Immanent Frames: Meiji New Buddhism And The 'Religious Secular', 2017 Bucknell University
Immanent Frames: Meiji New Buddhism And The 'Religious Secular', James Shields
Faculty Journal Articles
The secularization thesis, rooted in the idea that “modernity” brings with it the destruction—or, at least, the ruthless privatization—of religion, is clearly grounded in specific, often oversimplified, interpretations of Western historical developments since the eighteenth century. In this article, I use the case of the New Buddhist Fellowship (Shin Bukkyō Dōshikai 新仏教同志会) of the Meiji period (1868–1911) to query the category of the secular in the context of Japanese modernity. I argue that the New Buddhists, drawing on elements of classical and East Asian Buddhism as well as modern Western thought, promoted a resolutely social and this-worldly ...
Theory For A Starving Obese, 2017 CUNY Hunter College
Theory For A Starving Obese, Ishai Shapira Kalter
School of Arts & Sciences Theses
Theory for a Starving Obese (2017) is both a book and an installation. During the years 2015-2017 I began writing Theory for a Starving Obese; a collection of essays and art criticism about exhibitions that took place in white cubes in New York. I was following my dissatisfaction, and hoped to delve deeper into the question “What is Contemporary Art?” At the end of a process, I sent seventeen envelopes to artists who exhibited solo shows in New York and whose works I have criticized. Each envelope consists of one digital drawing (שרבוט, pronounced Shirbut), DVD with the video Arabesque ...
Enclave Of Ingenuity: The Plan And Promise Of The Beijing Intellectual Property Court, 2017 Yale University
Enclave Of Ingenuity: The Plan And Promise Of The Beijing Intellectual Property Court, Max Goldberg
A 2016-2017 William Prize for best essay in East Asian Studies was awarded to Max Goldberg (Pierson College '17) for his essay submitted to the Ethics, Politics, & Economics Program, "Enclave of Ingenuity: The Plan and Promise of the Beijing Intellectual Property Court.” (Frances Rosenbluth, Damon Wells Professor of Political Science, and Paul Gewirtz, Potter Stewart Professor of Law, advisors.)
Max Goldberg’s thesis, Enclave of Ingenuity: The Plan and Promise of the Beijing Intellectual Property Court, examines in depth one of the most interesting institutions in today’s China – an experimental court that stands at the intersection of China’s ...
Dwight D. Eisenhower And The Politics Of Anti-Communism At Columbia University: Anti-Intellectualism And The Cold War During The General's Columbia Presidency, Dylan S. Cannatella
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
Dwight D. Eisenhower has been criticized as an anti-intellectual by scholars such as Richard Hofstadter. Eisenhower’s tenure as president of Columbia University was one segment of his career he was particularly criticized for because of his non-traditional approach to education there. This paper examines Eisenhower’s time at Columbia to explain how anti-intellectualism played into his university administration. It explains how his personality and general outlook came to clash with the intellectual environment of Columbia especially in the wake of the faculty revolt against former Columbia President Nicholas Murray Butler. It argues that Eisenhower utilized the Columbia institution to ...
Manipulated Museum History And Silenced Memories Of Aggression: Historical Revisionism And Japanese Government Censorship Of Peace Museums, Benjamin P. Birdwhistell
University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations
The Japanese government has a vested interest in either avoiding discussion of its war-torn past or arguing for a revisionist take. The need to play up Japanese victimization over Japanese aggression during World War II has led to many museums having their exhibits censored or revised to fit this narrative goal. During the 1990’s, Japan’s national discourse was more open to discussions of war crimes and the damage caused by their aggression. This in turn led to the creation of many “peace museums” that are intended to discuss and confront this history as frankly as possible. At the ...
A Brush With Weimar Germany.Docx, 2017 University of Wollongong
A Brush With Weimar Germany.Docx, Rowan Cahill
Reading Democracy And Education In The Context Of World War I, 2017 William Paterson University of New Jersey
Reading Democracy And Education In The Context Of World War I, Thomas Fallace
Democracy and Education
In this historical study, the author offers a reading of Dewey’s Democracy and Education in the context of the two other books Dewey published the year before, German Philosophy and Politics and his coauthored Schools of To-morrow. Having published three books in two years, Democracy and Education arrived at the end of one of Dewey’s most prolific periods. Through these three texts, Dewey offered a pointed critique of authoritarian German politics, philosophy, and schooling and crafted an innovative pedagogy grounded in progressive democratic ideals as contrast. Using Germany as a clear and present foil, Dewey clarified his ideas ...
C.S. Lewis: Reluctant Convert, 2017 George Fox University
C.S. Lewis: Reluctant Convert, Kerry Irish
Faculty Publications - Department of History, Politics, and International Studies
This is a 4600-word introduction to Mere Christianity with an emphasis on Lewis' own conversion.
The Cultural Creation Of Fulvia Flacca Bambula., 2017 University of Louisville
The Cultural Creation Of Fulvia Flacca Bambula., Erin Leigh Wotring
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
This study presents a scholarly and popular historiography of Fulvia Flacca Bambula with criticism of the presentation and interpretation of Fulvia as a historical character in context. Source bias caused by Augustan propaganda is widely recognized within scholarly and popular treatment of Fulvia but little attention is given to the influence of rhetoric and moral philosophy on the invective and anecdotal narratives used as source evidence in discussion of Fulvia as a Roman matron. Through assessment of traditional Roman rhetorical and literary conventions employed during the late Republican and early Imperial periods with attention to the influence of elegiac constructs ...
Philosophical Self-Presentation In Late Antique Cappadocia, 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Philosophical Self-Presentation In Late Antique Cappadocia, Stefan Vernon Hodges-Kluck
This dissertation offers a new perspective to the development of religious orthodoxy in the second half of the fourth century CE by examining the role of the body in the inter- and intra-religious battles between Christians and “pagans” over the claim to the cultural capital of philosophy. Focusing on Cappadocia (modern-day central Turkey), a particularly vital region of the fourth-century Roman empire, I argue that during this time, Greek-speaking intellectuals created and disputed boundaries between Christianity and “paganism,” as well as between “orthodoxy” and “heresy,” based on longstanding elite notions of how an ideal philosopher should look, think, and act ...
History And Context: Late Meiji (1905-1912) Narratives Of The Imjin War (1592-8), 2017 Washington University in St. Louis
History And Context: Late Meiji (1905-1912) Narratives Of The Imjin War (1592-8), Brian Heise
Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations
From a foreign policy perspective, Japan's Meiji period (1868-1912) invites comparison with the regime of Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1537-98), the warlord who united Japan at the end of a 150 year period of civil war: in both times, the state leadership of the archipelago sought to expand its authority onto mainland Asia through both war and negotiation. These two period stand out in Japanese history as examples of only a very few instances when Japanese states had taken such an interest in continental affairs. Writers who recounted the story of Hideyoshi and his continental ambitions at the close the the ...
American Education Reform And The Humanism Of Mathematics, 1890-1940, 2017 College of William and Mary
American Education Reform And The Humanism Of Mathematics, 1890-1940, James Leach
Undergraduate Honors Theses
In the early 20th century, mathematicians and math teachers became interested in the connections between mathematics and areas of humanistic interest such as philosophy, aesthetics, music, and especially history. This thesis narrates how this interest came about and explains mathematics educators' motivation and understanding of mathematics as a humanistic discipline. Math educators reacted to an attack on their subject from progressive educators who argued that math education was inefficient or useless to children. In response, math educators stressed the cultural value of the subject, portraying it as an important part of human culture and an essential subject in the school ...
Surgery As A Science: The Intellectual And Practical Evolution Of European Surgery From The 16th To The 18th Century, Molly Nebiolo
Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research
This article explores the transition of surgery from a collection of skills and techniques used on the battlefield to its acceptance as a medical profession. Opinion was shaped through advances in technology, use of anesthesia, and surgical practices. This success prompted a shift in public confidence facilitated by the Church’s funding of public autopsies led by surgeons. Once the public understood the greater effectiveness of surgeons, their status changed from butcher to doctor by the early 18th century. Previous research has focused on the technological advances behind the professionalization of surgery and the sociological change in beliefs, but this ...
Codex Conquest: The Game Of Book History, 2017 University of Iowa
Codex Conquest: The Game Of Book History, Amy H Chen
University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications
Codex Conquest: The Game of Book History teaches students the contemporary value of historical printed books and how these books changed history by contributing to technological advancements, scientific breakthroughs, artistic triumphs, and political shifts from the fifteenth through the nineteenth century. Each player represents a curator competing to create as many high value collections as possible for his or her national library. This presentation discusses the pedagogy, rules, and development of Codex Conquest as an introduction before game play.
"Mistris Hutchinsons Double Weekly-Lecture": Puritan Assemblies And The Antinomian Controversy Of 1636-38, Courtney H. Forster
Senior Honors Theses
The Antinomian Controversy of 1636-38 was a complex religious conflict concerning politics and disruption of Puritan society. It began when the Massachusetts Bay colony split into religious factions within the Church at Boston. At the height of the controversy it seemed a majority of the congregation favored a grace-only means of salvation. Most in authoritative positions believed religious works were important to the societal foundation of a holy Puritan community. With the feared breakdown of society looming over them, they would prosecute and convict Anne Hutchinson for violating the cohesion of the colony. Hutchinson was a prominent woman in the ...
Is Q Necessary? A Source, Text, And Redaction Critical Approach To The Synoptic Problem, 2017 College of William and Mary
Is Q Necessary? A Source, Text, And Redaction Critical Approach To The Synoptic Problem, Paul S. Stein
Undergraduate Honors Theses
This study addresses two critical questions. First, whether or not the sayings document Q exists, and second, whether or not it is easier to explain the origin of the Synoptic Gospels based solely on a literary relationship amongst the three, without reference to any lost sources or outside documents. This study further has implications for the nature of earliest Christianity, as Q is often thought to be a window into a pre-gospel Judaic Christian community that putatively existed in Galilee, who likely developed its theology prior to St. Paul the Apostle. In addition, if Q can be shown not to ...
Aos 2017: Edward Elbridge Salisbury And The Aos (Slides), 2017 Yale University
Aos 2017: Edward Elbridge Salisbury And The Aos (Slides), Roberta L Dougherty
Roberta L. Dougherty
Aos 2017: Edward Elbridge Salisbury And The Aos, 2017 Yale University
Aos 2017: Edward Elbridge Salisbury And The Aos, Roberta L Dougherty
Roberta L. Dougherty
The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, 2017 University of Redlands
The Origins Of The Universal Declaration Of Human Rights, James V. Spickard
Presents the history of the 1948 adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, focusing on the prior status of human rights in international law and the cultural/ideological aspects of the debates surrounding its adoption. This chapter shows both the Western origin of the core human rights concepts and the positive-law nature of the Universal Declaration. it also shows that the cultural issues were present from the very start of the modern human rights era.
“Exchange Value: British ‘Scholarship Boys’ In Mid-Twentieth-Century America.”, 2017 Lake Forest College
“Exchange Value: British ‘Scholarship Boys’ In Mid-Twentieth-Century America.”, D. L. Lemahieu
History Faculty Publications
In the late 1950s and early 1960s a number of British “scholarship boys” traveled to America sponsored by British and American foundations. Their experiences in the United States qualify and complicate existing narratives about upwardly mobile meritocrats. First, Americans regarded these figures in a manner that helped alter their view of themselves. Distinctions that mattered in Britain became less significant in America, though scholarship boys remained shrewd enough to penetrate the veneer of a superficial egalitarianism. National identity became a marker that sidelined residual anxieties about social hierarchy. Second, American prosperity affected the bias against consumerism shared by many British ...