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Ethics and Political Philosophy Commons

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The Choice Of Parenthood: Abortion And Protecting Autonomy, Nimmi M. Mathews 2020 Nova Southeastern University

The Choice Of Parenthood: Abortion And Protecting Autonomy, Nimmi M. Mathews

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

This paper attempts to address the morality of abortion using a Kantian perspective on the significance of autonomy, a property that all rational beings subscribe to. I reject the oft argued notion that the ethicality of abortion is contingent on the ability to determine whether the fetus possesses the right to life. Instead, I claim that denying women the choice to obtain an abortion disrespects their autonomy, hence requiring them to take up motherhood against their will. I then discuss how Kant’s framework for morality is demonstrated heavily in the legal concept of ‘human rights', and yet this is ...


Book Review: Sources Of Holocaust Insight, James J. Snow 2020 Loyola University

Book Review: Sources Of Holocaust Insight, James J. Snow

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


Freedom, Markets, And Equality In Eighteenth Century Philosophy, Nicole Whalen 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Freedom, Markets, And Equality In Eighteenth Century Philosophy, Nicole Whalen

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines how eighteenth century thinkers Anne Robert Jacques Turgot, Adam Smith, and Immanuel Kant defended the value of free markets. It reconstructs their defense of liberal economic reforms, including free trade (domestic and foreign) and the deregulation of markets in labor and land. Through this reconstruction, I demonstrate how the normative foundations of early free market thought were contested throughout the period. Pro-market thinkers (e.g. Turgot, Smith, and Kant) viewed economic liberalization as a mechanism that increased the economic freedoms of individuals, whereas critics of the market, including Richard Price and other “agrarian republican” thinkers, concluded that ...


The Political Aesthetic Of Hannah Arendt: Modernity, Judgment, And Culture, Quixote R. Vassilakis 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Political Aesthetic Of Hannah Arendt: Modernity, Judgment, And Culture, Quixote R. Vassilakis

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The plan of this thesis is, first, to interpret Arendt’s critique of the modern age. Next, this paper outlines Arendt’s reconceptualization of Kant’s theory of judgment as the basis for a novel model of the public sphere in light of the conditions of modernity. Finally, this paper explores Arendt’s poetics as a means of activating the faculty of judgment in order to reconcile with the modern world. In order to address the political crises of modernity, Arendt develops a political aesthetic alive to the role of narrative and culture in reconstituting political communities. I argue that ...


Philosophy Of Economics, Adam Smith, Carrie Lewis Miller, Firdavs Khaydarov, Odbayar Batsaikhan 2020 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Philosophy Of Economics, Adam Smith, Carrie Lewis Miller, Firdavs Khaydarov, Odbayar Batsaikhan

All Resources

Openly licensed anthology focused on the theme of Philosophy in Economics. Contains An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (Books I-V) by Adam Smith.


Husserl’S Phenomenological Method, Manuel B. Dy Jr 2020 Ateneo de Manila University

Husserl’S Phenomenological Method, Manuel B. Dy Jr

Magisterial Lectures

In this lecture, Dr. Manny Dy discusses Husserl's Phenomenological Method.

Speaker: Dr. Manuel B. Dy, Jr. finished his AB Philosophy and MA Philosophy at the Ateneo de Manila University, his PhD Philosophy at the University of Sto. Tomas, and attended post-doctoral studies at the Catholic University of America. He has taught various philosophy subjects for the past 52 years at the Loyola Schools. He is currently a consultant of the DepEd K to 12 Edukasyon sa Pagpakatao, a member of CHED Technical Committee on Philosophy, Philippine Academy of Philosophical Research, Philosophical Association of the Philippines, Philosophy Circle, and Philosophical ...


Ethics Of Buddhism, Manuel B. Dy Jr 2020 Ateneo de Manila University

Ethics Of Buddhism, Manuel B. Dy Jr

Magisterial Lectures

In this lecture, Dr. Manny Dy discusses the ethics of buddhism.

Speaker: Dr. Manuel B. Dy, Jr. finished his AB Philosophy and MA Philosophy at the Ateneo de Manila University, his PhD Philosophy at the University of Sto. Tomas, and attended post-doctoral studies at the Catholic University of America. He has taught various philosophy subjects for the past 52 years at the Loyola Schools. He is currently a consultant of the DepEd K to 12 Edukasyon sa Pagpakatao, a member of CHED Technical Committee on Philosophy, Philippine Academy of Philosophical Research, Philosophical Association of the Philippines, Philosophy Circle, and Philosophical ...


Tools For Ethical Decision Making, Antonette Palma-Angeles 2020 Ateneo de Manila University

Tools For Ethical Decision Making, Antonette Palma-Angeles

Magisterial Lectures

In this lecture, Dr. Angeles poses an ideal method for decision making when we are faced with an ethical dilemma.

Speaker: Antonette Palma-Angeles is Professor at the Ateneo de Manila University where she teaches Ethics and Leadership. She does leadership and business ethics consulting for Philippines companies and is a regular visiting lecturer at Kyoto University’s Asian Business Leadership program. She was formerly Ateneo’s Vice President for the Professional Schools and Academic Vice President. She received her PhD from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium.


The Law Of Black Mirror - Syllabus, Yafit Lev-Aretz, Nizan Packin 2020 CUNY Bernard M Baruch College

The Law Of Black Mirror - Syllabus, Yafit Lev-Aretz, Nizan Packin

Open Educational Resources

Using episodes from the show Black Mirror as a study tool - a show that features tales that explore techno-paranoia - the course analyzes legal and policy considerations of futuristic or hypothetical case studies. The case studies tap into the collective unease about the modern world and bring up a variety of fascinating key philosophical, legal, and economic-based questions.


The Dialectic Of Naturgeist In Hegel’S Anthropology: Soul, World, And Bodiliness, Jiho Oh 2020 Duquesne University

The Dialectic Of Naturgeist In Hegel’S Anthropology: Soul, World, And Bodiliness, Jiho Oh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The primary concern of the “Anthropology” section in Hegel’s Encyclopedia of 1830 is the relationship between soul and body: how the soul gains an immediate, bodily existence through embodiment, why and how this immediate mode of the soul’s bodily existence is precarious, and how the soul becomes second nature by overcoming the immediate, bodily existence through habit, more precisely. Importantly, the “Anthropology” is the place in Hegel’s Encyclopedia system where the Philosophy of Nature ends, and the Philosophy of Spirit begins. The thematization of the soul-body relationship in the “Anthropology” is thus essentially framed by a broader ...


Disabilities And Capabilities: A Challenge To Martha Nussbaum's Central Capabilities, Helen Witte 2020 Bergen Community College

Disabilities And Capabilities: A Challenge To Martha Nussbaum's Central Capabilities, Helen Witte

The Macksey Journal

Philosopher Martha Nussbaum, in her book "Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach" (2011), asserts that all humans should be granted ten fundamental entitlements, which are the components necessary for a person to have a flourishing and satisfying life. Although her requirements are fairly broad in scope, her entitlements- such as the ability to experience emotions and to have a normal lifespan- raise some questions regarding whether they apply to all people. More specifically, how do these capabilities relate to people with disabilities? In the chapter, “Capabilities and Contemporary Issues,” Nussbaum proclaims that the “problem of disability is vast” (151). Why ...


The Political Animal: Political Naturalism And Moral Deliberation In Aristotle’S Politics, Joseph I. Rodriguez 2020 University of California, Berkeley

The Political Animal: Political Naturalism And Moral Deliberation In Aristotle’S Politics, Joseph I. Rodriguez

The Macksey Journal

In this paper, I argue that Aristotle’s conception of the polis as natural derives from the specifically human kind of partnership that is tied to the exercise of the specifically human capacity for logos. I argue that Aristotle’s political naturalism is rooted in two claims: (a) the claim that humans are the most political animal and (b) the claim that the polis is naturally prior to the individual. Together these two claims constitute Aristotle’s argument that the polis alone has the potential to fully satisfy our unique human capacity for logos. As I see it, Aristotle thinks ...


When Some Animals Are More Equal Than Others, Steve Clarke 2020 University of Oxford

When Some Animals Are More Equal Than Others, Steve Clarke

Animal Sentience

Mikhalevich & Powell (2020) argue that we should attribute moral standing not only to vertebrates but also to certain invertebrates. M&P also object on ethical grounds to policies of scientific funding agencies that encourage scientists to replace vertebrates by invertebrates in research. M&P do allow that some invertebrates with brains may have lower levels of moral status than some vertebrates, but this seems to conflict with their case against replacement policies.


Consider The Agent In The Arthropod, Nicolas Delon, Peter Cook, Gordon Bauer, Heidi Harley 2020 New College of Florida

Consider The Agent In The Arthropod, Nicolas Delon, Peter Cook, Gordon Bauer, Heidi Harley

Animal Sentience

Whether or not arthropods are sentient, they can have moral standing. Appeals to sentience are not necessary and retard progress in human treatment of other species, including invertebrates. Other increasingly well-documented aspects of invertebrate minds are pertinent to their welfare. Even if arthropods are not sentient, they can be agents whose goals—and therefore interests—can be frustrated. This kind of agency is sufficient for moral status and requires that we consider their welfare.


Respect And The Mengzian Conception Of Yi As A Rule-Related Virtue, Meng ZHANG 2020 San Jose State University

Respect And The Mengzian Conception Of Yi As A Rule-Related Virtue, Meng Zhang

Comparative Philosophy

This paper focuses on Meng Zi’s idea of yi () as a virtue. In it, I first briefly examine two influential interpretations of yi – the “appropriateness” approach that views yi as a disposition to do what is fitting in a given situation and the shame-centered approach that understands yi as a disposition to avoid what is shameful in the moral life. The first approach is too thin to distinguish yi from acting properly in general and the second reading confines the definitive feeling involved in yi to a too moralized understanding of shame. Moreover, both fail to pay enough ...


Capitalism And Biblical Ethics, Sarah D. Stewart 2020 Liberty University

Capitalism And Biblical Ethics, Sarah D. Stewart

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

There has been a growing trend in some expressions of Christianity to view Capitalism as fundamentally incompatible with the Christian faith. This article looked to a variety of sources to argue that Christianity and Capitalism are not fundamentally incompatible. Rather, Capitalism developed alongside developments in Christian theology during the Middle Ages. This traditional form of Capitalism is defined and argued for in this article. The article attempts to demonstrate that the elements that allow Capitalism to thrive are compatible with Christian ethics. The case is made by first examining the historical development of Capitalism and its relationship to Christianity. From ...


The Ekklesia As An Assembly That Invokes Response, Tara Caudle 2020 Liberty University

The Ekklesia As An Assembly That Invokes Response, Tara Caudle

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

The ekklesia is often translated as “church” and divided between a sacred and secular definition. However, this translation and separation loses the significance and nuances of the term. The etymology of the word renders the ekklesia as an assembly of those who have been called out. The Greek usage of the word presents the ekkelsia as a political phenomenon in which the ekkelsia is an assembly that gathers to benefit the common good of the entire polis. Biblically, the ekkelsia is often understood as an assembly of those who have been called by God and has a spiritual, relational, geographical ...


De Libero Conscientia: Martin Luther’S Rediscovery Of Liberty Of Conscience And Its Synthesis Of The Ancients And The Influence Of The Moderns, Bessie S. Blackburn 2020 Liberty University

De Libero Conscientia: Martin Luther’S Rediscovery Of Liberty Of Conscience And Its Synthesis Of The Ancients And The Influence Of The Moderns, Bessie S. Blackburn

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

One fateful day on March 26, 1521, a lowly Augustinian monk was cited to appear before the Diet of Worms.[1] His habit trailed behind him as he braced for the questioning. He was firm, yet troubled. He boldly proclaimed: “If I am not convinced by proofs from Scripture, or clear theological reasons, I remain convinced by the passages which I have quoted from Scripture, and my conscience is held captive by the Word of God. I cannot and will not retract, for it is neither prudent nor right to go against one’s conscience. So help me God, Amen ...


Alternate Warfare: The Unseen Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Elyse Keener 2020 Liberty University

Alternate Warfare: The Unseen Weapons Of Mass Destruction, Elyse Keener

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

Biological warfare is a national security concern that transcends centuries. In the current international climate, biowarfare is of particular interest due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This article seeks to follow historical cases of biological warfare and international response to these cases in order to understand the implications of COVID-19, if it were to be weaponized. Also covered is the current capabilities that Russia, China, and Iran are assessed to possess.


Biblical Principles Of Government And Criminal Justice, Kahlib J. Fischer 2020 Liberty University

Biblical Principles Of Government And Criminal Justice, Kahlib J. Fischer

Liberty University Journal of Statesmanship & Public Policy

This article formulates a Biblical perspective on government, public policy, and criminal justice. It does so emphasizing themes of covenant, justice, inalienable rights, and proper boundaries and cooperation between Church and State, and other spheres of sovereignty within a society. These themes are predicated upon central tenants of Scripture--the sovereignty of God, the imago dei of all humans, and the and the centrality of the Gospel.


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