a long-term relationship where participants generally cooperate, share information, and work together to plan and even modify their business practices to improve joint performance (Whipple et al., 2010). Analyzing supply chain collaboration provides researchers further understanding of the concept as we seek to move the body of knowledge related to supply chain collaboration forward. Investigating supply chain collaboration delivers practical value to firm managers by seeking methods to increase supply chain collaboration success, identifying what factors lead to, or are generated from, successful collaboration, and determining firm performance ...


Corporate Entrepreneurship Of Emerging Market Firms: Current Research And Future Directions, Irem Demirkan, Qin Yang, Crystal X. Jiang 2019 Bryant University

Corporate Entrepreneurship Of Emerging Market Firms: Current Research And Future Directions, Irem Demirkan, Qin Yang, Crystal X. Jiang

Management Department Journal Articles

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the current state of corporate entrepreneurship (CE) of emerging market firms (EMFs) and provide direction for future research on the topic.

Design/methodology/approach – The authors specifically review the recent literature between the years 2000 and 2019 on CE with the keywords “corporate entrepreneurship,” “emerging economies” and “emerging countries” published in the Australian Business Deans Council list journals. The authors review the existing literature about CE in emerging markets, summarize current achievements and present an agenda for future research.

Findings – Based on the review, the authors categorized the macro and micro ...


A Quasi-Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Experience Staging Techniques On Engagement, Emerson Ferrell Watanabe 2019 Brigham Young University

A Quasi-Experimental Study Of The Effect Of Experience Staging Techniques On Engagement, Emerson Ferrell Watanabe

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of experience staging techniques (personalization through co-creation and multisensory stimuli) on engagement level. This study also explores the possible contribution of experience staging techniques as practical tools that recreation professionals can use to better engage participants in recreation activities and events. A 2-way univariate ANOVA revealed no significant relationship between the use of co-creative and multisensory stimulating techniques and engagement levels in participants (F (3,200) = .263, p = .826, partial η2 = .004). Practical applications for recreation professionals and further research opportunities are discussed.


Balancing Machine And Human Skill Sets, Richard Raymond SMITH 2019 Singapore Management University

Balancing Machine And Human Skill Sets, Richard Raymond Smith

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

How do we navigate in this fourth industrial revolution that blurs the lines between the physical and digital worlds?


Nchrp Synthesis 499: Alternate Design/Alternate Bid Process For Pavement-Type Selection. A Synthesis Of Highway Practice, Douglas D. Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss, Ilker Karaca, Michael C. Loulakis 2019 Iowa State University

Nchrp Synthesis 499: Alternate Design/Alternate Bid Process For Pavement-Type Selection. A Synthesis Of Highway Practice, Douglas D. Gransberg, Ashley F. Buss, Ilker Karaca, Michael C. Loulakis

Ilker Karaca

Highway administrators, engineers, and researchers often face problems for which information already exists, either in documented form or as undocumented experience and practice. This information may be fragmented, scattered, and unevaluated. As a consequence, full knowledge of what has been learned about a problem may not be brought to bear on its solution. Costly research findings may go unused, valuable experience may be overlooked, and due consideration may not be given to recommended practices for solving or alleviating the problem. There is information on nearly every subject of concern to highway administrators and engineers. Much of it derives from research ...


Graphicacy For Numeracy: Review Of Fundamentals Of Data Visualization: A Primer On Making Informative And Compelling Figures By Claus O. Wilke (2019), Christy M. Bebeau 2019 University of South Florida

Graphicacy For Numeracy: Review Of Fundamentals Of Data Visualization: A Primer On Making Informative And Compelling Figures By Claus O. Wilke (2019), Christy M. Bebeau

Numeracy

Wilke, Claus O. 2019. Fundamentals of Data Visualization: A Primer on Making Informative and Compelling Figures. (Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly Media, Inc.). 390 pp. ISBN 978-1-492-03108-6. First edition. First release: 03-15-2019.

Claus O. Wilke has authored an excellent reference about producing and understanding static figures, figures used online, in print, and for presentations. His book is neither a statistics nor programming text, but familiarity with basic statistical concepts is helpful. Written in three parts, the book presents both the math and artistic design aspects of telling a story through figures. Wilke makes extensive use of examples, labels them good, bad ...


From Data To Decisions In Local Government, Michael P. Johnson Jr. 2019 University of Massachusetts - Boston

From Data To Decisions In Local Government, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Making good decisions is essential to enabling local government to deliver services that improve the lives of constituents. But what is a good decision, and what is necessary to make good decisions? In this presentation, given to fellows of the Lead for America program, I introduce the notion of decision and data analytics, specific to the needs of resource-constrained local governments, provide three examples of analytics & decision opportunities ranging from mostly-qualitative to mostly-quantitative data and analysis, and end with three case studies that I had the Lead for America fellows perform.


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