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Tax Transparency And Corporate Tax Avoidance, Taylor Witkiewicz 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Tax Transparency And Corporate Tax Avoidance, Taylor Witkiewicz

Honors Theses and Capstones

This analysis will look into the emerging global trend for increased tax transparency from large businesses and corporations. Tax transparency has been a growing topic globally and there has been some recent progress in several countries. This analysis will begin by looking into the motivation behind increasing the amount of transparency around a business’ tax affairs. After exploring some key driving factors, a few of the new major tax initiatives and the details encompassed in them will be discussed. The specific countries that will be focused on are the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom.

Overall, this analysis is ...


Mandatory Audit Firm And Audit Partner Rotation, Qianwen Rong 2017 University of New Hampshire

Mandatory Audit Firm And Audit Partner Rotation, Qianwen Rong

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of High School Accounting On The Selection Of College Major, Performance, Satisfaction, And Retention, Gregory T. Marinaccio 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham

The Effect Of High School Accounting On The Selection Of College Major, Performance, Satisfaction, And Retention, Gregory T. Marinaccio

Honors Theses and Capstones

The objective of this study is to examine the impact completion of a high school accounting course has on the selection of college major, academic performance in introductory accounting courses, satisfaction with one’s major, and retention. These relations are examined using data from a survey given to 208 students of various majors enrolled in the Paul College of Business and Economics at the University of New Hampshire. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to analyze the data. The results provide evidence of a significant positive relation between high school accounting and two variables: selection of college major, and performance ...


State Funding And Its Impact On University Funding, Andrew Wolfgang Doppstadt 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham

State Funding And Its Impact On University Funding, Andrew Wolfgang Doppstadt

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Gender Roles In Public Accounting And The Absence Of Women In Upper Level Management, Sarah Elizabeth Keiran 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Gender Roles In Public Accounting And The Absence Of Women In Upper Level Management, Sarah Elizabeth Keiran

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Sarbanes-Oxley Act Section 404 And Filing Status, Yanwen Wang 2017 University of New Hampshire

Sarbanes-Oxley Act Section 404 And Filing Status, Yanwen Wang

Honors Theses and Capstones

This thesis focuses on Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which is a United States federal law that sets new or expanded requirements for all U.S. public companies. Section 404 aims to ensure that all public companies have effective internal controls. Section 404 is not applied uniformly across different filers. This thesis focuses on the analyses of small companies as these companies, i.e. non-accelerated filers, got exemption from Section 404 (b), which requires a publicly-held company’s auditor to attest to, and report on, management’s assessment of its internal controls. Because this exemption allows non-accelerated filers to avoid significant compliance cost ...


Assessing Financial Reporting Quality Of Early Stage Private Companies, Devereux D. Evans 2017 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Assessing Financial Reporting Quality Of Early Stage Private Companies, Devereux D. Evans

Honors Theses and Capstones

There are a variety of widely accepted methods that are used in order to evaluate the financial positioning of companies that are traded on stock exchanges. However, these methods that are common in the public markets do not suffice for assessing companies that are privately held. Attempting to devise an intrinsic value using anticipated cash flows is ineffective given that most companies are pre-revenue. Deriving a value based off of assets held is also inaccurate given that a young company will be in the process of capitalizing itself and more of its assets cannot be represented on a balance sheet ...


Administration Accountability, Fiscal Year 2017, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth 2017 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Administration Accountability, Fiscal Year 2017, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth

Office of Finance

No abstract provided.


University Of North Texas Health Science Center Texas Government Code, 2017 Section 659.026 Report, University of North Texas Health Science Center at Fort Worth 2017 University of North Texas Health Science Center

University Of North Texas Health Science Center Texas Government Code, 2017 Section 659.026 Report, University Of North Texas Health Science Center At Fort Worth

Office of Finance

No abstract provided.


More Accounting Changes: Financial Reporting Through The Age Of Crisis And Globalization, Robert Bloom 2017 John Carroll University

More Accounting Changes: Financial Reporting Through The Age Of Crisis And Globalization, Robert Bloom

2017 Faculty Bibliography

No abstract provided.


Managements' Overconfident Tone And Corporate Policies, Sin Tae Kim 2017 University of Pennsylvania

Managements' Overconfident Tone And Corporate Policies, Sin Tae Kim

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This paper introduces a new measure of management overconfidence, overconfident tone, and shows its association with excess investments, larger share repurchases, and higher stock portions in CEO compensations. Overconfident tone is composed of abnormal positivity and abnormal certainty. They are calculated by dividing conference call transcripts into management parts and analyst parts, and separately analyzing tones using Loughran-McDonald (2011) Dictionary for corporate documents. The results are consistent with previous literature on CEO overconfidence, with overconfident tone associated with excess investment and larger share repurchase. We also test abnormal positivity and abnormal certainty with CEO’s exposure to firm-specific risk to ...


Favorability Of Financial And Nonfinancial Performance Measures And Analysts' Recommendations, Thomas F. Lewis Jr 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Favorability Of Financial And Nonfinancial Performance Measures And Analysts' Recommendations, Thomas F. Lewis Jr

Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the extent to which sell-side analysts make full use of available financial and nonfinancial information signals in formulating stock recommendations. Prior research shows that investors rely strongly on sell-side analysts’ recommendations and that sell-side analysts pay considerable attention to nonfinancial measures in making their decisions. However, prior research has primarily focused on the mere presence of nonfinancial measures and not the extent to which the direction of such measures (i.e. favorability) is associated with firm value, or assessed the extent to which any interaction between financial measures and the direction of nonfinancial measures may influence analysts ...


Review Of Whistleblowing Studies In Accounting Research Examining Corporate Internal Whistleblowing Policy, Lei Gao 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

Review Of Whistleblowing Studies In Accounting Research Examining Corporate Internal Whistleblowing Policy, Lei Gao

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three studies. The first study provides a review and synthesis of past accounting research regarding factors that influence whistleblowing. The second study is a content analysis to examine the variation of organizations’ internal whistleblowing policy, including both the content characteristics of the policy and the linguistic characteristics of the policy. In terms of the content characteristics of the whistleblowing policy, this study focuses on who is covered in the policy, where to report, employees’ responsibility, corporate investigation procedures, disciplinary action against the wrongdoer, and anti-retaliation policy. In terms of the linguistic characteristics of the internal whistleblowing ...


Users’ Perceptions Of The Drivers For Corporate Sustainability Disclosures Made By Chinese Listed Companies, Junru Zhang 2017 Edith Cowan University

Users’ Perceptions Of The Drivers For Corporate Sustainability Disclosures Made By Chinese Listed Companies, Junru Zhang

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

China’s economy and development over decades has achieved not only its national prosperity, but also a significant degree of concern about corporate sustainability. As a vehicle of communication to society, corporate sustainability disclosures (CSD) are considered the most effective and efficient, facilitating the empowerment and acknowledgement of stakeholders in the quest for, and understanding of, sustainability. Much research has investigated the influential factors of CSD based on theories developed from Western standards and economy; however, very limited research considers the driving forces created by cultural and political influences based on the understanding of the perceptions of corporate sustainability among ...


Budget Planning, Budget Control, Business Age, And Financial Performance In Small Businesses, Tracy A. Foster 2017 Walden University

Budget Planning, Budget Control, Business Age, And Financial Performance In Small Businesses, Tracy A. Foster

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Over 390,000 businesses failed in the United States in 2014. The primary cause for most business failures is poor planning, and budgets are a primary means of planning. The purpose of this correlational study was to examine to what extent, if any, budget planning, budget control, and the age of the business significantly predict financial performance in small businesses. The target population consisted of small business leaders in the Midwest. Churchill and Lewis's theory on the relative importance of selected management factors of small businesses through 5 stages of development formed the theoretical framework for this study. Data ...


Relationship Between Intrinsic Job Satisfaction, Extrinsic Job Satisfaction, And Turnover Intentions Among Internal Auditors, Toccara Jeneshia Lee 2017 Walden University

Relationship Between Intrinsic Job Satisfaction, Extrinsic Job Satisfaction, And Turnover Intentions Among Internal Auditors, Toccara Jeneshia Lee

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

In the auditing profession, many business owners are unable to retain auditing staff. The cost to replace an auditor can cost a company as much as 150% of the auditors' annual salary. Perpetuating this problem is that some auditing business owners do not know the relationship between internal auditors' intrinsic job satisfaction, extrinsic job satisfaction, and auditors' turnover intention. Grounded in Herzberg's 2- factor theory, the purpose of this correlational study was to examine the relationship between intrinsic job satisfaction, extrinsic job satisfaction, and auditors' turnover intention. Participants included 96 members of the Central Florida Institute of Internal Auditors ...


Corporate Social Responsibility In The Ghanaian Mining Industry, Frank Boateng 2017 Walden University

Corporate Social Responsibility In The Ghanaian Mining Industry, Frank Boateng

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Gold mining communities in Ghana have experienced destruction of vegetation, water pollution, and soil contamination by activities of mining due to rapid growth and dependency on mining of natural resources within the catchment areas of the mining activities. These circumstances with repercussions of corruption and inefficient management of corporate social responsibility places organizational goals above the community and the nation. These setbacks necessitate the successful practice of corporate social responsibility to benefit stakeholders within mining communities. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between corporate social responsibility, environmental policies, and community complaints, and the fiduciary responsibility to ...


How Improved Training Strategies Can Benefit Taxpayers Using Vita Programs, Jaclyn Marie Barkow 2017 Walden University

How Improved Training Strategies Can Benefit Taxpayers Using Vita Programs, Jaclyn Marie Barkow

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Many volunteer income tax assistance (VITA) sites experience inaccuracy in the taxes prepared according to audits conducted by the treasury inspector general for tax administration (TIGTA). Effective training strategies may influence the accuracy rates of tax returns prepared at VITA sites. Following the conceptual framework of the human capital theory, this multiple case study described the training strategies used by 4 VITA site coordinators in northwest Indiana. An Internal Revenue Service (IRS) representative overseeing the VITA sites identified the 4 site coordinators as achieving an exceptional accuracy rating. Data were collected from semistructured interviews, the annual VITA site coordinator's ...


Jet Fuel Hedging And Modern Financial Theory In The U.S. Airline Industry, Brandon Lee Schweitzer 2017 Walden University

Jet Fuel Hedging And Modern Financial Theory In The U.S. Airline Industry, Brandon Lee Schweitzer

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

To counter the problem of the volatility of jet fuel prices within the United States, many financial managers of U.S. airlines use hedging as a financial tool to mitigate the risk of exposure to market price volatility. However, their efforts often lead to financial distress for their airlines. The purpose of this qualitative grounded theory study was to explore U.S. airline managers' use of financial hedging to reduce the risk of exposure from the volatility of jet fuel prices. The conceptual framework was Simkowitz's theory of modern finance, which concerns debt policy, dividend policy, and investment policy ...


Sustainment Strategies Small Business Owners Use For More Than 5 Years, Son Thanh Nguyen 2017 Walden University

Sustainment Strategies Small Business Owners Use For More Than 5 Years, Son Thanh Nguyen

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

U.S. Small Business Administration reports that small businesses are one of the pillars of the U.S. economy, providing employment, innovation, and productivity. However, these businesses are constantly faced with challenges resulting from limited resources and continuous technological advances. This qualitative multiple-case study was performed to explore the strategies that small business owners (SBOs) in Maryland use to acquire capital to sustain their businesses financially for more than 5 years. The study's framework, the strategic management theory, was applied to determine the most effective approaches for the small businesses. Face-to-face interviews with 6 recruited SBOs were performed. A ...


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