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873 full-text articles. Page 29 of 29.

Mechanisms, Causes, And The Layered Model Of The World, Stuart Glennan 2010 Butler University

Mechanisms, Causes, And The Layered Model Of The World, Stuart Glennan

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

Most philosophical accounts of causation take causal relations to obtain between individuals and events in virtue of nomological relations between properties of these individuals and events. Such views fail to take into account the consequences of the fact that in general the properties of individuals and events will depend upon mechanisms that realize those properties. In this paper I attempt to rectify this failure, and in so doing to provide an account of the causal relevance of higher-level properties. I do this by critiquing one prominent model of higher-level properties – Kim’s functional model of reduction – and contrasting it with ...


The American Grotesque: Free-Thought Idealism In Edward Bliss Foote's "Science In Story", Lita M. Tirak 2010 College of William & Mary - Arts & Sciences

The American Grotesque: Free-Thought Idealism In Edward Bliss Foote's "Science In Story", Lita M. Tirak

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


It's A Simple Game, Really, Ted Richards 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

It's A Simple Game, Really, Ted Richards

Ted Richards

No abstract provided.


The Difficulties Of A Hartmanesque Value Calculus, Ted Richards 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Difficulties Of A Hartmanesque Value Calculus, Ted Richards

Ted Richards

No abstract provided.


Incidental Causation, Spontaneous Generation, And Homonymous Predication In Aristotle’S Physics Ii And Other Texts, David Depew 2009 University of Iowa

Incidental Causation, Spontaneous Generation, And Homonymous Predication In Aristotle’S Physics Ii And Other Texts, David Depew

David J Depew

How did Aristotle, the founder of scientific biology, define life? In this volume, which collects the contributions to a conference held in 2006, philologists, philosophers and biologists approach this question. They study how Aristotle's concept of the soul relates to his perception of life; how he evaluates the different criteria that, according to him, constitute life; how he uses those criteria to define different organic structures; whether there exists a unified definition of life in Aristotle's philosophy; aspects of procreation and ontogenesis; the relationship between individuals and species; the reception of Aristotle's theories. German text.


Indirect Reciprocity And The Evolution Of "Moral Signals", Rory Smead 2009 University of California - Irvine

Indirect Reciprocity And The Evolution Of "Moral Signals", Rory Smead

Rory Smead

Signals regarding the behavior of others are an essential element of human moral systems and there are important evolutionary connections between language and large-scale cooperation. In particular, social communication may be required for the reputation tracking needed to stabilize indirect reciprocity. Additionally, scholars have suggested that the benefits of indirect reciprocity may have been important for the evolution of language and that social signals may have coevolved with large-scale cooperation. This paper investigates the possibility of such a coevolution. Using the tools of evolutionary game theory, we present a model that incorporates primitive "moral signaling" into a simple setting of ...


Proceedings For The Minisymposium On The Nature Of Time: Lessons From The Foundations Of Relativity And Quantum Physics, Juan Ferret, Alexis de Saint-Ours 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

Proceedings For The Minisymposium On The Nature Of Time: Lessons From The Foundations Of Relativity And Quantum Physics, Juan Ferret, Alexis De Saint-Ours

Juan Ferret

No abstract provided.


Image Gallery, Nisa Blackmon 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

Image Gallery, Nisa Blackmon

Nisa Blackmon

No abstract provided.


Using Kinesthetic Activities To Teach Ptolemaic And Copernican Retrograde Motion, Ted Richards 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Using Kinesthetic Activities To Teach Ptolemaic And Copernican Retrograde Motion, Ted Richards

Ted Richards

This paper describes a method for teaching planetary retrograde motion, and the Ptolemaic and Copernican accounts of retrograde motion, by means of a series kinesthetic learning activities (KLAs). In the KLAs described, the students literally walk through the motions of the planets in both systems. A retrospective statistical analysis shows that students who participated in these activities performed better on examination questions pertaining to retrograde motion than students who did not. Potential explanations for this result, including the breaking of classroom routine, the effect of body movement on conceptual memory, and egocentric spatial proprioception, are considered.


Darwinian Controversies: An Historiographical Recounting, David Depew 2009 University of Iowa

Darwinian Controversies: An Historiographical Recounting, David Depew

David J Depew

This essay reviews key controversies in the history of the Darwinian research tradition: the Wilberforce-Huxley debate in 1860, early twentieth-century debates about the heritability of acquired characteristics and the consistency of Mendelian genetics with natural selection; the 1925 Scopes trial about teaching evolution; tensions about race, culture, and eugenics at the 1959 centenary celebration Darwin’s Origin of Species; adaptationism and its critics in the Sociobiology debate of 1970s and, more recently, Evolutionary Psychology; and current disputes about Intelligent Design. These controversies, I argue, are etched into public memory because they occur at the emotionally charged boundaries between public-political, technical-scientific ...


Is Evolutionary Biology Infected With Invalid Teleological Reasoning? Invited Review Essay Of John Reiss, Retiring Darwin’S Watchmaker., David Depew 2009 University of Iowa

Is Evolutionary Biology Infected With Invalid Teleological Reasoning? Invited Review Essay Of John Reiss, Retiring Darwin’S Watchmaker., David Depew

David J Depew

No abstract provided.


The Flow Of Nectar And Blood: Maya Philosophy And World Vision, Juan Ferret 2009 University of Texas at El Paso

The Flow Of Nectar And Blood: Maya Philosophy And World Vision, Juan Ferret

Juan Ferret

No abstract provided.


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