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Loving Literature And Recovering Eighteenth-Century Literary Instrumentalism, Anna M Foy 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Loving Literature And Recovering Eighteenth-Century Literary Instrumentalism, Anna M Foy

Departmental Papers (English)

No abstract provided.


The Virtue Mentality, Rachel Eckhardt 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Virtue Mentality, Rachel Eckhardt

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In my study of early feminist fiction and contemporary queer intentional communities, highly ambitious and nearly impossible aspirations emerged as a singular uniting theme. From early feminist novelists to the intrepid founders of lesbian lands, utopian women share a passionate commitment to transform the world. This thesis engages with feminist concepts of virtue and how they influence utopian projects in both fiction and in life, whether the word “virtue” itself is used to describe the project or not. Virtue has made a lasting impact on contemporary feminist utopian projects that sometimes creates conflict and often undermines its liberatory aspirations. When ...


“Don't Think But Look:” Using Wittgenstein's Notion Of Family Resemblances To Look At Genocide, James J. Snow 2016 Loyola University Maryland

“Don't Think But Look:” Using Wittgenstein's Notion Of Family Resemblances To Look At Genocide, James J. Snow

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article contributes to the ongoing and growing scholarly conversation concerning how best to define the term “genocide” following Raphael Lemkin’s coining of the term in 1944. The article first shows that the Convention definition ratified in Paris in 1948 was intended solely for juridical purposes and does not reflect Lemkin’s deeper understanding of genocide. It then surveys a range of scholarship after Lemkin that argues for alternative definitions of term or even calls for jettisoning the term altogether. While it is acknowledged that a clear definition is imperative in a juridical context, it is argued that there ...


The Fictions Of Whiteness: Transatlantic Race Science, Gender, Nationalism, And The Construction Of Race In Nineteenth-Century American Fiction (1823-1867), Philip E. Kadish 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Fictions Of Whiteness: Transatlantic Race Science, Gender, Nationalism, And The Construction Of Race In Nineteenth-Century American Fiction (1823-1867), Philip E. Kadish

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Fictions of Whiteness argues that political beliefs preceded and determined the race science theories which nineteenth century American white novelists applied or invoked in their work, the inverse of the current critical consensus. For issues ranging from Indian removal to slavery and Reconstruction, and utilizing theories from of Condorcet, Buffon, Camper, Louis Agassiz, James Pritchard, Johannes Blumenbach, and George Borrow these authors shifted allegiances to divergent race theories between and within works, applied those theories selectively to white, black, and Indians characters, and applied the same scientific race theories to politically divergent rhetorical ends. By analyzing shifting application of different ...


This Species Of Property: Slavery And The Properties Of Subjecthood In Anglo-American Law And Politics, 1619-1783, John N. Blanton 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

This Species Of Property: Slavery And The Properties Of Subjecthood In Anglo-American Law And Politics, 1619-1783, John N. Blanton

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This Species of Property examines the development of the law and practice of slavery in the 17th and 18th century Anglo-American empire through analysis of common law court decisions in England, Massachusetts, and Virginia. The dissertation argues that there was a long and vibrant debate over the legitimacy of the chattel principle – the definition of enslaved persons as a type of property – and that enslaved people and their allies pushed for the recognition of the legal humanity or subjecthood of the enslaved in colonial and metropolitan courts. This antislavery legal tradition culminated in the famous Somerset decision, handed ...


Export / Import: The Promotion Of Contemporary Italian Art In The United States, 1935-1969, Raffaele Bedarida 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Export / Import: The Promotion Of Contemporary Italian Art In The United States, 1935-1969, Raffaele Bedarida

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Export / Import examines the exportation of contemporary Italian art to the United States from 1935 to 1969 and how it refashioned Italian national identity in the process. I do not concentrate on the Italian art scene per se, or on the American reception of Italian shows. Through a transnational perspective, instead, I examine the role of art exhibitions, publications, and critical discourse aimed at American audiences. Inaugurated by the Fascist regime as a form of political propaganda, this form of cultural outreach to the United States continued after WWII as Italian museums, dealers, and critics aimed to vaunt the new ...


Filología Reflexiva: Hacia Una Pedagogía “Evaluadora”. Reflexión Y Evaluación Del Campo Filológico Español (1936-1968), Jose Antonio Losada Montero 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Filología Reflexiva: Hacia Una Pedagogía “Evaluadora”. Reflexión Y Evaluación Del Campo Filológico Español (1936-1968), Jose Antonio Losada Montero

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This doctoral thesis offers an original and valuable contribution to the study of the genealogy of the literary canon between 1939 and 1968. During Francisco Franco´s dictatorship, Spanish Universities underwent a series of important changes in its academic and management configuration and in the way Spanish elites envisioned Higher Education inside the regime. This research focuses in the role that Spanish scholars, inside Hispanic and Modern Language Departments, played in this renegotiation of a new and crucial sociopolitical mission for College Education. By focusing on the period between 1939 and 1968, a moment of sociopolitical instability and conservative literary ...


Rights Of Subsistence In The Twelfth And Thirteenth Century: The Case Of Abandoned Children And Servants, Scott Swanson 2016 Butler University

Rights Of Subsistence In The Twelfth And Thirteenth Century: The Case Of Abandoned Children And Servants, Scott Swanson

Scott Swanson

Dr. Scott Swanson's contribution to the "Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law : Syracuse, New York, 13-18 August 1996"


Emerging Concepts Of Jurisdiction, Property Right, And Sacramental Orders Among Dominican Thinkers From Thomas Aquinas To Herveus Natalis, 1250-1320, Scott Swanson 2016 Butler University

Emerging Concepts Of Jurisdiction, Property Right, And Sacramental Orders Among Dominican Thinkers From Thomas Aquinas To Herveus Natalis, 1250-1320, Scott Swanson

Scott Swanson

Doctoral Dissertation of Scott Swanson, Cornell University 1988.


The Medieval Foundations Of John Locke's Theory Of Natural Rights: Rights Of Subsistence And The Principle Of Extreme Necessity, Scott Swanson 2016 Butler University

The Medieval Foundations Of John Locke's Theory Of Natural Rights: Rights Of Subsistence And The Principle Of Extreme Necessity, Scott Swanson

Scott Swanson

Of all the things Locke has to say about natural rights, the principle of extreme necessity strikes people today as the strangest element of his thought. It is the single element of his natural rights theory that has been lost; most people today have never heard of it and react with disbelief when it is explained. That principle, which was nevertheless a commonplace of medieval theology and church law, states, simply enough, that a person in extreme necessity—that is, facing the prospect of certain, not necessarily instant, death—may rightfully take the property of other people to sustain his ...


Resistance, Revolt, And Revolution In Achaemenid Persia: Response, Elspeth Dusinberre 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Resistance, Revolt, And Revolution In Achaemenid Persia: Response, Elspeth Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

How can archaeology help us see low-level local resistance to imperial domination, before it erupts into the kind of revolt or rebellion attested to in historical sources? The mortuary remains of Anatolia during the time of the Achaemenid Persian Empire provide a case study to examine this problem. They demonstrate two simultaneous directions of influence: participation by the elite in aspects of empire and imperial propagation, and local geographically-based resistance to imperial ideology and pressure.


Print Or Not Print: Is That Still The Question?, Walid Ghali Nasr 2016 Aga Khan University

Print Or Not Print: Is That Still The Question?, Walid Ghali Nasr

Faculty & Staff Publications

This paper aims to shed light on some of the reasons that might have caused the rejection of the printing press in the first place, and subsequently have caused the delay in adopting of printing and dissemination of knowledge in the Modern Middle East. It will also investigate similar issues that affect manuscript digitisation projects in the Middle East focusing on Egypt where enormous collections of manuscripts are still not accessible to the world. A comparison of the attitudes towards the printing press in the Middle East and the attitudes towards manuscript digitisation should help in understanding these phenomena.


Duae M. A. Mureti Orationes In Platonis Rem Publicam Commentariis Instructae, Robert Stephen Hill 2016 University of Kentucky

Duae M. A. Mureti Orationes In Platonis Rem Publicam Commentariis Instructae, Robert Stephen Hill

Theses and Dissertations--Modern and Classical Languages, Literature and Cultures

Marcus Antonius Muretus, qui inde ab anno 1526o usque ad 1585m vixit, modo Latine scribendi optimo insignis et apud aequales et apud posteriores, annis 1573o et 1574o duas in Platonis Rem Publicam habuit orationes. Quarum contextus in hoc opusculo editur commentariisque instruitur, quo facilius a lectoribus hodiernis sententiae Mureti legantur ac intellegantur. In praefatione quam huic opusculo adiunximus tractantur etiam res nonnullae quae ad Muretum et ad has orationes de Platone habitas pertinent: videlicet Mureti vita, sententiae eius ad artem rhetoricam pertinentes, controversiae Ciceronianae, studia Graeca, philosophia Platonica, denique ratio quam ad hanc editionem perficiendam adhibuimus.

Marc-Antoine Muret (1526-1585), known ...


Cats And Dogs: The Development Of The Household Pet Through Symbolic Interpretations And Social Practices In The Middle Ages And Renaissance, Lindsey Nicole Blair 2016 University of Iowa

Cats And Dogs: The Development Of The Household Pet Through Symbolic Interpretations And Social Practices In The Middle Ages And Renaissance, Lindsey Nicole Blair

University of Iowa Honors Theses

Cats and dogs are perhaps the most ubiquitous and consistently represented animals throughout documented human history. Forms of the respective species have roamed the earth for millions of years; however, cats and dogs have held different societal positions ranging from exalted deities to pests. The shifting attitudes and social practices between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in Western Europe fostered the reexamination of the relationship between humans and animals.

Dogs – and later cats – were the earliest animals to be allowed occupancy inside the medieval house solely to serve utilitarian needs. The development of the modern day concept of the ...


A Cognitive History Of Divination In Ancient Greece, Peter T. Struck 2016 University of Pennsylvania

A Cognitive History Of Divination In Ancient Greece, Peter T. Struck

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

For many millenia and across the whole Old World, from Eastern to Western Eurasia, and fro the tip of Southern Africa to the highlands of Britannia, people were in the habit of practicing divination, or the art of translating information from their gods into the realm of human knowledge. On a scale whose breadth we have yet to fully appreciate, they assumed clandestine signs were continuously being revealed through the natural world and its creatures (including their own bodies, asleep or awake). They received messages from temple-based oracles, as well as in their dreams, from the entrails of the animals ...


The Case Of The Stanly Will, Ryan Speer 2016 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

The Case Of The Stanly Will, Ryan Speer

Provenance, Journal of the Society of Georgia Archivists

This article presents a historical account of the state of Georgia's 1926 suit to recover a colonial will which had been an item of commerce for some 50 years at the time of the court proceedings. Ultimately, Georgia was unable to prove that the will was a state record. The state’s result can been seen as part of a larger pattern indicating that replevin is not consistently effective in recovering documents lacking conclusive evidence of long-standing public custody.


Classics: Curriculum & Profession, Peter T. Struck 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Classics: Curriculum & Profession, Peter T. Struck

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

The challenges currently facing classicists are not so different from those our profession has faced for the last one hundred and fifty years, and with each challenge, a discipline sometimes imagined as outsiders to be slow to embrace the new has shown itself naturally disposed to experimentation. The discipline's agility derives from the unique degree of variegation in the modes of thinking required to thrive in it: from interpretive, to quantitative, to those relying on knowledge of culture and context. As the value of education is increasingly judged in terms of workforce development, we stand our best chance to ...


The Study Of Generations: A Timeless Notion Within A Contemporary Context, Lauren M. Troksa 2016 University of Colorado Boulder

The Study Of Generations: A Timeless Notion Within A Contemporary Context, Lauren M. Troksa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The study of generations has been timeless. Dating as far back as Plato’s time (428 B.C.E) to present-day (2016), scholars of all fields have used generations to study large trends that emerge over time in specific groups of people. Generations are not typically analyzed, however, in a way that reflects a more complicated and polarizing relationship between each generation. Seen especially in the post-World War II generations of the Silent Generation, Baby Boomer Generation, and Millennial Generation, each generation has a unique identity and culture within it, making it difficult for older generations to relate to younger ...


Pessimism In Progress: Hermann Sudermann And The Liberal German Bourgeoisie, Jason Doerre 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Pessimism In Progress: Hermann Sudermann And The Liberal German Bourgeoisie, Jason Doerre

Doctoral Dissertations

Once ranked among the most internationally read authors at the turn of the nineteenth century, the name Hermann Sudermann (1857–1928) today has been all but forgotten. This dissertation frames the life and work of this once famous author in the context of the liberal German bourgeois milieu. Not only was Sudermann a liberal bourgeois, his works reflected the preferred styles, attitudes, and worldview of this social class. I argue that the rise and fall of Hermann Sudermann’s career, as it was inextricably connected to the fortunes of the liberal German bourgeoisie, mirrors the trajectory thereof. As the appeal ...


Prescribing The American Dream: Psychoanalysts, Mass Media, And The Construction Of Social And Political Norms In The 1950'S, Daniel P. Kamienski 2016 University of Montana, Missoula

Prescribing The American Dream: Psychoanalysts, Mass Media, And The Construction Of Social And Political Norms In The 1950'S, Daniel P. Kamienski

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This paper surveys how and why psychoanalysis during the 1950s—its “Golden Age” in the United States—emerged as a highly respected professional discipline with great public currency. The prevalence and popularity of psychoanalysts in public culture is substantiated by an extensive survey of primary print sources featuring psychoanalysts opining on many of the major social and political issues of the decade. Combining these opinions with those expressed in professional journals and publications, this paper reveals how psychoanalysts used their growing public currency to shape debates about which social identities and behaviors, cultural values, and political ideals were appropriate and ...


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