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Fighting On Borrowed Wings: The Combat Experiences Of Americans Serving With French And British Units During The First World War, Kyle Nellesen 2018 Chapman University

Fighting On Borrowed Wings: The Combat Experiences Of Americans Serving With French And British Units During The First World War, Kyle Nellesen

Voces Novae

During the First World War there were hundreds of Americans who enlisted in the air forces of both France and Great Britain. Through the use of primary documents from these pilots, this paper focuses on the unique experiences of the nearly six hundred men who flew under the command of America’s allies. This includes the discussion of the myths of air combat which envisioned it as a chivalrous battle in the clouds while the reality as experienced by pilots was extremely dangerous and anything but glamorous. The differences in each air force, French, British, as well as the United ...


The Malleus Maleficarum And King James: Defining Witchcraft, Elizabeth Mack 2018 Chapman University

The Malleus Maleficarum And King James: Defining Witchcraft, Elizabeth Mack

Voces Novae

Heinrich Kramer’s Malleus Maleficarum was a medieval treatise on witchcraft, describing the nature of witchcraft and the appropriate punishment for accused witches. After disappearing into obscurity in the early sixteenth century, it resurfaced during the rise of the early modern witch hunts. The reprinting of the Malleus at this time has often led to the belief that the medieval text played a large role in this rise in witch hunts. However, a comparison of the Malleus to later works shows a shift in the definitions of witchcraft during the early modern era. This is especially evident in the work ...


Khrushchev Comes To America: The Advent Of Mutual Understanding, Kyle A. Kordon 2018 Chapman University

Khrushchev Comes To America: The Advent Of Mutual Understanding, Kyle A. Kordon

Voces Novae

Soviet-American relations during the Cold War can be characterized by a series of highs and lows that were perpetuated by a handful of specific events. Nikita Khrushchev’s visit to the United States in September 1959 was one of such events. This trip culminated in the development of mutual understanding, an idea that was both a cultural and a political exchange, which set the stage for better relations between the two nations during that period of the Cold War. Even though historians neglect the impact of Khrushchev’s visit, without these initial steps later breakthroughs might not have been possible.


Soviet Stooge Or Spanish Socialist? The Political Ideology Of Juan Negrín, Jessica Jones 2018 Chapman University

Soviet Stooge Or Spanish Socialist? The Political Ideology Of Juan Negrín, Jessica Jones

Voces Novae

During the Spanish Civil War, Dr. Juan Negrín was asked to create a new government for the Spanish Republic. In May 1938, he gave a speech delineating his aims for the Republic through his Thirteen-Point Program. As the last Prime Minister of the Republic, Juan Negrín was criticized for being a Communist sympathizer and a puppet of Joseph Stalin. This paper focuses on deconstruction Juan Negrín’s Thirteen-Points to argue that he was not a puppet of Stalin, nor was he creating a new government that involved Communist policies. This paper concludes that Juan Negrín was not a puppet of ...


The Bum Blockade: Los Angeles And The Great Depression, Hailey Giczy 2018 Chapman University

The Bum Blockade: Los Angeles And The Great Depression, Hailey Giczy

Voces Novae

This paper focuses on the Bum Blockade, a little known policy implemented by Los Angeles Police Department Deputy Chief James Edgar Davis in early February 1936 to keep migrants out of California with a border patrol and to deport migrants already inside California to other states. This research is designed to analyze the scope and public perception of the LAPD’s treatment of Dust Bowl migrants both inside and outside of its formal jurisdiction. This topic has been mostly overlooked in past examinations of this time period, and is crucial to understanding the reactions of many local authorities in the ...


The Battle Of The Somme: How The 18th Division Avoided Disaster, 1 July 1916, Paul Fellman 2018 Chapman University

The Battle Of The Somme: How The 18th Division Avoided Disaster, 1 July 1916, Paul Fellman

Voces Novae

This paper focuses on the unique ability of the British 18th Division to attain all of its allocated goals on July 1, 1916, the first day at the Battle of the Somme. The history of that day is burdened by the dismal failure of the British Army and ashocking 60,000 British casualties. Although recent scholars have breathed new life into discussion concerning the Battle of the Somme, they have largely ignored the story of the 18th Division and its commanding general, Sir Ivor Maxse. Historians tend to neglect two crucial elements which heavily influenced the 18th’s success—the ...


Greed At The New York Stock Exchange And The Levitation Of The Pentagon: Early Protest Theatre By Abbie Hoffman And Jerry Rubin, Ashley Duree 2018 Chapman University

Greed At The New York Stock Exchange And The Levitation Of The Pentagon: Early Protest Theatre By Abbie Hoffman And Jerry Rubin, Ashley Duree

Voces Novae

This paper focuses on the theoretical and scholarly influences upon Abbie Hoffman and Jerry Rubin in the years prior to 1967, and how that affected their motivations and decisions regarding their pre-Yippie activism in the fall of 1967. It focuses on two events: the August demonstration at the New York Stock Exchange and the National Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam’s March on the Pentagon in October (specifically on Jerry Rubin’s role and Abbie Hoffman’s intent to levitate the Pentagon). In providing details about these two events in relation to their theoretical and scholarly influences, this ...


"Vivez Sans Temps Morts, Jouissez Sans Entraves:" Language And Identity In The May '68 Student-Worker Action Committees, John Cowles 2018 Chapman University

"Vivez Sans Temps Morts, Jouissez Sans Entraves:" Language And Identity In The May '68 Student-Worker Action Committees, John Cowles

Voces Novae

This paper attempts to recast and distance the interpretation of May '68 away from popular historiographical trends in which the movement is treated as a "generational revolt" or a "cultural revolution" that allowed France to develop into a modern, liberal society. The character of the relationship between militant students and workers remains the most complicated and understudied element of the uprising. Thus, the actions taken by student and worker militants at the occupied Sorbonne constitute the most radical element of the movement, and represented the only cases in which the radical language produced by activist students achieved form, namely in ...


Bean Na H-Éireann: Feminism And Nationalism In An Irish Journal, 1908-1911, Brittany Columbus 2018 Chapman University

Bean Na H-Éireann: Feminism And Nationalism In An Irish Journal, 1908-1911, Brittany Columbus

Voces Novae

Bean na h-Éireann is credited with being the first nationalist-feminist paper of Ireland, however scholars who generously award this title are mistaken. The articles of Bean na h-Éireann not only avoid commentary in favor of the women’s movement but actually hinder the women’s agenda by conforming to the preexisting ideas “women’s issues” such as clothing, consumerism, household duties and childcare. This paper analyzes the articles during the entire length of publication (1908-1911). Rather than encourage the women of Ireland to expand their roles in the nationalist movement, writers force their readers to stay within the confines of ...


The Heart Of K'E: Transforming Dine Special Education And Unsettling The Colonial Logics Of Disability, Sandra Yellowhorse 2018 University of New Mexico

The Heart Of K'E: Transforming Dine Special Education And Unsettling The Colonial Logics Of Disability, Sandra Yellowhorse

American Studies ETDs

This paper takes up the roles of ideology and spatiality as they impact Diné students and learners in understanding conceptions of normativity, neuro-diversity and bodily variance. I am concerned with how the movement and creation of Indigenous schools and their praxis still maintain and often times produce settler colonial ideologies of being, personhood, difference and ability. I illustrate the challenges that Diné planners and educators face in entrenching cultural knowledge and language into their educational initiatives, while some of the problematic manifestations and expressions of normativity present themselves through state polices, federal law and mainstream curriculum.

I focus on the ...


From Swing King To Swing Kids: The Jazz Era Of ‘Big Band Orchestras’ In World War Ii, Katie Victoria Burnopp 2018 Lynchburg College

From Swing King To Swing Kids: The Jazz Era Of ‘Big Band Orchestras’ In World War Ii, Katie Victoria Burnopp

Student Scholar Showcase

Known as the ‘King of Swing’, clarinetist and band leader Benny Goodman (1909-1986) threatened the Nazi cause during WWII. With intent of improving music pedagogy, the purpose of this research was to investigate swing music during World War II. The particular problems of this study were to: (1) identify how the swing music of Benny Goodman (1909-1986) influenced adolescents in the United States of America, United Kingdom, and Germany; (2) explore the Nazi party view on ‘swing’ music of the era; (3) examine how the music of Charlie and his Orchestra became used as a tool for Nazi propaganda; and ...


Stories Of Betsy, Rachel May 2018 DePauw University

Stories Of Betsy, Rachel May

Student research

No abstract provided.


In The Beginning... A Legacy Of Computing At Marshall University, Jack L. Dickinson, Arnold R. Miller Ed.E 2018 Marshall University

In The Beginning... A Legacy Of Computing At Marshall University, Jack L. Dickinson, Arnold R. Miller Ed.E

Manuscripts

This book provides a brief history of the early computing technology at Marshall University, Huntington, W.Va., in the forty years: 1959-1999. This was before the move to Intel and Windows based servers. After installation of an IBM Accounting Machine in 1959, which arguably does not fit the modern definition of a computer, the first true computer arrived in 1963 and was installed in a room below the Registrar’s office. For the next twenty years several departments ordered their own midrange standalone systems to fit their individual departmental requirements. These represented different platforms from different vendors, and were not ...


A Written History Of The Western Michigan University Department Of Dance, Amy Russell 2018 Western Michigan University

A Written History Of The Western Michigan University Department Of Dance, Amy Russell

Honors Theses

This historical, introspective telling of the Western Michigan University’s Department of Dance examines its development in relation to dance in higher education and dance across the United States. An analysis of the development of dance at Western Michigan University in comparison to other universities and the dance field was conducted by studying professional influences in the field and evolving social, educational, and industry trends. Research from texts written by respected dance scholars was collected, and trade journals were consulted for information regarding current trends in the dance field. Archival research at the Western Michigan University Zhang Legacy Collections Center ...


Winter Olympics Part 3, Richard C. Crepeau 2018 University of Central Florida

Winter Olympics Part 3, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

The final two premier figure skating events of the Winter Olympics were held this week. They were hotly contested and the skating itself was some of the best ever seen at the Olympics.


Winter Olympics Part 2, Richard C. Crepeau 2018 University of Central Florida

Winter Olympics Part 2, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

At any Olympic Games there are constants and surprises and the ongoing Winter Olympics is no exception. In terms of the constants, the Dutch dominance in speed skating continues. Six gold medals and eleven overall medals put them well ahead of all other competitors in these events. The Dutch have won a total of 105 medals in Olympic speed skating all-time.


Olympic Figure Skating Part I, Richard C. Crepeau 2018 University of Central Florida

Olympic Figure Skating Part I, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

Other than the World Series, this is my favorite two weeks in sport, and among all the events at the Winter Olympics, figure skating and ski jumping are the ones I enjoy most. I have been lucky enough to attend one Winter Olympics, the 2002 Winter Games at Salt Lake.


Andrew Jackson And The Indian Removal Act Of 1830 Personal Agenda Or Territorial Expansion, Austin Valentine 2018 Murray State University

Andrew Jackson And The Indian Removal Act Of 1830 Personal Agenda Or Territorial Expansion, Austin Valentine

Student Scholarship & Creative Works

For well over a century, historians have pondered Andrew Jackson’s motivation behind the Indian Removal Act of 1830. Was Andrew Jackson’s decision for a massive social cleansing of Native Americans motivated by a personal agenda or by American calls for westward expansion?

Through a brief analysis of Andrew Jackson’s long and winding road to the White House, I hope to shed light on Andrew Jackson and his call for the forced removal of Native American inhabitants residing east of the Mississippi River. With such, I hope to give the reader a better understanding of Jackson’s attitude ...


The New Minnesota, Richard C. Crepeau 2018 University of Central Florida

The New Minnesota, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

It is the “Bold North.”

The “Frozen Tundra” has been jettisoned and the “Bold North” is the new brand for Minnesota. I am assuming that this is the winter label only, and that the “Land of 10,000 Lakes” still reigns over that small window of time called summer, or if you prefer, August.


The Maple Leaf Route, Dan Rager 2018 Cleveland State University

The Maple Leaf Route, Dan Rager

Dan Rager

This book chronicles the famous ‘Maple Leaf Route’ that ran through Geauga County between 1899 & 1925.  From steam rail to the Cleveland & Eastern and Chagrin Falls interurban railways, this concise historical book brings to life one of Northeast, Ohio’s favorite pastimes.


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