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Addressing The Opioid Epidemic: North Andover Police Department, James Buckley 2017 Merrimack College

Addressing The Opioid Epidemic: North Andover Police Department, James Buckley

Honors Senior Capstone Projects

The opioid epidemic is not just a problem that affects major cities, as there is a growing market for heroin in suburban communities. North Andover saw a spike from only seven overdoses in 2015, to twenty-three possible overdoses in just the first nine and a half months of 2016, depicting evidence of how grave the problem really has become in the community. The epidemic is not an issue that can be delayed and gradually deliberated, as immediate action is required to treat individuals affected and heal the community as a whole. The heroin problem has reached North Andover and the ...


Insider Versus Outsider Ceos, Executive Compensation, And Accounting Manipulation, Prasart JONGJAROENKAMOL, Volker LAUX 2017 Singapore Management University

Insider Versus Outsider Ceos, Executive Compensation, And Accounting Manipulation, Prasart Jongjaroenkamol, Volker Laux

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

This paper examines the role of the financial reporting environment in selecting a new CEO from within versus outside the organization. Weak reporting controls allow the CEO to misreport performance information, which reduces the board's ability to detect and replace poorly-performing CEOs as well as aggravates incentive contracting. We show that these adverse effects are stronger when the CEO is an outsider rather than an insider. Our model predicts that boards are more likely to recruit a CEO from the outside when the performance measures with which the new hire is assessed are harder to manipulate.


Taxation Of Income On Professional Team Athletes, Crystal M. Williamson 2017 Liberty University

Taxation Of Income On Professional Team Athletes, Crystal M. Williamson

Senior Honors Theses

Taxation of income for the average person can be a daunting task. However, for professional athletes, this task becomes even more tedious. Professional athletes face the jock tax. This means that athletes have to pay taxes in every state in which they play a game, practice, and perform a service that is part of their contract. Professional athletes, like every United States (U.S.) citizen, are required to pay both federal and state income taxes. Since professional athletes are constantly traveling, their state of residence becomes even more important when allocating their income to the respective state. Many question the ...


Our Future Together Industry Perspectives: Future Of Professional Learning And Entrepreneurship, Poh Sun SEOW, PAN, Gary, Clarence GOH, Kwong Sin LEONG 2017 Singapore Management University

Our Future Together Industry Perspectives: Future Of Professional Learning And Entrepreneurship, Poh Sun Seow, Pan, Gary, Clarence Goh, Kwong Sin Leong

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

This report 2017 marks the second collaboration between ISCA and ICAEW after the successful launch of “Our Future Together” report in 2016 to inspire professional accountants to critically think about what the future holds for Singapore and the accountancy profession. How should accountants embrace transformation in the digital age? How should learning be redefined for the accountancy profession? How can organisational culture encourage innovation and an enterprising spirit in accountants? This report aims to shape the discussion on how education, training and professional learning should be redefined to develop professional accountants who are future-ready, so that they can continue to ...


Helm Store Collection - Hardin County, Kentucky (Mss 65), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives 2017 Western Kentucky University

Helm Store Collection - Hardin County, Kentucky (Mss 65), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 65. Journal of sales from 1814 to 1816 of the Helm & Green store and an 1828 account book of the John B. Helm & Company, Hardin County, Kentucky. An 1842 promissory note and constable’s summons pertaining to a debt are also included.


Applying The Theory Of Planned Behavior To Influence Auditors' Knowledge-Sharing Behavior, Xu Cheng 2017 University of South Florida

Applying The Theory Of Planned Behavior To Influence Auditors' Knowledge-Sharing Behavior, Xu Cheng

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study adopts the theory of planned behavior to understand and influence auditors’ knowledge-sharing behavior. Ajzen (1991) indicates that persuasive communications, such as belief-targeted messages, can be used as behavioral interventions to alter intentions and behaviors. Thus, this study develops and evaluates the effectiveness of behavioral interventions (belief-targeted messages) in encouraging auditors’ knowledge-sharing behavior. This study uses a 2×2 between-participants design. Arguments targeting behavioral beliefs and arguments targeting normative beliefs are manipulated. Consistent with expectations, the results of this study were that (1) auditors exposed to an intervention share more knowledge, compared to auditors not exposed to any interventions ...


The First Amendment And Provocative Teaching: Lessons From The Evidence, Kent D. Kauffman 2017 Indiana University - Purdue University Fort Wayne

The First Amendment And Provocative Teaching: Lessons From The Evidence, Kent D. Kauffman

Accounting and Finance Faculty Presentations

According to the “germaneness standard,” public university faculty have a First Amendment protection for course-related speech, even provocative statements, when their statements or activities connect to the subject matter or pedagogy. Private university faculty have no corresponding, generalized First Amendment protection, but do have course-related speech prerogatives grounded in the tradition of academic freedom, which can be established by contract law. Students at public universities have First Amendment protection for their courserelated statements similar to public university faculty. However, according to the Hazelwood standard, learning-related student speech can be restricted when it is considered substantially disruptive to learning or is ...


Regulatory Pressure And Income Smoothing By Banks In Response To Anticipated Changes To The Basel Ii Accord, Chu Yeong LIM, Keng Kevin OW YONG 2017 Singapore Management University

Regulatory Pressure And Income Smoothing By Banks In Response To Anticipated Changes To The Basel Ii Accord, Chu Yeong Lim, Keng Kevin Ow Yong

Research Collection School of Accountancy

We examine the effects of the revised Basel II rules on bank managers’ discretionary behavior, specifically income smoothing and loan loss provisioning. As the revised rules exert greater regulatory pressure on corporate than retail banking, we predict corporate bank managers to reduce risk-taking activities or increase income smoothing. Analysis of segmental reports reveals greater (less) income smoothing in the corporate banking segments of low-capital (high-capital) banks during the Basel II period, with their managers recognizing loan loss provisions in a less timely fashion. We find no such effects for retail banking. Although we document an initially negative market reaction to ...


Conditional Conservatism And Debt Versus Equity Financing, Beng Wee GOH, Chee Yeow LIM, Gerald J. LOBO, Yen H. TONG 2017 Singapore Management University

Conditional Conservatism And Debt Versus Equity Financing, Beng Wee Goh, Chee Yeow Lim, Gerald J. Lobo, Yen H. Tong

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

Extant research suggests that conditional conservatism reduces information asymmetry between a firm and its shareholders as well as its debtholders. However, there is little evidence on whether conditional conservatism reduces information asymmetry differentially for shareholders and debtholders. We use the setting of a firm's choice between equity versus debt when it seeks a significant amount of external financing to examine this research question. We find that when firms raise a significant amount of external financing, the use of equity (versus debt) increases with the level of conservatism. We also find that the reduction in cost of equity associated with ...


Voluntary Fair Value Disclosures Beyond Sfas 157’S Three-Level Estimates, Sung Gon CHUNG, Beng Wee GOH, Jeffrey NG, Kevin OW YONG 2017 Wayne State University

Voluntary Fair Value Disclosures Beyond Sfas 157’S Three-Level Estimates, Sung Gon Chung, Beng Wee Goh, Jeffrey Ng, Kevin Ow Yong

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

Some firms voluntarily make disclosures about the controls and processes in place to ensure the reliability of fair value estimates. Consistent with these disclosures being driven by management’s concerns about the reliability of their SFAS 157 estimates, we find that firms with more opaque estimates are more likely to provide such disclosures. We then examine whether these disclosures increase the reliability of fair value estimates. We find that they are associated with higher market pricing and lower information risk for Level 3 estimates. Further analyses of the contents of the reliability disclosures reveal that the following are particularly important ...


Factors Influencing Recruitment Of Non-Accounting Business Professionals Into Internal Auditing, Geoffrey D. Bartlett, Joleen Kremin, K. Kelli Saunders, David A. Wood 2017 Utah Valley University

Factors Influencing Recruitment Of Non-Accounting Business Professionals Into Internal Auditing, Geoffrey D. Bartlett, Joleen Kremin, K. Kelli Saunders, David A. Wood

Business Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper examines factors affecting non-accounting business professionals' willingness to work in internal auditing. In a 2 × 6 experiment with 502 participants from across the country, we find that, in contrast to prior research examining accountants, business professionals have relatively favorable views of internal audit. Although they hold favorable views, participants were still less likely to apply for a position labeled as internal audit than an identical position with an alternate label. Varying the structure of internal audit, including job responsibilities, career path, and sourcing arrangement, did not affect participants' willingness to apply for an internal audit position. We also ...


Accounting In Fiction, S. Ray Granade 2017 Ouachita Baptist University

Accounting In Fiction, S. Ray Granade

Articles

A bibliography of fiction in which accountants are characters, or in which accountancy plays a part in the plot.


Hospitality Management Accounting: Current Problems And Future Opportunities, Gordon S. Potter, Raymond S. Schmidgall 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Hospitality Management Accounting: Current Problems And Future Opportunities, Gordon S. Potter, Raymond S. Schmidgall

Gordon Potter

This paper discusses areas for future research opportunities by addressing accounting issues faced by management accountants practicing in hospitality organizations. Specifically, the article focuses on the use of the uniform system of accounts by operating properties, the usefulness of allocating support costs to operated departments, extending our understanding of operating costs and performance measurement systems and the certification of practicing accountants.


On The Use Of Regression And Verbal Protocol Analysis In Modeling Analysts’ Behavior In An Unstructured Task Environment: A Methodological Note, M. J. Anderson, Gordon S. Potter 2017 Michigan State University

On The Use Of Regression And Verbal Protocol Analysis In Modeling Analysts’ Behavior In An Unstructured Task Environment: A Methodological Note, M. J. Anderson, Gordon S. Potter

Gordon Potter

This paper discusses areas for future research opportunities by addressing accounting issues faced by management accountants practicing in hospitality organizations. Specifically, the article focuses on the use of the uniform system of accounts by operating properties, the usefulness of allocating support costs to operated departments, extending our understanding of operating costs and performance measurement systems and the certification of practicing accountants.


Accounting Earnings Announcements, Institutional Investor Concentration, And Common Stock Returns, Gordon S. Potter 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Accounting Earnings Announcements, Institutional Investor Concentration, And Common Stock Returns, Gordon S. Potter

Gordon Potter

[Excerpt] This study examines the relation between the level of institutional investor ownership and the magnitude of security price variability at quarterly earnings announcement dates. Prior research consistently documents a negative association between firm size and announcement-date return variability. One explanation for this finding is that as more timely, alternative information becomes available on large firms prior to an announcement date, their security prices become informative, thereby reducing the information content of the earnings announcement. Large firms are closely followed by institutional investors. These investors dedicate substantial resources to information search. Therefore, the link between size and information production may ...


Coordinating Information And Controlling Costs, Gordon S. Potter 2017 Cornell University School of Hotel Administration

Coordinating Information And Controlling Costs, Gordon S. Potter

Gordon Potter

[Excerpt] I want to cover two essential and related topics in this chapter: determining the extent of decision rights you grant to your employees, and the management reports you provide to these employees to motivate them to effectively utilize resources. I recognize that if you are a sole practitioner, you may handle these all on your own. But if you hire people to manage your property, you should consider the points I discuss here.


When The Going Gets Tough, The Tough Get Going, Antti Fredriksson, Daniela Maresch, Matthias Fink, Andrea Moro 2017 University of Turku, School of Economics

When The Going Gets Tough, The Tough Get Going, Antti Fredriksson, Daniela Maresch, Matthias Fink, Andrea Moro

The Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance

A bank’s lending decision is affected by the amount of information it can access and by its capability to manage this information. The latter aspect implies that the bank has to decide whether borrowers should be managed in a local branch of the bank or in its headquarters. By looking at a sample of Finnish banks, the present research investigates a bank’s capability to extract profitability from both locally and centrally managed firms. We find that banks are able to properly discriminate between firms: those which should be managed by loan managers with expert knowledge in the bank ...


Industry-University Partnership Through Experiential Project-Based Learning: A Singapore Case Study, Gary PAN, Gan Hup TAN, Yvonne TAN 2017 Singapore Management University

Industry-University Partnership Through Experiential Project-Based Learning: A Singapore Case Study, Gary Pan, Gan Hup Tan, Yvonne Tan

Research Collection School Of Accountancy

A radical approach to preparing university students with future work skills, by combining academic with experiential learning through real projects faced by client partners. Learn how a university can create opportunities for collaborative learning and a tripartite learning relationship for academia, students and industry.Outcomes and impact of the case Post-module feedback surveys conducted over AY2015/16 showed that over 80% of the students who took an SMU-X module reported enhanced problem-solving, analytical, reasoning and communication skills, all of which were skills highly valued by employers. These results also dovetailed with SMU-X’s learning outcomes. More than 85% felt that ...


Characteristics Of Accounting Faculty In The U.S., Ravindra R. Kamath, Heidi H. Meier, Edward G. Thomas 2017 Cleveland State University

Characteristics Of Accounting Faculty In The U.S., Ravindra R. Kamath, Heidi H. Meier, Edward G. Thomas

Ravindra Kamath

In this article, the academic and personal characteristics of Accounting faculty members at Colleges and Universities in the United States are analyzed to determine the demographics of the Accounting Professorate. Data on 12 variables were collected for the 2004-2005 academic year as a means of constructing a professional profile of the typical accounting professor teaching at today’s universities. Given that there are anticipated shortages of accounting faculty, this information should be of interest to students who are considering accounting as a major, those contemplating entering the profession, and those faculty members who are engaged in educating the next generation ...


Impact On Grant Fraud Within The Government, Ashley Clark 2017 La Salle University

Impact On Grant Fraud Within The Government, Ashley Clark

Economic Crime Forensics Capstones

My proposal and area of concentration will focus on the forensic accountant’s role in grant fraud. This role is more important now than ever, as fraudsters’ efforts have become more sophisticated over time. Grant fraud is particularly susceptible because more and more fraudsters are working within the company and understand the internal workings of the organization. Ensuring that grant notice of award regulations and rules are followed – and that relevant agencies and individuals follow all protocols under the budgeted term – are crucial components to ensuring the grant’s success.

Within my research paper, I will cover all areas associated ...


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