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Intimate Data As Design Material: Designing Tracking Practices For Menstruating Athletes, Alina Wundsam, Alejandra Gomez Ortega, Nazli Cila 2024 Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

Intimate Data As Design Material: Designing Tracking Practices For Menstruating Athletes, Alina Wundsam, Alejandra Gomez Ortega, Nazli Cila

DRS Biennial Conference Series

There is a significant knowledge gap concerning the female body in sports partly due to research in sports physiology narrowly focusing on male athletes. It means hormonal changes around the menstrual cycle have been disregarded from critical considerations and recommendations about training and planning. Similarly, digital tracking technologies, which play an increasingly important role in sports, often overlook the menstrual cycle or invite athletes to reduce a situated and embodied experience into a discrete data point. In this paper, we use intimate data as material to design tracking practices for menstruating athletes. Specifically, we use the principles of Data Feminism …


A Bottom-Up Transformation: Design Empowering Chronic Disease Management Types And Strategies, Renxuan Liu, Duan Wu 2024 College of Design and Innovation, Tongji University, China, People's Republic of

A Bottom-Up Transformation: Design Empowering Chronic Disease Management Types And Strategies, Renxuan Liu, Duan Wu

DRS Biennial Conference Series

As the population ages, chronic disease management (CDM) has become a challenge for current public health services. Previously, designing for patients with chronic diseases often saw them as passive objects of design, hindering their agency. Understanding patients' agency is very important for health management, but the empowerment approach in the health field is often a disguised paternalism. This study aims to use the empowerment theory to reframe the possibility of the design empowering CDM and propose corresponding means of empowerment. We identified four types of design empowerment in CDM and articulated specific empowerment strategies through case studies. Our study therefore …


Icu Alarm Management Reimagined: Sound-Driven Design And The Role Of Acoustic Biotope, Idil Bostan, René van Egmond, Diederik Gommers, Elif Özcan 2024 Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands; Adult Intensive Care, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands

Icu Alarm Management Reimagined: Sound-Driven Design And The Role Of Acoustic Biotope, Idil Bostan, René Van Egmond, Diederik Gommers, Elif Özcan

DRS Biennial Conference Series

Staff well-being and patient safety are undermined by false alarms in the ICU. This study focuses on enhancing the effectiveness of sound-induced actions in the ICU by assessing the distinctness and informativeness of alarm sound events as perceived by nursing staff. We investigated the alarm load in an adult ICU, with an emphasis on alarm durations and their impact on actionability. As a strategy to mitigate false alarms, we simulated the introduction of alarm delays and examined how this affected alarm characteristics across various vital parame-ters. Results demonstrate that the introduction of alarm delays reduce the num-ber of alarms remarkably, …


A Llm-Augmented Morphological Analysis Approach For Conceptual Design, Liuqing Chen, Yiyan Tsang, Qianzhi Jing, Lingyun Sun 2024 Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China; Zhejiang-Singapore Innovation and AI Joint Research Lab, Hangzhou, China

A Llm-Augmented Morphological Analysis Approach For Conceptual Design, Liuqing Chen, Yiyan Tsang, Qianzhi Jing, Lingyun Sun

DRS Biennial Conference Series

Morphological analysis is often used in the conceptual design process because it provides a structured and systematic approach to decompose design problems, improving the completeness and diversity of creative solutions. However, it still relies heavily on designers' professional knowledge and experience when decomposing design problems and proposing solutions, which is a challenge for designers. In this study, we propose an LLMs-augmented morphological analysis approach for conceptual design. We refine the design process as three main stages: decomposition, generation, and combination, offering targeted guidance and support to designers when applying morphological analysis. In addition, we introduced a feedback mechanism to develop …


Dissecting Innovation Drivers In Business Design: A Sustainable System Transformation Theory-Based Approach And Visualization Tool, Ruiyi Cai, Simin Chen, Yang Yin, Qianwen Jia, Huiting Liu, Yiwu Qiu, Chunlei Chai 2024 Modern Industrial Design Institute, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Dissecting Innovation Drivers In Business Design: A Sustainable System Transformation Theory-Based Approach And Visualization Tool, Ruiyi Cai, Simin Chen, Yang Yin, Qianwen Jia, Huiting Liu, Yiwu Qiu, Chunlei Chai

DRS Biennial Conference Series

In the domain of business design, innovation driver components are frequently charac-terized by their high complexity and dynamic interactions, rendering their extraction and analysis a challenging endeavor. This paper, leveraging the integrated theoretical framework of Design for System Innovations and Transitions (DfSIT framework), itera-tively proposes an analytical approach to dissecting innovation drivers. This approach results in the development of a corresponding visualization and analysis tool through four rounds of academic and industrial expert workshops, extensive literature review, and in-depth case studies. The approach facilitates the systematic extraction, valida-tion, structural localization, and in-depth analysis of innovation drivers in business de-sign. This …


Towards A Design Methodology Against Oppression, Bibiana Oliveira Serpa, Marco Mazzarotto 2024 Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) and Design and Oppression Network

Towards A Design Methodology Against Oppression, Bibiana Oliveira Serpa, Marco Mazzarotto

DRS Biennial Conference Series

This article aims to present a methodology that has been developed in design projects that combat oppression. The proposal emerged from work led by the Brazilian Design and Oppression Network in partnership with social movements and oppressed communities. The methodology has six guiding axes: popular assembly, dialogues, generating themes, unveiling, collective praxis, and systematization of experience. These axes bring together principles and practices stemming from critical pedagogy and militant research which can help designers and researchers with the particularities of conducting projects engaged in struggles against oppression.


Changing The Negative Narrative Of Aging: A Case Study On Sexual Wellness Services For Women In Later Life, Camilla Borghi, Daniela Selloni 2024 Politecnico di Milano, Italy

Changing The Negative Narrative Of Aging: A Case Study On Sexual Wellness Services For Women In Later Life, Camilla Borghi, Daniela Selloni

DRS Biennial Conference Series

The global longevity trend requires a paradigm shift in the design of services related to later life. Traditionally centered on the negative narrative of aging, service interventions have targeted sectoral domains such as assistance and healthcare. Instead, a silver society demands services for the mainstream market, addressing the desires of individuals who lead fulfilling lives at all ages. This paper examines a case study investigating sexual wellness in women's later life. Service design elevates this marginalized topic in active aging discussions to a common concern in a cultural service as output. The methodology combines ethnographic research and participatory design: it …


Acoustic Patterns For Urban Attractors, Juan Salamanca 2024 University of Illinois, United States of America

Acoustic Patterns For Urban Attractors, Juan Salamanca

DRS Biennial Conference Series

This study proposes the use of forms of entrainment as an interaction design principle for social computing. Entrainment could be used to design computational artifacts that produce socially beneficial effects, suitable for design projects that promote collaborative action. This study explores acoustic entrainment to gather cyclists into groups to reduce carbon-intensive urban commuting. The system uses visual cues and rhythmic patterns to gather riders with similar routes around mobile GPS signals. Preliminary results from a small empirical study (n=8) show how pattern phasing can encourage riders to accelerate. This method has limitations in communicating negative acceleration and proximity. Adjusting pattern …


Parametric Design For Machine Knitted Patterns, Virginia Melnyk 2024 Tongji University, United States of America

Parametric Design For Machine Knitted Patterns, Virginia Melnyk

DRS Biennial Conference Series

: This paper explores the integration of parametric design principles with knitted pattern designs. The study aims to propose a process of how parametric design can be applied to generate dynamic patterns for manual knitting machine fabrication. Using Grasshopper in Rhino3D as a computational tool to develop knitting patterns, the study investigates the possibilities of creating customizability. The designs are translated from a Grasshopper to a knitting pattern that can be knit on a domestic kitting machine. The study demonstrates the development of a workflow between digital and physical making and design. The use of computational tools offers de-signers greater …


Transforming Futures Together: Time Travelling With The Tomorrow Party, Hannah Korsmeyer, Lisa Grocott, Shanti Sumartojo, Myfanwy Doughty, Michael Mintrom 2024 Monash University, Australia

Transforming Futures Together: Time Travelling With The Tomorrow Party, Hannah Korsmeyer, Lisa Grocott, Shanti Sumartojo, Myfanwy Doughty, Michael Mintrom

DRS Biennial Conference Series

We need new methods for generating policy insights that ensure people's lived experiences are not flattened and fixed to a moment in time and that visions of possible futures are not curtailed by a 'crisis of imagination'. In response to this challenge, we have developed a creative, play-based method called the Tomorrow Party, which invites participants to travel forward in time and share co-created stories of the desirable futures they find themselves living in. As a future story-making process, the Tomorrow Party generates novel ways of sharing affective perspectives on possible futures so we can collectively anticipate what is at …


Generosity In More-Than-Human Design, Karey Helms 2024 Stockholm University, Sweden

Generosity In More-Than-Human Design, Karey Helms

DRS Biennial Conference Series

Generosity in more-than-human design suggests an openness to change in grappling with human exceptionalism and nonhuman entanglements. Yet the risks of generosity in design practice are largely unarticulated, and it is unclear how designers might practically encounter and navigate them. In response, I first position generosity within feminist theory as an open dispossession and material exchange that is pre-reflective and asymmetrical. This articulation accounts for nonhuman organisms, objects, and agencies as inseparable from what it means to be a person. I then present three design cases that situate generosity in design practice. This includes specifying the relations explored, presence of …


A Co-Design Approach To Aesthetic Customization Of Prosthetics, Icaro Ibanez- Arricivita, Alethea L. Blackler, Maria A. Woodruff, Levi Swann, Abigail Winter 2024 Queensland University of Technology, Australia

A Co-Design Approach To Aesthetic Customization Of Prosthetics, Icaro Ibanez- Arricivita, Alethea L. Blackler, Maria A. Woodruff, Levi Swann, Abigail Winter

DRS Biennial Conference Series

The symbolism of prosthetic limbs has predominantly been about restoring function. However, for prosthetic wearers, symbolism expands to include psychosocial meaning, which has been expressed in prosthetic customizations, collaborations, and artistic explorations. Therefore, an opportunity exists for designers to understand how psychosocial symbolism can be elicited and translated into pros-thetic visual and aesthetic language. The objective of the paper is to develop personalized prosthetics that reflect the principles and convictions of the individuals utilizing them. We conducted a co-design process with three Paralympian amputees to explore and visually represent the psychosocial meanings attached to their prosthetics. The results demonstrate how …


Drifting By Friction: Playing With Ontologies Of Design, Mathias Poulsen 2024 Design School Kolding

Drifting By Friction: Playing With Ontologies Of Design, Mathias Poulsen

DRS Biennial Conference Series

In this paper, I will trace the ‘drift’ that has happened in my PhD project, ‘De-signing for Playful Democratic Frictions’. I argue that it has been driven primarily by the friction that emerged between the diverse components in my ‘research-assemblage’. The aim is not to resolve the friction, but rather to enhance and fol-low it as far as I can. I suggest that a playful attitude is helpful for lingering with this friction, and that such a stance can allow us to see things otherwise ob-scured by tales of historical necessity. This notion of drifting by friction may in-spire strategies …


Tapestries Of Trust: Using Interdisciplinary Design Research To Weave In Multi-Stakeholder Perspectives In The Public Sector, Bhuvana Sekar, Uttishta Sreerama Varanasi, Rūta Šerpytytė, Viivi Eskelinen 2024 Aalto University, Finland

Tapestries Of Trust: Using Interdisciplinary Design Research To Weave In Multi-Stakeholder Perspectives In The Public Sector, Bhuvana Sekar, Uttishta Sreerama Varanasi, Rūta Šerpytytė, Viivi Eskelinen

DRS Biennial Conference Series

In complex contexts involving stakeholders including public sector actors and vulnerable groups, design can help in untangling disciplinary perspectives and translating research to create shared knowledge. This paper explores the role of design research in understanding trust between civil servants and migrants in Espoo. Employing a multi-method qualitative approach, we conducted semi-structured interviews, ethnographic studies and participatory workshops to investigate the diverse dimensions of trust. Through this paper, we aim to demonstrate the value of methodological diversity in translating research findings into actionable outcomes and influencing collaborative, interdisciplinary knowledge creation. We examine the suitability of the used methods in terms …


Speculative Design Positions On Future Liveable Cities, Leigh-Anne Hepburn, Emrah Baki Ulas, Densil Cabrera, Clare Cooper, Phillip Gough, Kazjon Grace, Luke Hespanhol, Marius Hoggenmueller, Wenye Hu, Kiran Ijaz, Yaron Meron, Andres Pinilla, Callum Parker, Ricardo Sosa, Yasemin Tekmen Araci, Jody Watts, Bow Wu, Mariana Zafeirakopoulos, Rohan Lulham 2024 University of Sydney, Australia

Speculative Design Positions On Future Liveable Cities, Leigh-Anne Hepburn, Emrah Baki Ulas, Densil Cabrera, Clare Cooper, Phillip Gough, Kazjon Grace, Luke Hespanhol, Marius Hoggenmueller, Wenye Hu, Kiran Ijaz, Yaron Meron, Andres Pinilla, Callum Parker, Ricardo Sosa, Yasemin Tekmen Araci, Jody Watts, Bow Wu, Mariana Zafeirakopoulos, Rohan Lulham

DRS Biennial Conference Series

Designing for future liveable cities demands a spectrum of perspectives, each responding in some way to global and local challenges, from climate change to safe housing. However, enabling spaces for often juxtaposed, contradictory and cooperative voices, both hopeful and cautionary, can be challenging. This paper is a first step in harnessing pluralistic expression through design fiction as an approach to speculating on design’s role in future liveable cities. In presenting individual speculative positions, authors attempt to reconcile their personal experiences, disciplinary expertise, and vision. This collective voice represents disciplinary diversity including – but not limited to – artificial intelligence, co-design, …


Envisioning Transformation Structures To Support Ethical Mediation Practices, Shruthi Sai Chivukula, Colin M. Gray 2024 Pratt Institute, United States of America

Envisioning Transformation Structures To Support Ethical Mediation Practices, Shruthi Sai Chivukula, Colin M. Gray

DRS Biennial Conference Series

Ethics is complex and situated, involving many stakeholders that impact the design of technology systems. Numerous methods and tools have been proposed to enable practitioners to address ethical issues in the workplace. However, little work has described how designers themselves understand and seek to respond to that ethical complexity. In this short paper, we present five transformation structures that visually and relationally depict how ethics might be addressed in a workplace setting. We base these structures on analysis of plans that 39 practitioners and students created in a co-design workshop to address an ethical concern in their job role. We …


“Bejay (Water) Is Our Sister”: Wearable Speculations To Entangle Collectively., Andrea Botero, Eliana Sanchez-Aldana, Alexandra Cuaran Jamioy, Susana Patricia Chicunque Agreda 2024 Aalto University, Universidad de Los Andes

“Bejay (Water) Is Our Sister”: Wearable Speculations To Entangle Collectively., Andrea Botero, Eliana Sanchez-Aldana, Alexandra Cuaran Jamioy, Susana Patricia Chicunque Agreda

DRS Biennial Conference Series

Inspired by the feeling-thinking-making of the tšombiach, a traditional belt or sash woven by the Kamëntŝa people (authors 2023) this paper explores the potential of a collection of wearable speculations to entangle collectively in matters of care (Puig de la Bella Casa 2017) relating to water in a territory. Through five speculative, hand-woven garments we (2 Kamëntŝa and 2 sn̈ená/foreign women) open dialogues on how wrapping/involving, in a tšombiach logic, can be a practice of care: of the body and of the territory. The pieces are speculative in the sense that they are not actual garments, nor are they tšombiachs, …


Vision Problems And Eyewear Design Opportunities For The Elderly, Yu Hsiu Hung, Wan Zi Lin 2024 Department of Industrial Design, National Cheng Kung University

Vision Problems And Eyewear Design Opportunities For The Elderly, Yu Hsiu Hung, Wan Zi Lin

DRS Biennial Conference Series

This study addresses the challenges of an aging population due to advancements in healthcare technology that have prolonged average lifespan. The consequent growth of the elderly population necessitates enhanced focus on their well-being and self-sufficiency. Vision plays a critical role, constituting 70-80% of human perception and in-teraction with the world. However, age-related vision problems pose significant chal-lenges, diminishing their quality of life and independence. The research involves a liter-ature review, a Visual Activities Questionnaire (VAQ) survey to understand daily vision problems and challenges, and an analysis of current eyewear products to identify gaps. By integrating these findings, the study aims …


Reimagining Antibiotic Delivery At Home: Designing A Wearable Cool-Infuser, Geoffrey Thompson, Rowan Page, Benjamin Rogers 2024 Monash University, Australia

Reimagining Antibiotic Delivery At Home: Designing A Wearable Cool-Infuser, Geoffrey Thompson, Rowan Page, Benjamin Rogers

DRS Biennial Conference Series

As antimicrobial resistance (AMR) intensifies, hospitals face increased pressure due to the high demand for bed spaces and the associated risks of hospital-acquired infections. Outpatient Antimicrobial Therapy (OPAT) offers a solution by enabling patients to receive life-saving intravenous antibiotic treatments in the community rather than in hospitals. However, temperature-sensitive antibiotics can degrade when exposed to heat, creating design challenges in OPAT settings. Current antibiotic infusion devices focus on the clinical need and outcomes of treatment, leaving room to improve the holistic patient experience of living with the device. Through a human-centred design approach, this project develops a Wearable cool-infuser that …


Engaging The Public In Technological Futures: A Participatory Speculative Design Approach To Polyphonic Representational Spaces, Nuri Kwon, David Perez, Naomi Jacobs, Mariana Cavada, Rachel Cooper, Jose Maron 2024 Lancaster University, United Kingdom

Engaging The Public In Technological Futures: A Participatory Speculative Design Approach To Polyphonic Representational Spaces, Nuri Kwon, David Perez, Naomi Jacobs, Mariana Cavada, Rachel Cooper, Jose Maron

DRS Biennial Conference Series

This paper explores the concept of polyphonic representational space as technological imaginaries of multiple individuals regarding public space. The context of this research relates to implementing digital technologies, such as the Internet of Things and AI, in the public realm and their impact and challenges on policymaking, everyday practices and spatial experiences. Speculative design offers a way of creating multiple scenarios for the future and provoking conversations regarding technological futures. This research adopts a participatory speculative design (PSD) approach to engage with people, not necessarily designers or technology experts, in the future prototyping process. We introduce a study conducted in …


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