Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Reading and Language Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,773 Full-Text Articles 1,623 Authors 1,235,638 Downloads 144 Institutions

All Articles in Reading and Language

Faceted Search

1,773 full-text articles. Page 3 of 60.

The Political (Un)Conscious: Rethinking Aesthetics From A Cross-Cultural Perspective, Xiaohong Zhang 2018 Shenzhen University

The Political (Un)Conscious: Rethinking Aesthetics From A Cross-Cultural Perspective, Xiaohong Zhang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article, "The Political (Un)conscious: Rethinking Aesthetics from a Cross-Cultural Perspective," Xiaohong Zhang adopts a cross-cultural perspective, examining the cultural-specific nuances of critical terms like race, class and gender, all of which have bearings on our perception and conception of aesthetics. Drawing on Emory Elliot's groundbreaking book, Aesthetics in a Multicultural Age (2002), the paper probes into the aesthetic experience whose primary effect is to depragmatize. Along this line of thinking, the author draws attention to the aesthetic impetus of two Nobel laureates, Mo Yan and Gao Xingjian, whose rewriting of Western classics demonstrates Chinese authors' shared ...


Maoism In Culture: A “Glocalized” Or “Sinicized” Marxist Literary Theory, Ning Wang 2018 Shanghai Jiao Tong University

Maoism In Culture: A “Glocalized” Or “Sinicized” Marxist Literary Theory, Ning Wang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his essay "Maoism in Culture," Ning Wang discusses the importance to literature and art of Mao's famous "Yan'an Talks" as one of his most representative works. Maoism, or Mao Zedong Thought as is generally called in China, is a "glocalized" or "Sinicized" Marxism initiated and developed by Mao and his comrades in arms and successors in China. Wang argues that although Maoism is not a dogmatically "imported" Marxism from the West, it has indeed grasped some fundamental Marxist principles in combination with the concrete Chinese literary and critical practice. Thus a "glocalized" or "Sinicized" Marxist literary theory ...


Mao's "On Contradiction," Mao-Hegel/Mao-Deleuze, Kenneth Surin 2018 Duke University

Mao's "On Contradiction," Mao-Hegel/Mao-Deleuze, Kenneth Surin

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Mao Tse-Tung's famous 1937 essay "On Contradiction" is regarded as a significant attempt to redefine and reapply Marx's notion of a "dialectical contradiction" to the Chinese revolutionary conjuncture of Mao's time. I set out the principles outlined in Mao's essay, before arguing that the revolutionary conjuncture of his time no longer exists in the era of globalization and neoliberalism. I conclude that a new conception of "antagonism" is needed, and revise Mao's position with the aid of the philosophy of Deleuze and Guattari.


Mapping Out Chinese Modernity And Alternative Modernity, Song Li 2018 Wuhan University

Mapping Out Chinese Modernity And Alternative Modernity, Song Li

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article, “Mapping Out Chinese Modernity and Alternative Modernity,” Song Li reviews the writings of Kang Liu, particularly his Aesthetics and Marxism. Kang Liu studies the intellectual trajectory of Chinese Marxism from its inception to its post-Mao phases of transformation by comparing it with the cultural and aesthetic thinking of Western Marxism. It provides not only a new perspective for the study of Marxism in general and Chinese Marxism in particular, but also opens up a new space for mapping out Chinese modernity and alternative modernity. Its 2012 Chinese translation makes it more accessible in China, and it will ...


Metacognition? Never Heard Of Her, Brigid A. Cavins 2018 BGSU

Metacognition? Never Heard Of Her, Brigid A. Cavins

WRIT: GSW Journal of First-Year Writing

No abstract provided.


The Larger Conversation: Contemplation And Place By Tim Lilburn, Emory Shaw 2018 Concordia University

The Larger Conversation: Contemplation And Place By Tim Lilburn, Emory Shaw

The Goose

Review of Tim Lilburn's The Larger Conversation: Contemplation and Place.


The Effects Of Decoding Instruction On Oral Reading Fluency For Older Students With Reading Delays, Gaige J. Johnson 2018 Western Michigan University

The Effects Of Decoding Instruction On Oral Reading Fluency For Older Students With Reading Delays, Gaige J. Johnson

Dissertations

Struggling older readers often have difficulty with early decoding skills (Tolman, 2005; Toste, Williams, & Capin, 2017). If they are unable to master decoding, they may have difficulty with more complex skills, such as passage reading fluency. The current study extends research on reading fluency for older students by evaluating the combined effects of a phonics procedure and a fluency-building strategy on their reading fluency. Participants were older students with below grade level reading performance who had deficits in oral reading fluency and decoding. Dependent variables were the number of correctly sorted word patterns and the number of correct words per ...


發揮新體:王勃樂府詩的復變 = A Study Of Wang Bo's Yuefu Poetry, Wai Keung Chan 2018 Department of Chinese Language and Literature, Hong Kong Baptist University

發揮新體:王勃樂府詩的復變 = A Study Of Wang Bo's Yuefu Poetry, Wai Keung Chan

HKBU Staff Publication

初唐詩人王勃(650–627)今存作品中,體裁上屬“詩”者,樂府只有寥寥數首。這個現象容易使人對其樂府創作的貢獻輕輕略過,沒有太多注意其價值及其在王勃文學創作生涯中的作用。本文針對這個現象,對王勃樂府詩作在文學傳統的繼承和創新方面作考察,審視其“詩歌”創作觀念和實踐中,樂府傳統所起的作用,從而對於其韻文創作活動中所體現的詩、歌、賦三種文體的交互作用,作一粗淺的探討。

初唐四傑作為一個整體研究對象,前賢論述備矣。其中聞一多(1899–1946)的研究一直被奉為圭臬,聞氏奠基之功誠不可沒,但對於四傑各自的文學特色往往因“四傑”、“四才子”這兩個早見於初唐時期的集體稱號,而將四人的創作作類同化的處理,也一直成為學界的指引。對於四傑文學的研究,近年有了相當大的進展,在多種以“四傑”為書名的專著中,學者對四人創作的共性和個性條分縷析、細緻入微,取得了巨大的成就。就王勃詩的研究而言,日本方面,近年較有建樹的有今原和正、高木重俊、道坂昭廣等, 美國方面宇文所安(Stephen Owen)早年的《初唐詩》中的相關章節,在論述王勃時所用的“新儀範”(new decorum)一詞,成為了丁香(Ding Xiang Warner)論述王詩的一個關鍵詞和出發點。而筆者亦就其詩、賦、駢文等創作發表過論述。然而本文討論的對象——即王勃的樂府詩創作,在上列研究中最多只有片言隻字提及,並無集中討論。楊曉彩的《王勃研究》在論詩的章節提及〈臨高臺〉、〈銅雀妓〉等樂府作品,但沒有專題對其樂府作探討。近年錢志熙、吳相洲二位師兄致力於樂府詩研究,在其著作及主編的系列中,對初唐樂府稍有論述,惜亦未將王勃樂府作為重點研究課題。近年來樂府研究的新成果,為本文造就了有利條件,成為本研究的重要基石。

王勃的樂府創作在其文集中沒有佔上很大的比重,但並不說明此體不重要。相反,樂府傳統在王勃文學中所構成的思想和形式兩方面起著十分積極的作用。本文試圖窺一斑見全豹,以此作論述焦點。王勃的樂府創作承先的地方甚多甚明,其不同於前人處及影響所及則少有鑽研。本文嘗試就這些方面進行考察,著重探討王勃樂府作品的形式特點,試圖論述評價其樂府詩作的實踐經驗,對其自身創作的意義,以及初唐文學發展史上的作用和意義。


A Co-Matching Model For Multi-Choice Reading Comprehension, Shuohang WANG, Mo YU, Shiyu CHANG, Jing JIANG 2018 Singapore Management University

A Co-Matching Model For Multi-Choice Reading Comprehension, Shuohang Wang, Mo Yu, Shiyu Chang, Jing Jiang

Research Collection School Of Information Systems

Multi-choice reading comprehension is a challenging task, which involves the matching between a passage and a question-answer pair. This paper proposes a new co-matching approach to this problem, which jointly models whether a passage can match both a question and a candidate answer. Experimental results on the RACE dataset demonstrate that our approach achieves state-of-the-art performance.


Self-Referential Features In Sacred Texts, Donald Haase 2018 Florida International University

Self-Referential Features In Sacred Texts, Donald Haase

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis examines a specific type of instance that bridges the divide between seeing sacred texts as merely vehicles for content and as objects themselves: self-reference. Doing so yielded a heuristic system of categories of self-reference in sacred texts based on the way the text self-describes: Inlibration, Necessity, and Untranslatability.

I provide examples of these self-referential features as found in various sacred texts: the Vedas, Āgamas, Papyrus of Ani, Torah, Quran, Sri Guru Granth Sahib, and the Book of Mormon. I then examine how different theories of sacredness interact with them. What do Durkheim, Otto, Freud, or Levinas say about ...


The Roles We Played: Exploring Intimacy In Research, Kathleen M. Alley 2018 Mississippi State University

The Roles We Played: Exploring Intimacy In Research, Kathleen M. Alley

The Qualitative Report

Intimate relationships can serve as catalysts impelling us to deeply interact with others, and, consequently helping us to develop a greater understanding of ourselves, those with whom we come into contact, and the wider world. This manuscript describes the challenges and constraints I faced when engaged in qualitative research with an intimate other. I borrow from Dr. Carolyn Ellis’ (2007) concept of relational ethics, which requires researchers to: (a) act from their hearts and minds, (b) acknowledge interpersonal bonds to others, and (c) take responsibility for actions and their consequences. Power is a part of intimate relationships, so exploring and ...


Fiqws Fall 2018: Phase 2 Assignment Prompt The Exploratory Essay, Sabina Pringle, Missy Watson 2018 CUNY City College

Fiqws Fall 2018: Phase 2 Assignment Prompt The Exploratory Essay, Sabina Pringle, Missy Watson

Open Educational Resources

This phase two writing assignment prompt for FIQWS 10003 - HA1 WCGI History & Culture and FIQWS 10103 - HA1 Composition for WCGI History & Culture (fall 2018) provides guidelines for writing an Exploratory Essay in which students will consider the ideas of course readings and compose an essay that demonstrates their engagement with those ideas. The rhetorical purpose of this assignment is for students to demonstrate the ways in which their thinking about language and literacy has developed so far in the course, using evidence based on interpretations, ideas, and examples as well as passages from four or five sources. Summary, synthesis, and ...


Double/Cross: Erasure In Theory And Poetry, John Nyman 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Double/Cross: Erasure In Theory And Poetry, John Nyman

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This dissertation investigates the implications of overt textual erasure on literary and philosophical meaning, especially with reference to the poststructuralist phenomenological tradition culminating in the work of Jacques Derrida. Responding both to the emergence of “erasure poetry” as a recognizable genre of experimental literature and to the relative paucity of serious scholarship on Derrida’s “writing under erasure,” I focus on twentieth- and twenty-first-century literary and philosophical works in which visible evidence of erasure is an intended component of the finished (i.e., printed and disseminated) document. Erasure, I argue, performs a complex doubling or double/crossing of meaning according ...


On The Culturalization Of Ethnic Economy In China, Yi LIU, Jiayan XIAO 2018 Southwest Minzu University

On The Culturalization Of Ethnic Economy In China, Yi Liu, Jiayan Xiao

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "On the Culturalization of Ethnic Economy in China" Liu Yiand Xiao Jia-Yan examine the cultural impact of autonomous minority regions on national economy. This study surveys the internal factors that include geography and history as well as external factor such as govermental policy. The findings suggest that cultural factors should be taken into greater consideration, as they are an important aspect in the inner motivation to push forward the economic development of ethnic areas at a faster pace. The paper argues that culture can afford the most efficient pathway for these ethnic areas in terms of economic ...


Portraits Of Jeju Haenyeo As Models Of Empowerment In The Korean Newspaper Maeilshinbo During Japanese Occupation, Seohyeon Lee, Soon-ok Myong 2018 Jeju National Universiy

Portraits Of Jeju Haenyeo As Models Of Empowerment In The Korean Newspaper Maeilshinbo During Japanese Occupation, Seohyeon Lee, Soon-Ok Myong

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "Portraits of Jeju Haenyeo as Models of Empowerment in the Korean Newspaper Maeilshinbo during Japanese Occupation" Seohyeon Lee and Soon-ok Myong analyze the life of Korean women divers, Jeju Haenyeo, portrayed in the news articles of the Maeilshinbo, the only Korean newspaper during Japanese occupation (1910-1945). In the past, the activities of Haenyeo have been considered the cultural product of Jeju Island. However, within a structure of female repression, Confucian feudalism and colonization, the Haenyeo can be seen as emancipatory pioneers and voluntary economic agents, displaying initiative and pro-activeness and protecting their rights and interests by organizing ...


Dayak Lundayeh: A Report From The Border, Luqman Hakim Zainuri 2018 University of Brawijaya

Dayak Lundayeh: A Report From The Border, Luqman Hakim Zainuri

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his paper "Dayak Lundayeh: A Report from the Border" Luqman H. Zainuri explores the vulnerabilities and potential of national disintegration coming from indigenous communities in Indonesia. In particular, the paper focuses on one of the communities which has been largely ignored, the Dayak people, who have played an important role in the border between Indonesia and Malaysia in Borneo Island. The Dayak indigenous people which inhabit this highland plateau are known as the Lun Bawang, on the Malaysian side, and the Lun Dayeh (or Lundayeh) in the Indonesian side. Both groups are linguistically and culturally the same. This paper ...


Collective Memory In Advocating Peace. The Nanjing Incident As A Case Study, Idham Badruzaman 2018 Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Collective Memory In Advocating Peace. The Nanjing Incident As A Case Study, Idham Badruzaman

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his paper "Collective Memory in Advocating Peace. The Nanjing Incident as a case study" Idham Badruzaman provides an example of how to build a peaceful Asian Community. The Foundation is establishing forms of bilateral cooperation at the educational level; mostly in universities and higher education institutions across the world. These programs are contributing to create cross-cultural ties within the Asian Community and across the world, surpassing national interests and boundaries, fostering inter-culturalism, and promoting tolerance amid differences. By focusing on the Nanjing Incident, the paper provides an example of how the building of collective memory can help reconciliation, showing ...


Innovations In Self-Consciousness. Towards Oneness With The World, Soon-ok Myong, Byong-soon Chun 2018 Al Farabi Kazakh National University

Innovations In Self-Consciousness. Towards Oneness With The World, Soon-Ok Myong, Byong-Soon Chun

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "Innovations in Self-Consciousness. Towards Oneness with the World" Soon-ok Myong and Byong-soon Chun examine the limitations and vulnerabilities of modern civilization. Asia is a multiethnic, multilingual and multicultural territory of over 40 countries and more than 4.4 billion people, that is, almost half of the population of the world. The One Asia community seeks to question a world made up of strong egos that make up businesses, organization and nations, and embrace communal goals, helping Asia and the world to become 'one community.' Thus, the paper suggests ways of self-innovation through forms of transitional consciousness. Although ...


From Teaching To The Best Seller List: How The Educational System Drives The Publishing Market And Vice Versa, Kai D. Alexander 2018 Seton Hall University

From Teaching To The Best Seller List: How The Educational System Drives The Publishing Market And Vice Versa, Kai D. Alexander

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Certain outdated canonical texts have played a huge part in the oppression of minorities and women (Platt), and within the last 20 years or so, research has shown that these “difficult” texts do nothing to help foster a healthy thirst for knowledge outside of the classroom. My purpose is to demonstrate how the educational system – in particular, how reading and writing are taught from elementary school up until college – drives the publishing market, and thus, causes texts like Twilight to sit alongside the best seller list with To Kill a MockingBird. I will argue that there is a psychological and ...


Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender 2018 Fordham University

Radical Social Ecology As Deep Pragmatism: A Call To The Abolition Of Systemic Dissonance And The Minimization Of Entropic Chaos, Arielle Brender

Student Theses 2015-Present

This paper aims to shed light on the dissonance caused by the superimposition of Dominant Human Systems on Natural Systems. I highlight the synthetic nature of Dominant Human Systems as egoic and linguistic phenomenon manufactured by a mere portion of the human population, which renders them inherently oppressive unto peoples and landscapes whose wisdom were barred from the design process. In pursuing a radical pragmatic approach to mending the simultaneous oppression and destruction of the human being and the earth, I highlight the necessity of minimizing entropic chaos caused by excess energy expenditure, an essential feature of systems that aim ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress