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World Ywca Leaders And The Un Decade For Women, Karen Garner 2013 Bridgewater State University

World Ywca Leaders And The Un Decade For Women, Karen Garner

Journal of International Women's Studies

This essay analyzes the contributions of three Young Women’s Christian Association leaders who chaired the nongovernmental organization forum planning committees during the UN Decade for Women (1975-1985). It assesses the effectiveness of their leadership and addresses questions of distribution and uses of power within women’s international NGOs and in relationship to the global feminist community.


Gender Differentiation Among Farmers In The Agricultural Sector In Benguet, Philippines, Jinky Leilanie Lu 2013 Bridgewater State University

Gender Differentiation Among Farmers In The Agricultural Sector In Benguet, Philippines, Jinky Leilanie Lu

Journal of International Women's Studies

This is a cross sectional study on gender differences in work distribution, means of production, decision making, illness and hazard exposure among male and female vegetable farmers. Personal interviews were conducted among 39 vegetable growers in Benguet. Bivariate analysis showed that the husband’s control over income is associated with decision making power in regard household expenditures, except food (p=.050). The illness data showed that the most common illness among the wives involves the respiratory tract, such as cough (7.7%) and asthma (5.1%). Among the husbands, the most common was back pain (10.3%) followed by hypertension, blurred vision and cough (7.7% …


Gender Disparities In Living Arrangements Of Older People In Ghana: Evidence From The 2003 Ghana Demographic And Health Survey, Chuks J. Mba 2013 Bridgewater State University

Gender Disparities In Living Arrangements Of Older People In Ghana: Evidence From The 2003 Ghana Demographic And Health Survey, Chuks J. Mba

Journal of International Women's Studies

In this study, the living arrangements of persons aged 60 years and older in Ghana are examined. The data for the study emanate from the household roster component of the most recent nationally representative sample survey, the 2003 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. The focus is on socio-economic and demographic characteristics, as well as co-residential patterns, of the elderly persons. Additionally, use is made of the 1960-2000 census results of Ghana in order to through light on the emerging phenomenon of population ageing in the country. The results show that the proportion of persons aged 60 years or older in …


Gender Responsive Entrepreneurial Economy Of Nigeria: Enabling Women In A Disabling Environment, May Nwoye 2013 Bridgewater State University

Gender Responsive Entrepreneurial Economy Of Nigeria: Enabling Women In A Disabling Environment, May Nwoye

Journal of International Women's Studies

Growth and development are among the most exciting subjects in economics, and the application of their principles to developing countries especially the African economies, is both needed and timely. In Nigeria, women have historically been disadvantaged in accessing not only material resources like property and credit, but also have been deprived of resources like education, market information and modern technology. All of these factors have negative implications for the type of enterprises that women are engaged in. This paper highlights the various economic constraints faced by women in Nigeria, as a result of limitations imposed on them by nature and …


Gender Discrimination: Beliefs And Experiences: A Comparative Perspective Of Women And Men In The Delhi Police, Punam Sahgal 2013 Bridgewater State University

Gender Discrimination: Beliefs And Experiences: A Comparative Perspective Of Women And Men In The Delhi Police, Punam Sahgal

Journal of International Women's Studies

Gender roles are learnt through the socialization process and subsequently extend to the work context where women and men are believed to have different characteristics and are therefore treated differently. The pervasiveness of workplace gender differences influence hiring practices, salaries and career growth opportunities for women. Gender-based work behavior differences are perceived to be much greater in male dominated professions like the police. While research suggests that there is no evidence that policewomen perform differently from their male counterparts in their day-to-day activities of police, negative male attitudes towards women in police significantly obstruct the advancement of policewomen. Induction of …


Access To Healthcare Vis-À-Vis Women’S Reproductive Health In Cameroon, Michael Soh 2013 Bridgewater State University

Access To Healthcare Vis-À-Vis Women’S Reproductive Health In Cameroon, Michael Soh

Journal of International Women's Studies

All over the world, several million women die each year, and 90% of them in developing countries from pregnancy and childbirth related causes (World Health Organisation Magazine on Women’s Health, 1995). Nearly all of these are preventable, yet in Cameroon, this is far-fetched. This study questions why women die from these causes? Is it due to government neglect, and/or women’s callous attitude toward pregnancy and/or the patriarchal control of women? Are healthcare facilities lacking or rudimentary, inadequately staffed, and/or expensive? This study argues that limited access to healthcare facilities drains women’s reproductive health down the spiral in Munyenge-Cameroon.

Via open-ended …


Land Loss And Garifuna Women’S Activism On Honduras’ North Coast, Keri Vacanti Brondo 2013 Bridgewater State University

Land Loss And Garifuna Women’S Activism On Honduras’ North Coast, Keri Vacanti Brondo

Journal of International Women's Studies

This paper reports on the gendered impacts of Honduras’ neoliberal agrarian legislation within the context of tourism development. It draws on ethnographic research with the Afro-indigenous Garifuna to demonstrate how women have been most affected by land privatization on the north coast of Honduras. Garifuna communities are matrifocal and land had historically been passed through matrilineal lines. As the coastal land market expands, Garifuna women have lost their territorial control. The paper also treats Garifuna women’s activism as they resist coastal development strategies and shifts in landholding. While women have been key figures in the Garifuna movement to title and …


Beyond Caliban’S Curses: The Decolonial Feminist Literacy Of Sycorax, Irene Lara 2013 Bridgewater State University

Beyond Caliban’S Curses: The Decolonial Feminist Literacy Of Sycorax, Irene Lara

Journal of International Women's Studies

Working from the perspective of decolonial feminism, this essay critiques works that view Caliban in Shakespeare’s The Tempest (1611) as a symbol of resistance to eurocentrism, as represented in the character of Prospero. I focus on the literary figure Sycorax, the racialized, sexualized and witched mother of Caliban, because the celebration of Caliban as a symbol of subaltern resistance in Latin American/Latino studies has led to her discursive erasure or marginalization. I critically trace appropriations of Caliban, as well as Miranda (Prospero’s daughter), that silence Sycorax. Fundamentally urging the construction of a “literacy of Sycorax,” this essay explores the eurocentric …


Reflections On Islamic Identity, Citizenship Rights And Women’S Struggle For Gender Justice: Illustration From India, Sabiha Hussain 2013 Bridgewater State University

Reflections On Islamic Identity, Citizenship Rights And Women’S Struggle For Gender Justice: Illustration From India, Sabiha Hussain

Journal of International Women's Studies

Women’s rights face an uncertain future throughout much of the Islamic world. The fate of women’s rights throughout the Islamic world crucially hinges upon the outcome of debates on reforms of family and penal codes including new understandings of Islamic law and teaching. It requires mention that there is no monolithic trend of women’s struggle for gender justice even in Islamic countries. It varies with the cultural setting, the political structure of the state and the location of the community. In the Islamic world, the question of gender justice often becomes a struggle to be fought at two levels: against …


Birds Of Freedom? Perspectives On Female Emancipation And Sri Lanka’S Liberation Tigers Of Tamil Eelam, Kim Jordan, Myriam Denov 2013 Bridgewater State University

Birds Of Freedom? Perspectives On Female Emancipation And Sri Lanka’S Liberation Tigers Of Tamil Eelam, Kim Jordan, Myriam Denov

Journal of International Women's Studies

Over the last decade, females have been an integral part of fighting forces in both international conflicts and in armed struggle in at least 38 internal conflicts. While some scholars argue that recent wars have thrust women into new roles, enabling them to transform their social situations, identities and destinies, others question whether females achieve ‘emancipation’ through active participation in warfare. The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka that has been engaged in conflict with the Sri Lankan government since 1983, and actively recruits female cadres, provides an interesting context to explore issues of female empowerment in …


The Land Of Lalla-Ded: Politicization Of Kashmir And Construction Of The Kashmiri Woman, Nyla Ali Khan 2013 Bridgewater State University

The Land Of Lalla-Ded: Politicization Of Kashmir And Construction Of The Kashmiri Woman, Nyla Ali Khan

Journal of International Women's Studies

Over the years, tremendous political and social turmoil has been generated in the state of Jammu and Kashmir by the forces of religious fundamentalism and by an exclusionary nationalism that seeks to erode the cultural syncretism that is part of the ethos of Kashmir. Kashmiri women are now suffering from some of the more predictable afflictions of women caught in conflict situations: psychological trauma, destitution, and acute poverty that put them at increased risk of trafficking. The ethnographic field research, which I undertook, was a method of seeking reconnection sans condescension by simultaneously belonging to and resisting the discursive community …


Iranian Women And The Civil Rights Movement In Iran: Feminism Interacted, Majid Mohammadi 2013 Bridgewater State University

Iranian Women And The Civil Rights Movement In Iran: Feminism Interacted, Majid Mohammadi

Journal of International Women's Studies

After presenting a compendium of the structural and ideological gender inequalities in the Iranian society, mostly in post-revolutionary era, this article provides basic information and analysis about Iranian feminists in the civil rights movement framework. It also reviews the relationship between Iranian feminism on the one hand and democratization process and demand for vindication of civil rights of all Iranian citizens as the main issues of this movement on the other. This review will be done in three parts: the essence of Iranian feminism in post-revolutionary Iran including a sustained critique of Iranian feminism, the interactions of women activists and …


Book Review: Reluctant Bedfellows: Feminism, Activism, And Prostitution In The Philippines, Traci Yoder 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: Reluctant Bedfellows: Feminism, Activism, And Prostitution In The Philippines, Traci Yoder

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of Reluctant Bedfellows: Feminism, Activism, and Prostitution in the Philippines by Meredith Ralston and Edna Keeble


Book Review: We Share Walls: Language, Land, And Gender In Berber Morocco, Damla Isik 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: We Share Walls: Language, Land, And Gender In Berber Morocco, Damla Isik

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of We Share Walls: Language, Land, and Gender in Berber Morocco by Katherine E. Hoffman


Book Review: Women At The Top: Powerful Leaders Tell Us How To Combine Work And Family, Kristi R. Branham 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: Women At The Top: Powerful Leaders Tell Us How To Combine Work And Family, Kristi R. Branham

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of Women at the Top: Powerful Leaders Tell Us How to Combine Work and Family by Diane F. Halpern and Fanny M. Cheung


Book Review: Gender And Globalization In Asia And The Pacific: Method, Practice, Theory, Susan Dewey 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: Gender And Globalization In Asia And The Pacific: Method, Practice, Theory, Susan Dewey

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of Gender and Globalization in Asia and the Pacific: Method, Practice, Theory, edited by Kathy E. Ferguson and Monique Mironesco


Book Review: Shout Out: Women Of Color Respond To Violence, Katie White, Lisa Covington, Jenna Stephenson, Esther Rothblum 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: Shout Out: Women Of Color Respond To Violence, Katie White, Lisa Covington, Jenna Stephenson, Esther Rothblum

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of Shout Out: Women of Color Respond to Violence, edited by Maria Ochoa and Barbara K. Ige


Book Review: The N Word: Who Can Say It. Who Shouldn’T. And Why, Kimberly Burke, N. Reyes Franco, K. B. Bowman, Esther Rothblum 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: The N Word: Who Can Say It. Who Shouldn’T. And Why, Kimberly Burke, N. Reyes Franco, K. B. Bowman, Esther Rothblum

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of The N Word: Who Can Say It. Who Shouldn’t. And Why by Jabari Asim


Book Review: Homoplot: The Coming-Out Story And Gay, Lesbian And Bisexual Identity, Amber Guthrie, Katie White, Esther Rothblum 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: Homoplot: The Coming-Out Story And Gay, Lesbian And Bisexual Identity, Amber Guthrie, Katie White, Esther Rothblum

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of Homoplot: The Coming-Out Story and Gay, Lesbian and Bisexual Identity by Esther Saxey


Book Review: Feminist Conversations: Women, Trauma, And Empowerment In Post-Transitional Societies, Denise Shupiko 2013 Bridgewater State University

Book Review: Feminist Conversations: Women, Trauma, And Empowerment In Post-Transitional Societies, Denise Shupiko

Journal of International Women's Studies

Review of Feminist Conversations: Women, Trauma, and Empowerment in Post-Transitional Societies, edited by Dovile Budryte, Lisa M. Vaughn, and Natalya T. Riegg


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