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Informal Learning In The Workplace: A Review Of The Literature, Megan A. Le Clus 2011 Edith Cowan University

Informal Learning In The Workplace: A Review Of The Literature, Megan A. Le Clus

ECU Publications 2011

In the last few decades, the workplace has been increasingly recognised as a legitimate environment for learning new skills and knowledge, which in turn enables workers to participate more effectively in ever-changing work environments. Within theworkplace, there is the potential for continuous learning to occur not only through formal learning initiatives that are associated with training, but also through informal learning opportunities that are embedded within everyday work activities. This paper surveys the growing body of literature on informal learning, makes some critical observations about the importance of informal learning, and explains the various ways that informal learning can occur ...


Organizational Learning Implications Of Partnering Flexibility In Project-Venture Settings: A Multilevel Framework, Andreas Schwab, Anne S. Miner 2011 Iowa State University

Organizational Learning Implications Of Partnering Flexibility In Project-Venture Settings: A Multilevel Framework, Andreas Schwab, Anne S. Miner

Management Publications

Project ventures are an increasingly prevalent organizational form in many industries. The management literature has stressed their flexibility and adaptability advantages. This chapter focuses on the learning implications of the source of flexibility most essential to project ventures: the ability to switch partners during project formation and execution. This partnering flexibility creates opportunities to respond to new knowledge about characteristics of project tasks and project partners. Partnering flexibility, however, also creates learning challenges. The short-term nature of relationships between project partners and the disintegration of the project team after project completion challenges the accumulation and transfer of knowledge to future ...


Leadership In Action: Student Leadership Development In An Event Management Course, Sara B. Marcketti, Susan W. Arendt, Mack C. Shelley 2011 Iowa State University

Leadership In Action: Student Leadership Development In An Event Management Course, Sara B. Marcketti, Susan W. Arendt, Mack C. Shelley

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The purpose of this paper was to examine the leadership practice scores and leadership behaviors of students before and after an event management course. A mixed methods approach was utilized. The Student- Leadership Practice Inventory (S-LPI) was administered to a sample of 184 students in three semesters of an event management course. Students completed the S-LPI at the beginning and at the end of the course. The students also wrote reflections of their leadership behaviors and learnings.

Results of the study showed that students’ mean leadership scores increased significantly for all practice areas between pre and post, with the largest ...


Global Leadership Development: An Analysis Of Talent Management, Company Types And Job Functions, Personality Traits And Competencies, And Learning And Development Methods, John Gillis Jr. 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Global Leadership Development: An Analysis Of Talent Management, Company Types And Job Functions, Personality Traits And Competencies, And Learning And Development Methods, John Gillis Jr.

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

As our world "shrinks" and globalization increases, companies are changing strategies and operational procedures, which are dependent on leaders to deploy and implement. As companies evolve from domestic companies towards international, multinational and global companies, developing future global leaders becomes an essential component for successfully carrying out corporate global strategies. Because of this, there is an increasing need for global leaders; yet, they are not prepared, causing a significant shortage of global leaders, which is a critical issue for human resource departments.

Thus, global leadership development (GLD) programs are urgently needed to address the gap between global leadership needs and ...


Older Adults And Technology-Based Instruction: Optimizing Learning Outcomes And Transfer, Thomas M. Cavanagh, Natalie E. Wolfson 2010 Colorado State University - Fort Collins

Older Adults And Technology-Based Instruction: Optimizing Learning Outcomes And Transfer, Thomas M. Cavanagh, Natalie E. Wolfson

Thomas M. Cavanagh

Our purpose here is to provide an overview of the cognitive and socioemotional changes associated with aging and to propose ways that these changes can be accommodated in a technology-based training environment. We recommend that technology-based training for older adults should: (1) be highly structured, (2) provide feedback and adaptive guidance, (3) include metacognitive prompts, (4) incorporate principles derived from cognitive load theory and cognitive theory of multimedia learning, and (5) include a user interface that is simple and consistent throughout the course. With a focus on organizations as well as business schools, we then discuss contextual variables expected to ...


Training Older Adults: The Role Of Strategy Use And Stereotype Threat, Thomas M. Cavanagh 2010 Colorado State University - Fort Collins

Training Older Adults: The Role Of Strategy Use And Stereotype Threat, Thomas M. Cavanagh

Thomas M. Cavanagh

Older adults are becoming an increasingly important part of the workforce. Due to cognitive and emotional changes associated with aging, this population might require specially designed training programs to optimize training outcomes. Two specific changes associated with aging that need to be addressed are susceptibility to stereotype threat and the use of metacognitive strategies during learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of initiating stereotype threat in older adults, as well as the effect of encouraging older adults to use metacognitive strategies during training, on training outcomes. In a 2X2 between-subject experimental design including no stereotype ...


Information Media News, Vol. 41, No. 1, St. Cloud State University 2010 St. Cloud State University

Information Media News, Vol. 41, No. 1, St. Cloud State University

Information Media Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Candidate Persistence And Personality Test Practice Effects: Implications For Staffing System Management, John Hausknecht 2010 Cornell University

Candidate Persistence And Personality Test Practice Effects: Implications For Staffing System Management, John Hausknecht

Articles and Chapters

Candidates persist in selection settings for numerous reasons, prompting several concerns regarding staffing system management. Predictors of the propensity to retest and personality test practice effects were investigated among a sample of 15,338 candidates who applied for supervisory positions (and 357 who repeated the selection process) over a four-year period with a large organization in the service industry. Results reveal greater likelihood of retesting among internal candidates and overall evidence of small to moderate personality test practice effects. Compared to passing candidates who retested for various reasons, failing candidates pursued alternative response strategies upon retesting and generated dimension-level practice ...


Information Media News, Vol. 40, No. 2, St. Cloud State University 2010 St. Cloud State University

Information Media News, Vol. 40, No. 2, St. Cloud State University

Information Media Newsletter

No abstract provided.


A Study Of Formal And Informal Mentoring In The United States Air Force, Russell H. Gheesling 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

A Study Of Formal And Informal Mentoring In The United States Air Force, Russell H. Gheesling

Theses and Dissertations

Mentoring has been identified as a significant contributor to employee performance and development. Debate has come about as result of implementation of formal mentoring programs where mentors are assigned to protégés as opposed to informal relationship formed out of mutual respect and liking. Secondary data, including measures of leader member exchange, similarity, contact time, and others, were used from a 1998 survey of company grade officers (protégés) and their formal and informal mentors. Analysis of Variance compared mean values between formally and informally mentored protégés. Additionally, a logistic regression was used to understand the impact that different measures had on ...


Steward Training In The Construction Industry: The United Brotherhood Of Carpenters And Joiners Of America Faces The Challenge, Jeffrey Grabelsky 2010 Cornell University

Steward Training In The Construction Industry: The United Brotherhood Of Carpenters And Joiners Of America Faces The Challenge, Jeffrey Grabelsky

Jeffrey Grabelsky

[Excerpt] This article examines the development and delivery of the Carpenters union national construction steward training program. It describes the collaboration of the union and Cornell University in the design of the curriculum and the use of a train-the-trainer model in the delivery of the steward program in construction locals throughout the United States and Canada. Finally, it evaluates the effectiveness of the program in relation to the transfer of knowledge to participating stewards.


Developing Global Mindset And The Impact On Virtual Teams, Maureen Martin 2010 Cornell University

Developing Global Mindset And The Impact On Virtual Teams, Maureen Martin

CAHRS White Papers

[Excerpt] Increasingly global and competitive in nature, today’s work environment necessitates more cooperation, collaboration, and cross-cultural understanding than ever before. Many significant changes have altered the way companies conduct business. Companies now compete in a global economy that demands quality goods and services at competitive prices. Consumers, through increasing demand for better quality, force companies to remain competitive by providing (1) tailored solutions for specific needs and (2) responding rapidly to market changes. In this global context, speed and personalized solutions create customer growth. But how do multinational companies respond to these two often competing forces? Expanding on the ...


Virtual Leadership: Required Competencies For Effective Leaders, Kurt Johnson 2010 Cornell University

Virtual Leadership: Required Competencies For Effective Leaders, Kurt Johnson

CAHRS White Papers

There are countless books, articles, and resources available which attempt to identify the competencies and qualities of effective leaders. Traditionally, leaders have been at the center of a community, be it work, church, or social groups. In these communities, face-to-face meetings and close personal interaction have dominated the way leaders interact with their members. However, with the advent of the internet and the host of communication tools that followed, teams today are becoming increasingly dispersed and diverse. Studies are now being done to understand how leadership has or should evolve in order to meet the changing needs and demands of ...


Sensitivity To Diversity In The Workplace, Kelly Robinson 2010 Governors State University

Sensitivity To Diversity In The Workplace, Kelly Robinson

All Capstone Projects

Since the early 1990s, the construct of diversity training has been diligently examined as it relates to managing a diverse workforce. Employers have been faced with the daunting task of figuring out how groups of dissimilar people can work collaboratively in the workplace without incident. Differences have to be addressed in the arena of gender, race, sexual orientation, age, and religious views without prejudice, so that we can form more cohesive work groups in the labor force. In an effort to deconstruct negative attitudes and ideals towards differences, we must explore, with employees, differences that may cause friction in the ...


What Could An Executive Coach Do For An Association Football Manager? A Commentary, Margaret M. Hopkins, Deborah A. O'Neil,, Diana Billimoria 2010 Bowling Green State University

What Could An Executive Coach Do For An Association Football Manager? A Commentary, Margaret M. Hopkins, Deborah A. O'Neil,, Diana Billimoria

Management Faculty Publications

The lead article in this volume highlights several critical aspects of effective leadership in modern times. First, the importance of leadership as an interpersonal, relationship-building endeavor cannot be overstated. Second, the exemplary leader is a caring individual who demonstrates understanding and empathy toward others. For our commentary, we draw upon a well-developed stream of literature germane to these two core issues presented in the article. We compare and contrast the feminine and masculine aspects of leadership. In particular, we discuss the contemporary feminization of leadership and describe several integral attributes of feminine leadership – a communal orientation, transformational behaviors, emotional intelligence ...


Effects Of Business Internships On Job Marketability: The Employers’ Perspective, Jack Gault, Evan Leach, Marc Duey 2010 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Effects Of Business Internships On Job Marketability: The Employers’ Perspective, Jack Gault, Evan Leach, Marc Duey

Marketing

No abstract provided.


College Interns: An Entrepreneurial Response To A Cost-Conscious Economy, Jacqueline S. Scerbinski 2010 CUNY Kingsborough Community College

College Interns: An Entrepreneurial Response To A Cost-Conscious Economy, Jacqueline S. Scerbinski

New England Journal of Entrepreneurship

College interns often possess information-age skills that are not familiar to workers who have been on the job for several years. Interns may be future sources for new employees. There is also the added benefit of observing and evaluating an intern for future consideration, as a full-time employee, after graduation. Giving junior employees the opportunity to supervise interns is also a way of evaluating the junior employees’ potential as a supervisor. The employment of college interns should be a mutually beneficial endeavor. As with all successful endeavors, the employment of interns requires planning and supervision.


Employee Development Approach For Generation Yers: A Conceptual Framework, William Flowers, Roger Hogan 2010 Eastern Illinois University

Employee Development Approach For Generation Yers: A Conceptual Framework, William Flowers, Roger Hogan

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Generation Y is beginning to make their presence felt in today’s workforce. Unfortunately, most organizations are unprepared to handle this technology-savvy new type of worker that demands instant gratification and a high feeling of importance. In this article, we provide a conceptual framework based upon employee development. The conceptual framework developed in this article can be utilized to better understand and foster productive working relationships with Generation Y employees.


The Experience Of Liberal Education, Edward L. Ayers 2010 University of Richmond

The Experience Of Liberal Education, Edward L. Ayers

History Faculty Publications

Every college and university has built new capacity to deliver new experiences for students through study abroad, community service, career development, health and fitness, cultural understanding, or spiritual growth. They come to college to broaden their experience, and colleges and universities are the only places where people of all backgrounds, religions, ethnicities, classes, and politics come together to explore who they are and who they might become. Going to college is a defining time in their lives, and there is much more we can do to make it a liberating and transformative experience.


Infusing Critical Thinking Into An Employability Skills Program: The Effectiveness Of An Immersion Approach, Sophie Kennedy 2010 Edith Cowan University

Infusing Critical Thinking Into An Employability Skills Program: The Effectiveness Of An Immersion Approach, Sophie Kennedy

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

The demands of the knowledge economy have placed renewed emphasis on graduate employability and the development of higher-order thinking skills. Preparing graduates for the workplace requires new instructional approaches to develop a matrix of interrelated skills. This study investigates an immersion approach to developing employability skills with emphasis on the infusion of critical thinking skills in an undergraduate business degree.

The research is situated within the pragmatic paradigm and comprises a mixed methods approach. Analyses of project instructions, student reflections and test scores are presented in an explanatory case study in three parts: the infusion of critical thinking skills in ...


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