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Notes On The Circulation Of Epistemic Images, Nina Samuel 2021 Humboldt University Berlin

Notes On The Circulation Of Epistemic Images, Nina Samuel

Artl@s Bulletin

Three cases of image circulation in the sciences, two from complex dynamics and one from microscopy, are discussed. The article deals with failed circulations, suspected errors, interdisciplinary communication, notebooks of scientists, the role of media shifts, mathematics and materiality, human perception, pictorial norms and conventions. It analyses how images circulate through different thought collectives and visual cultures. All three examples show different strategies of how images that break with visual traditions have been reintegrated into epistemic circulations and become “boundary objects” that are both robust and flexible.


Reactions And Responses To The American Chestnut Blight In The Twentieth Century, Sarah Heavren 2021 Providence College

Reactions And Responses To The American Chestnut Blight In The Twentieth Century, Sarah Heavren

Phillips Memorial Library Undergraduate Craft of Research Prize

Chapter from The Perfect Tree: The American Chestnut Tree in American Culture, Economics, and Science in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

The tale of the American chestnut tree offers incredible insight on Americans’ changing relationship with their environment and the complications added by economic motivations and scientific advancements. The American chestnut tree was known for its favorable timber and delectable nuts, which allowed the tree to assume a level of economic and cultural significance in twentieth century America. The timber was versatile and durable, and picking chestnuts and roasting them during the holidays were common seasonal traditions. However, the arrival ...


The Effects Of Victorian Circulating Libraries On The Conventions Of Society, Kaitlyn M. Clary 2021 Murray State University

The Effects Of Victorian Circulating Libraries On The Conventions Of Society, Kaitlyn M. Clary

Steeplechase: An ORCA Student Journal

As an era that is oftentimes categorized as one of the most prudish in British history, it is commonplace to see the Victorian Period as a time that imposed strict moral codes onto people of all classes, genders, and ages. Although the 18th century proved to be quite lenient with the manner in which social behavior was controlled, the 19th century proved to be an era of tension between the social order and individual desire, particularly for the middle and upper classes. With the aid of the Industrial Revolution, many governments found it essential to utilize the newly innovated printing ...


The Emergence Of Neurology During The American Civil War: The Delafield Commission's Impact On Military Medicine, Michaela Ahrenholtz 2021 University of South Dakota

The Emergence Of Neurology During The American Civil War: The Delafield Commission's Impact On Military Medicine, Michaela Ahrenholtz

Honors Thesis

In 1855, three high ranking military officers organized as the Delafield Commission traveled across Europe during the Crimean War. They were tasked to consider, report, and upon their return, implement the advancements they observed from the militaries across the European continent. During their travels, the Delafield Commission evaluated changes in artillery, cavalry, and military medicine. Upon their return, the members of the Delafield Commission published their reports, and a year later the Civil War began. As the war continued, innovations from the Crimean War were implemented, including withing the Union Army Medical Department. Major medical reform was facilitated by Dr ...


Alchemical Word-Magic In 'The Winter’S Tale', Rana Banna 2021 University College London

Alchemical Word-Magic In 'The Winter’S Tale', Rana Banna

Accessus

Within alchemical writing there is both a religious and scientific register in simultaneous coexistence. The linguistic symbols of alchemy are themselves to be understood as chemical matter embedded in the world by divine providence: a principle manifest in the doctrine of signatures. The natural world offers a complex but ultimately resolvable hermeneutic challenge to the natural scientist, whose job it becomes to be a reader of the book of nature wherein the Creator has inscribed a legible, if often allusive, meaning and purpose. This paper will proceed to explore how early modern alchemical-thinking impacted attitudes towards language and meaning in ...


Reading Agrippa Von Nettesheim’S De Occulta Philosophia Libri Tres: Textual Structure And Central Arguments, Allison Kavey 2021 CUNY John Jay College of Criminal Justice and CUNY Graduate Center

Reading Agrippa Von Nettesheim’S De Occulta Philosophia Libri Tres: Textual Structure And Central Arguments, Allison Kavey

Accessus

Abstract: This article reads Agrippa von Nettesheim’s De Occulta Philosophia Libri Tres (1531/1533) as a comprehensive model of the universe that integrates magic as part of the original Creation. It focuses on the text’s structure to make sense of a book that has sometimes been dismissed as an encyclopedia or read primarily through the lens of Agrippa’s other works. It concludes that each of the three sections of this text provides evidence to support Agrippa’s model of the universe and that an early modern reader would have had the ability and reading style to put ...


Full Issue: Volume 2, Issue 1, Editorial Board 2021 Swarthmore College

Full Issue: Volume 2, Issue 1, Editorial Board

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

The first issue in the second volume of the Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal.


University Of Massachusetts Medical School Yearbook Collection, 1974 – Ongoing: A Finding Aid, Office of Medical History and Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Sjostedt 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

University Of Massachusetts Medical School Yearbook Collection, 1974 – Ongoing: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

This collection contains Iatros, the annually published yearbook of the University of Massachusetts Medical School.


文理人 (Wenliren: Humanities, Science, Human), Lui LAM 2021 San Jose State University

文理人 (Wenliren: Humanities, Science, Human), Lui Lam

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Oral History Collection: A Finding Aid, Office of Medical History and Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Sjostedt 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Oral History Collection: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

The Oral History Collection comprises transcripts of interviews conducted from 2006 to 2015 by Ellen S. More, Ph.D., founding director of Lamar Soutter Library’s Office of Medical History and Archives (OMHA) at the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS). The interviews were conducted as part of Dr. More’s research into the history of UMMS, which is chronicled in her book, Beating the Odds: The University of Massachusetts Medical School, A History, 1962–2012 (2017). Interviewees include former and current members of the administration, faculty, staff, students, politicians, and community members.


Institutionalizing Gender: Madness, The Family, And Psychiatric Power In Nineteenth-Century France, Jessie Hewitt 2020 University of Redlands

Institutionalizing Gender: Madness, The Family, And Psychiatric Power In Nineteenth-Century France, Jessie Hewitt

Our House Books

Institutionalizing Gender analyzes the relationship between class, gender, and psychiatry in France from 1789 to 1900, an era noteworthy for the creation of the psychiatric profession, the development of a national asylum system, and the spread of bourgeois gender values.

Asylum doctors in nineteenth-century France promoted the notion that manliness was synonymous with rationality, using this "fact" to pathologize non-normative behaviors and confine people who did not embody mainstream gender expectations to asylums. And yet, this gendering of rationality also had the power to upset prevailing dynamics between men and women. Jessie Hewitt argues that the ways that doctors used ...


University Of Massachusetts Medical School Publications Collection, 1976 - Ongoing: A Finding Aid, Office of Medical History and Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

University Of Massachusetts Medical School Publications Collection, 1976 - Ongoing: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Reinhard

Finding Aids

The University of Massachusetts Medical School located in Worcester, Massachusetts was founded in 1962 and is the first and only public medical school in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Established to provide affordable, high-quality medical education to state residents and to increase the number of primary care physicians practicing in the state, the school is comprised of the School of Medicine, the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, and the Graduate School of Nursing. Its clinical partner, UMass Memorial Health Care, is the largest health care provider in central and western Massachusetts. This collection is composed of publications created by the University ...


Invisible Inequalities: Persistent Health Threats In The Urban Built Environment, Kara M. Schlichting, Melanie A. Kiechle 2020 CUNY Queens College

Invisible Inequalities: Persistent Health Threats In The Urban Built Environment, Kara M. Schlichting, Melanie A. Kiechle

Publications and Research

A city’s materiality creates health and illness. We both write about air – its movement and its temperature – as it affects human bodies. We offer two topics as case studies, heat and ventilation, and how they exacerbate the effects of each other, to illustrate the long history of seemingly new challenges posed by the novel coronavirus. The environmental inequalities of heat exposure and access to fresh air underscore that cities can only be considered ‘low impact’ on the environment from a top-down, large-scale approach. In writing about air and heat, we direct attention to the feel and the bodily impacts ...


The Women Of The Virus Research Laboratory: The Hidden History Of The Salk Vaccine Through The Women Who Worked With Dr. Jonas Salk In Pittsburgh, Pa From 1947 To 1955, Julie Kerlin 2020 Westminster College, New Wilmington Pennsylvania

The Women Of The Virus Research Laboratory: The Hidden History Of The Salk Vaccine Through The Women Who Worked With Dr. Jonas Salk In Pittsburgh, Pa From 1947 To 1955, Julie Kerlin

The Macksey Journal

Dr. Jonas Salk is known as an American hero who saved the nation when he developed the polio vaccine. His achievement was announced to the world on April 12, 1955. Dr. Salk was rightfully and universally praised, receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1977. But Dr. Salk did not work alone. Few of his coworkers were credited by Salk, at the time or in the wake of the announcement, and as a result the media and the public knew next to nothing about the eight-year-long collaborative efforts in Salk’s Virus Research Laboratory (VRL). His coworkers and assistants were ...


Teaching The Black Death During Covid-19, Rachel Podd 2020 Fordham University

Teaching The Black Death During Covid-19, Rachel Podd

Developing Pedagogy Graduate Student Showcase

On the 13th of November 2020, the Renaissance Society of America, in conjunction with Fordham University, hosted on a symposium, “Plagues, Pandemics, and Outbreaks of Disease in History”, including a series of presentations focused on pedagogical strategies related to the topic of disease in Early Modern History. As part of this pedagogy roundtable, Rachel Podd developed a variety of materials suitable for educators in secondary or higher education; these materials use the current pandemic, COVID-19, as a teaching tool and analytical lens for the study of historical pandemics and, more specifically, of the Black Death of the fourteenth century. Conceived ...


China’S Illegal Organ Trade: From Executed Prisoners To Organ Tourism To Falun Gong, Adrienne Thompson 2020 West Virginia University

China’S Illegal Organ Trade: From Executed Prisoners To Organ Tourism To Falun Gong, Adrienne Thompson

West Virginia University Historical Review

As worldwide populations continue to rise, the constant necessity for life-saving organs for terminally and chronically ill patients has become extremely vital and profitable to medical centers across the globe. Since China’s preliminary debut in the international organ donation and transplantation system in the late 1960s, various scholars, journalists, and health professionals across the globe have demonstrated outright shock at the massive influx and seemingly endless supply of transferable organs emanating from Chinese transplant centers and hospitals. Investigations have shown that China has been actively harvesting organs from recently executed prisoners and incarcerated Falun Gong practitioners. Regardless of numerous ...


Office Of Ethics Records, 1977-1999: A Finding Aid, Office of Medical History and Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Sjostedt 2020 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Office Of Ethics Records, 1977-1999: A Finding Aid, Office Of Medical History And Archives, Lamar Soutter Library, University Of Massachusetts Medical School, Kristine M. Sjostedt

Finding Aids

The records in this collection from the University of Massachusetts Medical School consist of documents, correspondence, publications, and other materials created by the Office of Ethics between 1977 and 2000.


Two Unusual Mind Diagrams In A Late Fifteenth-Century Manuscript (Upenn Schoenberg Collection, Ljs 429), Mary J. Carruthers 2020 New York University

Two Unusual Mind Diagrams In A Late Fifteenth-Century Manuscript (Upenn Schoenberg Collection, Ljs 429), Mary J. Carruthers

Manuscript Studies

University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Lawrence J. Schoenberg Collection, MS LJS 429, is a small booklet containing materials of natural philosophy, chiefly related to the effects of cosmic forces on human biology. Two of its diagrams illustrate the mentalizing process of the Aristotelian-Thomist psychology anima sensitiva, or the process through which sensory experience is formed as a mental perception. This essay points out the ways in which these diagrams differ from a standard (Thomist) medieval model of Mind. During the very late Middle Ages, the analysis of Mind as anima sensitiva and mens appears to shift from being action-based (analysed in ...


By Shattering The Vulture’S Nose, Melissa Yang 2020 Emory University

By Shattering The Vulture’S Nose, Melissa Yang

The Goose

This project explores an unusual ornithological debate between 19th-century naturalists John James Audubon and Charles Waterton on the olfaction of vultures. Both naturalists involved were also artists—certainly more than they were scientists—and prone to artifice and performative amplification. This article examines the rhetorical dynamics of this niche but sensational debate on avian olfaction, and its problematic influence on scientific progress.


Art, Anatomy, And Political Theory In The Late Renaissance: Creating An Image Of The Renaissance Body, Isabel Lauren Gheytanchi 2020 University of Cincinnati

Art, Anatomy, And Political Theory In The Late Renaissance: Creating An Image Of The Renaissance Body, Isabel Lauren Gheytanchi

The Macksey Journal

Universal access to the human body allows the body to serve as a common standard to which all things are measured against; an accessible analog. Societies cling to the comfort and stability of the universal human body when approaching new ideas. So naturally by the end of the European Renaissance (1450-1650) the prevalence of the human body in intellectual and artistic circles reflected the chaos brought on by new, unsettling Renaissance ideas. But with these new ideas and discoveries came a new understanding of embodiment: The Renaissance’s cultural construction of the human body. Previous historians have emphasized the advancement ...


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