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Strategies To Address Iodine Deficiency In Australia Require Ongoing Monitoring And Surveillance, Heather Yeatman, Karen E. Charlton 2010 University of Wollongong

Strategies To Address Iodine Deficiency In Australia Require Ongoing Monitoring And Surveillance, Heather Yeatman, Karen E. Charlton

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Multiple And Novel Measures Of Dietary Glycemic Carbohydrate With Insulin Resistant Status In Older Women, Therese O'Sullivan, Alexandra P. Bremner, Sheila O'Neill, Philippa M. Lyons-Wall 2010 Queensland University of Technology

Comparison Of Multiple And Novel Measures Of Dietary Glycemic Carbohydrate With Insulin Resistant Status In Older Women, Therese O'Sullivan, Alexandra P. Bremner, Sheila O'Neill, Philippa M. Lyons-Wall

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Previous epidemiological investigations of associations between dietary glycemic intake and insulin resistance have used average daily measures of glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL). We explored multiple and novel measures of dietary glycemic intake to determine which was most predictive of an association with insulin resistance. Methods: Usual dietary intakes were assessed by diet history interview in women aged 42-81 years participating in the Longitudinal Assessment of Ageing in Women. Daily measures of dietary glycemic intake (n = 329) were carbohydrate, GI, GL, and GL per megacalorie (GL/Mcal), while meal based measures (n = 200) were breakfast, lunch and ...


Poor Iodine Status And Knowledge Related To Iodine On The Eve Of Mandatory Iodine Fortification In Australia, Heather Yeatman, Karen E. Charlton, Fiona Houweling 2010 University of Wollongong

Poor Iodine Status And Knowledge Related To Iodine On The Eve Of Mandatory Iodine Fortification In Australia, Heather Yeatman, Karen E. Charlton, Fiona Houweling

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Mandatory fortification of bread with iodised salt is proposed to address the re-emergence of iodine deficiency in Australia and New Zealand. The impacts of fortification require baseline data of iodine status among vulnerable sectors of the population. Objective: To assess the iodine status of healthy women and to investigate consumer understanding and attitudes related to the proposed mandatory iodine fortification programme. Design: Cross-sectional sample of 78 non-pregnant women aged 20-55 y was conveniently sampled in Wollongong, NSW. A single 24-hr urine sample was collected for urinary iodine concentration (UIC). A selfadministered questionnaire assessed consumer understanding, perceptions and attitudes related ...


The Use Of Female Sexuality In Australian Alcohol Advertising: Public Policy Implications Of Young Adults' Reactions To Stereotypes, Sandra C. Jones, Amanda Reid 2010 University of Wollongong

The Use Of Female Sexuality In Australian Alcohol Advertising: Public Policy Implications Of Young Adults' Reactions To Stereotypes, Sandra C. Jones, Amanda Reid

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Coinciding with the rise of raunch culture, a new female stereotype has emerged in advertising - the lusty, busty exhibitionist who exudes sexual power and confidence. Previous research has generally found that women react less positively to female sexual images in alcohol advertising than males, but different sexual stereotypes have not been explicitly examined. The present study utilizes different types of sexual appeals in three televised advertisements for alcohol brands and investigates the relationship between types of sexual imagery and attitude to the advertisement, stated reasons for (dis)liking the advertisement and purchase intention (PI) among 268 Australian university students. Surprisingly ...


Education Improves Bra Knowledge And Fit, And Level Of Breast Support In Adolesent Female Athletes: A Cluster-Randomised Trial, Deirdre McGhee, Julie R. Steele, Bridget J. Munro 2010 University of Wollongong

Education Improves Bra Knowledge And Fit, And Level Of Breast Support In Adolesent Female Athletes: A Cluster-Randomised Trial, Deirdre Mcghee, Julie R. Steele, Bridget J. Munro

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Questions: Can an education booklet handed out by a physiotherapist improve bra knowledge and fit, and level of breast support, of bras worn by adolescent female athletes? Design: Cluster-randomised trial with intention-to-treat analysis. Participants: 115 adolescent females from four regional sporting academies aged 16 yr (SD 1) and with an average Australian bra size of 12B. Intervention: The experimental group received an education booklet on bra fit and breast support from a sports physiotherapist. The control group received no intervention. Outcome measures: The primary outcome was bra knowledge measured by a questionnaire. Secondary outcomes were a pass on the Bra ...


Urinary Sodium Excretion, Dietary Sources Of Sodium Intake And Knowledge And Practices Around Salt Use In A Group Of Healthy Australian Women, Karen E. Charlton, Heather Yeatman, Fiona Houweling, Sophie Guenon 2010 University of Wollongong

Urinary Sodium Excretion, Dietary Sources Of Sodium Intake And Knowledge And Practices Around Salt Use In A Group Of Healthy Australian Women, Karen E. Charlton, Heather Yeatman, Fiona Houweling, Sophie Guenon

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: Strategies that aim to facilitate reduction of the salt content of foods in Australia are hampered by sparse and outdated data on habitual salt intakes. This study assessed habitual sodium intake through urinary excretion analyses, and identified food sources of dietary sodium, as well as knowledge and practices related to salt use in healthy women. Methods: Cross-sectional, convenient sample of 76 women aged 20 to 55 years, Wollongong, NSW. Data included a 24 hour urine sample, three-day food diary and a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Mean Na excretion equated to a NaCl (salt) intake of 6.41 (SD=2.61 ...


Plasticity Of Oxidative Metabolism In Variable Climates: Molecular Mechanisms, Frank Seebacher, Martin D. Brand, Paul Else, Helga Guderley, Anthony J. Hulbert, Christopher D. Moyes 2010 School Biological Sciences, Uni of Sydney

Plasticity Of Oxidative Metabolism In Variable Climates: Molecular Mechanisms, Frank Seebacher, Martin D. Brand, Paul Else, Helga Guderley, Anthony J. Hulbert, Christopher D. Moyes

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Converting food to chemical energy (ATP) that is usable by cells is a principal requirement to sustain life. The rate of ATP production has to be sufficient for housekeeping functions, such as protein synthesis and maintaining membrane potentials, as well as for growth and locomotion. Energy metabolism is temperature sensitive, and animals respond to environmental variability at different temporal levels, from within‐individual to evolutionary timescales. Here we review principal molecular mechanisms that underlie control of oxidative ATP production in response to climate variability. Nuclear transcription factors and coactivators control expression of mitochondrial proteins and abundance of mitochondria. Fatty acid ...


Saturated- And N-6 Polyunsaturated-Fat Diets Each Induce Ceramide Accumulation In Mouse Skeletal Muscle: Reversal And Improvement Of Glucose Tolerance By Lipid Metabolism Inhibitors, G Frangioudakis, J Garrard, K Raddatz, J L. Nadler, Todd W. Mitchell, Carsten Schmitz-Peiffer 2010 Garvan Inst of Medical Res, Sydney

Saturated- And N-6 Polyunsaturated-Fat Diets Each Induce Ceramide Accumulation In Mouse Skeletal Muscle: Reversal And Improvement Of Glucose Tolerance By Lipid Metabolism Inhibitors, G Frangioudakis, J Garrard, K Raddatz, J L. Nadler, Todd W. Mitchell, Carsten Schmitz-Peiffer

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Lipid-induced insulin resistance is associated with intracellular accumulation of inhibitory intermediates depending on the prevalent fatty acid (FA) species. In cultured myotubes, ceramide and phosphatidic acid (PA) mediate the effects of the saturated FA palmitate and the unsaturated FA linoleate, respectively. We hypothesized that myriocin (MYR), an inhibitor of de novo ceramide synthesis, would protect against glucose intolerance in saturated fat-fed mice, while lisofylline (LSF), a functional inhibitor of PA synthesis, would protect unsaturated fat-fed mice. Mice were fed diets enriched in saturated fat, n-6 polyunsaturated fat, or chow for 6 wk. Saline, LSF (25 mg/kg · d), or MYR ...


Opening Up Australian Preschoolers' Lunchboxes, Bridget P. Kelly, Louise L. Hardy, Sarah Howlett, Lesley King, Louise Farrell, Libby Hattersley 2010 University of Wollongong

Opening Up Australian Preschoolers' Lunchboxes, Bridget P. Kelly, Louise L. Hardy, Sarah Howlett, Lesley King, Louise Farrell, Libby Hattersley

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: Early childhood services have been identified as key settings for promoting healthy eating and obesity prevention. However, little is known about the obesity-related behaviours of preschool-aged children or food-related policies in these settings. The purpose of this study was to describe the contents of preschoolers’ lunchboxes to inform future interventions. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of 259 children attending preschools in the Sydney West and Sydney South West regions of New South Wales in 2008. Lunchbox data were collected using a purpose-designed audit tool. Food and beverages were classified as fruit, vegetables, dairy, breads and cereals, ‘extra’ (energy-dense) foods, ‘extra’ drinks ...


Monitoring The Affordability Of Healthy Eating: A Case Study Of 10 Years Of The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket, Peter G. Williams 2010 University of Wollongong

Monitoring The Affordability Of Healthy Eating: A Case Study Of 10 Years Of The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket, Peter G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Healthy food baskets have been used around the world for a variety of purposes, including: examining the difference in cost between healthy and unhealthy food; mapping the availability of healthy foods in different locations; calculating the minimum cost of an adequate diet for social policy planning; developing educational material on low cost eating and examining trends on food costs over time. In Australia, the Illawarra Healthy Food Basket was developed in 2000 to monitor trends in the affordability of healthy food compared to average weekly wages and social welfare benefits for the unemployed. It consists of 57 items selected to ...


Front Of Pack Daily Intake Labelling On Australian Packaged Foods: Introduction And Use 2007-2009, P. Williams, R. Duncan, K. de Agnoli, A. Hull, A. Owers, T. Wang 2010 University of Wollongong

Front Of Pack Daily Intake Labelling On Australian Packaged Foods: Introduction And Use 2007-2009, P. Williams, R. Duncan, K. De Agnoli, A. Hull, A. Owers, T. Wang

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study aimed to measure the extent of use of front-of-pack daily intake (DI) labelling across food categories in Australian supermarkets, and assess the level of compliance with the Australian Food and Grocery Council (AFGC) guidelines. Surveys of six supermarkets in the Illawarra region of New South Wales were conducted twice a year in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The number of products with DI labelling increased from 58 in February 2007 to 1939 in August 2009 and appears to be growing strongly. The greatest number of products with the labelling are in the biscuits and crackers, cooking sauces, breakfast cereals ...


'Like Me, Want Me, Buy Me, Eat Me': Relationship-Building Marketing Communications In Children's Magazines, Sandra C. Jones, Nadia L. Mannino, Julia Green 2010 University of Wollongong

'Like Me, Want Me, Buy Me, Eat Me': Relationship-Building Marketing Communications In Children's Magazines, Sandra C. Jones, Nadia L. Mannino, Julia Green

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: Television, Internet and print media are saturated with advertisements for unhealthy food that use marketing tactics aimed to build long-term brand loyalty and ‘relationships’ with children. While research in this area has largely focused on television, the current study examines children’s responses to relationship-building marketing communications found in popular children’s magazines. Design: A qualitative study consisting of friendship-pair interviews in which children were interviewed and asked to comment on a range of recent food advertisements. Setting: A university-based after-school care programme in New SouthWales, Australia. Subjects: Ten children aged 6–13 years, interviewed in self-selected friendship pairs ...


Landing Strategies Of Athletes With An Asymptomatic Patellar Tendon Abnormality, Suzi Edwards, Julie R. Steele, Deirdre McGhee, Sue Beattie, Craig Purdam, Jill L. Cook 2010 University of Wollongong

Landing Strategies Of Athletes With An Asymptomatic Patellar Tendon Abnormality, Suzi Edwards, Julie R. Steele, Deirdre Mcghee, Sue Beattie, Craig Purdam, Jill L. Cook

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Purpose: Risk factors associated with a clinical presentation of patellar tendinopathy are patellar tendon ultrasonographic abnormality (PTA) and excessive loading. It remains unknown whether characteristics of an athlete's landing technique contribute to this excessive patellar tendon loading. This study investigated whether asymptomatic athletes with and without PTA had different landing strategies and hypothesized that asymptomatic athletes with a PTA would create higher patellar tendon loading and a different lower-limb landing strategy compared with athletes with normal patellar tendons. Methods: Seven athletes with no previous history or clinical signs of patellar tendon injury with a PTA were matched to athletes ...


The Application Of Coach Leadership Models To Coaching Practice: Current State And Future Directions, Stewart Vella, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor P. Crowe 2010 University of Wollongong

The Application Of Coach Leadership Models To Coaching Practice: Current State And Future Directions, Stewart Vella, Lindsay G. Oades, Trevor P. Crowe

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Examining Opportunities For Promotion Of Healthy Eating At Children's Sports Clubs, Bridget P. Kelly, Louise Baur, Adrian Bauman, Lesley King 2010 University of Wollongong

Examining Opportunities For Promotion Of Healthy Eating At Children's Sports Clubs, Bridget P. Kelly, Louise Baur, Adrian Bauman, Lesley King

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: Australian data indicate that 63% of children participated in sport in 2009, a 4% increase since 2000. Children’s high participation in sport, and the association between sport and health, means that these settings provide an opportunity to promote other aspects of health, such as healthy eating, to children. This study aimed to determine healthy eating practices and policies at children’s sports clubs. Methods: Sports clubs (n=108) for the nine most popular sports for children aged 5 to 14 were randomly sampled from three large geographical areas across one state and one territory in Australia. A purpose-designed ...


Regulating The Types Of Foods And Beverages Marketed To Australian Children: How Useful Are Food Industry Commitments?, L Hebden, Lesley King, Bridget P. Kelly, Kathy Chapman, Christine Innes-Hughes, Nilakshi Gunatillaka 2010 NSW Centre for Overweight and Obesity, Uni of Syd

Regulating The Types Of Foods And Beverages Marketed To Australian Children: How Useful Are Food Industry Commitments?, L Hebden, Lesley King, Bridget P. Kelly, Kathy Chapman, Christine Innes-Hughes, Nilakshi Gunatillaka

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Aim: Any regulation of food marketing to children requires clear definitions of the types of foods considered inappropriate and subject to restrictions. The aim of this research was to examine the commitments made by signatory companies of the Australian Food and Grocery Council’s Responsible Marketing to Children Initiative regarding the types of foods considered appropriate for marketing to children. Methods: Nutrient criteria developed by signatory food companies were examined by comparing (i) thresholds set for negative nutrients (saturated fats, added sugars and sodium) and total energy to two existing nutrient criteria: Healthy Kids Association and the National Heart Foundation ...


The Possible Role Of Membrane Lipids In The Exceptionally Long Life Of The Short-Beaked Echidna, Tachyglossus Aculeatus, Anthony J. Hulbert, Lyn Beard, Gordon Grigg 2010 University of Wollongong

The Possible Role Of Membrane Lipids In The Exceptionally Long Life Of The Short-Beaked Echidna, Tachyglossus Aculeatus, Anthony J. Hulbert, Lyn Beard, Gordon Grigg

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The short-beaked echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus) is an exceptionally long-living mammal having a maximal lifespan of -50 years. This is about four times that predicted from its body mass and, consequently, its longevity quotient is ∼4.This longevity quotient is similar to two other exceptionally long-living mammalian species; the naked mole-rat (Heterocephalus glaber) and Homo sapiens. In recent times, the types of fats that make up cellular membrane have been implicated in the determination of a species' maximum lifespan. This modification of the oxidative stress theory of aging, which has been called the membrane pacemaker theory of aging, derives from the ...


Intake Of Isoflavone And Lignan Phytoestrogens And Associated Demographic And Lifestyle Factors In Older Australian Women, Katherine Hanna, Sheila O'Neill, Philippa M. Lyons-Wall 2010 Queensland University of Technology

Intake Of Isoflavone And Lignan Phytoestrogens And Associated Demographic And Lifestyle Factors In Older Australian Women, Katherine Hanna, Sheila O'Neill, Philippa M. Lyons-Wall

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The purpose was to determine intake of phytoestrogens in a sample of older Australian women, and to investi-gate associated lifestyle factors. Subjects were an age-stratified sample of 511 women aged 40-80 y, randomly selected from the electoral roll and participating in the Longitudinal Assessment of Ageing in Women at the Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital. A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess isoflavone and lignan intake over the past month from food and supplements using a 112-item phytoestrogen frequency questionnaire. Data were also collected on nutrient intakes, physical activity, smoking, alcohol, non-prescription supplements, hormone therapy, education and occupation. Logistic ...


Nutrition Screening: Time To Address The Skeletons In The Bedroom Closet As Well As Those In Hospitals, Karen E. Charlton 2010 University of Wollongong

Nutrition Screening: Time To Address The Skeletons In The Bedroom Closet As Well As Those In Hospitals, Karen E. Charlton

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Ever since Dr Charles Butterworth's seminal article in 19741 on the widespread prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalised patients and its detrimental effect on recovery, attempts have been made to improve the detection of malnutrition through screening initiatives. However, despite compelling evidence that those who are either malnourished at admission or become malnourished during their hospital stay experience increased surgical complications, greater morbidity and increased length of hospital stay2,3 as well as higher rates of mortality at 12 months,4,5 malnutrition often remains undetected and untreated because it is not considered to be a clinical priority ...


High Plantar-Flexor Passive Stiffness Increases Achilles Tendon Loading During Landings, John Whitting, Julie R. Steele, Deirdre McGhee, Bridget J. Munro 2010 University of Wollongong

High Plantar-Flexor Passive Stiffness Increases Achilles Tendon Loading During Landings, John Whitting, Julie R. Steele, Deirdre Mcghee, Bridget J. Munro

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


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