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International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson 2018 University of California - Berkeley

International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson

Shannon Gleeson

This paper challenges the inward looking perspective of recent immigration research by situating migration to the United States within a global and historical context. This macro-stratification perspective breaks out of the confines of national contexts to explore how international migration is shaped by global power divides. We argue that in order to fully understand international migration, it is necessary to account for both the emergence of global power structures and the historical domination of Europe. We develop our argument by first outlining the significance of global power divides, with a particular focus on the United States. We then demonstrate how ...


Digital Media And Unionization In The “Guilded" Age: How Labor Organizations In The Entertainment Industry Are Swimming Against The Current Of Streaming New Media And Technology, Jacqueline G.H. Kim 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Digital Media And Unionization In The “Guilded" Age: How Labor Organizations In The Entertainment Industry Are Swimming Against The Current Of Streaming New Media And Technology, Jacqueline G.H. Kim

Prize Winning Papers

No abstract provided.


Resolving Discrimination Complaints In Employment Arbitration: An Analysis Of The Experience In The Securities Industry, J. Ryan Lamare, David B. Lipsky 2018 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Resolving Discrimination Complaints In Employment Arbitration: An Analysis Of The Experience In The Securities Industry, J. Ryan Lamare, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

This article empirically examines whether employment discrimination claims differ from other types of disputes resolved through arbitration. Whether arbitration is appropriate for resolving violations of anti-discrimination statutes at work is a focus of ongoing policy debates. Yet empirical scholarship has rarely considered whether different types of complaints might have distinct characteristics and receive varied outcomes in arbitration. The authors analyze all of the employment arbitration awards for cases filed between 1991 and 2006 in the financial services industry to determine whether differences in the type of allegation affect award outcomes. They also examine the effects of the financial industry’s ...


Levels Of Abstraction In Legal Thinking, Michael Evan Gold 2018 Cornell University

Levels Of Abstraction In Legal Thinking, Michael Evan Gold

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This article applies the concept of levels of abstraction to legal thinking. Perhaps the most important use of the concept is to constrain judicial lawmaking in a principled way.

Level of abstraction refers to:

  • the numbers of persons and transactions that generate an issue,

  • the numbers of persons and transactions of which a piece of evidence is true,

  • the numbers of persons and transactions to which an argument applies, and

  • the numbers of persons and transactions that are affected by the resolution of an issue.

In general, the more persons and transactions to which an issue and its resolution ...


School Day Extension And Female Labor Supply: The Case Of The Dominican Republic, Patricia Mones 2018 University of Kentucky

School Day Extension And Female Labor Supply: The Case Of The Dominican Republic, Patricia Mones

MPA/MPP Capstone Projects

Since 2012 the Dominican education authorities have been transitioning the schools from a four-hour to an eight-hour per day schedule. As time spent in school is a proxy of childcare, the extension translates into a childcare cost reduction for participating families. Considering the long-studied relationship between childcare costs and mothers’ labor decisions, this study explores the effect of the implementation of the new school schedule on female labor supply both to the extensive and to the intensive margins in the Dominican Republic. Results suggest higher shares of students attending the new schedule within a municipal district are associated with a ...


Good Game, Greyory Blake 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Good Game, Greyory Blake

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis and its corresponding art installation, Lessons from Ziggy, attempts to deconstruct the variables prevalent within several complex systems, analyze their transformations, and propose a methodology for reasserting the soap box within the display pedestal. In this text, there are several key and specific examples of the transformation of various signifiers (i.e. media-bred fear’s transformation into a political tactic of surveillance, contemporary freneticism’s transformation into complacency, and community’s transformation into nationalism as a state weapon). In this essay, all of these concepts are contextualized within the exponential growth of new technologies. That is to say ...


The Sleeping Giant: The Effects Of Housing Titan Ii Missiles In Arkansas And Kansas From 1962 To 1987, Michael Johnson Anthony 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Sleeping Giant: The Effects Of Housing Titan Ii Missiles In Arkansas And Kansas From 1962 To 1987, Michael Johnson Anthony

Theses and Dissertations

During the Cold War, thirty-six sites across Kansas and Arkansas were selected to house Titan II intercontinental missiles. These devices could strike enemy targets 8,000 nautical miles away all while hitting inside an area of one square mile. These technological marvels quickly became an indispensable part of President Kennedy and Defense Secretary McNamara’s ‘flexible defense’ strategy. While many authors have studied the ramifications of these devices on American foreign policy, few have researched the domestic implications of the missiles. This work looks to fill this void by investigating the Titan II missile program in Arkansas and Kansas from ...


Labor On Vermont Dairy Farms: A Producer Perspective, Emily Irwin 2018 University of Vermont

Labor On Vermont Dairy Farms: A Producer Perspective, Emily Irwin

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

To compete with larger, more efficient dairy farms, build resilience against increasingly volatile milk prices, and increase farm income, farms in traditional dairy states such as New York, Wisconsin, and Vermont, have been forced to expand their herds and increase production. Many dairy farmers do not have formal training in human resources management, and find the transition to a larger, non-family workforce to be challenging. In addition, farmers who have transitioned to a primarily Latinx workforce also face considerable cultural and language barriers. The quality of human resource management can have a significant impact on a farm business, and evidence ...


Sizing Up Worker Center Income (2008-2014): A Study Of Revenue Size, Stability, And Streams, Leslie Gates, Kati L. Griffith, Jonathan Kim, Zane Mokhiber, Joseph C. Bazler, Austin Case 2018 Binghamton University--SUNY

Sizing Up Worker Center Income (2008-2014): A Study Of Revenue Size, Stability, And Streams, Leslie Gates, Kati L. Griffith, Jonathan Kim, Zane Mokhiber, Joseph C. Bazler, Austin Case

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Since the publication of Janice Fine’s path-breaking book, Worker Centers: Communities at the Edge of the Dream in 2006, scholars and commentators on the left and the right of the political spectrum have grappled with how to characterize these emergent worker organizations on the US labor relations scene. This chapter deepens our understanding of the nature of worker centers by examining the funding trends that underlay the wide range of experimental organizing and advocacy strategies highlighted in other chapters of this volume. Undoubtedly, to emerge and survive, these organizations need money (Bobo and Pabellon 2016). But how financially ...


Workers Of The Word Unite!: The Powell's Books Union Organizing Campaign, 1998-2001, Ryan Thomas Wisnor 2017 Portland State University

Workers Of The Word Unite!: The Powell's Books Union Organizing Campaign, 1998-2001, Ryan Thomas Wisnor

Dissertations and Theses

The labor movement's groundswell in the 1990s accompanied a period of intense competition and conglomeration within the retail book sector. Unexpectedly, the intersection of these two trends produced two dozen union drives across the country between 1996 and 2004 at large retail bookstores, including Borders and Barnes & Noble. Historians have yet to fully examine these retail organizing contests or recount their contributions to the labor movement and its history, including booksellers' pioneering use of the internet as an organizing tool. This thesis focuses on the aspirations, tactics, and contributions of booksellers in their struggles to unionize their workplaces, while ...


An Evaluation Of The Scale Of Undeclared Work In The European Union And Is Structural Determinants: Estimates Using The Labour Input Method, Colin C. Williams, Josip Franic, Ioana Horodnic 2017 University of Sheffield

An Evaluation Of The Scale Of Undeclared Work In The European Union And Is Structural Determinants: Estimates Using The Labour Input Method, Colin C. Williams, Josip Franic, Ioana Horodnic

Colin C Williams

On average, 11.6% of total labour input in the private sector in the EU is undeclared, and undeclared work constitutes on average 16.4% of gross value added (GVA) (the difference due to undeclared labour being concentrated in sectors with higher labour productivity).

These, however, are unweighted averages, and do not take into account the relative size of the labour force in each Member State. The weighted averages, therefore, are that 9.3% of total labour input in the private sector in the EU is undeclared, and undeclared work constitutes 14.3% of GVA in the private sector. The ...


Two-Way Contracts: The Solution For The Nba, Stefan Anderson 2017 City University of New York (CUNY)

Two-Way Contracts: The Solution For The Nba, Stefan Anderson

Capstones

This project takes a look into the NBA's first season introducing it two-way contracts. These contracts allow players to be in both the NBA and its developmental/minor league, the Gatorade League–widely known as The G-League at the same time. With the two-way being established it opens the door for many other things. This project goes more in depth on it.

https://sportswithstef.wordpress.com/2017/12/14/two-way-contracts-the-solution-for-the-nba/


Best Practices In Human Resources: An In-Depth Analysis Of Innovative Hr Policy Used By Top Companies, Kathryn Stone 2017 The College at Brockport

Best Practices In Human Resources: An In-Depth Analysis Of Innovative Hr Policy Used By Top Companies, Kathryn Stone

Senior Honors Theses

Throughout history, business and labor have had a tumultuous relationship, with some companies having little regard for their employees and other’s going above and beyond the call of traditional organizational practices and policies. The Social Exchange Theory posits that “there is a ‘norm of reciprocity’ between employers and employees in business, which means that when someone is treated well by a person or entity they will feel a sense of obligation to reciprocate” (Gilbert, Caroline, et al.). In other words, if an employee feels as if their company cares about their well-being and invests in their ability to thrive ...


2017-12-04 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. 2017 Morehead State University

2017-12-04 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for December 4, 2017.


2017-12-04 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. 2017 Morehead State University

2017-12-04 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress minutes for December 4, 2017.


Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes Under The National Labor Relations Act, James A. Gross 2017 Cornell University

Rights, Not Interests: Resolving Value Clashes Under The National Labor Relations Act, James A. Gross

Book Samples

[Excerpt] This provocative book by the leading historian of the National Labor Relations Board offers a reexamination of the NLRB and the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) by applying internationally accepted human rights principles as standards for judgment. These new standards challenge every orthodoxy in U.S. labor law and labor relations. James A. Gross argues that the NLRA was and remains at its core a workers’ rights statute.

Gross shows how value clashes and choices between those who interpret the NLRA as a workers’ rights statute and those who contend that the NLRA seeks only a "balance" between the ...


2017-11-06 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. 2017 Morehead State University

2017-11-06 Minutes, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress minutes for November 6, 2017.


2017-11-06 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress. 2017 Morehead State University

2017-11-06 Newsletter, Morehead State University. Staff Congress.

Staff Congress Records

Staff Congress newsletter for November 6, 2017.


A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper 2017 Swinburne University of Technology - Australia

A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

The authors contribute to dispute resolution theory and provide new insights on such important issues as employee voice, workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit. They conducted and analyzed a survey of managers in Australian workplaces. They apply Budd and Colvin’s (2008) path-finding dispute resolution framework to examine two research questions: first, is there a relationship between the resolution of disputes and employee voice as measured by employee perceptions of influence over decision-making? Second, is there a relationship between the resolution of workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit? These are important questions in view of the high costs ...


Tackling The Challenges Of Multicultural Crewing Practices In The Shipping Industry: An Approach To Enhancing Cultural Awareness Among Crew, Fangfang Hu 2017 World Maritime University

Tackling The Challenges Of Multicultural Crewing Practices In The Shipping Industry: An Approach To Enhancing Cultural Awareness Among Crew, Fangfang Hu

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


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