Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

History of Philosophy Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,440 Full-Text Articles 782 Authors 431,354 Downloads 106 Institutions

All Articles in History of Philosophy

Faceted Search

1,440 full-text articles. Page 1 of 36.

Marin Mersenne And Pierre Gassendi As Descartes’ Questioners, Alejandra Velázquez Zaragoza, Leonel Toledo Marín 2020 UNAM

Marin Mersenne And Pierre Gassendi As Descartes’ Questioners, Alejandra Velázquez Zaragoza, Leonel Toledo Marín

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

In the following pages, we will explore the proximity of Marin Mersenne and Pierre Gassendi’s arguments against Descartes’ Meditations. We will study how, in some of their objections, both Mersenne and Gassendi adopted a nominalist and an empiricist view regarding central topics in Cartesian epistemology, such as the idea of God, and the origin and classification of ideas in the Mind. We propose that the assessment of the confrontation between the two objectors and Descartes may provide us a better picture of the complex intellectual debates that took place at the very beginnings of Modern Philosophy.


Tbd, Melissa Frankel 2020 Carleton

Tbd, Melissa Frankel

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

No abstract provided.


Lunch Break!, Bon Appetit 2020 Western University

Lunch Break!, Bon Appetit

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

No abstract provided.


Tbd, Enrique Chávez-Arvizo 2020 CUNY

Tbd, Enrique Chávez-Arvizo

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

No abstract provided.


Kant, Cicero, And The Stoic Doctrine Of The Highest Good, Corey Dyck 2020 Western

Kant, Cicero, And The Stoic Doctrine Of The Highest Good, Corey Dyck

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

In this presentation I consider the context for Kant's discussion of the highest good in the Dialectic of the second Critique. I begin by showing how his original account of the highest good in the Canon of the first Critique addresses deficiencies in ancient accounts, particularly in the Stoic identification of virtue and happiness. I then consider the defense of the Stoic conception in Christian Garve's influential translation and commentary on Cicero's De officiis in 1783. It is, I contend, this account, which engages with Kant's discussion in the Canon at a number of junctures, that ...


Introduction, Benjamin Hill, Alberto Luis 2020 Western

Introduction, Benjamin Hill, Alberto Luis

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

No abstract provided.


It's Alive: Margaret Cavendish On Matter, Order And God, Marleen Rozemond 2020 University of Toronto

It's Alive: Margaret Cavendish On Matter, Order And God, Marleen Rozemond

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

No abstract provided.


Tbd, Juan Carlos Moreno Romo 2020 UAQ

Tbd, Juan Carlos Moreno Romo

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

No abstract provided.


Leibniz’S Analysis Of Change: Vague States, Physical Continuity, And The Calculus, Richard Arthur 2020 McMaster University

Leibniz’S Analysis Of Change: Vague States, Physical Continuity, And The Calculus, Richard Arthur

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

One of the most puzzling features of Leibniz’s deep metaphysics is the apparent contradiction between his claims (1) that the law of continuity holds everywhere, so that in particular, change is continuous in every monad, and (2) that “changes are not really continuous”, since successive states contradict one another. In this paper I try to show in what sense these claims can be understood as compatible. My analysis depends crucially on Leibniz’s idea that enduring states are “vague”, and abstract away from further changes occurring within them at a higher resolution—consistently with his famous doctrine of petites ...


The Positiveness Of Imagination In Spinoza’S Epistemology, Luis Ramos-Alarcón 2020 UACM

The Positiveness Of Imagination In Spinoza’S Epistemology, Luis Ramos-Alarcón

Western Online Philosophy Conferences

For Spinoza’s epistemology, an image is an idea that represents an external body as actually existent. This kind of knowledge is the only source of inadequate knowledge, falsity, and error. On the contrary, reason is adequate knowledge because it comprehends common notions, i.e, properties of different things. Intuition is also adequate knowledge because it conceives formal essences of singular things. The main example is the genetic definition of a sphere, an adequate knowledge form by the power of thinking of the mind, without regard to existing extramental spheres. From these differences, some scholars conclude that imagination is always ...


The New Philosophy And Its Style, Dwight Van de Vate Jr. 2020 University of Mississippi

The New Philosophy And Its Style, Dwight Van De Vate Jr.

Studies in English

No abstract provided.


Book Review: Sources Of Holocaust Insight, James J. Snow 2020 Loyola University

Book Review: Sources Of Holocaust Insight, James J. Snow

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Freedom, Markets, And Equality In Eighteenth Century Philosophy, Nicole Whalen 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Freedom, Markets, And Equality In Eighteenth Century Philosophy, Nicole Whalen

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines how eighteenth century thinkers Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Adam Smith, and Immanuel Kant defended the value of free markets. It reconstructs their defense of liberal economic reforms, including free trade (domestic and foreign) and the deregulation of markets in labor and land. Through this reconstruction, I demonstrate how the normative foundations of early free market thought were contested throughout the period. Pro-market thinkers (e.g. Turgot, Smith, and Kant) viewed economic liberalization as a mechanism that increased the economic freedoms of individuals, whereas critics of the market, including Richard Price and other “agrarian republican” thinkers, concluded that ...


Mutual Recognition: The Struggle For Power And Domination, Madison A. Nguyen 2020 University of North Florida

Mutual Recognition: The Struggle For Power And Domination, Madison A. Nguyen

PANDION: The Osprey Journal of Research and Ideas

This paper examines Hegel's description of mutual recognition in his Phenomenology of Spirit. On this account, development of a self-consciousness occurs only alongside another, separate and distinct self-consciousness. We find our identity and genuine sense of selfhood through family ties, civil society, and the state. Apart from others, we cease to exist—self-consciousness cannot be found in isolation. With this said, many internal and external complications ensue from obtaining recognition, our greatest desire, from another self which also seeks recognition. Hegel’s Master-Slave dialectic is delineated along with the attainment of self-consciousness through social and political spheres. The emphasis ...


History Of Philosophy, Aristotle, Plato, Carrie Lewis Miller, Firdavs Khaydarov, Odbayar Batsaikhan 2020 Minnesota State University, Mankato

History Of Philosophy, Aristotle, Plato, Carrie Lewis Miller, Firdavs Khaydarov, Odbayar Batsaikhan

All Learner Levels

Openly licensed anthology focused on the theme of the History of Philosophy. Contains Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, Five Dialogues by Plato, Republic by Plato


The Ontology Of Not-Being In Aristotle And His Predecessors, Abraham Jacob Greenstine 2020 Duquesne University

The Ontology Of Not-Being In Aristotle And His Predecessors, Abraham Jacob Greenstine

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Aristotle is not thought to have a theory of not-being, but, in this project, I show that there are several distinct ways of not-being established in his writings. As being is said according to what is in-itself, what is accidentally, what is true, and what is actualized, so not-being is determined as the privative, the false, or potentiality. In each of these cases, I articulate what it means that it is a way of not-being, and how it is also a way of being. Aristotle’s theory is put in contrast to his predecessors, especially Parmenides and Plato, whose ontologies ...


The Dialectic Of Naturgeist In Hegel’S Anthropology: Soul, World, And Bodiliness, Jiho Oh 2020 Duquesne University

The Dialectic Of Naturgeist In Hegel’S Anthropology: Soul, World, And Bodiliness, Jiho Oh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The primary concern of the “Anthropology” section in Hegel’s Encyclopedia of 1830 is the relationship between soul and body: how the soul gains an immediate, bodily existence through embodiment, why and how this immediate mode of the soul’s bodily existence is precarious, and how the soul becomes second nature by overcoming the immediate, bodily existence through habit, more precisely. Importantly, the “Anthropology” is the place in Hegel’s Encyclopedia system where the Philosophy of Nature ends, and the Philosophy of Spirit begins. The thematization of the soul-body relationship in the “Anthropology” is thus essentially framed by a broader ...


Mapping The Modern History Of The Philosophy Of Religion With Machine Learning, Jackson C. Foster 2020 The University of Alabama

Mapping The Modern History Of The Philosophy Of Religion With Machine Learning, Jackson C. Foster

The Macksey Journal

A current debate in the philosophy of religion (PoR) is about future routes for scholarship. While many scholars have assessed where the subfield could expand, few have consulted the discipline’s modern history in their evaluations. Thus the aim of “Mapping the Modern History of the Philosophy of Religion” is to propose a computationally-based history of PoR as a foundation for future growth. To that end, this research processes over three-thousand articles from three journals in PoR with latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA), a machine-learning algorithm. LDA creates groups of related terms, exhibiting the most historically significant topics in the philosophy ...


Izutsu’S Zen Metaphysics Of I-Consciousness Vis-À-Vis Cartesian Cogito, Takaharu ODA, Alessio BUCCI 2020 San Jose State University

Izutsu’S Zen Metaphysics Of I-Consciousness Vis-À-Vis Cartesian Cogito, Takaharu Oda, Alessio Bucci

Comparative Philosophy

Chief amongst the issues Toshihiko Izutsu broached is the philosophisation of Zen Buddhism in his book Toward a Philosophy of Zen Buddhism. This article aims to critically compare Izutsu’s reconstruction of Zen metaphysics with another metaphysical tradition rooted in Descartes’ cogito ergo sum. Putting Izutsu’s terminological choices into the context of Zen Buddhism, we review his argument based on the subject-object distinction and establish a comparison with the Cartesian cogito. A critical analysis is conducted on the functional relationship between subject and object in Izutsu’s metaphysics of Zen (meditation). This is examined step by step from the ...


A Russellian Analysis Of Buddhist Catuskoti, Nicholaos JONES 2020 San Jose State University

A Russellian Analysis Of Buddhist Catuskoti, Nicholaos Jones

Comparative Philosophy

Names name, but there are no individuals who are named by names. This is the key to an elegant and ideologically parsimonious strategy for analyzing the Buddhist catuṣkoṭi. The strategy is ideologically parsimonious, because it appeals to no analytic resources beyond those of standard predicate logic. The strategy is elegant, because it is, in effect, an application of Bertrand Russell's theory of definite descriptions to Buddhist contexts. The strategy imposes some minor adjustments upon Russell's theory. Attention to familiar catuṣkoṭi from Vacchagotta and Nagarjuna as well as more obscure catuṣkoṭi from Khema, Zhi Yi, and Fa Zang motivates ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress