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Ba'ath Party Archives And The Khmer Rouge Records: The Importance Of Cultural Accessibility, Elizabeth M. Thompson 2021 Seattle Pacific University

Ba'ath Party Archives And The Khmer Rouge Records: The Importance Of Cultural Accessibility, Elizabeth M. Thompson

Honors Projects

This paper contrasts the handling, provenance, and application of the Ba’ath Party Archives with that of the Cambodian Khmer Rouge Records. While similar in many facets, the events surrounding the Ba’ath Party Archives received heavy ridicule while the international community largely supported the handling of the Khmer Rouge records. The comparison of the Cambodian and Iraqi case studies’ distinct differences reveal why international opinion varies. It also emphasizes a gap within standard understanding concerning archival law and practices. This exploration will reveal that current archival dialogue focuses too much on a dichotomous relationship between international and national concerns. The author …


“The Most Modern Dining Hall In The City”: Chinese Immigrants, Restaurants, And Social Spaces In St. John’S, Newfoundland, 1918-1945, Miriam Wright 2021 University of Windsor

“The Most Modern Dining Hall In The City”: Chinese Immigrants, Restaurants, And Social Spaces In St. John’S, Newfoundland, 1918-1945, Miriam Wright

History Publications

The article looks at Chinese immigrants in Newfoundland, focusing on the restaurants they opened in St. John’s from 1918 through the mid-1940s. For the Chinese immigrants, restaurants were paths to economic stability and, for some, a way to establish themselves as respected members of the community. The restaurants were, however, also contested spaces, as civil authorities, drawing on racial, gendered, and class-based assumptions, saw them – and the social interactions taking place within them – as threatening to the moral order. This history of Chinese immigrants and their restaurants offers a diverse and complex urban history of St. John’s.


Carpets As Signifiers Of Historical Change: The Azerbaijani Carpet Industry From The Mid-Nineteenth To Late Twentieth Century, Jill Boggs 2021 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Carpets As Signifiers Of Historical Change: The Azerbaijani Carpet Industry From The Mid-Nineteenth To Late Twentieth Century, Jill Boggs

Senior Theses

The Azerbaijani carpet industry, long recognized as an important piece of Azerbaijan’s cultural heritage, transformed dramatically between the mid-nineteenth and twentieth centuries in response to political, economic, and social changes that took place under the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union. During this period, the carpet industry began to use modern weaving techniques and materials, favored factory production over traditional hand-woven designs, and created pieces for exportation rather than personal or community use. These developments contribute to two historical schools that view the Soviet Union as either a prison of nations, stifling non-Russian cultures, or a nursery of ethnic identities, …


The Narrow Road To The Deep North By Richard Flanagan, Patrick R. Sullivan 2021 Gettysburg College

The Narrow Road To The Deep North By Richard Flanagan, Patrick R. Sullivan

Student Publications

A review of Richard Flanagan's novel, The Narrow Road to the Deep North. This paper looks at the background, the themes, the story, and the contribution of this novel to the conversations on the Burma Railway, war, legacy, and love. The usage of the novel form by Flanagan contributes greatly to the power of his novel which becomes a major analytical point of this paper.


Emergence Of Entrepreneurship In Transjordan During The Late Ottoman Empire, Lily D. Burke 2021 Andrews University

Emergence Of Entrepreneurship In Transjordan During The Late Ottoman Empire, Lily D. Burke

Honors Scholars & Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium Programs

How did Ottoman policies influence the emergence of entrepreneurship among elites in Transjordan from circa 1850-1914? During the late Ottoman period, there was an economic transition from subsistence farming and herding to the development of large-scale, for-profit farms, privately owned by elites. The current study hypothesized Ottoman government policy prioritizing cash crop farming over subsistence farming and nomadic living created conditions that allowed elites in Jordan to develop entrepreneurship. To measure my dependent variable, entrepreneurship, I adapted Rostow’s Stages of Economic Development. To track my independent variable, Ottoman influence, I created a scale. From the thematic analysis of two case …


Black Gold, White Gold, And The Bear's Influence Over Central Asian Economies, Jennifer Leo 2021 Portland State University

Black Gold, White Gold, And The Bear's Influence Over Central Asian Economies, Jennifer Leo

University Honors Theses

In examining the socioeconomic state of former Soviet republics in Central Asia, it becomes clear that the current economies of nations such as Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan have been shaped by a history of Russian dominance, followed by turbulent developments that took place during the "perestroika" and post-independence period. These periods were marked by significant changes in governance which allowed Central Asian nations to gain inclusion in the global economy, forge partnerships with economically thriving world superpowers (US and China), and emerge from the Soviet system of mono-product economies. As a result of such developments, former republics of the Soviet …


Translating Faith And Philosophy: The Engagement Of The Jesuit Strategy Of Accommodation In Chinese Syncretic And Anti-Heterodox Traditions And The Reception Of Chinese Ideas In Europe, Finn Kearney 2021 University of Puget Sound

Translating Faith And Philosophy: The Engagement Of The Jesuit Strategy Of Accommodation In Chinese Syncretic And Anti-Heterodox Traditions And The Reception Of Chinese Ideas In Europe, Finn Kearney

History Theses

This paper attempts to expand on the scholarship surrounding the Jesuit strategy of cultural accommodation in China by Father Matteo Ricci by examining the influence of Chinese intellectual traditions on its inception and development. It incorporates the works of Zhu Xi, Matteo Ricci, and Philippe Couplet among others to establish a connection between the native Chinese traditions of syncretism and anti-heterodox scholarship, the process of cultural exchange between the Jesuits and the Chinese literati, and the translation and transmission of Chinese ideas to Europe in the late 16th and 17th centuries. This paper also uses this common thread to explain …


“Devonu Lug’Otit Turk” As A Great Source Of Views On Folk Pedagogy, Bakhodir Kuchkarov 2021 Ministry of Higher and Secondary Specialized Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan

“Devonu Lug’Otit Turk” As A Great Source Of Views On Folk Pedagogy, Bakhodir Kuchkarov

Mental Enlightenment Scientific-Methodological Journal

There is no nation in the world that has not created masterpieces of wisdom and has not kept them in its heart and language for centuries. The great thinker and encyclopedist Mahmud Kashgari traveled to the country to study the life, customs, language and art of the Turkic peoples, especially the various tribes and clans, in order to write “Devoni lug`otit turk’’. In “Devoni lug`otit turk’’ there are about three hundred poems, folk proverbs, wise sayings, which the author used as an exhibition in interpreting the lexical meaning of words. The spiritual legacy of Mahmud Kashgari is the upbringing he …


Utkir Hoshimov's Artistic Interpretation Of Spiritual And Moral Problems In Comic Stories, Shukrullo Jurayev 2021 Jizzakh State Pedagogical Institute

Utkir Hoshimov's Artistic Interpretation Of Spiritual And Moral Problems In Comic Stories, Shukrullo Jurayev

Mental Enlightenment Scientific-Methodological Journal

The article reveals the spiritual and moral aspects of Utkir Hoshimov's humorous stories, as well as the inner experiences of the heroes in the humorous stories and the flaws in the spiritual world. Defining the role and significance of the creative work of Utkir Hoshimov, the artistic depiction of the issues of the period and the person, as well as the main stages of development of the author's skill in this regard. The author's comic stories are a scientific study of the peculiarities of the nation's way of life and the process of its creation in the context of the …


Library Sources Available On Pre-Islamic Religious Traditions Of The Eastern Hindu Kush And On Shamanism Among The Kalasha People, Dr. Muhammad Kashif Ali, Dr. Ghulam Shabbir, Prof. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Chawla 2021 Department of History & Pakistan Studies University of Gujrat, Pakistan.

Library Sources Available On Pre-Islamic Religious Traditions Of The Eastern Hindu Kush And On Shamanism Among The Kalasha People, Dr. Muhammad Kashif Ali, Dr. Ghulam Shabbir, Prof. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Chawla

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The shamanism is the oldest cult of human being, in Pakistan the Kalasha are the sole people in the (eastern) Hindu Kush region who have the tradition of shamanism alive though at the last breath. The Kalasha are Indo-Aryan people of Dardic branch and their religion has similarities with the religion of Vedic period. Shaman or dehar is one of the most significant institutions of the community and is the most spiritual in nature. However, for some decades the shamanism due to multiple reasons is towards the decline; impurity is the key reason. Though the Kalasha people does not have …


Full Issue: Volume 2, Issue 1, Editorial Board 2021 Swarthmore College

Full Issue: Volume 2, Issue 1, Editorial Board

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

The first issue in the second volume of the Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal.


Mob Ideology Or Democracy: Analyzing Taiping Rebellion’S Defeat And Revolution Of 1911’S Triumph In Ending The Qing Dynasty, Bincheng Mao 2021 New York University

Mob Ideology Or Democracy: Analyzing Taiping Rebellion’S Defeat And Revolution Of 1911’S Triumph In Ending The Qing Dynasty, Bincheng Mao

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal

This paper investigates the underlying factors that caused the Qing Dynasty of China to survive the Taiping Rebellion yet crumbled upon the Revolution of 1911. It first examines the ideological differences between the two attempts of regime change, followed by an exploration into the extent of foreign interference in determining the outcomes of the two events. Subsequently, the author analyzes the conflict between the constitutionalists and the absolute monarchists within the Qing court during the time of the Revolution in 1911. Ultimately, this paper concludes that the Qing dynasty survived the Taiping Rebellion yet crumbled upon the Xinhai Revolution because …


Who Is A Muslim?: Orientalism And Literary Populisms [Toc], Maryam Wasif Khan 2021 Fordham University

Who Is A Muslim?: Orientalism And Literary Populisms [Toc], Maryam Wasif Khan

Literature

Who is a Muslim? Orientalism and Literary Populisms argues that modern Urdu literature, from its inception in colonial institutions such as Fort William College, Calcutta to its dominant forms in contemporary Pakistan—popular novels, short stories, television serials—is formed around a question that is and historically has been at the core of early modern and modern Western literatures. The question—who is a Muslim—is predominant in eighteenth-century literary and scholarly orientalist texts, the English oriental tale chief amongst them, but takes on new and dangerous meanings once it travels to the North-Indian colony, and later to Pakistan. A literary-historical study …


Mahatma Gandhi And His Involvement In The Indian Independence Movement, Jihyeong Park 2021 Bard College

Mahatma Gandhi And His Involvement In The Indian Independence Movement, Jihyeong Park

History - Master of Arts in Teaching

I. Synthesis Essay………………………………..1

II. Primary Documents and Headnotes………...19

III. Textbook Critique……………………………...29

IV. New Textbook Entry…………………………..33

V. Bibliography………………………………….....37


North Korea: How Fear Is Used To Control A Nation, Ashley Clisby 2021 Arcadia University

North Korea: How Fear Is Used To Control A Nation, Ashley Clisby

Capstone Showcase

The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, more commonly known as North Korea, is most commonly known for its possession and testing of nuclear weapons and threatening to use these weapons of mass destruction. Less commonly talked about are the human rights violations that are being experienced by the citizens of North Korea. Most, if not all, of the information regarding North Korean human rights that have been reported on comes from individuals who have escaped the Kim regime. There is very limited information traveling in and out of North Korea that is not heavily monitored by the government. These individuals …


The Reformation Of Public Memory: Campaign For Redress Shifts Public Memory Of Comfort Women Issue, Sara Shields 2021 Misericordia University

The Reformation Of Public Memory: Campaign For Redress Shifts Public Memory Of Comfort Women Issue, Sara Shields

Student Research Poster Presentations 2021

The comfort station system established by the Japanese during World War II institutionalized sexual violence against women in order to supposedly prevent both violent rapes and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases among Japanese soldiers. There are still arguments and denial over the issue of comfort women today, stating that these women were there of their own free will and were not enslaved. Until recently, they were regarded as “military prostitutes,” and were viewed as a disgrace by their respective cultures. However, evidence gathered since the early 1990s indicates that not only were comfort women sexual slaves of the Imperial …


The Prc’S War On Terror: The Impact Of Historical Events On The Uyghurs Today, Lauren Munster 2021 Connecticut College

The Prc’S War On Terror: The Impact Of Historical Events On The Uyghurs Today, Lauren Munster

History Honors Papers

No abstract provided.


Running An Empire, Building A Nation: Korean Bureaucrats And The Manchukuo Legacy, 1931–1961, Rolf Isaac Siverson 2021 University of Pennsylvania

Running An Empire, Building A Nation: Korean Bureaucrats And The Manchukuo Legacy, 1931–1961, Rolf Isaac Siverson

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Between 1931 and 1945 more than 10,000 Koreans served as bureaucrats in Manchukuo–Japan’s imperial client state in northeast China. This dissertation investigates their experience and its impact on state-building in postcolonial South Korea through the 1950s. Within the Japanese imperial system, the Manchukuo bureaucracy was a unique institution, characterized by hyper-militarism, technocratic rationalism, and a belief in the state’s paramount role in socio-economic development. Manchukuo’s Korean bureaucrats internalized and applied these principles, which they brought back to liberated South Korea after 1945. However, financial constraints, American influence, and a lack of political power limited their ability to apply the Manchukuo …


Gaming And Culture: How Videogames Can Affect Global Players' Preception And Understanding Of Japan's History And Culture, Garrett Davies 2021 Arcadia University

Gaming And Culture: How Videogames Can Affect Global Players' Preception And Understanding Of Japan's History And Culture, Garrett Davies

Capstone Showcase

Video game developers have the ability to create synthetic worlds. These are places where players have the ability to immerse themselves within a culture presented to them by the creators. This allows a global audience to participate in the expression and learning of culture but that may come at a cost. Focusing on Japan, I want to dive into how culture is presenting within video games, why it is presented in such ways, and what that means for players' perception of the country through play.


Remembering The Experience Of War: A Sensory Study Of The Vietnam War And Collective Memory, Jacob Randolph 2021 Fort Hays State University

Remembering The Experience Of War: A Sensory Study Of The Vietnam War And Collective Memory, Jacob Randolph

Master's Theses

The Vietnam War is remembered in a variety of ways. It is remembered as a war against communism, yet one that was also against American ideals of freedom. It is remembered as a war of patriotism, yet one that was also against the numerous military members who fought in it. It is remembered as a war for integration and unity among black and white, yet many African-Americans remember the time period as a war being fought abroad and at home. Memory of the war is obviously contradicting, but then again the 1960s and 1970s oftentimes were.

This thesis examines how …


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