Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

European History Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5,487 Full-Text Articles 3,298 Authors 2,437,334 Downloads 240 Institutions

All Articles in European History

Faceted Search

5,487 full-text articles. Page 1 of 166.

La Mano E Il Braccio: Comparing Italian Immigrant Communities In Louisiana And Florida, 1880-1914, Keith Richards 2020 University of Central Florida

La Mano E Il Braccio: Comparing Italian Immigrant Communities In Louisiana And Florida, 1880-1914, Keith Richards

The Macksey Journal

Italian immigration patterns to Louisiana and Tampa, FL have received a good deal of scholarly attention as two separate phenomena, but they are better understood as informing one another in the evolution of southern thought in regard to Italian immigrants. Italians were the second largest non-black minority group behind Mexicans to be lynched, and in understanding the circumstances surrounding those acts of extrajudicial violence, a pattern is apparent. Lynchings of Italians in Louisiana emerged out of fear of the Black Hand (La Mano Nera), and the Mafia, whereas the sole incident of an Italian being lynched in Tampa occurred as ...


Remembering Yesterday: The Rally That Changed The Future Of Over 1 Million Soviet Jews, Inbar Michael 2020 University of California, Irvine

Remembering Yesterday: The Rally That Changed The Future Of Over 1 Million Soviet Jews, Inbar Michael

The Macksey Journal

The purpose of this paper was to revive the importance of the Soviet Jewry Movement of the later 1900s, a historical occurrence that was quickly lost to history. It explored how the Soviet Jewry Movement not only relied on the unification of American Jews, but also on the mobilization and recognition of US politicians. Unification of American Jews entailed having to find common ground between the Orthodox and more secular Jews. The Soviet Jewry Movement successfully accomplished this by relying on the idea of Jewish solidarity to reach into the hearts of the Jews of the United States. The mobilization ...


Judith Augusta And Her Time, Allen Cabaniss 2020 University of Mississippi

Judith Augusta And Her Time, Allen Cabaniss

Studies in English

No abstract provided.


Beauty And Sadness: Experiencing Poland’S History And Jewish Heritage, Jennifer Weed 2020 CSUSB

Beauty And Sadness: Experiencing Poland’S History And Jewish Heritage, Jennifer Weed

History in the Making

No abstract provided.


Coping With An Impossible Reality: The Jewish Sonderkommando Of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Jennifer Weed 2020 CSUSB

Coping With An Impossible Reality: The Jewish Sonderkommando Of Auschwitz-Birkenau, Jennifer Weed

History in the Making

Despite the vast amount of western scholarly work on the Holocaust, there are issues that remain under-analyzed which would help nuance our understanding of this historical event. One of these issues is the experiences of groups who challenge our conceptual frameworks and present opportunities for developing different analytical methods. The testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando, or forced crematorium workers, of Auschwitz- Birkenau present such an opportunity by defying the categories used to describe victims and perpetrators, and by forcing us to reconsider how humans survive when conditions are extreme and violent. This paper argues that the testimonies of the Sonderkommando ...


Book Review: Sources Of Holocaust Insight, James J. Snow 2020 Loyola University

Book Review: Sources Of Holocaust Insight, James J. Snow

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

No abstract provided.


European History 1648 To Present, Joseph Conrad, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Carrie Lewis Miller, Firdavs Khaydarov, Odbayar Batsaikhan 2020 Minnesota State University - Mankato

European History 1648 To Present, Joseph Conrad, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Carrie Lewis Miller, Firdavs Khaydarov, Odbayar Batsaikhan

All Learner Levels

Openly licensed anthology focused on the theme of European History from 1648-Present as reflected in literature. Contains Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad and Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.


The Spies Are Among Us, Gwendolyn Ellis 2020 Lafayette College

The Spies Are Among Us, Gwendolyn Ellis

The Macksey Journal

This study focuses on the representation of secret police systems- the Gestapo in Nazi Germany and the Stasi in the German Democratic Republic- in post-reunification German language films. During the 1990s, the Stasi became one of the most prominent symbols of East German communism and oppression; the Gestapo, through emerging scholarship, became a subject of interest within the Nazi repression system. Perceptions of these systems have been affected not only by developing research but popular media. Films have a particular impact on public memory; their portrayal of the GDR and the Nazi State color the views held by those who ...


Italian Jews: A Surprising And Understudied Influence In The Enlightenment, Lura Martinez 2020 Liberty University

Italian Jews: A Surprising And Understudied Influence In The Enlightenment, Lura Martinez

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

The experience of Italian Jews during the Enlightenment is deserving of much more attention. Not only did Italian Jews such as Moshe Ḥayyim Luzzatto, a man born in a ghetto, later embrace a form of secularism, but his works and others written by his peers made an impact on the Italian Enlightenment and seemingly contributed to the practice of toleration that appeared in sporadic installments throughout Europe. While the Jewish experience in Europe hails from a long tradition of persecution, with sporadic and incomplete periods of toleration at various points in its history, it is clear that through a ...


Scottish Cattle Companies On The Western Frontier, Kelly A. Witherspoon 2020 Liberty University

Scottish Cattle Companies On The Western Frontier, Kelly A. Witherspoon

Bound Away: The Liberty Journal of History

This article examines how, as part of a larger British economic and financial investment in the American West, two Scottish companies, the Matador Land and Cattle Company, and the Prairie Cattle Company, were particularly successful. They also assisted the development of the American cattle industry by supporting the creation of cattle associations and improving cattle breeds.


The Things They Carried: Classical Greece Maritime Exchange, Ashley Skye Hunter 2020 East Carolina University

The Things They Carried: Classical Greece Maritime Exchange, Ashley Skye Hunter

The Macksey Journal

Since the dawn of civilization, the Mediterranean Sea was a place of significant maritime activity and ancient sailors took advantage of the accessible transportation and trading opportunities it provided. The Ancient Greeks were no exception and by the 5th century BCE, they were using the Mediterranean to not only transport physical objects but also exchange ideas and beliefs as well. However, microscopic organisms would also catch a ride on these ships, which led to the spread of certain diseases throughout Greek communities. Primary sources, such as Herodotus and Thucydides, give modern scholars information about maritime transportation. And where the ...


Urban Warfare: Emerging Geopolitical Conundrum, Bert Chapman 2020 Purdue University

Urban Warfare: Emerging Geopolitical Conundrum, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Urban warfare is as old as human history. It is becoming increasingly important in international political and military planning due to increasing global urbanization and the presence of megacities (urban areas with populations exceeding 10 million) in many global regions and being in areas of recent and potential military conflict. 2018 World Bank data notes that approximately 56% of the world's population lives in urban areas which is up from 34% in 1960. Many of these megacities, including New York City, Los Angeles, Sao Paulo, Mumbai, Shanghai, and Manila are adjacent to oceanic waters and vulnerable to trade and ...


The Dialectic Of Naturgeist In Hegel’S Anthropology: Soul, World, And Bodiliness, Jiho Oh 2020 Duquesne University

The Dialectic Of Naturgeist In Hegel’S Anthropology: Soul, World, And Bodiliness, Jiho Oh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The primary concern of the “Anthropology” section in Hegel’s Encyclopedia of 1830 is the relationship between soul and body: how the soul gains an immediate, bodily existence through embodiment, why and how this immediate mode of the soul’s bodily existence is precarious, and how the soul becomes second nature by overcoming the immediate, bodily existence through habit, more precisely. Importantly, the “Anthropology” is the place in Hegel’s Encyclopedia system where the Philosophy of Nature ends, and the Philosophy of Spirit begins. The thematization of the soul-body relationship in the “Anthropology” is thus essentially framed by a broader ...


The Fourth Estate: French Resistance To Nazi Occupation In The Press, Nathan J. Johnson 2020 Texas Tech University

The Fourth Estate: French Resistance To Nazi Occupation In The Press, Nathan J. Johnson

The Macksey Journal

Liberté, egalité, fraternité. The three totems of the French revolution have dominated the nation’s cultural and political system for centuries. And even as the three estates, clergy, aristocracy, and as Abbé Sieyès questioned, « Qu'est-ce que le Tiers-État? » in profound and impactful ways for the revolution, a fourth estate was growing and earning its place as the ardent protector of the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity. First coined by political thinker Edmund Burke in 1787, the idea of the freedom of the press as the guardian of veritas and as essential to the workings of a democratic government ...


Stooping Heads And Aspiring Shoulders: Advice For A Happy Marriage In Early Modern England, Meredith Power 2020 University of Maryland - Baltimore County

Stooping Heads And Aspiring Shoulders: Advice For A Happy Marriage In Early Modern England, Meredith Power

The Macksey Journal

The Protestant Reformation in England began with Henry VIII's Great Matter in the early 1500s. Almost a century later, British society's understanding of what made a good and happy marriage had evolved alongside the broader shifts in church doctrine, and Puritan factions began to splinter from mainstream Anglican practices and teachings. Writing in 1617 from the Protestant stronghold of Oxfordshire, an influential minister named William Whately offered newlyweds and engaged couples advice regarding their duties to each other and to their community. This 'Bride-bush,' as he called it, sought to make marriage "a great Helpe" for those who ...


A Feminist Historiography Of Jewish Motherhood During The Holocaust, Andrea Gapsch 2020 Ohio University - Main Campus

A Feminist Historiography Of Jewish Motherhood During The Holocaust, Andrea Gapsch

The Macksey Journal

This historiography researches historians’ view of Jewish motherhood during the Holocaust. For several decades, Holocaust research primarily focused on the male experience, as it was seen as normative. It was not until the 1980s that female historians had to argue that Jewish women experienced the Holocaust differently than men. Specifically, Jewish women were targeted by the Nazis for the ability to bear and raise Jewish children. The Nazis criminalized pregnancy (which led to abortions done by Jewish women and inmate doctors and infanticide), forcibly sterilized Jewish men and women, and caused amenorrhea in the camps by poor nutrition and overworking ...


God Is King, But So Is Louis Xvi: Royalist Tendencies Among Protestants During The Early Stages Of The French Revolution, Brandon Smith 2020 Brigham Young University

God Is King, But So Is Louis Xvi: Royalist Tendencies Among Protestants During The Early Stages Of The French Revolution, Brandon Smith

The Thetean: A Student Journal for Scholarly Historical Writing

No abstract provided.


"This Dangerous Ascendancy": Women's Political Participation In The French Revolution, Natalie Merten 2020 Brigham Young University

"This Dangerous Ascendancy": Women's Political Participation In The French Revolution, Natalie Merten

The Thetean: A Student Journal for Scholarly Historical Writing

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The United States Influence On German Eugenics., Cameron Williams 2020 East Tennessee State University

A Study Of The United States Influence On German Eugenics., Cameron Williams

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a study of the influence and effects that the United States had upon Germany from the rise of eugenics to its fall following the end of World War II. There are three stages to this study. First, I examine the rise of eugenics in the United States from its inception to the end of World War I and the influence it had upon Germany. Then I examine the interwar era along with the popularization of eugenics within both countries before concluding with the Second World War and post war era.

My thesis focuses on both the active ...


So Others May Live: The Price Of Healthcare In Combat, Robert Del Toro 2020 Chapman University

So Others May Live: The Price Of Healthcare In Combat, Robert Del Toro

War and Society (MA) Theses

“Medics carried more responsibilities than dry feet, salt tablets, syphilis, and puncture wounds,” U.S. Army Medic Ben Sherman stated after reflecting on his tour in Vietnam. On the battlefields of North Africa, Italy, France, and Vietnam, the medics of the U.S. Army Medical Department faced the difficult duty of preserving life while death surrounded them. Their patients were not strangers but, men they had grown close to, they were comrades and family. Analyzing the memoirs and letters of forward medical personnel from the Second World War and the Vietnam War, this thesis analyzes how a medic’s care ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress