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American Popular Culture Commons

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Ian Gordon. Kid Comic Strips: A Genre Across Four Countries. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. ---. Superman: The Persistence Of An American Icon. New Jersey: Rutgers Up, 2017., Cathy L. Ryan 2017 The Ohio State University

Ian Gordon. Kid Comic Strips: A Genre Across Four Countries. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. ---. Superman: The Persistence Of An American Icon. New Jersey: Rutgers Up, 2017., Cathy L. Ryan

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Ian Gordon. Kid Comic Strips: A Genre Across Four Countries. Palgrave Studies in Comics and Graphic Novels, Ed. Roger Saban. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017. Review of Ian Gordon. Superman: The Persistence of an American Icon. New Jersey: Rutgers UP, 2017.


Derek C. Maus And James J. Donahue. Post-Soul Satire: Black Identity After Civil Rights. Jackson: Up Of Mississippi, 2014., Jacinta Yanders 2017 The Ohio State University

Derek C. Maus And James J. Donahue. Post-Soul Satire: Black Identity After Civil Rights. Jackson: Up Of Mississippi, 2014., Jacinta Yanders

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Derek C. Maus and James J. Donahue. Post-Soul Satire: Black Identity After Civil Rights. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 2014.


Craig Hill. Teaching Comics Through Multiple Lenses: Critical Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2017., Jacinta Yanders 2017 The Ohio State University

Craig Hill. Teaching Comics Through Multiple Lenses: Critical Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2017., Jacinta Yanders

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Craig Hill. Teaching Comics Through Multiple Lenses: Critical Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2017.


Christopher Pizzino. Arresting Development: Comics At The Boundaries Of Literature. Austin: U Of Texas P, 2016., Katlin M. Sweeney 2017 San Diego State University

Christopher Pizzino. Arresting Development: Comics At The Boundaries Of Literature. Austin: U Of Texas P, 2016., Katlin M. Sweeney

Studies in 20th & 21st Century Literature

Review of Christopher Pizzino. Arresting Development: Comics at the Boundaries of Literature. Austin: U of Texas P, 2016.


"A Most Disgraceful, Sordid,Disreputable, Drunken Brawl": Paul Cadmus And The Politics Of Queerness In The Early Twentieth Century, Samuel W D Walburn 2017 Purdue University

"A Most Disgraceful, Sordid,Disreputable, Drunken Brawl": Paul Cadmus And The Politics Of Queerness In The Early Twentieth Century, Samuel W D Walburn

The Purdue Historian

This paper examines the work of Paul Cadmus from 1930 to 1948. Over the span of nearly three decades, Cadmus's art evolved from covert depictions of queer culture to an explicit depiction of the politics of queerness in immediate postwar America. Cadmus’s legacy is unique because his art documents the shifting conceptualizations of gender and sexuality in the first half of the twentieth century. He is also notable because he so masterfully maneuvered the liminal space between private and public, painting subversive images immersed in covert queerness early in his career and later using queer art as a ...


Mybarrio: Emigdio Vasquez And Chicana/O Identity In Orange County, Natalie Lawler, Denise Johnson, Marcus Herse, Jessica Bocinski, Manon Wogahn 2017 Chapman University

Mybarrio: Emigdio Vasquez And Chicana/O Identity In Orange County, Natalie Lawler, Denise Johnson, Marcus Herse, Jessica Bocinski, Manon Wogahn

Exhibition Catalogs

"Emigdio Vasquez created artwork that challenged Orange County’s more prominent narrative of wealthy beachside neighborhoods. He painted the brown bodies and brown histories that defined our earliest communities and economy... Vasquez produced much of the local art history that Orange County should be known for and should protect. It is with this perspective that Chapman University is proud to present the exhibition, My Barrio: Emigdio Vasquez and Chicana/o Identity in Orange County, in conjunction with the Getty Pacific Standard Time: LA/LA initiative. We hope to initiate discourse not only about Vasquez’s prolific career, but also about ...


Sex Trafficking Survivor, Pro-Life Advocate, Darlene Pawlik 2017 Save The 1

Sex Trafficking Survivor, Pro-Life Advocate, Darlene Pawlik

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

I was conceived by rape. I was mentally, physically and sexually abused as a child. I endured four years of juvenile sex trafficking. These experiences shaped my views on abortion and pro-life issues. Drawing from my personal experience and the experiences of others, as well as referring to empirical evidence, I set forth the position that children conceived through sexual violence are no less deserving of protection than those conceived in loving relationships. Preserving the health and dignity of sexual abuse survivors is important and supportive help is needed.


A Lesson On Hatred From The Annals Of Logan County History, Aaron Barlow 2017 CUNY New York City College of Technology

A Lesson On Hatred From The Annals Of Logan County History, Aaron Barlow

Publications and Research

Stories of lynchings, events of the American past, remain alive in all of us whose ancestors were involved, be it as victims, perpetrators, or even law officers who, for one reason or another, stood aside. We can’t push aside or ignore that history any more than we can bury the other terrible legacies of slavery.


Polymediated Narrative: The Case Of The Supernatural Episode "Fan Fiction", Art Herbig, Andrew F. Herrmann 2017 East Tennessee State University

Polymediated Narrative: The Case Of The Supernatural Episode "Fan Fiction", Art Herbig, Andrew F. Herrmann

Andrew F. Herrmann

Modern stories are the product of a recursive process influenced by elements of genre, outside content, medium, and more. These stories exist in a multitude of forms and are transmitted across multiple media. This article examines how those stories function as pieces of a broader narrative, as well as how that narrative acts as a world for the creation of stories. Through an examination of the polymediated nature of modern narratives, we explore the complicated nature of modern storytelling.


"C-Can We Rest Now?": Foucault And The Multiple Discursive Subjectivities Of Spike, Andrew F. Herrmann 2017 East Tennessee State University

"C-Can We Rest Now?": Foucault And The Multiple Discursive Subjectivities Of Spike, Andrew F. Herrmann

Andrew F. Herrmann

Excerpt: Besides the lead character herself, the leather-clad vampire Spike -- introduced as the "Big Bad" in Buffy the Vampire Slayer (BtVS) Season 2 -- the most analyzed character in the Buffyverse.


The Anti-Black Hero: Black Masculinity Media Representation As Seen In Netflix Series Luke Cage And Fox Series Empire, Meya Joyell Hemphill 2017 Kennesaw State University

The Anti-Black Hero: Black Masculinity Media Representation As Seen In Netflix Series Luke Cage And Fox Series Empire, Meya Joyell Hemphill

Master of Arts in American Studies Capstones

The reoccurrence of the Black Brute, the Thug, and the modern day Coon stereotypical images on current television narrowly defines Black masculinity as a monolithic experience. Young Black boys, are often unable to see themselves as those who are portrayed on television. The images they see on screen are sometimes not realistic. Unfortunately, for some young Black boys, these stereotypical images may heavily influence their own behavior. Society often criminalizes and demonizes young Black men as angry, violent, and dangerous. They pose as a supposed threat to society and are thought to be even more problematic as they age. Currently ...


"Jim Along Josey": Play-Parties And The Survival Of A Blackface Minstrel Song, Maya Brown 2017 Kent State University

"Jim Along Josey": Play-Parties And The Survival Of A Blackface Minstrel Song, Maya Brown

Excellence in Performing Arts Research

The play-party was a social activity once practiced in rural America amongst Protestants in the latter half of the nineteenth century. With a desire to circumvent the church’s strict no dancing rules, as well as avoid reprimand, play-party adolescents adapted the lyrics and instrumentation of blackface minstrel songs to create a vocal music to accompany their play-party games. The main objective of this paper is to demonstrate that play-parties offered the space for the continuation and reinterpretation of minstrel practices, particularly song repertoire. In this paper, the children’s song “Jim Along Josey” is used as a case study ...


Who Exactly Is Living La Vida Loca: The Legal And Political Consequences Of Latino-Latina Ethnic And Racial Stereotypes In Film And Other Media, Ediberto Román 2017 Florida International University College of Law

Who Exactly Is Living La Vida Loca: The Legal And Political Consequences Of Latino-Latina Ethnic And Racial Stereotypes In Film And Other Media, Ediberto Román

Ediberto Roman

This piece, however, will not simply expose the insidious stereotypes of Latinas and Latinos. It will undertake the more involved task of drawing a nexus between the societal prejudice which leads to the stereotyping and the legal and political consequences that result from it. Specifically, I argue that these media images, myths, metaphors, and stereotypes play a critical role in establishing society's vision of Latinas and Latinos. In other words, these stereotypes serve to reinforce both the characterizations of Latinas and Latinos from the perspectives of both the dominant and the dominated. These stereotypes, in turn, foster and perpetuate ...


Pop Goes La Cultura: American Pop Culture’S Perpetuation Of Latino Paradigms And Stereotypes, Adrian E. Quinones Rivas, Berlinda Saenz 2017 University of Northern Colorado

Pop Goes La Cultura: American Pop Culture’S Perpetuation Of Latino Paradigms And Stereotypes, Adrian E. Quinones Rivas, Berlinda Saenz

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

This article examines the perpetuation of Latino stereotypes and paradigms within American Pop Culture. Pop culture venues such as film, television, and the web platform YouTube were used as a basis for analysis. In addition, a few television primetime shows and movies are referenced, including The George Lopez Show, Jane the Virgin, Gilmore Girls, Scarface, and Mi Vida Loca (my crazy life), and critically analyzed as evidence of Latino subordination. Latino Americans face many challenges including being stereotyped as uneducated, poverty-stricken, lazy, aloof, and obtaining low end jobs such as janitors, housemaids, and gardeners. These negative depictions have created an ...


A Heads Up On Kathy Griffin's Trump Head Depiction, Marleen S. Barr 2017 CUNY Borough of Manhattan Community College

A Heads Up On Kathy Griffin's Trump Head Depiction, Marleen S. Barr

Publications and Research

This essay is a feminist analysis of the controversy involving Kathy Griffin's depiction of Trump's head.


Black Models Matter: Challenging The Racism Of Aesthetics And The Facade Of Inclusion In The Fashion Industry, Scarlett L. Newman 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Black Models Matter: Challenging The Racism Of Aesthetics And The Facade Of Inclusion In The Fashion Industry, Scarlett L. Newman

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The global fashion market is expanding every day, but often, the global fashion runways do not reflect that reality. On average, black models make up for six percent of models used on the runway during the fashion month calendar. This small percentage is also mirrored in advertisements and editorials featured in popular fashion magazines. In the 1970s, black models were met with great opportunities, and that success trickled down into the 1980s and the 1990s. As the 90s came to a close, top designers opted for an aesthetic that ultimately excluded models of color, but black models beared the brunt ...


Nervous Salomes: New York Salomania And The Neurological Condition Of Modernité, Margaret K. Araneo 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Nervous Salomes: New York Salomania And The Neurological Condition Of Modernité, Margaret K. Araneo

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In January 1907, New York City had its first major encounter with the figure of Salome. Appearing on three large stages in the city simultaneously, the archetype of the dancing girl quickly became an object of controversy. Her appearance at the Metropolitan Opera House in its staging of Strauss’s Salome resulted in public debate and the ultimate closure of the performance by the Met’s Board of Directors. The event brought attention to the Salome archetype’s already contested character. Salome arrived in the United States from Europe where she had been the subject of a quarter century of ...


Reimagining The Collective: Black Popular Music And Recording Studio Innovation, 1970-1990, Will Fulton 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Reimagining The Collective: Black Popular Music And Recording Studio Innovation, 1970-1990, Will Fulton

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines developments in the production practices of black popular music in the recording studio from 1970 to 1990. The year 1970 marked a transition in the recording practice of popular music that had a distinct impact on styles marketed as R&B, soul, and funk. Multitracking in the 1950s and 1960s had paved the way for a transformed production process, one initiated by Les Paul’s and Sidney Bechet’s overdubbing experiments in the 1940s. The collective sound of instrumentalists and vocalists heard on records no longer resulted from live-to-tape recordings of group performances, but was increasingly the product of constructed representations, as separate layered events were cut to multitrack tape.

When mixed together, these overdubbed tracks presented the listener with the impression of collective, interactive performances. Features central to the ethos of R&B music making – vocals in call and response, instruments in apparent rhythmic dialogues, and funky syncopation usually resulting from interactive group dynamism – were increasingly the product of the technologically mediated process of overdubbing, and performed often by one musician singing all of the parts or layering several instruments. By 1990, in part due to the popularity of newly developed drum machines, MIDI sequencers, samplers, and digital synthesizers, to record collectively in R&B-based black popular music was the exception rather than the norm.

This study considers new practices of record production that developed in this era of multitrack recording and electronic experimentation through an examination of four case studies: Stevie Wonder’s recordings in the early 1970s; Prince’s recordings from the late 1970s to the mid 1980s; Michael Jackson’s composition and recording process from this same period; and the mid-to-late 1980s sampling and sequencing processes of Public Enemy’s Bomb Squad production collective. The producers of these recordings, well aware of the collective ethos of earlier black music styles, conceived imaginative ways ...


From Woody Guthrie To The Big Muddy: The Evolution Of Political Music In America From World War I To The Late 1960s, Alexander B. Kouwenhoven 2017 Union College - Schenectady, NY

From Woody Guthrie To The Big Muddy: The Evolution Of Political Music In America From World War I To The Late 1960s, Alexander B. Kouwenhoven

Honors Theses and Student Projects

Throughout the course of American history, music has served as a vital cultural mode for the expression and articulation of the collective American experience. Perhaps the most iconic connection between music and politics in American history occurred during the 1960s in the era of the counterculture and the Vietnam War. During this period, rock ‘n’ roll musicians became the figureheads for the Anti-War campaign and represented the political objectives of the New Left. However, the iconic status of these political musicians did not arise in a vacuum. These musicians, and their political importance in America can trace its origins to ...


The Inward Turn Of Chicago Drill Rap, Benjamin M. Levey 2017 Northwestern University

The Inward Turn Of Chicago Drill Rap, Benjamin M. Levey

Undergraduate Research and Arts Exposition

Drill rap, a subgenre of hip-hop intimately connected to Chicago street life and brought into the nation’s musical mainstream by Chicago rapper Chief Keef, sounds and means differently than traditional forms of hip-hop. Unlike most hip hop, drill is outwardly unconcerned with mobility. This project explores drill’s departure from hip-hop’s traditional aesthetics and messaging, considering what about Chicago gave rise to this departure, the extent to which the departure categorizes the subgenre, and what the departure says about the counter-public of young people that create and consume drill rap in the city. This project is highly interdisciplinary ...


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