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“How Could You Even Ask That?”: Moral Considerability, Uncertainty And Vulnerability In Social Robotics, Alexis Elder 2020 University of Minnesota-Duluth

“How Could You Even Ask That?”: Moral Considerability, Uncertainty And Vulnerability In Social Robotics, Alexis Elder

The Journal of Sociotechnical Critique

When it comes to social robotics (robots that engage human social responses via “eyes” and other facial features, voice-based natural-language interactions, and even evocative movements), ethicists, particularly in European and North American traditions, are divided over whether and why they might be morally considerable. Some argue that moral considerability is based on internal psychological states like consciousness and sentience, and debate about thresholds of such features sufficient for ethical consideration, a move sometimes criticized for being overly dualistic in its framing of mind versus body. Others, meanwhile, focus on the effects of these robots on human beings, arguing that psychological ...


Guilty Ethics: An Embodied Approach To Recognizing Colonial Oppression And Decolonial Projects, Rene M. Ramirez 2020 California State University Fullerton

Guilty Ethics: An Embodied Approach To Recognizing Colonial Oppression And Decolonial Projects, Rene M. Ramirez

The Macksey Journal

Despite decolonial thought offering many identifying features, I argue that to define decolonial philosophy as one type of action, or as merely justice, is itself an injustice. To present my argument, I first provide an understanding of how terminology can carry a colonial attitude and purview. Following this foundation, I then present the limitations of justice in comprehending colonial oppression and decolonial projects. I posit one identifying feature of colonial oppression and decolonial philosophy, namely the emotion of guilt. I believe my proposal of guilt, felt by the colonizing and decolonizing agent undercuts some, if not most, colonial aspects of ...


Humanistic Climate Philosophy: Erich Fromm Revisited, Nicholas Dovellos 2020 University of South Florida

Humanistic Climate Philosophy: Erich Fromm Revisited, Nicholas Dovellos

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Given the current juncture in history, humanity is faced with the herculean task of adapting to a tumultuous present and a gimmer future. Should climate projections be accurate, there is little time to waste. This work makes the claim that we are not only in a political gridlock but also in an academic one. Researching climate philosophy from its inception, the concluding view is that no major progress, outside of a standardized descriptive analysis, has been achieved. Thus, the work evaluates an array of climate philosophers e.g. Stephen Gardiner, James Garvey, Peter Singer, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, etc., with specific emphasis ...


Identifying Effective Systems And Processes To Promote Ethical Workplace Cultures In The Applied Behavior Analysis (Aba) Therapy Industry, Manuel Rodriguez 2020 University of South Florida

Identifying Effective Systems And Processes To Promote Ethical Workplace Cultures In The Applied Behavior Analysis (Aba) Therapy Industry, Manuel Rodriguez

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study is to identify methods and practices which encourages and enables ethics in organizations providing Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) therapeutic services to individuals with development disabilities. The professional and organizations they represent must protect the consumer, the employees and the integrity of the practice as part of their ethical responsibilities. The specific focus of this research is the behavior analyst and the ABA industry. The behavior analyst is a practitioner who studies and applies behavior analysis, working with various populations such as individuals with development disabilities, autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and learning disabilities. The subject ...


Moral Continuity Is A Social-Philosophical, Historical Phenomenon, Matlyuba Qaxxarova, Mavluda Raximshikova 2020 INTERNATIONAL ISLAMIC ACADEMY OF UZBEKISTAN, TASHKENT

Moral Continuity Is A Social-Philosophical, Historical Phenomenon, Matlyuba Qaxxarova, Mavluda Raximshikova

The Light of Islam

The purpose of the article is to study specifc aspects of the pattern of continuity, its place and role in the formation of moral values and social development, as well as to determine the importance of the continuity of moral values in the life of modern society based on spiritual and moral heritage. The issues of social development and continuity, dialectical and synergetic development according to inheritance law are covered. One of the main types of inheritance is the inheritance of moral values; on the basis of the spiritual and moral heritage, its essence, patterns of development and signifcance in ...


The Emotive Configuration And Toll Of Slow Violence: Investigating The Emotional Lives Of Homeless And Housed People In Contemporary Orange County, California, Danilo Escobar Guzman 2020 University of California, Irvine

The Emotive Configuration And Toll Of Slow Violence: Investigating The Emotional Lives Of Homeless And Housed People In Contemporary Orange County, California, Danilo Escobar Guzman

The Macksey Journal

Borrowing on Rob Nixon’s term of “slow violence”, this paper will expose and discuss possible foundations that structure and solidify tolls of slow violence in contemporary Orange County, California. Specifically, slow violence from an emotive perspective among Latinx homeless and at risk individuals. Thereby, it will be shown that environmental changes in the lives of Latinx homeless and at risk, pose a foundation for these emotive tolls that further underpin slow violence. This paper will further raise questions of moral responsibilities, since violent alienation against migrants further inflicts emotive injuries among the Latinx homeless. Lastly, this paper will discuss ...


Capitalism As The Bride Of Liberalism: How Philosophy Impacted Economic Thought, Harry Scherer 2020 Mount St. Mary's University

Capitalism As The Bride Of Liberalism: How Philosophy Impacted Economic Thought, Harry Scherer

The Macksey Journal

This paper seeks to analyze the immediate historical connections between classical liberalism, classical capitalism and modern capitalism. Using an extended metaphor of Capitalism as the Bride of Liberalism, it is argued that capitalist thought necessarily followed from the liberal philosophical scheme. By highlighting the continuity between classical and modern capitalism, the legitimacy of the liberal framework is brought into question, especially in light of widespread economic inequality. The central claim of the paper is that the unfortunate connection between the historical philosophic framework of classical Liberalism and the actualized economic consequences of modern Capitalism harms the legitimacy of the Liberal ...


Technology And Human Dignity: The Contemporary Relevance Of George Grant's Views, Eamon Joseph Brennan Mr. 2020 University of Windsor

Technology And Human Dignity: The Contemporary Relevance Of George Grant's Views, Eamon Joseph Brennan Mr.

Major Papers

George Grant argues that modern innovations in technology are delineated by what he terms ‘the co-penetration of art and science’, which disposes their rational methods towards the satisfaction of while in a purported ‘spirit of creativity’. Though such a spirit has provided many benefits, a natural worry arises as to what may be justified, morally, within the parameters of such creativity. For Grant, such skepticism is well-founded as the gradual expansion of technology is co-measure with ‘demythologization’, that is, the loss of any sense of objective, transcendent purpose. Noting how this worrying trend invites a dangerous premise of making human ...


What Prevents Us From Achieving Freedom?: A Freudian And Nietzschean View Of Freedom, Dipin Subedi 2020 The University of Southern Mississippi

What Prevents Us From Achieving Freedom?: A Freudian And Nietzschean View Of Freedom, Dipin Subedi

The Macksey Journal

Freedom, an ubiquitous word in Western Civilization, can be interpreted as the entitlement of a citizen to speak, act, or think without repression from certain authorities. It is true that as a member of a democratic country, a citizen is free to participate in political deliberations that pertain to their right to debate and vote. This definition, however, applies to citizens of a state, not the individuals who are a part of the broader civilization. As soon as a citizen transforms into an individual residing in society, they are still haunted by the fetters that strip their freedom away from ...


Undoing The Leges: Neoliberal Rationality And The United States Supreme Court, Emily Ann Donlevy 2020 Roanoke College

Undoing The Leges: Neoliberal Rationality And The United States Supreme Court, Emily Ann Donlevy

The Macksey Journal

The Supreme Court's 2010 decision in Citizens United vs. Federal Election Commission was hailed by some as a victory for free speech and economic freedom, but others decried the outcome as a prioritization of corporate interests over the individual. What both groups failed to notice was that a shift had occurred in law itself: the content was no longer legal or political. Using the work of Wendy Brown and David Harvey, I will track the cause and implications of this shift. Brown describes the process of marketization, in which the content of the political is hollowed out and replaced ...


The Politics Of Dissent: How Living Within The Truth Threatens Autocracy And Catalyzes Democratic Progress, Carter A. Hanson 2020 Gettysburg College

The Politics Of Dissent: How Living Within The Truth Threatens Autocracy And Catalyzes Democratic Progress, Carter A. Hanson

Student Publications

This article examines Václav Havel’s The Power of the Powerless in the context of a broader ideation of dissent, primarily using Hannah Arendt’s The Origins of Totalitarianism and William Connolly’s The Fragility of Things as supplements. Havel’s argument remains relevant over thirty years after its initial publication, and his ideas regarding dissent as a fundamental challenge to authoritarian untruth are valuable and deserve further exploration. From this conceptualization, a “politics of dissent” is proposed as a means to express dissatisfaction with authoritarian government and to reevaluate democratic social and political discourse.


A Truce In The Criminal Law Distributive Principle Wars?, Paul H. Robinson 2020 University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School

A Truce In The Criminal Law Distributive Principle Wars?, Paul H. Robinson

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Crime-control utilitarians and retributivist philosophers have long been at war over the appropriate distributive principle for criminal liability and punishment, with little apparent possibility of reconciliation between the two. In the utilitarians’ view, the imposition of punishment can be justified only by the practical benefit that it provides: avoiding future crime. In the retributivists’ view, doing justice for past wrongs is a value in itself that requires no further justification. The competing approaches simply use different currencies: fighting future crime versus doing justice for past wrongs.

It is argued here that the two are in fact reconcilable, in a fashion ...


Mirror, Mirror, On The Wall—Biased Impartiality, Appearances, And The Need For Recusal Reform, Zygmont A. Pines 2020 unified judicial system of pa

Mirror, Mirror, On The Wall—Biased Impartiality, Appearances, And The Need For Recusal Reform, Zygmont A. Pines

Dickinson Law Review

The article focuses on a troubling aspect of contemporary judicial morality.

Impartiality—and the appearance of impartiality—are the foundation of judicial decision-making, judicial morality, and the public’s trust in the rule of law. Recusal, in which a jurist voluntarily removes himself or herself from participating in a case, is a process that attempts to preserve and promote the substance and the appearance of judicial impartiality. Nevertheless, the traditional common law recusal process, prevalent in many of our state court systems, manifestly subverts basic legal and ethical norms.

Today’s recusal practice—whether rooted in unintentional hypocrisy, wishful thinking ...


Why There Is No Ethical Reason Not To Vote (Unless You Come Down With Covid-19 On Election Day), Scott Davidson 2020 West Virginia University

Why There Is No Ethical Reason Not To Vote (Unless You Come Down With Covid-19 On Election Day), Scott Davidson

Faculty & Staff Scholarship

'I don't like the candidates,' 'I don't know enough to make a decision,' 'I don't want to give this election legitimacy' – an ethicist takes on nonvoters.


A Gravity Model Of Civic Deviance: Justice, Natural Duties, And Reparative Responsibilities, Woojin Lim 2020 University of North Georgia

A Gravity Model Of Civic Deviance: Justice, Natural Duties, And Reparative Responsibilities, Woojin Lim

International Social Science Review

This paper presents a “gravity model” of civic deviance and the principle of reparative responsibilities, addressing the question of when citizens are justified in shirking their civic obligations. Provided an unjust society, this paper raises the proposal that principled civic deviance (CD) should be, at the very least, permissible to varying levels as determined by a gravity equation. In select cases, it is arguable that CD may be obligatory. The gravity model, which sets to define the degree of permissible CD, features considerations such as the unfairness of the basic social structure, the individual extent of injustice faced, and the ...


Ethical Implications Of The Legal Definition Of Brain Death In Light Of Modern Technological Advancements, Jordyn E. Fullaway 2020 Saint Michael's College

Ethical Implications Of The Legal Definition Of Brain Death In Light Of Modern Technological Advancements, Jordyn E. Fullaway

The Macksey Journal

Modern medical advancements in resuscitation and life support shifted the idea of death from a cardio-respiratory view to that of a neurocentric view. As a result, the definition of brain death (BD) emerged, which is the irreversible loss of brain function in both the brainstem and cerebral cortex. Consequentially, guidelines for determining BD were defined under law, and it is now legal to remove a patient from life support if they are diagnosed as brain dead. According to policy, one is considered brain dead if they have no brainstem reflexes, a lack of cerebral blood flow, and an absence of ...


Propaganda And Its Role In Aesthetic Judgement And Artistic Knowledge: Looking At Kazuo Ishiguro’S Never Let Me Go, Rishabh Kumar 2020 Johns Hopkins University

Propaganda And Its Role In Aesthetic Judgement And Artistic Knowledge: Looking At Kazuo Ishiguro’S Never Let Me Go, Rishabh Kumar

The Macksey Journal

Critiquing any piece of art brings with it a plethora of epistemic anxieties - from the limitation of the individual experience to one's imbued cultural biases, so much so that any shared knowledge seems impossible, and the influence of the political inseparable. This paper explores Kazuo Ishiguro's Never Let Me Go, which situates and magnifies these anxieties in its dystopian portrayal of a near-future England - where cloned children are taught art in a rigorous and unidimensional means to make them accept their status in society as organ donors for the "real" citizens. It looks at how the children are ...


Mill On Paternalism And Happiness, Salvatore James Guido 2020 Wayne State University

Mill On Paternalism And Happiness, Salvatore James Guido

The Macksey Journal

One of John Stuart Mill's primary aims in On Liberty is to establish that power is illegitimate when used for paternalistic reasons. According to Mill, the individual's independence is "of right, absolute" when the conduct of the individual is purely self-regarding (On Liberty 8). There is, however, a tension between Mill’s blanket rejection of paternalism and his commitment to utilitarianism: it is not clear that complete freedom from a paternalistic authority would generate maximal happiness in all cases. Assuming that classical utilitarianism is the relevant evaluative standard, the utility of such interference involves some degree of contingency ...


Racism Beyond Cognition: A Lacanian Psychoanalysis Of The United States' Terror Of And Intimacy With The Other, Johanna Jeung 2020 Kalamazoo College

Racism Beyond Cognition: A Lacanian Psychoanalysis Of The United States' Terror Of And Intimacy With The Other, Johanna Jeung

The Macksey Journal

Racism has traditionally been analyzed as a cognitive, epistemological problems: i.e. failed forms knowing about otherness. This masculinist methodology has denied embodied infrastructure, hystericizing symbolic parameters. This suppresses societal acknowledgement of our psychically submerged reality, which metatheoretically injures those less intimate with hegemonic privilege. Indeed, intrapsychic infrastructure is a primary way of signifying relationships of power and differentiation, including imperialist States and their subjects. I argue that epistemological approaches to otherness miss the central phenomenon: i.e. the conative matter of fantasy, anxiety, desire, and drive. Lacanian psychoanalysis understands fearing or idealizing otherness as a process of either “abjecting ...


Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis’ Jr, Ryan Andrew P. Hacek 2020 Purdue University

Hegelian Agency And Communication In William Gaddis’ Jr, Ryan Andrew P. Hacek

The Macksey Journal

This paper analyzes the relation between different forms of agency (as conceptualized by GWF Hegel) in the capitalist systems presented in postmodern literature. The subject of my paper is William Gaddis’ JR and its usage of postmodern techniques (from telephone conversations to clashing dialogue snippets) to express the chaos of late-stage capitalism. This paper argues that one can use Gaddis’ narrative to extrapolate the significance of Hegel's account of agency for our own contemporary world, because Gaddis depicts individuals in capitalism having different forms of agency within different spheres and through different projects. This multiplicity can be understood through ...


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