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Shifting Understandings Of Lesbianism In Imperial And Weimar Germany, Meghan C. Paradis 2016 Clark University

Shifting Understandings Of Lesbianism In Imperial And Weimar Germany, Meghan C. Paradis

Scholarly Undergraduate Research Journal at Clark

This paper seeks to understand how, and why, understandings of lesbianism shifted in Germany over the course of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Through close readings of both popular cultural productions and medical and psychological texts produced within the context of Imperial and Weimar Germany, this paper explores the changing nature of understandings of homosexuality in women, arguing that over the course of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the dominant conceptualization of lesbianism transformed from an understanding of lesbians that was rooted in biology and viewed lesbians as physically masculine “gender inverts”, to one that was ...


Dujovne, Alejandro. Una Historia Del Libro Judío: La Cultura Judía Argentina A Través De Sus Editores, Libreros, Traductores, Imprentas Y Bibliotecas [A History Of The Jewish Book: Argentine Jewish Culture As Seen Through Its Publishers, Booksellers, Translators, Printing Houses And Libraries]. Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 2014. 302 Pp. Isbn 9789876294362, David W. Foster 2016 Arizona State University at the Tempe Campus

Dujovne, Alejandro. Una Historia Del Libro Judío: La Cultura Judía Argentina A Través De Sus Editores, Libreros, Traductores, Imprentas Y Bibliotecas [A History Of The Jewish Book: Argentine Jewish Culture As Seen Through Its Publishers, Booksellers, Translators, Printing Houses And Libraries]. Buenos Aires: Siglo Veintiuno Editores, 2014. 302 Pp. Isbn 9789876294362, David W. Foster

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Opium Eaters: Buddhism As Revolutionary Politics, James Shields 2016 Bucknell University

Opium Eaters: Buddhism As Revolutionary Politics, James Shields

Faculty Contributions to Books

There is no one, single answer to the question: What is or are ‘Buddhist politics’? Rather than seek general historical trends or broad tendencies, in this chapter I explore the meaning and implications of the modern, Western conception of ‘politics’ as understood in relation to key features of Buddhist doctrine. In particular, I pose the question of whether we might fruitfully conceive at least certain interpretations of Buddhism—or perhaps, of Dharma—as politics, rather than ‘religion’ or ‘philosophy.’ I argue that twentieth century progressive Buddhists Seno’o Girō (1889–1961) and B. R. Ambedkar (1891–1956) were not so ...


Finding The Truth: An Examination Into The Use Of Rhetoric In Thucydides, Eryn Pritchett 2016 Murray State University

Finding The Truth: An Examination Into The Use Of Rhetoric In Thucydides, Eryn Pritchett

Scholars Week

For centuries, scholars have looked to Thucydides as truth--a factual and accurate account of the Peloponnesian War--due to his thorough use of critical analysis and logical deduction. Unlike his predecessor, Herodotus, Thucydides dodged the critical and literary analysis that has plagued Herodotus for years. However, in the past few decades historians realized that Thucydides is far more than facts on paper. This research project will show that Thucydides use of Athenian rhetoric transforms his work from that of historical accuracy into a "possession for all time," redefining the way other historians would construct their own narrative. (Thucydides, 1.22.1 ...


The Effects Of Denazification On Education In West Germany, Helen Beckert 2016 Murray State University

The Effects Of Denazification On Education In West Germany, Helen Beckert

Scholars Week

During the rebuilding of West Germany after World War II, the education system experienced rapid changes due to denazification. Under Allied occupation, Nazi influence in every aspect of society was to be eliminated. The initial phases of denazification took place in a setting of mass chaos; many German schools had been destroyed during the war, textbooks approved by Nazis were completely unacceptable for use in the postwar era, and teachers who had not belonged to the Nazi Party were few and far between. Despite this myriad of challenges, the schools of West Germany rebounded and began to thrive in the ...


The Genesis Of The Sonderweg, Annie Everett 2016 University of Tennessee

The Genesis Of The Sonderweg, Annie Everett

International Social Science Review

The precarious legacy of National Socialism has informed much, if not all, of German historiography in the decades since Fritz Fischer first published German War Aims in the First World War in 1961. Sonderweg historiography (scholarship that explores the notion that Germany has followed a separate path to modernity) attempts to anchor the field with two historical assumptions: that an understanding of the greater German past necessitates an inherently negative diagnosis of German ills, and that this diagnosis is a product of and hinges on the emergence of National Socialism in Germany. But what if we excluded National Socialism from ...


Feral And Isolated Children From Herodotus To Akbar To Hesse: Heroes, Thinkers, And Friends Of Wolves, Karl Steel 2016 CUNY Brooklyn College

Feral And Isolated Children From Herodotus To Akbar To Hesse: Heroes, Thinkers, And Friends Of Wolves, Karl Steel

Publications and Research

"In 1304, a small child of Hesse was taken by wolves, and lived with them for a while, eating well, learning to run on all fours, perhaps joining them in their raids on sheep and humans, until he was taken by hunters and forced to live, unhappily, in human society, compelled to learn to walk upright, and exhibited as a spectacle. This account, almost certainly legendary, belongs to a small set of similar stories of feral children from roughly the same time, which, unlike so many modern accounts of wild children, are not about isolation, deprivation, or a catastrophic separation ...


Beyond The Dusty World: Daoism And The Epistolary Dialectics Of Thomas Merton And John Wu, Anthony E. Clark 2016 Whitworth University

Beyond The Dusty World: Daoism And The Epistolary Dialectics Of Thomas Merton And John Wu, Anthony E. Clark

History Faculty Scholarship

In 1961, two great thinkers and spiritual masters inaugurated an epistolary exchange that transpired into a rich dialectic between East and West. Professor John H. Wu (Wu Jingxiong 吳經熊 1899-1986) and Father Thomas Louis Merton, OCSO, (1915-1968) largely centered their interchange upon the topic of the Dao 道, or “Way,” as it was articulated in the Daoist tradition in China’s Zhou (1045-221 BC) and Han (206 BC-AD 220) eras. With due respect to the abiding intellects and spiritual insight of these two interlocutors, this paper considers the possible disparities between what Wu and Merton understood to be the “Dao ...


On Emmy Noether And Her Algebraic Works, Deborah Radford 2016 Governors State University

On Emmy Noether And Her Algebraic Works, Deborah Radford

All Student Theses

In the early 1900s a rising star in the mathematics world was emerging. I will discuss her life as a female mathematician and the struggles she faced being a rebel in her time. I will also take an in depth look at some of her contributions to the mathematics and science community . Her work in algebra and more specifically, ring theory, are said to be foundations for much of the work done since then. Her developments in abstract algebra helped to unify topology, geometry, logic and linear algebra. Also, Noether's theorem is a widely used theorem in physics along ...


Thinking Through The Monarchy In Sixth-Century Visigothic Spain, Cade Meinel 2016 College of William and Mary

Thinking Through The Monarchy In Sixth-Century Visigothic Spain, Cade Meinel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper uses a comparison of the laws of the Visigothic Code to the events of the sixth century to investigate the continuity that the concepts surrounding the Visigothic monarchy, such as negotiated sovereignty and religious and ethnic identities, provided within the Visigothic kingdom in Spain. It first establishes the theoretical framework for the monarchy found in the law before exploring how these ideas influenced and were in turn affected by the events of the sixth century. It moves through the century starting with King Theodoric the Great and the Ostrogoth influence and ends with the kings Liuvigild and Recarred ...


Adam Smith For Our Times, Ii: Of Sympathy And Selfishness, Michael Gavin 2016 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Adam Smith For Our Times, Ii: Of Sympathy And Selfishness, Michael Gavin

Studies in Scottish Literature

Summarizes the published proceedings of a recent conference at Mercer University discussing the significance for 21st century America of the 18th century Scottish philosopher and economist Adam Smith, and offers a critical perspective.


Whitefield's Music: Moorfields Tabernacle, The Divine Musical Miscellany (1754), And The Fashioning Of Early Evangelical Sacred Song, Stephen A. Marini 2016 Wellesley College

Whitefield's Music: Moorfields Tabernacle, The Divine Musical Miscellany (1754), And The Fashioning Of Early Evangelical Sacred Song, Stephen A. Marini

Yale Journal of Music & Religion

Evangelical hymnody was the most significant form of popular sacred song in eighteenth-century Anglo-America. John and Charles Wesley built their Methodist movement on it, but little is known about the music of their great collaborator and eventual rival, George Whitefield (1714-1770). The essential sources of Whitefield's music are the development of ritual song at his Moorfields Tabernacle in London, his Collection of Hymns for Social Worship (1753) prepared for that congregation, and a little-known tunebook called The Divine Musical Miscellany (1754) that contains the first and definitive repertory of music known to be sung at Moorfields. This essay recovers ...


Fantasy Incarnate: Of Elves And Men, Simon J. Cook Dr. 2016 None

Fantasy Incarnate: Of Elves And Men, Simon J. Cook Dr.

Journal of Tolkien Research

This essay proposes the idea of incarnation as a key to unlocking Tolkien’s conception of fantasy as set out in the 'Origins' section of On Fairy Stories. Tolkien's intellectual context is explored and his conception of mythology as a blending of imagination and history examined. The essay also establishes the differences between mortal and Elvish fantasy and argues that Tolkien's Elves engage in a different kind of incarnational art than do mortals. In conclusion it is claimed that in ‘Origins’ Tolkien reworked the speculations of mid-Victorian comparative philology into an aesthetic theory of artistic creation grounded upon ...


Common Knowledge: Epistemology And The Beginnings Of Copyright Law, Jonathan Scott Enderle 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Common Knowledge: Epistemology And The Beginnings Of Copyright Law, Jonathan Scott Enderle

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Literary critics’ engagement with copyright law has often emphasized ontological questions about the relation between idealized texts and their material embodiments. This essay turns toward a different set of questions—about the role of texts in the communication of knowledge. Developing an alternative intellectual genealogy of copyright law grounded in the eighteenth-century contest between innatism and empiricism, I argue that jurists like William Blackstone and poets like Edward Young drew on Locke’s theories of ideas to articulate a new understanding of writing as uncommunicative expression. Innatists understood texts as tools that could enable transparent communication through a shared stock ...


Loving Literature And Recovering Eighteenth-Century Literary Instrumentalism, Anna M Foy 2016 University of Pennsylvania

Loving Literature And Recovering Eighteenth-Century Literary Instrumentalism, Anna M Foy

Departmental Papers (English)

No abstract provided.


“Don't Think But Look:” Using Wittgenstein's Notion Of Family Resemblances To Look At Genocide, James J. Snow 2016 Loyola University Maryland

“Don't Think But Look:” Using Wittgenstein's Notion Of Family Resemblances To Look At Genocide, James J. Snow

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

This article contributes to the ongoing and growing scholarly conversation concerning how best to define the term “genocide” following Raphael Lemkin’s coining of the term in 1944. The article first shows that the Convention definition ratified in Paris in 1948 was intended solely for juridical purposes and does not reflect Lemkin’s deeper understanding of genocide. It then surveys a range of scholarship after Lemkin that argues for alternative definitions of term or even calls for jettisoning the term altogether. While it is acknowledged that a clear definition is imperative in a juridical context, it is argued that there ...


Export / Import: The Promotion Of Contemporary Italian Art In The United States, 1935-1969, Raffaele Bedarida 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Export / Import: The Promotion Of Contemporary Italian Art In The United States, 1935-1969, Raffaele Bedarida

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Export / Import examines the exportation of contemporary Italian art to the United States from 1935 to 1969 and how it refashioned Italian national identity in the process. I do not concentrate on the Italian art scene per se, or on the American reception of Italian shows. Through a transnational perspective, instead, I examine the role of art exhibitions, publications, and critical discourse aimed at American audiences. Inaugurated by the Fascist regime as a form of political propaganda, this form of cultural outreach to the United States continued after WWII as Italian museums, dealers, and critics aimed to vaunt the new ...


Filología Reflexiva: Hacia Una Pedagogía “Evaluadora”. Reflexión Y Evaluación Del Campo Filológico Español (1936-1968), Jose Antonio Losada Montero 2016 Graduate Center, City University of New York

Filología Reflexiva: Hacia Una Pedagogía “Evaluadora”. Reflexión Y Evaluación Del Campo Filológico Español (1936-1968), Jose Antonio Losada Montero

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This doctoral thesis offers an original and valuable contribution to the study of the genealogy of the literary canon between 1939 and 1968. During Francisco Franco´s dictatorship, Spanish Universities underwent a series of important changes in its academic and management configuration and in the way Spanish elites envisioned Higher Education inside the regime. This research focuses in the role that Spanish scholars, inside Hispanic and Modern Language Departments, played in this renegotiation of a new and crucial sociopolitical mission for College Education. By focusing on the period between 1939 and 1968, a moment of sociopolitical instability and conservative literary ...


Rights Of Subsistence In The Twelfth And Thirteenth Century: The Case Of Abandoned Children And Servants, Scott Swanson 2016 Butler University

Rights Of Subsistence In The Twelfth And Thirteenth Century: The Case Of Abandoned Children And Servants, Scott Swanson

Scott Swanson

Dr. Scott Swanson's contribution to the "Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Medieval Canon Law : Syracuse, New York, 13-18 August 1996"


Emerging Concepts Of Jurisdiction, Property Right, And Sacramental Orders Among Dominican Thinkers From Thomas Aquinas To Herveus Natalis, 1250-1320, Scott Swanson 2016 Butler University

Emerging Concepts Of Jurisdiction, Property Right, And Sacramental Orders Among Dominican Thinkers From Thomas Aquinas To Herveus Natalis, 1250-1320, Scott Swanson

Scott Swanson

Doctoral Dissertation of Scott Swanson, Cornell University 1988.


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