Session 12 - Finance: Bias In, Bias Out? How To Fight Biases In Ai And Create Trust, Gerald Fahner
SDSU Data Science Symposium
Alarming headlines appear at an increasing rate about ‘biased AI’ leading to nontransparent decisions, discrimination and lack of trust.
Newcomers to AI application development are confronted with (and often struggle with) multiple traps that can inadvertently lead to biased and unreasonable automated decisions. By comparison, credit score developers have decades of experience in the “art and science” of mitigating biases through transparent and credible models and decisions that provide benefits to all stakeholders while complying with fair lending regulations.
In this presentation you will learn about traps to be avoided and get our unique perspective on how to achieve comprehension ...
The Segregation Of Markets, 2020 University of Georgia School of Law
The Segregation Of Markets, Christian Turner
Texas A&M Law Review
Campaign-finance reformers fear that rich donors’ money can be used disproportionately to influence the content of campaign advertising and thus, perhaps, the results of elections. In European football, UEFA has attempted to ban “financial doping”—rich owners’ use of money earned in sectors other than football to pay large sums for the best football players. Campaign-finance reform efforts and “financial fair play” rules in sport may seem like bespoke solutions to different problems. In fact, they are the same solution to the same problem. Both are attempts to ensure that power accumulated in one market is not brought into another ...
2020 Mlk Keynote Address: Michelle Alexander Presentation, 2020 Rhode Island School of Design
2020 Mlk Keynote Address: Michelle Alexander Presentation, Center For Social Equity & Inclusion, Michelle Alexander, Rosanne Somerson, Matthew Shenoda
Martin Luther King, Jr. Series
2020 MLK Series Keynote Michelle Alexander brings audiences profoundly necessary and meaningful insights on the practice of mass incarceration that plagues the US justice system, as well as eye-opening conversation on how we can end racial caste in America. Lecture Wednesday, January 22, 2020 at 5:30pm, RISD Auditorium, 17 Canal Walk, Providence, RI.
In her acclaimed bestseller The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, Alexander peels back the curtain on systemic racism in the US prison system in a work that the New York Review of Books describes as "striking in the intelligence of her ...
Managing Up, 2020 Student Leader Seminar
Managing Up, Steve Robbins
Leadership Hour at Otterbein University
Steve Robbins is a highly-regarded leadership educator and program director of executive-level leadership programs with over 25 years of extensive and progressive experience in adult education, human performance improvement, and leadership program management, design, development, and evaluation for leaders of corporate (for-profit), non-profit, federal government, and public service organizations. Steve is the President and CEO of Student-Leader Seminar (S-LS), a Service-Disabled, Veteran-Owned Small Business (SDVOSB),that delivers highly-engaging sessions built around the themes of leading with purpose, ethical decision-making, and the value of character.
Reversing The Fortunes Of Active Funds, 2020 Bar-Ilan University - Faculty of Law
Reversing The Fortunes Of Active Funds, Adi Libson, Gideon Parchomovsky
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
Recent years have witnessed a considerable growth of passive fund at the expense of active funds. This trend picked in 2019, a year that saw passive funds surpass active funds in terms of assets under management. The continuous decline of active funds is a cause for concern. Active funds engage in monitoring of firms and partake of decision-making in companies in their portfolio. The cost of these activities are born exclusively by active funds; the benefits, by contrast, are spread over all shareholders, including passive funds that freeride on the efforts of active funds. The contraction of active funds threatens ...
Superseding Money Judgments In Texas: Four Proposed Reforms To Help The Business Litigant And To Further Improve The Texas Civil Justice System, James Holmes
St. Mary's Law Journal
The Uncertain Stewardship Potential Of Index Funds, 2020 University of Pennsylvania Law School
The Uncertain Stewardship Potential Of Index Funds, Jill E. Fisch
Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law
Regulators and commentators around the world are increasingly demanding that institutional investors engage in stewardship with respect to their portfolio companies. Further, the demand for stewardship has broadened from an expectation that investors engage to reduce agency costs and promote economic value to a call for investors to demand that companies serve a broader range of societal interests and objectives. This chapter considers calls for stewardship in the context of the U.S. capital markets specifically as applied to index funds. It argues that, irrespective of the merits of institutional stewardship generally, the structure of index funds and the business ...
Corporate Social Responsibility And Corporate Financial Performance: An Examination Into Fortune 500 And Djsi Firms Within Consumer-Facing Industries, Samantha Lee
CMC Senior Theses
This paper examines the relationship between a firm’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and its Corporate Financial Performance (CFP) in nine consumer-facing industries classified by the Fortune 500. Unlike prior research on the matter, the firms investigated in this study consist only of firms on both the Fortune 500 for the year 2018 and the Dow Jones Sustainability Index (DJSI) between the years 2005-2018 in order to define a clear measurement of CSR. In order to gauge investor and market sentiment, CFP is measured primarily by the firm’s stock performance in comparison to the S&P 500 as a ...
Revisiting The Beneficiaries Of The Scotus Ruling Striking Down Paspa, 2020 Eastern Michigan University
Revisiting The Beneficiaries Of The Scotus Ruling Striking Down Paspa, Sam Fullerton, Ronald Dick, Michael Mccall
Association of Marketing Theory and Practice Proceedings 2020
A Supreme Court ruling in 2018 essentially rendered restrictions on sports gambling to run counter to states’ rights, thus in conflict with the Constitution of the United States. As a consequence, 13 states and the District of Columbia now have legalized sports gambling. Initial research into the consequences of this ruling identified 12 potential beneficiaries. Subsequent research entailing an assessment of new literature and a survey of executive opinion involving a number of marketing executives who work within the field of sports marketing expanded the findings from the earlier study. This extension of the preliminary study found 14 beneficiaries rather ...
Political Ideology Of The Board And Ceo Dismissal Following Financial Misconduct, 2020 Singapore Management University
Political Ideology Of The Board And Ceo Dismissal Following Financial Misconduct, Uisung Park, Warren Boeker, David Gomulya
Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business
Why do some boards refuse to take serious action against CEOs who have committed financial misconduct? Past work has directed attention to the antecedents of misconduct while largely overlooking this question. The relatively few studies to examine it have typically revolved around the capacity of boards to take action, or their relationships to their CEOs. This study instead examines how the beliefs and values held by board members can influence their actions following financial misconduct. Focusing on political ideology, we argue and find that politically conservative boards are more likely to respond by dismissing the CEO than are liberal boards ...
Ethical Dilemmas Surrounding Manufacturing Offshoring: Assessing The Morality Of Offshoring Decisions Through A Utilitarian Viewpoint, Luis Encinas
Honors Scholar Theses
The purpose of this paper to assess the ethical dilemmas that exist when American companies offshore manufacturing work to cheaper labor markets abroad through a utilitarian perspective. The paper will explain what offshoring is and what has driven American companies into engaging in this practice. Next, the criteria for the utilitarian assessment will be explained. After, I will examine the effects on the U.S labor force, U.S economy, and the foreign labor force through two case studies: the Bangladeshi apparel industry and the Mexican maquiladoras industry. Finally, the paper will offer some suggestions for making this practice more ...
Toward An Understanding Of Parental Views And Actions On Social Media Influencers Targeted At Adolescents: The Roles Of Parents’ Social Media Use And Empowerment, 2019 California State University, Monterey Bay
Toward An Understanding Of Parental Views And Actions On Social Media Influencers Targeted At Adolescents: The Roles Of Parents’ Social Media Use And Empowerment, Meng-Hsien Lin, Akshaya Vijayalakshmi, Russell N. Laczniak
Recent studies suggest that adolescents are spending significant amounts of time on social media. Brands are taking advantage of this fact and actively using social media to reach adolescent consumers, primarily via social media influencers. Adolescents consider the sponsored brand posts by social media influencers to be trustworthy and honest, thus reducing their critical evaluation of the ads. While several researchers have pointed to the critical role that parents play in their adolescents becoming digitally literate and empowered, there is little understanding of parental views and drivers of parental views on social media influencers and means by which they mediate ...
Western Corporate Fiscal Citizenship In The 21st Century, 2019 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
Western Corporate Fiscal Citizenship In The 21st Century, Alex Freund
Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business
For the Western world, the challenges of the 21st Century are numerous, from climate change’s effects on food production and coastal cities to underfunded social safety nets to automation’s impact on the middle class. To handle such costly problems, government intervention will be required. Government intervention, however, always comes at a cost to either individuals or corporations. To determine who should bear these costs, scholars and experts should turn to notions of fiscal citizenship – the social contract between the state and private parties through taxation and the provision of goods and services. By applying principles of individual fiscal ...
Corporate Social Responsibility Versus Shareholder Value Maximization: Through The Lens Of Hard And Soft Law, 2019 Northwestern Pritzker School of Law
Corporate Social Responsibility Versus Shareholder Value Maximization: Through The Lens Of Hard And Soft Law, Min Yan
Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business
Even with a significant increase in the number of firms around the world engaging in corporate social responsibility (“CSR”), many people still perceive CSR as a voluntary commitment and shareholder value maximization (“SVM”) as a mandatory requirement. This paper borrows the concept of hard law and soft law in terms of coerciveness and overturns the stereotype that SVM is a hard-law constraint and CSR a soft-law constraint. The paper first demonstrates that directors of the board are not obliged to maximize shareholder value even in the Anglo-American jurisdictions where shareholder primacy culture is more dominant. Next, the paper critically discusses ...
How Social Media Communications Can Mitigate Negative Impacts Of Corporate Social Irresponsibility On Corporate Financial Performance?, Saad A. Alhoqail, Hyun Young Cho, Kristopher Floyd
Business Faculty Articles and Research
Previous research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) has focused on corporate reputation (CR) and corporate financial performance (CFP), showing a high correlation between both. While most researchers primarily focus on CSR, our research examines the other side of the coin; corporate social irresponsibility (CSI) and provides findings that counter previous thought. We contribute to the existing literature by showing that CSI has a non-significant impact on corporate financial performance, as measured by market value, while concurrently being negatively correlated to corporate reputation. Further, we show social media, as measured by the Social Media Sustainability Index (SMSI), a measure studied infrequently ...
International Olympic Committee Rule 40: Reasonable Protection For The Ioc Or Unfair Restriction To The Athletes?, 2019 University of Central Oklahoma
International Olympic Committee Rule 40: Reasonable Protection For The Ioc Or Unfair Restriction To The Athletes?, Jeri L. Jones
Atlantic Marketing Journal
This paper explores the history, legality and ethical perspectives of the International Olympic Committee Rule #40 that was put into effect starting with the 2016 Olympic Games. Rule 40 was established to protect official Olympic sponsors from marketing campaign dilution and ambush marketing attempts from non-official brand sponsors. It was designed to prevent over-commercialization of the Olympic brand and to protect official Olympic sponsors’ substantial investment for exclusive marketing rights during the Games. It also however effectively prevents athletes from recognizing their own individual company sponsors and goes so far as to limit an athlete’s apparel during the Games ...
The Effectiveness And Effects Of Alcohol Regulation: Evidence From India, 2019 Mathematica Policy Research
The Effectiveness And Effects Of Alcohol Regulation: Evidence From India, Dara Lee Luca, Emily Owens, Gunjan Sharma
WCBT Faculty Publications
We provide quasi-experimental evidence on the effects of alcohol regulation on alcohol consumption and associated public health outcomes using detailed individual level and aggregate data from India, where state-level laws regulating the minimum legal drinking age generate substantial variation in the availability of commercially produced alcohol across people of different ages. We find that despite significant law evasion, men who are legally allowed to drink are substantially more likely to consume alcohol. Further, men who are legally allowed to drink are significantly more likely to commit violence against their partners, suggesting a causal channel between alcohol consumption and domestic violence ...
Jewish Time Jump: New York, 2019 Rochester Institute of Technology
Jewish Time Jump: New York, Owen Gottlieb
Jewish Time Jump: New York (Gottlieb & Ash, 2013) is a place-based mobile augmented reality game and simulation that takes the form of a situated documentary. Players take on the role of time traveling reporters tracking down a story “lost to time” to bring back to their editor at the Jewish Time Jump Gazette. The game is played in Washington Square Park in Greenwich Village, New York City. Players’ iPhones become their time traveling device and companion. Based on the player’s GPS location, players receive digital images from their location from over a hundred years in the past as well ...
Complete Issue. Volume 2, Issue 2, 2019 University of Central Florida
Complete Issue. Volume 2, Issue 2
Journal of International Crisis and Risk Communication Research
This is the full issue of JICRCR Volume 2, Issue 2.
Crashing The Boards: A Comparative Analysis Of The Boxing Out Of Women On Boards In The United States And Canada, 2019 Pepperdine University
Crashing The Boards: A Comparative Analysis Of The Boxing Out Of Women On Boards In The United States And Canada, Diana C. Nicholls Mutter
The Journal of Business, Entrepreneurship & the Law
This paper will first provide a critical, comparative look at the Canadian and the federal American responses to the under-representation of women on boards of large, publicly traded corporations. There will be a discussion about the competing conceptions which emerge in addressing the regulation of women on boards in the United States and Canada and why each jurisdiction implemented its policy when it did. The conceptions arising out of questions about under-representation of women on boards tend to fall within two categories: business case rationales and normative rationales. Given the competing conceptions of this issue, this paper will attempt to ...