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Beirut On The Seine: Rebuilding Lebanese Identity After The Scourge Of War, Soumaya Al Jarrah 2023 Beirut Arab University, Sorbonne University

Beirut On The Seine: Rebuilding Lebanese Identity After The Scourge Of War, Soumaya Al Jarrah

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

The current situation of Lebanon is difficult. The country is sinking into a deep economic, financial, political, and social crisis, which has become worse since 2019 and especially after the explosion of the Beirut port in August 2020. As a result, several Lebanese decided to leave the country. This situation is partly a result of the civil war that took place between 1975 and 1990.

Indeed, the Lebanese war leaves an important mark on the literary works that have Lebanon as a setting. Authors express their desire to explore in their works the traumas, consequences and effect of these conflicts …


Writing As A Mean To Rehabilitate The Traumatized Self In Vivre Vite By Brigitte Giraud, Nadia Naboulsi Iskandarani 2023 Professor, French Department, Faculty of Human Sciences, Beirut Arab University, Beirut, Lebanon

Writing As A Mean To Rehabilitate The Traumatized Self In Vivre Vite By Brigitte Giraud, Nadia Naboulsi Iskandarani

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

In her novel Vivre vite, Brigitte Giraud writes the story of a disaster that obsesses her: on June 22, 1999; her companion Claude died in a motorcycle accident in Lyon. This vehicle, a powerful and dangerous Honda, was prohibited on Japanese territory and was reserved for export to Europe. It did not belong to Claude, but to the writer's brother. She was only able to return to the drama that inhabited her in 2022, that is to say twenty-three years after Claude's death. The reader cannot help but wonder about this long silence and why this return to the minutiae …


Exile: Heartbreak, Resilience And Visceral Attachment To Origins In The Novel A Crier Dans Les Ruins By Alexandra Koszelyk, Hanane ABOU NASREDDINE 2023 Professeur Adjoint – Université Libanaise

Exile: Heartbreak, Resilience And Visceral Attachment To Origins In The Novel A Crier Dans Les Ruins By Alexandra Koszelyk, Hanane Abou Nasreddine

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

In the study, we propose to question the pragmatics of exile in the literary work A crier dans les ruines by Alexandra Koszelyk. This novel immerses us in post-disaster Ukraine. It tells the initiatory, poetic and melancholic journey of a young woman who must forge her identity on the history of her country that we are trying to stifle. The novel puts on stage people uprooted by force; some, attached to their roots, remain close to the irradiated zone; while the others, including the heroine Léna, decide to flee the place definitively to rebuild themselves elsewhere. However, despite the exile, …


Trauma And Rehabilitation In A Paradoxical Social And Cultural Context, In The African Equation By Yasmina Khadra, Badia Mazboudi 2023 Professor, French Department University Libanaise, Beyrouth, Liban

Trauma And Rehabilitation In A Paradoxical Social And Cultural Context, In The African Equation By Yasmina Khadra, Badia Mazboudi

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

In the journey described by Yasmina Khadra in The African equation, the author raises the question of the difficult rehabilitation of two ethnically different groups: on one hand, the main characters of the novel, Westerners (German and French) taken hostage off the coast of Sudan by African mercenaries, and on the other hand, the African populations savagely relocated from their lands to makeshift camps. Faced with this emotional shock and this traumatic act, the reactions of the two groups are not the same: post-traumatic depression, social isolation, pain, whereas the Africans, destitute and wandering from one place to another, seem …


Memory For Oblivion In Wajdi Mouawad’S Play Mère, Christelle STEPHAN-HAYEK 2023 Associate Professor, Language and Literature Department, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Holy Spirit University of Kaslik, Kaslik, Lebanon

Memory For Oblivion In Wajdi Mouawad’S Play Mère, Christelle Stephan-Hayek

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

“Keeping the memory of past events would contribute to a better knowledge of hazards and to the prediction of future events. » (Reghezza-Zitt, Benitez & Devès, 2020, p. 1) Remembering is undoubtedly the best of mentors. But forgetting would also be a precious ally in the perpetual and daily struggle that is life. Indeed, “it is essential that the brain forgets the unimportant details to focus on what really matters, in our daily decision-making.” (Richards & Frankland, 2017, p. 1083)

What if we remembered to better accept the tragedy? What if writing helped us to understand it better? What if …


Self-Reconstruction : Between Identity And Interpersonal Relationships, Abdelfettah NACER IDRISSI 2023 Professor, French Department LARLANCO - Ibn Zohr University – Agadir – Morocco

Self-Reconstruction : Between Identity And Interpersonal Relationships, Abdelfettah Nacer Idrissi

BAU Journal - Society, Culture and Human Behavior

We live and go through situations and circumstances that hurt us or bring us joy and happiness. However, moments of crisis seem to be the most important moments in our lives when we question ourselves. We question our personality, our identity, our relationships with ourselves or with others. We carry, as Jacques Salomé said so well, “the scars of our wounds. It is up to us to honor them, because they also say that we have survived and that they have made us stronger and more lucid.

We will rely on this quote to elaborate our problematic on the self-reconstruction …


Discussing Yasmina Khadra’S Novel The Sirens Of Baghdad In The Upper Secondary Classroom To Promote Intercultural Learning, Karl Ågerup 2023 Orebro University

Discussing Yasmina Khadra’S Novel The Sirens Of Baghdad In The Upper Secondary Classroom To Promote Intercultural Learning, Karl Ågerup

Essays in Education

Based on interviews with four teachers who engaged in discussions about Yasmina Khadra's novel The Sirens of Baghdad with a total of 92 students, this article explores the potential of using fictional narratives to achieve Global Citizenship-related goals in upper secondary education. The novel, which portrays the journey of a young aspiring Al Qaeda terrorist in Iraq, emerged as a response to the increasing need in the Western world to mitigate intercultural tensions following the September 11 attacks. The article addresses the novel's capacity to promote intercultural understanding while acknowledging practical challenges such as intense emotions in the classroom, potential …


The Labé Question: A New Stylometric Analysis, Ryan Schmid 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Labé Question: A New Stylometric Analysis, Ryan Schmid

Department of Modern Languages and Literatures: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

In 2006, a theory was put forward concerning sixteenth-century poet Louise Labé and her work- both her prose and her poetry. Mireille Huchon, in her 2006 study Louise Labé, une créature de papier, claims that Labé’s work, and indeed a large part of her identity itself, was a fabrication invented by several poets of the 1500s. Huchon describes Labé as a “mystery” and an “enigma,” noting the relatively scant biographical details that we know of Labé’s life (Huchon, pp. 7-11). Perhaps needless to say, this claim stirred up a bit of controversy- many reacted negatively to Huchon’s thesis, not only …


Witchy Politics: Witches And Witchcraft As Political Tropes From Malleus Malleficarum (1487) To Les Sorcières De La République (2016) And The Mercies (2020), Mallaury Joëlle Marie Gauthier 2023 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Witchy Politics: Witches And Witchcraft As Political Tropes From Malleus Malleficarum (1487) To Les Sorcières De La République (2016) And The Mercies (2020), Mallaury Joëlle Marie Gauthier

Foreign Languages & Literatures ETDs

The focus of this thesis are two recent novels featuring witches: Chloé Delaume’s Les Sorcières de la République(The Witches of the Republic, 2016) and Kiran Millwood Hargrave’s The Mercies (2020). The first is a futuristic dystopia set in 2062, during the witch trial of the Sibyl of Cumae. The second is a work of historical fiction based on witch trial records and set in seventeenth-century Finnmark (Norway). Both are feminist novels, and both emphasize the political valence of the witch as a gendered figure. This figure emerged from the misogyny of early modern demonology but acquired its contemporary contours …


Le Role D'Une Universite Confessionnelle Dans Le Systeme Educatif, Jolene Vos-Camy 2023 Calvin University

Le Role D'Une Universite Confessionnelle Dans Le Systeme Educatif, Jolene Vos-Camy

University Faculty Publications and Creative Works

"Le role d'une universite confessionnelle dans le systeme educatif" Graduation ceremony at the Universite Evangelique Internationale de Man, Man, Cote d'Ivoire. July 23, 2023


Tragic Fate And History In Thomas Hardy's "The Return Of The Native", Tristan Pageze 2023 University of New Mexico - Main Campus

Tragic Fate And History In Thomas Hardy's "The Return Of The Native", Tristan Pageze

Foreign Languages & Literatures ETDs

This thesis explores the operation of the tragic in Thomas Hardy’s The Return of the Native by taking as a starting point the formalist approach to the genre of tragedy, before extending its definition to encompass the key concept of tragic conflict. This thesis argues that Hardy’s tragic vision takes for object human history, and especially the effects of new, unveiled knowledge on the human psyche, thus locating the root cause of tragedy in these contingencies. This continuum between individual action and the larger historical causes that shape it is expressed via the narrator’s discourse, and the discrepancy between his …


Shifts In French Jewish Citizenship, 1789-1840s, Jourdin Wilson 2023 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Shifts In French Jewish Citizenship, 1789-1840s, Jourdin Wilson

Spectra Undergraduate Research Journal

The citizenship of Jews became more discussed as a result of changes from the French Revolution of 1789. There were a variety of perspectives between non-Jews and Jews, and between different groups of Jews. The research methodology involves the analysis of qualitative primary sources including government texts and debates, groups of everyday Jews, and French Jewish literature and journal excerpts. The theoretical framework of nationalism will guide how citizenship is analyzed in the research, based on Dean Kostantaras’s book Nationalism and Revolution in Europe, 1763-1848. Results show that the way French Jews fit into or engaged with society is quite …


Le Chemin Détourné, Ailie Coffey 2023 Portland State University

Le Chemin Détourné, Ailie Coffey

University Honors Theses

Le Chemin détourné is an original fairy tale in French about Melisende and Olivier Fournier. One day, Melisende disappears on her way home. Although her disappearance is a mystery, she was taken prisoner by the fairies as revenge against her mother. Her father Jehan and brother Olivier are very distressed, Jehan goes out after her immediately but, worried about Olivier’s safety, asks him not to go out after his sister. On the third night that she is gone, Olivier decides to go out to look for her anyways, and even though he is terrified to leave home, he sets out …


French 203: Grammar & Conversation: A Faculty-Led Inquiry Into Reflective & Scholarly Teaching Benchmark Portfolio, Erica Schauer 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

French 203: Grammar & Conversation: A Faculty-Led Inquiry Into Reflective & Scholarly Teaching Benchmark Portfolio, Erica Schauer

UNL Faculty Course Portfolios

The following Benchmark Portfolio is the product of a full reassessment of FRENCH 203: CONVERSATION & GRAMMAR, an intermediate-level grammar course that serves as a prerequisite for students pursuing a major or a minor in French at UNL. Previously, French 203 had been a review course that covered the essential grammar structures discussed in 101, 102, 201 and 202 and invited students to practice these structures orally with peers in class. This new iteration of the course, however, seeks to broaden the reach of student comprehension of French as a functional tool of communication by requiring students to understand and …


Cultural Folk, Political Lore: The Politics Of Folklore During The United States Occupation Of Haiti From 1915 To 1934, Cheyla G. Muñoz Ramos 2023 The University of Southern Mississippi

Cultural Folk, Political Lore: The Politics Of Folklore During The United States Occupation Of Haiti From 1915 To 1934, Cheyla G. Muñoz Ramos

Honors Theses

My project focuses on Haitian folklore in the early twentieth century in connection to the first United States’ occupation of Haiti. The United States’ Marine Corps occupied Haiti from 1915 to 1934. This nineteenth-year occupation brought violence and racial stereotypes towards the Haitian population, especially the peasantry. United States Americans coming to Haiti intensified these stereotypes. During this period, Haitian upper-and middle-class members heavily politized Haitian folklore and used it to defend Haiti against these stereotypes. Scholars have long discussed the anthropological works of ethno-anthropologist Jean Price-Mars as someone who tried to show the value of Haitian folklore, especially the …


Queer Not: Medieval Romance's Toll On Queerness, Kyle Gaydo 2023 Seton Hall University

Queer Not: Medieval Romance's Toll On Queerness, Kyle Gaydo

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

How does a contemporary audience handle medieval queerness? What, exactly, constitutes medieval queerness, and how does the medieval literary genre of romance impact it? This thesis attempts to grapple with these questions, and many more, utilizing the 13th-century Old French romance Le Roman de Silence by Heldris de Cornuälle. Medieval romances are particularly fruitful for this analysis because, on one hand, the genre consistently re/turns to cisheteronormativity, and, on the other, because scholarship generally has not applied queer theory to the study of romance. Silence follows Silence, a young Englishwoman who is raised as a boy to protect her family’s …


Polyscopic Spectatorship, Creative Cartography, And Post-Cinematic Refractions In The Age Of Neo-Liberal Travel: An Investigation Of Youtube Travel-Vloggers, Niko T. Doezema 2023 University of New Mexico

Polyscopic Spectatorship, Creative Cartography, And Post-Cinematic Refractions In The Age Of Neo-Liberal Travel: An Investigation Of Youtube Travel-Vloggers, Niko T. Doezema

Foreign Languages & Literatures ETDs

One of the most popular forms of travel “literature” consumed today is the travel-vlog. YouTube is awash in these travelers, the most successful of which even make a career out of their travels through monetization of their content, allowing them to pay for traveling by traveling. My project is a three-fold investigation into the nature of this genre, the first two branches of which are genealogical and diagnostic, the third of which is speculative and potentially transformative. My first inquiry examines the historical and generic conditions at the crossroads of travel literature and empire that have led to the present …


Fictions Posthumanistes: Temporalités, Agencements, Énonciation, Fanny Leveau 2023 Western University

Fictions Posthumanistes: Temporalités, Agencements, Énonciation, Fanny Leveau

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Contemporary French fiction fits within a broader trend that seeks to question the end of humans. In the context of the Anthropocene where ecological disasters threaten human’s life and habitat, many disciplines such as literature, philosophy and cognitive sciences study the relations between humans and non-humans. Posthumanism envisions a world that reconfigures the terms imposed by classical humanism and anthropocentricism. It seeks to redefine where humans stand, by considering the co-constitutive links that emerge from interactions between humans, other living species, and technology. Fiction constitutes a privileged space to develop a posthumanist discourse as it aims to create different worlds. …


Entre Rêve Et Résignation – Références Intertextuelles Dans Les Chemins Qui Montent (1957) De Mouloud Feraoun, Inès Kremer 2023 Université Duisburg-Essen, Allemagne

Entre Rêve Et Résignation – Références Intertextuelles Dans Les Chemins Qui Montent (1957) De Mouloud Feraoun, Inès Kremer

Journal of Amazigh Studies

Résumé :

Malgré la présence évidente et continue des références intertextuelles dans les romans de Mouloud Feraoun, celles-ci n’ont été que rarement étudiées. C’est notamment dans son troisième roman, Les chemins qui montent, que les renvois à la littérature orale de la Kabylie comme à l’œuvre romanesque et philosophique d’Albert Camus se prêtent particulièrement à une analyse approfondie. Ils révèlent la résignation profonde du protagoniste qui se refuse à la révolte métaphysique au sens camusien, révolte rendue impossible par la condition coloniale.

Mots clés : Feraoun, intertextualité, Camus, et littérature orale kabyle

Abstract:

Despite the importance of intertextual references …


Adieu Au Pays Natal, Jean Amrouche, Boualem Rabia 2023 Enseignant de français et poète, Azazga, Algérie

Adieu Au Pays Natal, Jean Amrouche, Boualem Rabia

Journal of Amazigh Studies

Traduit du français vers le Kabyle par Boualem Rabia. Enseignant de français à Azazga, Tizi Ouzou. 4 avril 2023.

Tasuqilt n asefru n Jean Amrouche Sɣur Buɛlam Rabia.

Aselmad n tefṛansist. Iɛeẓẓugen, Tizi Wezzu. 4 g yebrir 2023.


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