Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Classics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

4,133 Full-Text Articles 2,213 Authors 1,386,767 Downloads 190 Institutions

All Articles in Classics

Faceted Search

4,133 full-text articles. Page 1 of 107.

The Architecture Of Law: Building Law In The Classical Tradition, Brian M. McCall 2018 University of Oklahoma

The Architecture Of Law: Building Law In The Classical Tradition, Brian M. Mccall

Brian M McCall

The Architecture of Law explores the metaphor of law as an architectural building project, with eternal law as the foundation, natural law as the frame, divine law as the guidance provided by the architect, and human law as the provider of the defining details and ornamentation. Classical jurisprudence is presented as a synthesis of the work of the greatest minds of antiquity and the medieval period, including Cicero, Artistotle, Gratian, Augustine, and Aquinas; the significant texts of each receive detailed exposition in these pages.
Along with McCall’s development of the architectural image, he raises a question that becomes a ...


Wonder Woman: Classical Hero, Modern Superheroine, And Feminist Figure, Victoria A. Karnes 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Wonder Woman: Classical Hero, Modern Superheroine, And Feminist Figure, Victoria A. Karnes

Celebration of Learning

Wonder Woman, an Amazonian princess and superheroine who has been inspiring women since her comic debut in 1941. From her origins to the villains she faces, Wonder Woman’s stories and character are wrapped up in allusions to famous myths and figures of Greek and Roman literature. In my Senior Inquiry, I investigate Wonder Woman’s Classical connections and compare the ancient portrayal of Amazonian women to their portrayal in the comics and the recent films Wonder Woman (2017) and Justice League (2017). Also, in my Senior Inquiry, I analyze Dr. William Marston’s complicated and problematic feminist views which ...


Women’S Erotic Desires And Perspectives On Marriage In Sappho’S Epithalamia And H.D.’S Hymen, Amanda Kubic 2018 Washington University in St. Louis

Women’S Erotic Desires And Perspectives On Marriage In Sappho’S Epithalamia And H.D.’S Hymen, Amanda Kubic

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In her collection Hymen (1921), the modernist poet H.D. engages in a collaborative, composite reception of the archaic Greek lyric poet Sappho. H.D. draws on Sappho as a source of lyric power and lesbian erotic authority, and brings together the various women’s voices and perspectives represented in Sappho’s poems—especially those that have to do with marriage—into her own present poetic moment. As the title Hymen suggests, of particular significance to H.D.’s Sapphic reception work is the genre of the epithalamium, or “wedding song.” Sappho, in her epithalamia, constructs a woman-centered and woman-identified ...


Archaeometric Approaches To The Roman Near East, Gayatri Nandwani 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Archaeometric Approaches To The Roman Near East, Gayatri Nandwani

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The purpose of my research this summer has been to participate in a full suite of archaeometric and geoarchaeological analyses, particularly as they are applied to sedimentology. The first section of my research has focused on an introduction to these procedures at ARL including laboratory safety procedures, proper sample collection and processing methods, and introduction to methods and purposes for a variety of laboratory analyses including grain size distribution analysis using a state of the art Malvern Mastersizer 3000 laser diffraction particle size analyzer, organic matter and inorganic carbon analysis, and microartifact analysis. During the field collection phase I worked ...


"The People With Burned Faces" : Greco-Roman Anti-Black Racism And Its Modern Effects, Christopher Cox 2018 Whitman College

"The People With Burned Faces" : Greco-Roman Anti-Black Racism And Its Modern Effects, Christopher Cox

Honors Theses

Anti-black racism is not a modern phenomenon. Instead, it existed as long ago as the ancient Greco-Roman world. Greek and Roman writers displayed racist attitudes in many works, and with various levels of explicitness. Authors including Aristotle, Diodorus, Ovid, and Martial demonstrated that their society held a coherent body of racial thought that consistently denigrated, scorned, mocked, and exotified black people. Given the importance the study of the “Classics” was given in the modern era, it is unsurprising to find that modern racists used ancient texts, theories, and practices to support and justify their own racism. While Jeffersonian apologies for ...


Supplementary Table Of Poehler, Van Roggen, And Crowther 2019: Description Of Iron Deposits, Eric E. Poehler 2018 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

Supplementary Table Of Poehler, Van Roggen, And Crowther 2019: Description Of Iron Deposits, Eric E. Poehler

Eric Poehler

Description of Iron Deposits 


Good Rhetoric From The Classical To The Jesuits; Or On Αγαθός Λόγος, Andrew J. Wells 2018 College of the Holy Cross

Good Rhetoric From The Classical To The Jesuits; Or On Αγαθός Λόγος, Andrew J. Wells

The Criterion

Labeling rhetoric as ἀγαθός (good) or κακός (bad) might appear subjective. The Jesuit rhetorical tradition suggests otherwise. Once I place the pursuit of eloquentia perfecta within the context of ancient rhetoricians: Socrates, Gorgias, the author of Dissoi Logoi, and Quintillian, I attempt to find a definition for ἀγαθός λόγος (good speech/rhetoric).


Of Ivory And Eros: How Kurtz Was Corrupted By The Congo, Alexander T. Grey 2018 College of the Holy Cross

Of Ivory And Eros: How Kurtz Was Corrupted By The Congo, Alexander T. Grey

The Criterion

While much ink has been spilled about the savagery and rawness of Conrad's magnum opus, Heart of Darkness, few scholars have sought to look at the softer side of Kurtz, Marlow, and the cast of characters. This essay attempts to view the work through the lens of love and the Grecian concepts of eros, philia and agape as they apply to Kurtz's tryst and what can be learned about this tormented man in the jungle when love enters the equation.


The Pages Of The Master, Andrew Moran PhD 2018 University of Dallas

The Pages Of The Master, Andrew Moran Phd

Convocation

No abstract provided.


An Embarrassment Of Riches: Data Integration In Vr Pompeii, Adam Schoelz 2018 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

An Embarrassment Of Riches: Data Integration In Vr Pompeii, Adam Schoelz

Computer Science and Computer Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

It is fair to say that Pompeii is the most studied archaeological site in the world. Beyond the extensive remains of the city itself, the timing of its rediscovery and excavation place it in a unique historiographical position. The city has been continuously studied since the 18th century, with historians and archaeologists constantly reevaluating older sources as our knowledge of the ancient world expands. While several studies have approached the city from a data driven perspective, no studies of the city have taken a quantitative holistic approach on the scale of the VR Pompeii project. Hyper-specificity has been the order ...


The Socially Deviant (M)Other In Euripides' "Medea" And Two Modern Adaptations, Christina Faye Kramer 2018 Stephen F Austin State University

The Socially Deviant (M)Other In Euripides' "Medea" And Two Modern Adaptations, Christina Faye Kramer

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For centuries male-dominated societies have developed their own culturally constructed images of the socially acceptable and socially deviant mothers. The thesis explores how the Grecian, Caribbean, and Irish cultures of Euripides’ Medea (431 BC), Steve Carter’s Pecong (1990), and Marina Carr’s By the Bog of Cats (1998) respectively, all based on the Medea myth, commonly define the social deviant (m)other and condemn her for her “otherness.” It also discusses the limitations of each society’s decision to label the Medea-figure as socially deviant. Euripides creates an impossible dichotomy between the culturally constructed concepts of heroism and motherhood ...


Archaeology And Conservation Of The Middle Phrygian Gate Complex At Gordion, Turkey, Semih Gönen, Richard F. Liebhart, Naomi F. Miller, Elspeth Dusinberre 2018 Boğaziçi Üniversitesi

Archaeology And Conservation Of The Middle Phrygian Gate Complex At Gordion, Turkey, Semih Gönen, Richard F. Liebhart, Naomi F. Miller, Elspeth Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

In 2016, a project was undertaken at Gordion, Turkey, to stabilize and conserve the remains of a rubble platform built early in the Middle Phrygian period (ca. 800–700 b.c.e.) under the vast Gate Complex leading to the megarons on the Citadel Mound. In the process, aspects of Middle Phrygian building strategies came to light that enhanced our understanding gained from the original excavation in the 1950s. This article outlines the archaeology of the Middle Phrygian Gate Complex and the sophisticated internal structures that lent stability to the rubble platform upon which it was built, and examines the ...


Parnassus: Classical Journal (Volume 6, 2018), Steven Merola, Jeffrey Dickinson, Liam O'Toole, Richard Ciołek, Julia Spiegel, Stephen Conde, Emma Powell, Michael Kelley, Andrew J. Wells, Aidan Largey, Michael Raheb, Charlie Schufreider, Zachary Sowerby, Hui Li, Caroline MacLachlan 2018 College of the Holy Cross

Parnassus: Classical Journal (Volume 6, 2018), Steven Merola, Jeffrey Dickinson, Liam O'Toole, Richard Ciołek, Julia Spiegel, Stephen Conde, Emma Powell, Michael Kelley, Andrew J. Wells, Aidan Largey, Michael Raheb, Charlie Schufreider, Zachary Sowerby, Hui Li, Caroline Maclachlan

Parnassus: classical journal

Parnassus is an undergraduate journal published by the College of the Holy Cross in conjunction with the Classics Department. Parnassus' mission is to share the passion of Holy Cross students for the ancient world. All pieces aim to be generally understandable, allowing the field to be more accessible to non-specialists in the community.


The Pen Must Calm The Sword: A Call To Promote South Sudanese History For Peace, John Robert Flores Jr. 2018 Liberty University

The Pen Must Calm The Sword: A Call To Promote South Sudanese History For Peace, John Robert Flores Jr.

Senior Honors Theses

The Republic of South Sudan is the world’s youngest nation and its birth has been marred by horrific acts of tribal and ethnic strife that have been characterized by brutal attacks on women and children by both rebels and government forces and the destruction of its ability to feed and provide basic services for its citizens. South Sudan’s first few years of statehood have been heartbreaking especially when considered against the promise that existed only a few years ago. Working towards a peaceful and successful future will inevitably be founded, in part, on understanding the history of the ...


The Exceptional Case Of Plancia Magna: (Re)Analyzing The Role Of A Roman Benefactress, Barbara F. Caceres-Cerda 2018 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Exceptional Case Of Plancia Magna: (Re)Analyzing The Role Of A Roman Benefactress, Barbara F. Caceres-Cerda

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This thesis analyzes the extravagant renovation of the Hellenistic gate complex funded by Plancia Magna, an elite woman from Perge, a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia. By using Plancia Magna as a case study, I hope to use her patronage of an outstanding architectural program to examine the dynamic roles elite women held under the Roman Empire in the late 1st century to 2nd century CE. Euergetism played a key role in developing cultural standards and civic obligations. Predominantly a male dominated practice, Plancia Magna stands out as one of its active and independent participants by commissioning the ...


Queens Of Failing Nations In Classical Tragedy, Katie L. Toledano 2018 Montclair State University

Queens Of Failing Nations In Classical Tragedy, Katie L. Toledano

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

This thesis will compare the role that queens in failing nations, motivated by revenge, play as tragic heroes in Classical tragedy. Focusing on the classical tragedies of Euripides’ Medea and Hekabe to Seneca’s Medea and Trojan Women, this thesis compares the roles that these queens play as tragic heroes in both the Greek and Roman renditions. As politically significant characters and tragic heroes, Medea and Hecuba both operate as both poison and cure, representing nations and houses that are failing, on the basis of their identity and their actions. I have focused on how Euripides and Seneca offer queens ...


J.S. Mill The Democrat: Connecting Mill, Athens, And Election Reform, Devon Wolfe 2018 College of William and Mary

J.S. Mill The Democrat: Connecting Mill, Athens, And Election Reform, Devon Wolfe

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine John Stuart Mill's views on representative government in an effort to show his support for democracy. In order to accomplish this, I examine his relationship to the Ancient Athenian direct democracy. I argue that Mill’s appreciation for the guiding principles of the participatory democracy in Athens implies that his own beliefs regarding the principles of democracy are positive and supportive.


A Song Of Arms And Of The Woman: Confronting Cleopatra In The Augustan Era Through The Carmen De Bello Actiaco, Rachel Dubit 2018 College of William and Mary

A Song Of Arms And Of The Woman: Confronting Cleopatra In The Augustan Era Through The Carmen De Bello Actiaco, Rachel Dubit

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This project consists of a translation and literary analysis of the Carmen de Bello Actiaco, a fragmentary Latin epic from the Villa dei Papiri at Herculaneum. The epic describes the events surrounding the battle of Actium and Octavian's conquest of Egypt. This analysis explores the importance of the Carmen as a product of a distinctly Augustan ideology, regardless of the exact date of its writing. The first chapter addresses the character of Cleopatra VII and how her portrayal is indicative of the contemporary Roman imperialistic conceptualization of Egypt and other foreign territories. The second chapter explores the theme of ...


Satyrs, Syphilis, And Sailors: The Influence Of Gaius Petronius’ Satyricon Liber On Samuel Taylor Coleridge’S “The Rime Of The Ancient Mariner”, Spencer Fugate 2018 Macalester College

Satyrs, Syphilis, And Sailors: The Influence Of Gaius Petronius’ Satyricon Liber On Samuel Taylor Coleridge’S “The Rime Of The Ancient Mariner”, Spencer Fugate

English Honors Projects

For generations, Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner” has befuddled readers. This project argues that many of its apparent puzzles disappear once we recognize its base text as the Satyricon Liber, Gaius Petronius’ first-century vulgar comedy. Attending to Coleridge’s broader literary corpus alongside images of sexual dysfunction in “The Rime” itself to justify this foundational claim, I then explore how a comic source transforms the reader’s experience of “The Rime” and its criticism. “The Rime” refutes cohesive readings as a horror-poem because it was never intended as pure horror: rather, the poem is Coleridge ...


Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project: Report Of The 2003 Season, Nicholas K. Rauh 2018 Purdue University

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project: Report Of The 2003 Season, Nicholas K. Rauh

Rough Cilicia Archaeological Survey Project, 1996-2011

The Rough Cilicia Survey Team was investigating the role of Rough Cilicia as a production region to the ancient Roman Mediterranean economy. Our investigative methods in the 2003 season included remote sensing of satellite imagery; surface, geomorphological, and maritime survey; charcoal analysis of ceramic production residue for timber identification; and biogeochemical analysis of regional terrestrial vegetation preserved in sediments. The project team identified crucial indicators of economic production activities associated with the renewable resource of timber (particularly cedar) from Cilician mountain forests. To refine this question, the project was examining the basin of the Biçkici River (modern Gazipaşa, Turkey) as ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress