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Motion As Music: Hypermetrical Schemas In Eighteenth-Century Contredanses, Alison N. Stevens 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Motion As Music: Hypermetrical Schemas In Eighteenth-Century Contredanses, Alison N. Stevens

Masters Theses

An important part of the recent growth in scholarship on meter focuses on reconstructing 18th-century listening practices. Danuta Mirka (2009) studies contemporary accounts of meter in theory treatises to build a model of 18th-century metric listening, while Stefan Love (2016) takes a corpus studies approach, arguing that surveying repertoire provides a more accurate view of meter than 18th-century theorists. But despite the known debt that much 18th-century art music owes to dance and dance music, Mirka and Love only briefly mention dance. In touching so lightly on dance, these and other authors overlook the more fundamental connection between meter and ...


Extrinsic Phrases In Early-Classical Sonata Forms, Rebecca Long 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Extrinsic Phrases In Early-Classical Sonata Forms, Rebecca Long

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation seeks to introduce, identify, and document a set of syntactic insertions in sonata forms that I call extrinsic phrases. At its most basic, “extrinsic phrase” refers to any phrase-length insertion between the transition and secondary theme of a sonata-form movement. This concept encompasses several terms (or examples thereof) from current writings about sonata forms. However, unlike those terms, I purposefully define extrinsic phrases broadly so that they act as a generic option for an analyst.

Instead of attempting to create a long-range view of extrinsic phrases across the whole of sonata-form writing, this initial work on extrinsic phrases ...


“Something That Just Hovers”: Charting Feldman’S Neither, Madison E. Owings 2018 Bard College

“Something That Just Hovers”: Charting Feldman’S Neither, Madison E. Owings

Senior Projects Spring 2018

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Arts of Bard College.


Challenges To Student Success In An Introductory Music Theory I Course, Megan Darby 2018 Walden University

Challenges To Student Success In An Introductory Music Theory I Course, Megan Darby

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

A state college in the mid-Atlantic United States requires a music theory course for 4 of its undergraduate music programs. In the 6 years prior to this study, students had difficulty with the course, with many failing or withdrawing. Tinto's theory of student retention served as the foundation of the conceptual framework for this study, the purpose of which was to identify challenges to successfully completing the course. This purpose was reflected in the study's driving research question focused on students' experiences regarding challenges to success. In this instrumental case study, 12 students and 2 instructors participated in ...


The Touch Of Arvo Pärt, Gabriel Lane 2018 The University of Akron

The Touch Of Arvo Pärt, Gabriel Lane

Honors Research Projects

Honors Project Abstract

My project is on the modern Estonian composer, Arvo Pärt and his work Spiegel im Spiegel. Of all the pieces written by Pärt, this is one of his most popular and revered works. It has a major emotional impact on many people who listen to it, but also on me. Through my research, I have discovered compositional techniques which help the work achieve such a profound effect on a listener.

To help show these techniques to the reader, I include handwritten excerpts in my paper. This is also to avoid copyright issues. In each image presented, I ...


Fretboard Transformations, Jonathan De Souza 2017 Western University

Fretboard Transformations, Jonathan De Souza

Jonathan De Souza

This article develops a transformational approach to the fretboard, starting from the intersection of frets and strings. To overcome formal limitations of earlier models, it extends these two dimensions without limit, and then defines varied intervals and transformations in generalized fretboard space. Musical examples in the essay involve guitar, mandolin, banjo, and ukulele, with extended analyses of pieces by Eddie Van Halen and Mark O’Connor. This investigation, with its blend of formalization and performance analysis, is framed by reflections on space, instruments, and embodiment, which juxtapose Lewinian thinking with the phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty.


Deviational Phrase Types In The Compositions Of Maria Schneider, Ben Geyer 2017 University of West Georgia

Deviational Phrase Types In The Compositions Of Maria Schneider, Ben Geyer

Research on Contemporary Composition

Recent work on phrase rhythm in jazz explores how various parameters interact with hypermeter - meter deeper than the measure. Despite the importance of hypermetrical regularity, however, deviations in phrase length do occur, and the exceptions warrant exploration. This paper addresses hypermetrical deviation in the works of active jazz composer Maria Schneider.

I posit that Schneider enters into a dialogue with tendencies of phrase rhythm established through the century-long jazz tradition. As James Hepokoski and Warren Darcy (2006) have argued regarding music in the decades surrounding 1800, works are placed into “a dialogue with a community-shared pool of preexisting works, probably ...


Gabriel Kahane’S Bradbury Pieces As Popular And Derridean Deconstructions, Joseph Sferra 2017 University of North Georgia

Gabriel Kahane’S Bradbury Pieces As Popular And Derridean Deconstructions, Joseph Sferra

Research on Contemporary Composition

Gabriel Kahane’s (b. 1981) diverse musical output includes two pieces with a special relationship: a song called “Bradbury (304 Broadway)” (2014) and a string quartet, Bradbury Studies (2015). Kahane calls Studies a deconstruction of the song. I take a two-fold path in this paper, arguing that the paired Bradbury Pieces embody deconstruction in both a loose, popular sense, and in a strict Derridean sense. Studies is what I call a popular deconstruction of “Bradbury” in that it reconfigures and re-presents formal sections and smaller aspects of the song with varying degrees of abstraction from their original appearances. Popular deconstruction ...


Tension In The Narrative And Thematic Compositions Of The Legend Of Zelda: Breath Of The Wild, Noah Reeves 2017 California State University, Monterey Bay

Tension In The Narrative And Thematic Compositions Of The Legend Of Zelda: Breath Of The Wild, Noah Reeves

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

My Capstone project is centered around an analysis of some of the thematically styled compositions from The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild including Ganon’s themes, the title theme of the game, and the final boss battle theme. Analysis includes transcriptions and harmonic analysis as well as analysis and insight into the effect which is had on the listener. These insights include analysis of tension building through melodic and harmonic dissonance, as well as tension created through the building and support of Breath of the Wild’s narrative through musical storytelling.


Villa-Lobos's Compositional Techniques And Treatment Of Folk Melodies In Cirandas For Piano, Gustavo Schafaschek 2017 The University of Southern Mississippi

Villa-Lobos's Compositional Techniques And Treatment Of Folk Melodies In Cirandas For Piano, Gustavo Schafaschek

Dissertations

Despite his significance as the most important Latin American composer of the twentieth century, serious analytical studies on the music of the Brazilian composer Heitor Villa-Lobos are still few and far between. Recent scholarship has started to demystify the figure of Villa-Lobos as an intuitive composer with no technique, revealing an artist that strove to develop an idiosyncratic musical language. The present document aims to contribute to this new trend in Villa-Lobos’s scholarship by analyzing pieces from the piano cycle Cirandas, W220, considered one of the most important works from the composer’s mature style. Each of the sixteen ...


Felix Mendelssohn And Sonata Form In The Nineteenth Century, Katharine G. Walshaw 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Felix Mendelssohn And Sonata Form In The Nineteenth Century, Katharine G. Walshaw

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Mendelssohn’s music is consistently measured by a Beethovenian yardstick and, more often than not, his music is found to be unfit to live up to this aesthetic model. The purpose of this dissertation is to ask: is the model of Beethoven’s music the only appropriate choice for guiding analysis and research of Mendelssohn’s compositional style? I argue that the answer is an emphatic no. This dissertation attempts to open other avenues of research into Mendelssohn’s compositional style by training the focus directly on Mendelssohn’s works themselves. Using an inductive approach, this dissertation summarizes the results ...


Melodic Language And Linguistic Melodies: Singing In Tone Languages, Aaron Carter-Enyi 2017 Morehouse College

Melodic Language And Linguistic Melodies: Singing In Tone Languages, Aaron Carter-Enyi

Africana Digital Ethnography Project

Approximately 60% of the world’s languages are tonal, wherein alterations of pitch change the meaning of words. Two-syllable words in Yorùbá can have as many as five separate meanings, and single- syllable words in Mandarin up to four. Among tone-language speakers, acute pitch sensitivity is developed at an early age as part of language acquisition. The result is that speakers of tone languages are generally more sensitive to pitch than stress-language speakers. For speakers of stress languages, it is difficult to conceive of this other aurality, in which sound is perceived in a different way. But music holds the ...


A Model For Patron-Driven Acquisition Of Print Music Scores: From Conception To Reality, Alan Asher, Trey Shelton, Jason Heckathorn, Aimee Barrett 2017 University of Florida

A Model For Patron-Driven Acquisition Of Print Music Scores: From Conception To Reality, Alan Asher, Trey Shelton, Jason Heckathorn, Aimee Barrett

Charleston Library Conference

This paper and presentation will explore the process of developing a unique patron-driven acquisition program for print music scores and monographs from concept to reality at an American Association of Research Libraries institution. Areas to be discussed include collection development considerations, information technology infrastructure needs, acquisitions workflows, and plan evaluation. The paper and the presentation will examine how partnering with a vendor to implement an innovative collection development plan can support the needs of the library users and the goals of library collection development officers and increase access to music scores and monographs in a fiscally responsible way. Readers can ...


Fuzzy Family Ties: Familial Similarity Between Melodic Contours Of Different Cardinalities, Kristen Wallentinsen 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Fuzzy Family Ties: Familial Similarity Between Melodic Contours Of Different Cardinalities, Kristen Wallentinsen

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

All melodies have shape: a pattern of ascents, descents, and plateaus that occur as music moves through time. This shape—or contour—is one of a melody’s defining characteristics. Music theorists such as Michael Friedmann (1985), Robert Morris (1987), Elizabeth Marvin (1987), and Ian Quinn (1997) have developed models for analyzing contour, but only a few compare contours with different numbers of notes (cardinalities), and fewer still compare entire families of contours. Since these models do not account for familial relations between different-sized contours, they apply only to a limited musical repertoire, and therefore it seems unlikely that they ...


Mood And Mode: The Impressionistic Commonalities Of Claude Debussy And John Coltrane, Simon B. Needle, Edward Eanes 2017 Kennesaw State University

Mood And Mode: The Impressionistic Commonalities Of Claude Debussy And John Coltrane, Simon B. Needle, Edward Eanes

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

There are marked parallels in scale use, the use of modality and harmonic construction and movement in the music of John Coltrane as compared to impressionist composers like Claude Debussy. The modal harmonic exploration employed in the works of Coltrane is often attributed to the Indian raga and other music, but it can also be likened to Impressionist works by Debussy. A fascination with exoticism and a search for new veins in music to draw from propelled both of these artists forward musically. While Debussy learned medieval modality from the Russians, Coltrane looked further East to the Arab world and ...


A New Approach To The Analysis Of Timbre, Megan L. Lavengood 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

A New Approach To The Analysis Of Timbre, Megan L. Lavengood

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Two distinct approaches to timbre analysis exist, each with complementary strengths and limitations. First, music theorists from the 1980s adopt a positivist mindset and look for ways to quantify timbral phenomena, often using spectrograms, while avoiding any cultural dimensions in their work. Second, writings of the past five years focus on the cultural aspects of timbre but make no use of spectrograms. This dissertation builds upon these two approaches by synthesizing them: discussion is grounded in spectrogram analysis, but situated within a broad cultural context, through interactions with listener experience and ethnographic study of music periodicals and other published interviews ...


Worlds Of If: Analyses Of The Composed And Improvised Works Of Robert Dick, Melissa Keeling 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Worlds Of If: Analyses Of The Composed And Improvised Works Of Robert Dick, Melissa Keeling

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Considered one of the most important publications in twentieth-century flute pedagogy, Robert Dick’s seminal method book, The Other Flute (1975),[1] is an extensive catalogue of multiphonic fingerings, microtonal fingerings, glissandi, circular breathing, and other extended techniques. The Other Flute and a handful of his published solos are widely studied, but these works only represent a fraction of Dick’s creative energies.

Equally comfortable in classical, jazz, rock, electronic, and world music, Dick’s oeuvre demonstrates a sophisticated, musical use of contemporary techniques and his pieces have become standard repertoire. Though Dick was not the first flutist to use ...


The Doctrine Of Affections: Where Art Meets Reason, Sharri K. Hall 2017 Cedarville University

The Doctrine Of Affections: Where Art Meets Reason, Sharri K. Hall

Musical Offerings

The Doctrine of Affections was a widespread understanding of music and musicality during the Baroque era. The Doctrine was a result of the philosophy of reason and science as it coincides with music. It aimed to reconcile what man knew about science and the human body, and what man thought he knew about music. It was a reconciliation of practical musicianship and theoretical music which had begun to rise in the time. Though it is generally understood as being apart from Enlightenment thinking, the Doctrine is a result of Enlightenment-style philosophy. As the Enlightenment sought to explain why things occurred ...


Scholasticism And Formal Structure In Camille Saint-Saëns's Fugues For Keyboard, Pedro Segarra-Sisamone 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Scholasticism And Formal Structure In Camille Saint-Saëns's Fugues For Keyboard, Pedro Segarra-Sisamone

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Drawing on the treatises of Cherubini (1835), Dubois (1901), and Gedalge (1901), this dissertation examines the relation between the fugue d’école and Saint-Saëns’s compositional practices with reference to his fugal works for piano and organ and sets out to answer the question: To what extent are the formal and tonal structures of Saint-Saëns’s fugues determined by the organizational conventions associated with the fugue d’école? While the scholastic fugue has been described as an artificial construct, this study argues that this tripartite model, with its variants and subtypes, can be considered as the parent model for most ...


The Varieties Of Tone Presence: On The Meanings Of Musical Tone In Twentieth-Century Music, Aaron Harcus 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Varieties Of Tone Presence: On The Meanings Of Musical Tone In Twentieth-Century Music, Aaron Harcus

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation is about tone presence, or how musical tone shows up for experience in twentieth-century music. In exploring the subject of tone presence, I rethink notions of “pitch structure” in post-tonal theory and offer an alternative that focuses on the question of what it is to be a musical interval for experience, drawing on a wide range of research from social theory, semiotics, theories of emotion, African American studies, literary theory, usage-based linguistics, post-colonial theory, and phenomenology. I begin by offering a critique of three basic assumptions that constrain understandings of what we mean by pitch structure in post-tonal ...


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