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Surprising Encounters: Manzoni’S Dantean Rhetorical Palimpsest ('Promessi Sposi' Vii-Viii And Xxxiii-Xxxiv), Anthony Nussmeier 2021 University of Dallas

Surprising Encounters: Manzoni’S Dantean Rhetorical Palimpsest ('Promessi Sposi' Vii-Viii And Xxxiii-Xxxiv), Anthony Nussmeier

Bibliotheca Dantesca: Journal of Dante Studies

Previous investigations of Alessandro Manzoni’s Dantean borrowings have unearthed a quantity of stilemes and syntagm that have revised substantially the thesis that Dantean reminiscences in Manzoni are “pochissimi” and possess only an “affinità generica” (A. Mazza). Rodney J. Lokaj’s systematic study of Manzoni’s reuse of Dante in the “comic key” has contributed greatly to our understanding of Promessi sposi as a treasure trove of references, veiled and unveiled, to the sommo poeta. Inf. 5 has been thought commonly to be the touchstone of intertextuality between Dante and Manzoni. This essay unearths further connections between Inf. 5 and …


New Light On Dante’S Construction Of Geryon, Paul Hosle 2021 University of Chicago

New Light On Dante’S Construction Of Geryon, Paul Hosle

Bibliotheca Dantesca: Journal of Dante Studies

This essay aims to improve our understanding of Dante’s construction of Geryon in Inferno 16-17. First, I address the vexed question concerning the truth-status of the monster vis-à-vis that of the poem. After rejecting alternative interpretations, I defend the exclusively allegorical reading of Geryon and suggest that it should be seen as a conscious corrective reaction to Virgil’s metapoetic construction of Fama in Aeneid 4. In the second part of the essay, I demonstrate an unappreciated wordplay between Gerion(e) and girone and argue that this serves as a key to appreciating his allegorical nature. The latent anagrammatic wordplay underscores his …


The Dante Lesson In Fuyumi Soryo’S 'Cesare: Il Creatore Che Ha Distrutto', Deborah Parker 2021 University of Virginia

The Dante Lesson In Fuyumi Soryo’S 'Cesare: Il Creatore Che Ha Distrutto', Deborah Parker

Bibliotheca Dantesca: Journal of Dante Studies

This study examines the treatment of Dante’s Divine Comedy in a graphic novel by the female Japanese mangaka (manga artist), Fuyumi Soryo—Cesare: Il creatore che ha distrutto (2005-present). The manga focuses on the Renaissance condottiere, Cesare Borgia. Soryo collaborates with Motoaki Hara, an Associate Professor in the School of Cultural and Social Studies in the Department of European and American Studies at Tokai University, who specializes in medieval and Renaissance Italy. One chapter, Divine Comedy, features a lesson delivered by the eminent Renaissance commentator, Cristoforo Landino on Inf. 33. Among the students are Cesare Borgia and Giovanni …


Do It By The Book - The Development And Manufacturing Of Books In The Middle Ages, Casey Cromp, Annaliese Croasdale, Emma Pilmer, Lauren DiCiaula 2021 Augustana College

Do It By The Book - The Development And Manufacturing Of Books In The Middle Ages, Casey Cromp, Annaliese Croasdale, Emma Pilmer, Lauren Diciaula

2021 Festschrift: The Interpolated Roman de Fauvel in Context

This paper discusses the book-making progress in the Middle Ages that was used across Europe. This process includes the making of paper, the making of the inks used, bookbinding, and how books were printed. Each is an important aspect of how early manuscripts were created. Without these processes, there would not be written documentation of early literature or music. This paper provides a deeper understanding of the work that was implemented into creating early books, and gives insight as to what the book-making process consisted of before the development of present-day technologies.


Life And Health Concerns Of A European Monastic Scribe During The 14th Century, Jared Reiling, Christopher O'Neill, Nick Curatolo 2021 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Life And Health Concerns Of A European Monastic Scribe During The 14th Century, Jared Reiling, Christopher O'Neill, Nick Curatolo

2021 Festschrift: The Interpolated Roman de Fauvel in Context

Writing in a quiet, candle-lit room may sound hygge to some, but monks during the 14th century would describe their work on the scriptorium as cold, depressing, tedious, mundane, and exhausting. The copying of all texts, including biblical and musical, was done by hand with monks working around the clock copying, illuminating manuscripts, and binding books. With the regimented schedule of monastic life, the Church worked scribes till exhaustion which created health problems and aggravated underlying conditions. Though cataracts were a common problem, commoners performed surgery on each other to restore sight, but it only made the situation worse.


About The Contributors, 2021 Western Michigan University

About The Contributors

Medieval Feminist Forum: A Journal of Gender and Sexuality

No abstract provided.


Veiled Patriarchy: Vestal Priestesses As The Ideal Roman Woman, Ashley Burton 2021 University of Portland

Veiled Patriarchy: Vestal Priestesses As The Ideal Roman Woman, Ashley Burton

History Undergraduate Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Readings Of The Medieval Orient: Other Encounters, Liliana Sikorska 2021 Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznan

Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Readings Of The Medieval Orient: Other Encounters, Liliana Sikorska

Research in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

Travel narratives and historical works shaped the perception of Muslims and the East in the Victorian and post-Victorian periods. Analyzing the discourses on Muslims which originated in the European Middle Ages, the first part of this book discusses the troubled legacy of the encounters between the East and the West and locates the nineteenth-century texts concerning the Saracens and their lands in the liminal space between history and fiction.

Drawing on the nineteenth-century models, the second part of the book looks at fictional and non-fictional works of the late twentieth and early twenty-first century which re-established the “Oriental obsession,” stimulating …


Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Readings Of The Medieval Orient: Other Encounters, Liliana Sikorska 2021 Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznan

Nineteenth- And Twentieth-Century Readings Of The Medieval Orient: Other Encounters, Liliana Sikorska

Research in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

Travel narratives and historical works shaped the perception of Muslims and the East in the Victorian and post-Victorian periods. The book discusses that troubled legacy drawing on the discourses on Muslims originating in the European Middle Ages, and locates the nineteenth-century texts concerning the Saracens and their lands in the liminal space between history and travel accounts.


Space, Image, And Reform In Early Modern Art: The Influence Of Marcia Hall, Arthur J. DiFuria, Ian Verstegen 2021 Savannah College of Art and Design

Space, Image, And Reform In Early Modern Art: The Influence Of Marcia Hall, Arthur J. Difuria, Ian Verstegen

Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Culture

The essays in Space, Image and Reform in Early Modern Art build on Marcia Hall's seminal contributions in several categories crucial for Renaissance studies, especially the spatiality of the church interior, the altarpiece's facture and affectivity, the notion of artistic style, and the controversy over images in the era of Counter Reform. Accruing the advantage of critical engagement with a single paradigm, this volume better assesses its applicability and range. The book works cumulatively to provide blocks of theoretical and empirical research on issues spanning the function and role of images in their contexts over two centuries. Relating Hall's investigations …


Mentalités And The Search For Total History In The Works Of Annalistes, Foucault, And Microhistory, Jason U. Rose 2021 Western Michigan University

Mentalités And The Search For Total History In The Works Of Annalistes, Foucault, And Microhistory, Jason U. Rose

The Hilltop Review

In this brief essay, the links between the Annales, the works of Michael Foucault, and microhistory are analyzed through the theoretical lens of histoire des mentalités (mentalités). Common threads that link these approaches include the willingness of using outside fields of analysis as well as the willingness to work with vagueness in search of those who Foucault calls, “lost people.” Relatedly, each of these groups and individuals are willing to analyze all aspects of the historical record to fully understand the minds, cultures, and histories of past people. The key to recognizing the relationship of these approaches involve knowing and …


Guþcwen And Ides Ellenrof – The Old English Warrior Woman As Role Model For Female Characters In Tolkien’S Works, Flora Sophie Lemburg 2021 University of Göttingen, Göttingen

Guþcwen And Ides Ellenrof – The Old English Warrior Woman As Role Model For Female Characters In Tolkien’S Works, Flora Sophie Lemburg

Journal of Tolkien Research

This paper examines the connection between the motif of the Old English warrior woman and Tolkien’s female characters. It provides a critique of Leslie Donovan’s paper “The valkyrie reflex in J. R. R. Tolkien´s The Lord of the Rings: Galadriel, Shelob, Éowyn and Arwen” and contrasts previous research on Tolkien’s female characters focussed either on gender-studies or on a “Germanic” influence with a more direct and specific connection between Medieval English and his works. The motif of the Old English warrior woman is established by investigating the female characters Judith, Elene, and Juliana from the Old English poems Judith, …


The Morgan Group Of Bestiaries: An Analysis, Claire Frances Kittell 2021 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

The Morgan Group Of Bestiaries: An Analysis, Claire Frances Kittell

Theses and Dissertations

Trying to figure out where and when a medieval manuscript was made is one of the most contentious topics in book scholarship. Instead of limiting scholarship to textual contents, new work looks at manuscripts, including bestiaries, with a multifaceted and interdisciplinary approach, which leads to exciting new ideas. Bestiaries were among the most popular texts in medieval England and have consistently been viewed as only their textual contents. Starting in the 1980’s, bestiary scholarship expanded beyond text, but a textually and iconographically similar group of bestiaries had not yet received the same holistic treatment. The Morgan Group is the British …


The Virago Paradigm Of Female Sanctity: Constructing The Masculine Woman In Medieval Christianity, Angela Bolen 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Virago Paradigm Of Female Sanctity: Constructing The Masculine Woman In Medieval Christianity, Angela Bolen

Dissertations, Theses, & Student Research, Department of History

The Latin word virago, in its simplest definition, means “a man-like, warrior woman.” For Christian men and women in the Patristic era and the central Middle Ages, the virago represented a woman who denied all biological characteristics of her womanhood, fiercely protected her virginity, and fully embodied the virtues of Christian masculinity. The virago paradigm of female sanctity, a creation of male writers, reconciled a pervasive fear of the female sex with an obvious admiration for holy women. Additionally, the virago model maintained the supremacy of masculine virtues, upheld a patriarchal hierarchy, and created a metaphorical space that validated …


The Heart Of Academia: Medieval Universities, Textbooks, And The Birth Of Academic Libraries, Christopher Proctor 2021 Indiana University Southeast

The Heart Of Academia: Medieval Universities, Textbooks, And The Birth Of Academic Libraries, Christopher Proctor

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The contemporary academic library occupies a crucial role in the teaching and learning mission of universities. This centrality is perhaps best exemplified by the popular saying that the library is the heart of the university. But has this always been the case since the inception of universities in the High Middle Ages? To help answer this question, the following discussion traces the creation of universities within the medieval world, the textual traditions that informed their scholarship and pedagogy, and the later birth of academic libraries within the college and university system. The author attempts to demonstrate that the rise of …


Playing With Fire: The Medieval Judicial Ordeals And Their Downfall, Aaron Larson 2021 Ohio State University - Main Campus

Playing With Fire: The Medieval Judicial Ordeals And Their Downfall, Aaron Larson

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

Trials by ordeal in the Middle Ages prove to be some of the most complex secular trials in all of history. Both trial by fire, and trial by water looked to call God's judgment into play, hoping that He would make the decisions of guilt or innocence. God is all-knowing. He is all-powerful. Therefore He has all of the relevant information to determine the fates of those who go through the ordeals. Despite this, the theologians in the medieval Church looked to lessen clerical involvement in the ordeals. In 1215, the Fourth Lateran Council met, and the ordeals ceased to …


Mes 160: Classical Islamic Literature & Civilization, Kirsten Beck 2021 CUNY Queens College

Mes 160: Classical Islamic Literature & Civilization, Kirsten Beck

Open Educational Resources

This open resource includes a syllabus, class schedule, grading rubrics, and guidelines/examples for digital poetry annotation.

The course website can be found here: http://mes160.social.qwriting.qc.cuny.edu/

In this course, we will take a journey through history, literature, and ideas, traveling through Islamic civilization from 600-1250 CE. We will learn about and contemplate the major events and concerns of Islamic civilization, from the dawn of Islam through the expansions, transformations, and fragmentations of Islamic empires, up until the end of the 13th century. Works of Islamic literature from a variety of genres will fuel our journey. Along the way, we will learn how …


Medieval Infertility: Treatments, Cures, And Consequences, Zia Simpson 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Medieval Infertility: Treatments, Cures, And Consequences, Zia Simpson

The Forum: Journal of History

Since the first civilizations emerged, reproductive ability has been one of the most prominent elements in assessing a woman’s value to society. Other characteristics such as beauty, intelligence, and wealth may have been granted comparable consequence, but those are arbitrary and improvable. Fertility is genetic, and for centuries it was beyond human control. Among the medieval European nobility, fertility held even greater power. The absence of an heir could, either directly or indirectly, bring about war, economic depression, and social disorder. Catholicism provided a refuge by allowing barren women to retain their hopes, while simultaneously enriching Rome’s coffers. Other women …


Full Issue, 2021 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Full Issue

The Forum: Journal of History

No abstract provided.


Lawful Violence: The Relationship Between Marriage And Conflict In The Wars Of The Roses, Hannah R. Keller 2021 Western Michigan University

Lawful Violence: The Relationship Between Marriage And Conflict In The Wars Of The Roses, Hannah R. Keller

Masters Theses

England’s King Edward IV married Elizabeth Woodville in 1464. Edward’s sister Margaret of York married Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, in 1468. Both marriages occurred during England’s fifteenth-century conflict, the Wars of the Roses. And both created conflict between Edward, Richard Neville, the Earl of Warwick, and France’s King Louis XI. Most historians regard this conflict as either a sign of or product of disorder. I, however, argue that both marriages could have been a calculated form of “lawful” violence known as disworship used to damage the political capital of Warwick and Louis and thereby instigate war with France. …


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