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Educational Migration And Intergenerational Relations: A Study Of Educated Returnee Women In Nepal, Laxmi Dhungel 2019 Bridgewater State University

Educational Migration And Intergenerational Relations: A Study Of Educated Returnee Women In Nepal, Laxmi Dhungel

Journal of International Women's Studies

This paper explores return negotiation and changed gender roles of highly-skilled women who went abroad for their higher education and then returned to Nepal. Revisiting the concepts of return and migration from gender perspectives, Bourdieu’s theory of habitus has been considered as a tool for analysis. Based on the fieldwork in the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu, this study was conducted among middle-class women. Through the use of semi-structured, in-depth interviews with a cross-section of those women, I found that the prevalent gender structure of Nepalese society is not friendly for the returnee women.


Gender Inequality Identified As An Underlying Cause Of Depression In Thai Women, Somporn Rungreangkulkij, Nilubol Rujiraprasert 2019 Bridgewater State University

Gender Inequality Identified As An Underlying Cause Of Depression In Thai Women, Somporn Rungreangkulkij, Nilubol Rujiraprasert

Journal of International Women's Studies

Depression is increasing worldwide and is the fourth leading cause of global burden of disease. It is one of the most common disorders affecting women worldwide, highlighting the fact that gender is a critical determinant of mental health and illness. This qualitative research employs a gender lens to discover the causes of depression in women in Thailand. In-depth interviews were conducted with 18 women who currently experience depression. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim, then evaluated using gender analysis. The findings revealed two themes relating to gender inequality, namely that women encountered chronic stress as a result of having ...


Patriarchy, Cultural Prejudices And Spousal Violence In The Ancient City Of Benin Of Southern Nigeria, Oghoadena Clementina Osezua, Henry N. Agholor 2019 Bridgewater State University

Patriarchy, Cultural Prejudices And Spousal Violence In The Ancient City Of Benin Of Southern Nigeria, Oghoadena Clementina Osezua, Henry N. Agholor

Journal of International Women's Studies

This paper examines the persistence of patriarchy and traditional cultural practices which have adverse effects on women’s rights and health as well as the growing incidence of spousal violence in Benin City, arising from obvious internal and external factors of social changes. Extant literature has documented shifts in family roles and general social transformations in many first world nations as a result of modernization. Efforts to capture such changes within the African space is very minimal as of now. This paper attempts to explore the Benin society of Southern Nigeria, against the backdrop of the cascading effects of human ...


Factors Affecting Bahraini Women Working In The Engineering Fields, Adel Ismail Al-Aawi, Hala Elias, Fadwah Abdulaziz Zaid, Mona Safoog Alroaili, Sara Abdulrahman Al-Bassam 2019 Bridgewater State University

Factors Affecting Bahraini Women Working In The Engineering Fields, Adel Ismail Al-Aawi, Hala Elias, Fadwah Abdulaziz Zaid, Mona Safoog Alroaili, Sara Abdulrahman Al-Bassam

Journal of International Women's Studies

The purpose of this study is to explore the current level of contribution of Bahraini women to the engineering fields in the Kingdom of Bahrain, while specifically examining the factors that affect Bahraini women in the engineering profession. This study determines the extent to which the principles and policies of equal opportunity are implemented and their effect on the participation of women in such fields. To achieve the aims of this study, factors such as observation of work environment, characteristics, family responsibilities, culture, and equal opportunity (bias) are discussed and analyzed. This study relies on the descriptive approach, where questionnaires ...


Japanese Gender Role Expectations And Attitudes: A Qualitative Analysis Of Gender Inequality, Melanie Belarmino, Melinda R. Roberts 2019 Bridgewater State University

Japanese Gender Role Expectations And Attitudes: A Qualitative Analysis Of Gender Inequality, Melanie Belarmino, Melinda R. Roberts

Journal of International Women's Studies

Due to current technology and the third wave feminist movement, gender inequality in other countries now has a global, socially aware platform. However, due to non-reporting, the voices of women experiencing violence and inequality in Japan are largely unheard. The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate the gender role expectations in Japan that lead to inequality and victimization inflicted on Japanese women. Data was obtained through interviews with all available and consenting bilingual speakers at a Japanese University, and findings reveal that there are very specific expectations for Japanese women in the home, at work, and in society ...


"We Neither Are Of The Past Nor Of The Future" : Analyzing The Two Opposing Aspects Of A Female Character Through Four Modern Works Of Persian Fiction", Ronak Karami 2019 Bridgewater State University

"We Neither Are Of The Past Nor Of The Future" : Analyzing The Two Opposing Aspects Of A Female Character Through Four Modern Works Of Persian Fiction", Ronak Karami

Journal of International Women's Studies

Under Iran’s growing contact with the West from 1925 until 1979, which caused cultural changes, modern writers were stuck between two realities: the vanishing culture of the past with its unified view of women and the modern Western-oriented culture of the present with its doubting, ironic, and fast-changing view of women. Both labels, the ‘ethereal’ (or inaccessible paragon) and the ‘whore’ (or accessible temptress) for female characters emerged in a major literary work of the 20th century in Iran, The Blind Owl (1937), by Hedayat due to these cultural changes. Furthermore, the labels appeared within some later modern Persian ...


The Indian Caribbean: Migration And Identity In The Diaspora. By Lomarsh Roopnarine 2018, The University Press Of Mississippi, Jackson 163 Pages; 11 Photographs, Index Included, 65 Usd, Hardcover., Radica Mahase 2019 Bridgewater State University

The Indian Caribbean: Migration And Identity In The Diaspora. By Lomarsh Roopnarine 2018, The University Press Of Mississippi, Jackson 163 Pages; 11 Photographs, Index Included, 65 Usd, Hardcover., Radica Mahase

Journal of International Women's Studies

No abstract provided.


Traveling Feminista: A Blog About Traveling As A Pakistani/American/Muslim/Feminist Scholar-Art-Ivist, Fawzia Afzal-Khan 2019 Bridgewater State University

Traveling Feminista: A Blog About Traveling As A Pakistani/American/Muslim/Feminist Scholar-Art-Ivist, Fawzia Afzal-Khan

Journal of International Women's Studies

At the heart of my blogging lies the desire to be a traveler moving through the world in a body marked as female, a woman whose evolving feminism can help heal herself and in so doing, inspire others to do the same. Journeying without and within, allows for the self to turn toward its other, to recognize the other in oneself; in so doing, one can learn to connect across the divides that threaten to engulf us, dissolving boundaries that keep us from loving our multiple selves.


Framed: The Door Swings Both Ways In The Lebanese Movie Caramel Directed By Nadine Labaki, Produced By Anne-Dominique Toussaint; Written By Nadine Lebaki, Rodney El Haddad, Jihad Hoiely. Sunnyland Films, Lebanon, May 2007. Running Time 96 Minutes., Luma Balaa 2019 Bridgewater State University

Framed: The Door Swings Both Ways In The Lebanese Movie Caramel Directed By Nadine Labaki, Produced By Anne-Dominique Toussaint; Written By Nadine Lebaki, Rodney El Haddad, Jihad Hoiely. Sunnyland Films, Lebanon, May 2007. Running Time 96 Minutes., Luma Balaa

Journal of International Women's Studies

No abstract provided.


Iwona Kaliszewska And Maciej Falkowski. Veiled And Unveiled: In Chechnya And Daghestan. London: Oxford University Press, 2016. 179 Pp., (Hardbound), Jeanine Pfahlert 2019 Bridgewater State University

Iwona Kaliszewska And Maciej Falkowski. Veiled And Unveiled: In Chechnya And Daghestan. London: Oxford University Press, 2016. 179 Pp., (Hardbound), Jeanine Pfahlert

Journal of International Women's Studies

No abstract provided.


Staying Alive: Women, Ecology And Development. Vandana Shiva. North Atlantic Books, 2016 (Reprint Edition), 244 Pages. Isbn 978-1-62317-051-6, Chittaranjan Subudhi, Keyoor K 2019 Bridgewater State University

Staying Alive: Women, Ecology And Development. Vandana Shiva. North Atlantic Books, 2016 (Reprint Edition), 244 Pages. Isbn 978-1-62317-051-6, Chittaranjan Subudhi, Keyoor K

Journal of International Women's Studies

No abstract provided.


A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study Of Identity Status In Three Distinct Groups Of Women: Iranian, Lebanese, And Lebanese Residents In Iran, Fatima M. Paz, Kazem Rasoolzade Tabatabaee, Maryam Esmaeilinasab 2019 Bridgewater State University

A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study Of Identity Status In Three Distinct Groups Of Women: Iranian, Lebanese, And Lebanese Residents In Iran, Fatima M. Paz, Kazem Rasoolzade Tabatabaee, Maryam Esmaeilinasab

Journal of International Women's Studies

The present study compares identity statuses among three groups of women: Iranian, Lebanese and Lebanese immigrants in Iran. The age of the samples varies from 22 to 33 years old. Persian and Arabic versions of The Objective Measure of Ego Identity Status (EOM-EIS-2) were distributed to 39 Iranian women, 40 Lebanese women residing in their home country and 39 Lebanese immigrant women in Iran chosen by convenience sampling. The data was analyzed using inferential statistical models related to independent groups, ANOVA and Post-Hoc tests. The findings showed no significant differences in identity statuses between the groups, although one sub-scale (ideological ...


Gender-Based Violence And Its Associated Effects On Female Students: The Case Of Gozamin And Nigus T/Haimanot Secondary Schools In The East Gojjam Administrative Zone, Ethiopia, Zelalem Desalegne 2019 Bridgewater State University

Gender-Based Violence And Its Associated Effects On Female Students: The Case Of Gozamin And Nigus T/Haimanot Secondary Schools In The East Gojjam Administrative Zone, Ethiopia, Zelalem Desalegne

Journal of International Women's Studies

Gender-based violence (GBV) is one of the most prevalent human rights violations without considering social, economic, age, ethnicity, religion and national boundaries, and which affects the health, dignity, security and autonomy of women. This study employed a cross sectional, mixed methods research design. The study was carried out in two secondary schools at Debre Markos town Amhara regional state, Ethiopia, an area in the country where GBV is widely prevalent. To take a representative sample, multistage sampling techniques were employed. The quantitative data was analyzed through descriptive statistics and the qualitative data analyzed through narrative analysis. 21.7% male and ...


Conceptualisation Of Honour Codes Amongst Turkish-Kurdish Mothers And Daughters Living In London, Ferya Tas-Cifci 2019 Bridgewater State University

Conceptualisation Of Honour Codes Amongst Turkish-Kurdish Mothers And Daughters Living In London, Ferya Tas-Cifci

Journal of International Women's Studies

The present study analyses how immigrant women transfer and preserve their traditional honour codes, and whether women from different generations (mothers and their daughters) adhere to the same codes. Focusing particularly on the Turkish-Kurdish community living in London , the study asks, ‘How traditional honour codes are conceptualised and transferred by the women of the Turkish-Kurdish community and whether mothers and daughters share the same opinion about them.’ In a traditional society it is considered to be mothers’ duty to ensure that their culture and traditions, and particularly honour codes, are transferred and taught to their children, especially to their daughters ...


Addressing Violence Against Women From Critical Feminist Perspectives: Challenging The Politicization Of Violence Against Women, Gwen Hunnicutt 2019 Bridgewater State University

Addressing Violence Against Women From Critical Feminist Perspectives: Challenging The Politicization Of Violence Against Women, Gwen Hunnicutt

Journal of International Women's Studies

A major accomplishment of women’s rights scholars and activists has been to make violence against women (VAW) visible. After decades of struggle, in a dramatic turn, VAW has become a highly politicized topic since the mid 1990’s, and even more so after 9/11. An unfortunate side-effect of the increased recognition of harm done to women is that the issue of VAW is sometimes co-opted by the state and used in service of their political projects. In this paper I present the political co-optation of VAW as one of the pressing challenges facing scholars who conduct research on ...


Performance Of Controlling Rape In India: Efficiency Estimates Across States, Shrabanti Maity 2019 Bridgewater State University

Performance Of Controlling Rape In India: Efficiency Estimates Across States, Shrabanti Maity

Journal of International Women's Studies

This paper addresses the performance of Indian states in controlling sexual assault or rapeon the basis of the data published bythe National Crime Record Bureau in Indiaon the rape or sexual assault control performances of 28 major Indian states. The relative efficiencies of the states are evaluated by applying stochastic frontier analysis on two decadal periods, ending in 2001 and 2011. Among the Indian states, although Kerala is recognised as the region where women are very progressive, our findings suggest that, unfortunately, the performance of the state in controlling sexual assault is not impressive. On the contrary, Gujaratseems to be ...


The Co-Existence Of Laws Regarding Domestic Violence Case Settlement: Rote Island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, Ratih Lestarini, Herdis Herdiansyah, Tirtawening Tirtawening, Dianwidhi Michelle Pranoto 2019 Bridgewater State University

The Co-Existence Of Laws Regarding Domestic Violence Case Settlement: Rote Island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, Ratih Lestarini, Herdis Herdiansyah, Tirtawening Tirtawening, Dianwidhi Michelle Pranoto

Journal of International Women's Studies

Domestic violence has long been an adversity, which many women have to endure and even accept, especially in places where patriarchy reigns. Unlike other forms of violence against women, domestic violence is particularly special because of its private and sensitive nature. In the island of Rote in East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia, domestic violence is a serious social and cultural issue. People in Rote continue to practice their customary laws despite formal state laws that offer better justice for victims, at least from the perspective of women’s rights and feminism. This article elaborates on customary laws used to settle domestic ...


History And/Through Oral Narratives: Relocating Women Of The 1971 War Of Bangladesh In Neelima Ibrahim’S A War Heroine, I Speak, Sanjib Kr Biswas, Priyanka Tripathi 2019 Bridgewater State University

History And/Through Oral Narratives: Relocating Women Of The 1971 War Of Bangladesh In Neelima Ibrahim’S A War Heroine, I Speak, Sanjib Kr Biswas, Priyanka Tripathi

Journal of International Women's Studies

In the postmodern era, one of the primary objectives of oral narratives is to tell the untold stories of history. Amidst the allegations that historical representation of war narratives, tend to be gendered and biased, these oral narratives of women offer not only a fresh perspective to the wars like the 1971 war of Bangladesh, the Sri Lankan Civil War (1983 – 2009) and the Kashmir Insurgency (1989 – present), but also become their own version of pain, suffering, prejudice, and plight. In that sense, they become the voice of the voiceless, giving the victims a chance to assert themselves, despite their ...


Not Accepting Abuse As The Norm: Local Forms Of Institutional Reform To Improve Reporting On Domestic Violence In Punjab, Maryam Tanwir, Shailaja Fennell, Hafsah Rehman Lak, Salman Sufi 2019 Bridgewater State University

Not Accepting Abuse As The Norm: Local Forms Of Institutional Reform To Improve Reporting On Domestic Violence In Punjab, Maryam Tanwir, Shailaja Fennell, Hafsah Rehman Lak, Salman Sufi

Journal of International Women's Studies

Gendered social norms are difficult to overcome, due to a lack of consensus among legal, religious, and social institutions on the direction that will result in new social norms. In the case of Pakistan, which ranks sixth on the list of the most dangerous countries for women, it is not possible to change gendered social norms regarding domestic violence by only focusing on legal reform since, in its social context, the act of domestic violence is not in itself regarded as a serious offence. This article explores reform in Punjab, where deeply entrenched legal structural obstacles and discriminatory gender norms ...


Public Feminism, Female Shame, And Sexual Violence In Modern Egypt, Jihan Zakarriya 2019 Bridgewater State University

Public Feminism, Female Shame, And Sexual Violence In Modern Egypt, Jihan Zakarriya

Journal of International Women's Studies

This paper examines the interconnections between public sexual violence, female shame, and public feminism in modern Egypt. It connects aspects of public sexual violence against women generally and politicized sexual violence in 21st-century Egypt in particular, arguing that successive political regimes in Egypt produce and maintain a spatial culture of humiliation and inferiorization as a political tool of silencing, and oppressing women and opposition. This culture of humiliation and inferiorization is premised upon media-oriented female shame ideas that relate and condemn female sexuality and public participation, establishing the public space as militarized, dangerous and exclusive. This paper attempts to assess ...


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