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The Medieval Foundations Of John Locke's Theory Of Natural Rights: Rights Of Subsistence And The Principle Of Extreme Necessity, Scott Swanson 2016 Butler University

The Medieval Foundations Of John Locke's Theory Of Natural Rights: Rights Of Subsistence And The Principle Of Extreme Necessity, Scott Swanson

Scott Swanson

Of all the things Locke has to say about natural rights, the principle of extreme necessity strikes people today as the strangest element of his thought. It is the single element of his natural rights theory that has been lost; most people today have never heard of it and react with disbelief when it is explained. That principle, which was nevertheless a commonplace of medieval theology and church law, states, simply enough, that a person in extreme necessity—that is, facing the prospect of certain, not necessarily instant, death—may rightfully take the property of other people to sustain his ...


Print Or Not Print: Is That Still The Question?, Walid Ghali Nasr 2016 Aga Khan University

Print Or Not Print: Is That Still The Question?, Walid Ghali Nasr

Faculty & Staff Publications

This paper aims to shed light on some of the reasons that might have caused the rejection of the printing press in the first place, and subsequently have caused the delay in adopting of printing and dissemination of knowledge in the Modern Middle East. It will also investigate similar issues that affect manuscript digitisation projects in the Middle East focusing on Egypt where enormous collections of manuscripts are still not accessible to the world. A comparison of the attitudes towards the printing press in the Middle East and the attitudes towards manuscript digitisation should help in understanding these phenomena.


Cats And Dogs: The Development Of The Household Pet Through Symbolic Interpretations And Social Practices In The Middle Ages And Renaissance, Lindsey Nicole Blair 2016 University of Iowa

Cats And Dogs: The Development Of The Household Pet Through Symbolic Interpretations And Social Practices In The Middle Ages And Renaissance, Lindsey Nicole Blair

University of Iowa Honors Theses

Cats and dogs are perhaps the most ubiquitous and consistently represented animals throughout documented human history. Forms of the respective species have roamed the earth for millions of years; however, cats and dogs have held different societal positions ranging from exalted deities to pests. The shifting attitudes and social practices between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance in Western Europe fostered the reexamination of the relationship between humans and animals.

Dogs – and later cats – were the earliest animals to be allowed occupancy inside the medieval house solely to serve utilitarian needs. The development of the modern day concept of the ...


The Development Of An English Antislavery Identity In The Eighteenth Century, John Gilbert Hyatt 2016 Claremont McKenna College

The Development Of An English Antislavery Identity In The Eighteenth Century, John Gilbert Hyatt

CMC Senior Theses

This thesis explores the growth of antislavery sentiment in the English-speaking world during the eighteenth century. I examine the institutional processes, transatlantic discourses, and ideological schema with which individuals and groups reformulated their identities as a means of extricating themselves from slavery's various social, economic, and ethical implications. I argue that abolitionism in England is best understood as the cumulative outcome to a series of identity reconstructions, and that a Histoire des Mentalités, as drawn from the Annales School, is an apt methodology for unmasking the structural underpinnings of an antislavery identity.


The Case Of The Stanly Will, Ryan Speer 2016 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

The Case Of The Stanly Will, Ryan Speer

Provenance, Journal of the Society of Georgia Archivists

This article presents a historical account of the state of Georgia's 1926 suit to recover a colonial will which had been an item of commerce for some 50 years at the time of the court proceedings. Ultimately, Georgia was unable to prove that the will was a state record. The state’s result can been seen as part of a larger pattern indicating that replevin is not consistently effective in recovering documents lacking conclusive evidence of long-standing public custody.


Pessimism In Progress: Hermann Sudermann And The Liberal German Bourgeoisie, Jason Doerre 2016 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Pessimism In Progress: Hermann Sudermann And The Liberal German Bourgeoisie, Jason Doerre

Doctoral Dissertations

Once ranked among the most internationally read authors at the turn of the nineteenth century, the name Hermann Sudermann (1857–1928) today has been all but forgotten. This dissertation frames the life and work of this once famous author in the context of the liberal German bourgeois milieu. Not only was Sudermann a liberal bourgeois, his works reflected the preferred styles, attitudes, and worldview of this social class. I argue that the rise and fall of Hermann Sudermann’s career, as it was inextricably connected to the fortunes of the liberal German bourgeoisie, mirrors the trajectory thereof. As the appeal ...


“The Most Poisonous Of All Diseases Of Mind Or Body”: Colorphobia And The Politics Of Reform, April J. Gemeinhardt 2016 University of Montana

“The Most Poisonous Of All Diseases Of Mind Or Body”: Colorphobia And The Politics Of Reform, April J. Gemeinhardt

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Focusing on the mid-1830s through 1865, this thesis explores colorphobia—the irrational fear and hatred of black people otherwise known as racial prejudice—as a reform tactic adopted by abolitionists. It argues that colorphobia played a pivotal role in the radical abolitionist reform agenda for promoting anti-slavery, immediate emancipation, equal rights, and black advancement. By framing racial prejudice as a disease, abolitionists believed connotations, stigmas, and fears of illness would elicit more attention to the rapidly increasing racial prejudice in the free North and persuade prejudiced white Americans into changing their ways. Abolitionists used parallels to cholera, choleraphobia (fear of ...


Sanctioned Silencing, Symbolic Resistance: Race, Space, And Dispossession In A Marginalized South African Community, Killian Richard Miller 2016 Bard College

Sanctioned Silencing, Symbolic Resistance: Race, Space, And Dispossession In A Marginalized South African Community, Killian Richard Miller

Senior Projects Spring 2016

Senior Project submitted to The Division of Social Studies of Bard College

My field work and the written portion of my ethnography work through issues of marginality, state apparatuses, illusions of freedom, and making meaning in a context of oppression. All these power dynamics are historically-situated within the cultural context and community of Hangberg, a place forged by the race-based forced removals of Apartheid. British and Dutch colonization, Apartheid's racial regime, and the post-Apartheid oligarchical state, are all historical and contemporary authoritative forces that are impacting the everyday lives of people in Hangberg. Perspectives of power also serve as ...


The Relationship Between Sexology And The Lesbian Identity In Early 20th-Century Britain, Shaina Paige Maciejewski 2016 University of New Hampshire - Main Campus

The Relationship Between Sexology And The Lesbian Identity In Early 20th-Century Britain, Shaina Paige Maciejewski

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


The Study Of Generations: A Timeless Notion Within A Contemporary Context, Lauren M. Troksa 2016 University of Colorado Boulder

The Study Of Generations: A Timeless Notion Within A Contemporary Context, Lauren M. Troksa

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The study of generations has been timeless. Dating as far back as Plato’s time (428 B.C.E) to present-day (2016), scholars of all fields have used generations to study large trends that emerge over time in specific groups of people. Generations are not typically analyzed, however, in a way that reflects a more complicated and polarizing relationship between each generation. Seen especially in the post-World War II generations of the Silent Generation, Baby Boomer Generation, and Millennial Generation, each generation has a unique identity and culture within it, making it difficult for older generations to relate to younger ...


Resistance, Revolt, And Revolution In Achaemenid Persia: Response, Elspeth Dusinberre 2016 University of Colorado, Boulder

Resistance, Revolt, And Revolution In Achaemenid Persia: Response, Elspeth Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

How can archaeology help us see low-level local resistance to imperial domination, before it erupts into the kind of revolt or rebellion attested to in historical sources? The mortuary remains of Anatolia during the time of the Achaemenid Persian Empire provide a case study to examine this problem. They demonstrate two simultaneous directions of influence: participation by the elite in aspects of empire and imperial propagation, and local geographically-based resistance to imperial ideology and pressure.


The Unwanted Immigrant, Frank A. Bozich III 2016 James Madison University

The Unwanted Immigrant, Frank A. Bozich Iii

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

The social and religious differences between Chinese migrants and Americans of European descent played a large role in the exploitation of the Chinese. Ultimately, nativism became ingrained in Californian society as Irish Americans began to view Chinese as a threat to their economic success and violence toward Chinese became more common due to the Californian government’s support of anti-Chinese and nativist legislation.


Prescribing The American Dream: Psychoanalysts, Mass Media, And The Construction Of Social And Political Norms In The 1950'S, Daniel P. Kamienski 2016 University of Montana, Missoula

Prescribing The American Dream: Psychoanalysts, Mass Media, And The Construction Of Social And Political Norms In The 1950'S, Daniel P. Kamienski

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

This paper surveys how and why psychoanalysis during the 1950s—its “Golden Age” in the United States—emerged as a highly respected professional discipline with great public currency. The prevalence and popularity of psychoanalysts in public culture is substantiated by an extensive survey of primary print sources featuring psychoanalysts opining on many of the major social and political issues of the decade. Combining these opinions with those expressed in professional journals and publications, this paper reveals how psychoanalysts used their growing public currency to shape debates about which social identities and behaviors, cultural values, and political ideals were appropriate and ...


Duae M. A. Mureti Orationes In Platonis Rem Publicam Commentariis Instructae, Robert Stephen Hill 2016 University of Kentucky

Duae M. A. Mureti Orationes In Platonis Rem Publicam Commentariis Instructae, Robert Stephen Hill

Theses and Dissertations--Modern and Classical Languages, Literature and Cultures

Marcus Antonius Muretus, qui inde ab anno 1526o usque ad 1585m vixit, modo Latine scribendi optimo insignis et apud aequales et apud posteriores, annis 1573o et 1574o duas in Platonis Rem Publicam habuit orationes. Quarum contextus in hoc opusculo editur commentariisque instruitur, quo facilius a lectoribus hodiernis sententiae Mureti legantur ac intellegantur. In praefatione quam huic opusculo adiunximus tractantur etiam res nonnullae quae ad Muretum et ad has orationes de Platone habitas pertinent: videlicet Mureti vita, sententiae eius ad artem rhetoricam pertinentes, controversiae Ciceronianae, studia Graeca, philosophia Platonica, denique ratio quam ad hanc editionem perficiendam adhibuimus.

Marc-Antoine Muret (1526-1585), known ...


Confronting 'Liberal Lies' About Black Canada: George Elliott Clarke And The Children Of Frantz Fanon, Daniel McNeil 2015 Carleton University

Confronting 'Liberal Lies' About Black Canada: George Elliott Clarke And The Children Of Frantz Fanon, Daniel Mcneil

Daniel McNeil

This article reads George Elliott Clarke as a child of Frantz Fanon – one of a cohort of cultural critics born between 1952 (the year of the first publication of Peau Noire, Masques Blancs) and 1961 (the year of the original publication of Les Damnés de la Terre and Fanon’s death) who, like the “honest intellectuals” in Fanon’s manifestos, have expressed manifest contempt for profiteers and schemers. Drawing on Clarke’s academic work and journalism, and alluding to other key members of this cohort – such as Armond White, Cornel West and Paul Gilroy – the essay argues that the children ...


The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner 2015 Marquette University

The Catholic Enlightenment. The Forgotten History Of A Global Movement, Ulrich Lehner

Ulrich L. Lehner

No abstract provided.


Studies In The History Of Anthropology In The United States, Jay H. Bernstein 2015 CUNY Kingsborough Community College

Studies In The History Of Anthropology In The United States, Jay H. Bernstein

Publications and Research

I will talk about a study I did on the first persons to do Ph.D.s in anthropology and how the project led to my leaving the anthropology profession and becoming a librarian. The project began in a biographical study of a little-known anthropologist that involved archival work. As a librarian who has left the profession of anthropology (not without trauma), I remain keenly interested in the history and bibliography of anthropology and view dissertation projects as crucial to understanding the biographies of scholars and trends in academic professions.


Bibliography - The Summits Of Modern Man: Mountaineering After The Enlightenment, Peter H. Hansen 2015 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Bibliography - The Summits Of Modern Man: Mountaineering After The Enlightenment, Peter H. Hansen

Peter H. Hansen

This bibliography consists of works cited in The Summits of Modern Man along with a few references to citations that were cut during editing. It does not include archival sources, which are cited in the notes. A bibliography of works consulted (printed or archival) would be even longer and more cumbersome. The print and ebook editions of The Summits of Modern Man do not include a bibliography in accordance with Harvard University Press conventions. Instead, this online bibliography provides links to online resources. For books, Worldcat opens the collections of thousands of libraries and Harvard HOLLIS records often provide richer ...


Bibliography - The Summits Of Modern Man: Mountaineering After The Enlightenment, Peter H. Hansen 2015 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Bibliography - The Summits Of Modern Man: Mountaineering After The Enlightenment, Peter H. Hansen

Peter H. Hansen

This bibliography consists of works cited in The Summits of Modern Man along with a few references to citations that were cut during editing. It does not include archival sources, which are cited in the notes. A bibliography of works consulted (printed or archival) would be even longer and more cumbersome. The print and ebook editions of The Summits of Modern Man do not include a bibliography in accordance with Harvard University Press conventions. Instead, this online bibliography provides links to online resources. For books, Worldcat opens the collections of thousands of libraries and Harvard HOLLIS records often provide richer ...


Bibliography - The Summits Of Modern Man: Mountaineering After The Enlightenment, Peter H. Hansen 2015 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Bibliography - The Summits Of Modern Man: Mountaineering After The Enlightenment, Peter H. Hansen

Peter H. Hansen

This bibliography consists of works cited in The Summits of Modern Man along with a few references to citations that were cut during editing. It does not include archival sources, which are cited in the notes. A bibliography of works consulted (printed or archival) would be even longer and more cumbersome. The print and ebook editions of The Summits of Modern Man do not include a bibliography in accordance with Harvard University Press conventions. Instead, this online bibliography provides links to online resources. For books, Worldcat opens the collections of thousands of libraries and Harvard HOLLIS records often provide richer ...


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