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Conservatism And Communitarianism: Two Or One?, M. C. Young 2020 Keyano College

Conservatism And Communitarianism: Two Or One?, M. C. Young

The Canadian Society for Study of Practical Ethics / Société Canadienne Pour L'étude De L'éthique Appliquée — SCEEA

I argue that conservatism and communitarianism are not two distinct positions, but instead two names for the same approach to social and political arrangements and issues. Three reasons are offered for this claim: first, both conservatism and communitarianism can be understood as reactions to liberalism; second, both rely on communal traditions, rather than reason, to justify social and political prescriptions; and, finally, both are flexible in regard to their social and political prescriptions. Some practical applications of my thesis include a better understanding of how Donald Trump is the new face of conservatism in America and how a communitarian approach ...


Reflections On Mental Health Stigma, Narrative, And The Lived Experience Of Schizophrenia, Andrew Molas 2020 York University

Reflections On Mental Health Stigma, Narrative, And The Lived Experience Of Schizophrenia, Andrew Molas

The Canadian Society for Study of Practical Ethics / Société Canadienne Pour L'étude De L'éthique Appliquée — SCEEA

I offer a preliminary examination on the importance of narrative for helping to overcome the issue of stigma surrounding mental illness, specifically schizophrenia. I maintain that engaging with first-person accounts of schizophrenia allows caregivers, and the broader general public, to better understand the phenomenological lived experiences of persons living with this mental health challenge and to better understand the experience of dealing with stigma. In doing so, I maintain that both caregivers and the public can begin developing more accepting views of schizophrenia and begin to support those who need it the most.


The Other Academic Dishonesty: Why Grade Inflation Is Ethically Wrong, David Collins 2020 McGill University

The Other Academic Dishonesty: Why Grade Inflation Is Ethically Wrong, David Collins

The Canadian Society for Study of Practical Ethics / Société Canadienne Pour L'étude De L'éthique Appliquée — SCEEA

While there is general agreement among educators that grade inflation is wrong, there are few discussions in the existing literature of the way in which it is wrong or what makes it wrong, and fewer attempts to approach its wrongness through moral philosophy. I argue that grade inflation—understood as an evaluation of a student’s work or performance that reports its quality as higher than it is—counts as ethically wrong on the three most widely accepted normative ethical theories, and that as such it should be considered ethically wrong simpliciter. I consider three objections to my argument and ...


Social Contract Theory And Transitional Justice: A Philosophical Approach To A Problem Of Global Importance, Brendan Moriarty 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Social Contract Theory And Transitional Justice: A Philosophical Approach To A Problem Of Global Importance, Brendan Moriarty

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this thesis, I seek to bring together two areas of scholarly work to see how each can inform the other: social contract theory and transitional justice. The social contract, as it exists and as it was theorized about by Rousseau, was born from the world-historic forces that spread capitalism across the globe, stirring up nationalism everywhere it went. In its wake, there was vast inequality and new legal regimes which protected the hoarded wealth of the capitalist class by enshrining the right of private property along with life and liberty. To examine the intricacies of transitional justice and its ...


Backing Up Into Advocacy: The Case Of Smartphone Driver Distraction, Robert Rosenberger 2020 Georgia Institute of Technology

Backing Up Into Advocacy: The Case Of Smartphone Driver Distraction, Robert Rosenberger

The Journal of Sociotechnical Critique

For the last decade, I’ve been studying the topic of the driving impairment of smartphones. While this began as an exclusively academic project, it has increasingly compelled public engagement. One example of this came in an opinion piece I wrote in 2018 in response to a new traffic law. I take the opportunity here to fill out the academic backstory of this particular op-ed, reflect on how this larger project has evolved to include an unanticipated public-facing edge, and abstract some lessons about public writing.


From Protecting To Performing Privacy, Garfield Benjamin 2020 Solent University

From Protecting To Performing Privacy, Garfield Benjamin

The Journal of Sociotechnical Critique

Privacy is increasingly important in an age of facial recognition technologies, mass data collection, and algorithmic decision-making. Yet it persists as a contested term, a behavioural paradox, and often fails users in practice. This article critiques current methods of thinking privacy in protectionist terms, building on Deleuze's conception of the society of control, through its problematic relation to freedom, property and power. Instead, a new mode of understanding privacy in terms of performativity is provided, drawing on Butler and Sedgwick as well as Cohen and Nissenbaum. This new form of privacy is based on identity, consent and collective action ...


Lessons To Be Learned: The Abuse Of Eminent Domain Power For Economic Development In Comparative Perspective, Xinxou Zhou 2020 University of Pennsylvania

Lessons To Be Learned: The Abuse Of Eminent Domain Power For Economic Development In Comparative Perspective, Xinxou Zhou

Penn Journal of Philosophy, Politics & Economics

No abstract provided.


The History And Reality Of The Market Failures Approach To Business Ethics, Kara Zhang 2020 University of Pennsylvania

The History And Reality Of The Market Failures Approach To Business Ethics, Kara Zhang

Penn Journal of Philosophy, Politics & Economics

No abstract provided.


San Antonio Independent School District V. Rodriguez: Equal Protection Doctrinal Evolution And Implications On School Segregation Today, Anthony Chen 2020 University of Pennsylvania

San Antonio Independent School District V. Rodriguez: Equal Protection Doctrinal Evolution And Implications On School Segregation Today, Anthony Chen

Penn Journal of Philosophy, Politics & Economics

No abstract provided.


An Ethical Equation Of Corporate And Environmental Personhood: The Salmon River Commands Rights, Katherine Poole 2020 University of Pennsylvania

An Ethical Equation Of Corporate And Environmental Personhood: The Salmon River Commands Rights, Katherine Poole

Penn Journal of Philosophy, Politics & Economics

No abstract provided.


A Flawed Case For Inequity Aversion: Revisiting The Criticisms Of Binmore And Shaked (2010), Ammar Plumber 2020 University of Pennsylvania

A Flawed Case For Inequity Aversion: Revisiting The Criticisms Of Binmore And Shaked (2010), Ammar Plumber

Penn Journal of Philosophy, Politics & Economics

No abstract provided.


A Letter From The Editor, Jenna Liu 2020 University of Pennsylvania

A Letter From The Editor, Jenna Liu

Penn Journal of Philosophy, Politics & Economics

No abstract provided.


Pluralism As A Social Practice: A Pragmatist Approach To Engaging Diversity In Public Life, Mary Leah Friedline 2020 Southern Methodist University

Pluralism As A Social Practice: A Pragmatist Approach To Engaging Diversity In Public Life, Mary Leah Friedline

Religious Studies Theses and Dissertations

My dissertation lays a theoretical framework for rethinking the ways in which political and moral philosophers conceive pluralism and diversity in public life. I argue that many philosophers who write on the topic do not have a sophisticated understanding of religion, are not sufficiently attentive to historically produced power differentials, and/or do not adequately recognize the intersectional dimensions of diversity. Building on Jeffrey Stout’s notion of democracy as a social practice, and supplemented with Cornel West’s understanding of democratic faith, I use my more complex account of diversity to argue that pluralism is best approached as a ...


Education In Liberal Political Theories, Amy Cain 2020 University of Mississippi

Education In Liberal Political Theories, Amy Cain

Honors Theses

This paper examines two sources of conflict within the literature on education in liberal political theories: the proper justifications for a state-mandated education and the necessary standard for education in a liberal state. After arguing that a liberal state must offer a child-centered justification for the universal mandate and uphold an equality standard of education, this paper proceeds to examine two common objections to such a system of compulsory education in a liberal state. This paper concludes that the perennial objections based upon concerns for familial rights and pluralism do not present a significant obstacle for incorporating a system of ...


The Analysis Of Honor Killings In Pakistan And How It Is Related To The Notion Of “What Will Other People Say?", Mahum Nazar 2020 Binghamton University--SUNY

The Analysis Of Honor Killings In Pakistan And How It Is Related To The Notion Of “What Will Other People Say?", Mahum Nazar

Undergraduate Honors Theses

No abstract provided.


Reconciling Flourishing Egoism With Common Morality, Mark Lamb 2020 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga

Reconciling Flourishing Egoism With Common Morality, Mark Lamb

Honors Theses

It is a common critique of moral theories focused on the agent that they are selfish and immoral. Selfish here typically carries a negative connotation. Morality is supposed to show how we ought to treat people outside of ourselves; and this is true to a degree. But so often it seems, at least to me, that the more “selfless” moral theories seem to forget that the agent is as deserving of the good as those that the agent interacts with are. Egoism, broadly, reverses this and places the agent at the forefront of ethical decision-making. Unfortunately, this has historically led ...


Euthyphro, Non-Conditional Valuing, And The Possibility For Evaluative Error: A Humean Approach To Animal Ethics, Elisabeth Holmes 2020 William & Mary

Euthyphro, Non-Conditional Valuing, And The Possibility For Evaluative Error: A Humean Approach To Animal Ethics, Elisabeth Holmes

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Animal welfare is an important topic, but it is currently grounded in metaethical theories—moral realism and Kantian Constructivism—that fail to overcome objections raised against them, namely the Darwinian Dilemma raised by Sharon Street. In spite of the failure for animal ethics to have thus far grounded itself in a tenable metaethics, this does not mean that we must forgo belief in the importance of animal ethics. This paper seeks to show that a theory of animal ethics can be conceived even under a non-universal, antirealist position compatible with objections raised against past theories of animal rights. We have ...


The Moral Agency Of The State: What Does A Virtuous State Look Like And Is Allowing Capitalism Virtuous?, Austin Cable 2020 East Tennessee State University

The Moral Agency Of The State: What Does A Virtuous State Look Like And Is Allowing Capitalism Virtuous?, Austin Cable

Undergraduate Honors Theses

It has become quite noticeable that modern world politics across the globe has lacked a guiding morality in which we can hold states morally accountable in both the international and domestic spheres. This can be seen in the never-ending wars and occupations across the Middle East, South-East Asia, and many other places around the world. Now, attempting to implement such guiding moral principles seems to be an impossible task mainly because of the massive difficulties that one would face in trying to get the 195 countries around the world to agree on such principles. Because of this, most will probably ...


Filling The Gap: Assessing Moral Permissibility Of Rejections In Dental Practices And Promoting Pro Bono Dental Work Through A Non-Profit Organization, Min Son 2020 Ursinus College

Filling The Gap: Assessing Moral Permissibility Of Rejections In Dental Practices And Promoting Pro Bono Dental Work Through A Non-Profit Organization, Min Son

Richard T. Schellhase Essay Prize in Ethics

While the level of urgency in dentistry cannot compare to that in an emergency room, oral healthcare is a crucial part of overall health. Poor oral health can lead to systemic health conditions, such as heart and respiratory diseases, oral cancer, and diabetes. Therefore, the solution to health disparities may lie in addressing oral health disparities first. Nonetheless, most dentists are business owners of their own dental practices. Hence, they work in between business and patient care, sometimes facing associated conflicts. But they are obligated to make ethical decisions when the values between the two fields clash. The dental community ...


Community Psychology's Impact On Public Health And The Experience Of Marginalization, Katie Hudick 2020 Ursinus College

Community Psychology's Impact On Public Health And The Experience Of Marginalization, Katie Hudick

Richard T. Schellhase Essay Prize in Ethics

Vulnerable and marginalized populations face a series of risks and dangers throughout their daily lives. This is not simply limited to explicit forms of discrimination and hatred, but systemic forms of oppression and discrimination which limit those not belonging to more privileged and affluent socioeconomic or sociocultural groups. Community psychology operates as a means of analyzing how environmental and social factors impact specific demographic groups within a larger population and by extension the experience of mental health specific to these groups (Townley, Brown, & Sylvestre, 2018). In the application of this field, it is critical to understand the dynamics of systems ...


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