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Reimagining The Collective: Black Popular Music And Recording Studio Innovation, 1970-1990, Will Fulton 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Reimagining The Collective: Black Popular Music And Recording Studio Innovation, 1970-1990, Will Fulton

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation examines developments in the production practices of black popular music in the recording studio from 1970 to 1990. The year 1970 marked a transition in the recording practice of popular music that had a distinct impact on styles marketed as R&B, soul, and funk. Multitracking in the 1950s and 1960s had paved the way for a transformed production process, one initiated by Les Paul’s and Sidney Bechet’s overdubbing experiments in the 1940s. The collective sound of instrumentalists and vocalists heard on records no longer resulted from live-to-tape recordings of group performances, but was increasingly the product of constructed representations, as separate layered events were cut to multitrack tape.

When mixed together, these overdubbed tracks presented the listener with the impression of collective, interactive performances. Features central to the ethos of R&B music making – vocals in call and response, instruments in apparent rhythmic dialogues, and funky syncopation usually resulting from interactive group dynamism – were increasingly the product of the technologically mediated process of overdubbing, and performed often by one musician singing all of the parts or layering several instruments. By 1990, in part due to the popularity of newly developed drum machines, MIDI sequencers, samplers, and digital synthesizers, to record collectively in R&B-based black popular music was the exception rather than the norm.

This study considers new practices of record production that developed in this era of multitrack recording and electronic experimentation through an examination of four case studies: Stevie Wonder’s recordings in the early 1970s; Prince’s recordings from the late 1970s to the mid 1980s; Michael Jackson’s composition and recording process from this same period; and the mid-to-late 1980s sampling and sequencing processes of Public Enemy’s Bomb Squad production collective. The producers of these recordings, well aware of the collective ethos of earlier black music styles, conceived imaginative ways ...


Black Models Matter: Challenging The Racism Of Aesthetics And The Facade Of Inclusion In The Fashion Industry, Scarlett L. Newman 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Black Models Matter: Challenging The Racism Of Aesthetics And The Facade Of Inclusion In The Fashion Industry, Scarlett L. Newman

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The global fashion market is expanding every day, but often, the global fashion runways do not reflect that reality. On average, black models make up for six percent of models used on the runway during the fashion month calendar. This small percentage is also mirrored in advertisements and editorials featured in popular fashion magazines. In the 1970s, black models were met with great opportunities, and that success trickled down into the 1980s and the 1990s. As the 90s came to a close, top designers opted for an aesthetic that ultimately excluded models of color, but black models beared the brunt ...


She Would Not Be Silenced: Mae West's Struggle Against Censorship, Charlotte N. Toledo 2017 Cleveland State University

She Would Not Be Silenced: Mae West's Struggle Against Censorship, Charlotte N. Toledo

The Downtown Review

Mae West, an actress during Hollywood's Golden Age, used her fame on stage, in films, and on the radio to offer social commentary on relationships between men and women in society. Her irreverent style of addressing issues of female sexuality and power certainly caught peoples attention and made them think about these issues in new ways. At the same time, her racy delivery made her a target of stage, film, and radio censorship. She refused to be silenced and continually pushed against restrictions to deliver he message of empowerment in her trademark provocative manner.


Not So Revisionary: The Regressive Treatment Of Gender In Alan Moore's Watchmen, Anna C. Marshall 2017 Cleveland State University

Not So Revisionary: The Regressive Treatment Of Gender In Alan Moore's Watchmen, Anna C. Marshall

The Downtown Review

While Alan Moore’s comic book Watchmen is often hailed as a revisionary text for introducing flawed superheroes and political anxiety to the genre, it is also remarkably regressive in its treatment of gender. Some critics do argue that women are given a newfound voice in Watchmen, but this interpretation neglects to examine character Laurie Jupiter adequately, or the ways in which other female characters' appearance and dialogue are limited and/or based on their sexuality and relationships with male characters. Watchmen's main female characters, mother and daughter Sally and Laurie Jupiter, lack autonomy and their identities are completely ...


Postmodern Blackness And The Legacy Of Bessie Smith, Phillip M. Warfield 2017 Southern Adventist University

Postmodern Blackness And The Legacy Of Bessie Smith, Phillip M. Warfield

Student Research

This paper aims to analyze and focus on the average life of mostly female African American entertainers before and after the Civil Rights era, while also showcasing the life and legacy of one of the first African American women to gain nationwide acclaim, Bessie Smith, through the lenses of postmodern blackness theory.


The American Dream, Micronationalisms, And The Three Part National Identity As Presented By Dr. Hunter S. Thompson, Brianna J. Doucet 2017 University of Texas at Tyler

The American Dream, Micronationalisms, And The Three Part National Identity As Presented By Dr. Hunter S. Thompson, Brianna J. Doucet

English Department Theses

Hunter S. Thompson was a pioneer in Gonzo journalism, a writing style that fictionalized journalistic reporting through first draft, no editing publication. This unique writing style, coupled with Thompson’s personal collective identity based on Sedikides and Brewer’s three-part identity allowed for Thompson to draft a model for the three-part American identity based in the American dream. Throughout his career Thompson sought to find the American dream but what he found instead was the death of decency in America and the rebirth of the American dream through a whitewashed lens. The thesis paper explores three-parts of American identity, the ...


Image And Perception Of The Top Five American Tourist Cities As Represented By Snow Globes, Caitlin Malloy 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Image And Perception Of The Top Five American Tourist Cities As Represented By Snow Globes, Caitlin Malloy

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis investigates the connection between popular culture’s perception of place and the physical augmentation of reality. Focusing on the top five tourist cities in America, this disparateness is observed through the lens of a souvenir: the snow globe.

The presentation of the work is broken into two parts: the written portion and the book of diagrams. A total of 45 snow globes (9 for each of the 5 cities) were selected for the study, each carefully analyzed for content to include monuments, colors, text, dimensions, realism, and layout. This resulted in a series of diagrams which graphically express ...


True Crime As A Literature Of Advocacy, Leslie Rowen 2017 Bellarmine University

True Crime As A Literature Of Advocacy, Leslie Rowen

Undergraduate Theses

True crime is often dismissed as a genre of cheap paperbacks with little literary merit and highly sensational, pornographic content. By contrast, my paper proposes an alternative literary history of true crime which merits further investigation because of its focus on advocating for justice where the justice system failed. I begin with Catharine Williams’ 1833 piece Fall River: An Authentic Narrative, an early example from true crime literature. The text disputes the acquittal of a Methodist preacher for the murder of a female mill worker, arguing that the trial was unfairly slanted in the defendant’s favor. More than a ...


1st Place: Critical Media Literacy: Liberating The "Criminal" And Empowering African American Males (Contest Entry), Talia Cain 2017 Chapman University

1st Place: Critical Media Literacy: Liberating The "Criminal" And Empowering African American Males (Contest Entry), Talia Cain

Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize

This is Talia Cain's submission for the 2017 Kevin and Tam Ross Undergraduate Research Prize, which won first place. She wrote about how media contributes to the criminalization of African American males and the effects of this on African American male students.

Talia is a sophomore at Chapman University, majoring in Integrated Educational Studies. Her faculty mentor is Professor Anne Steketee.


Images, Speech Balloons, And Artful Representation: Comics As Visual Narratives Of Early Career Teachers, Julian Lawrence, Ching-Chiu Lin, Rita Irwin 2017 University of British Columbia

Images, Speech Balloons, And Artful Representation: Comics As Visual Narratives Of Early Career Teachers, Julian Lawrence, Ching-Chiu Lin, Rita Irwin

SANE journal: Sequential Art Narrative in Education

The ways in which teachers adjust to challenges in the process of becoming professionals are complicated. Teacher mentorship, however, is an important step to creating and sustaining a strong professional career. This article discusses new understandings from a Canadian research project: Pedagogical Assemblage: Building and Sustaining Teacher Capacity through Mentoring Programs in British Columbia. Through our use of an a/r/tography informed methodology in teacher mentorship, we have come to understand how the use of comics permits an unfolding of visual narratives as a unique way of contextualizing the complex stories of teaching and learning. Our motivation in employing ...


Teaching Critical Looking: Pedagogical Approaches To Using Comics As Queer Theory, Ashley Manchester 2017 University of Florida

Teaching Critical Looking: Pedagogical Approaches To Using Comics As Queer Theory, Ashley Manchester

SANE journal: Sequential Art Narrative in Education

Given the challenging depth of queer theoretical concepts, this article argues that one of the most effective ways to teach the complexities of queer theory is by utilizing comics in the classroom. I focus on how college-level instructors can use the content, form, and history of comics to teach students how to enact and do queer theory. By reading and making comics, students learn concrete and theoretical tools for combatting oppressive discourses and modes of meaning making. Teaching comics as queer theory promotes both innovative critical thinking and critical looking skills by centralizing both the rich history of queer comics ...


Review Of Captain Marvel And The Art Of Nostalgia, By Brian Cremins, Sean Kleefeld 2017 Independent Comics Scholar

Review Of Captain Marvel And The Art Of Nostalgia, By Brian Cremins, Sean Kleefeld

SANE journal: Sequential Art Narrative in Education

No abstract provided.


Take Long Looks At Anything, Luke Hawley 2017 Dordt College

Take Long Looks At Anything, Luke Hawley

Faculty Work: Comprehensive List

Posting about the podcast S-Town by Brian Reed from In All Things - an online journal for critical reflection on faith, culture, art, and every ordinary-yet-graced square inch of God’s creation.

http://inallthings.org/take-long-looks-at-anything/


Portfolio Vol. Vi N 1, John Wyman, Harold R. Holbrook, Barbara Hayne, Merrimon Cuninggim, Thelma Willett, Albert Miller, Pat Brannon, Nancy Forsberg, Carolyn Kearns, Richard Harvey, Robert Spike, Patricia Stodghill, Donald Ladd 2017 Denison University

Portfolio Vol. Vi N 1, John Wyman, Harold R. Holbrook, Barbara Hayne, Merrimon Cuninggim, Thelma Willett, Albert Miller, Pat Brannon, Nancy Forsberg, Carolyn Kearns, Richard Harvey, Robert Spike, Patricia Stodghill, Donald Ladd

Portfolio

Wyman, John. "Mrs. Brannon's Bathtub". Prose. 1.

Holbrook, Harold R. "Sonnet". Poem. 7.

Hayne, Barbara. "Prayer of A Youth". Poem. 7.

Egger, Ellen. "An Evening". Poem. 7.

Cuninggim, Merrimon. "Lambda Pi Beta Mu". Prose. 9.

Willett, Thelma. "White Rosebuds". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "Span of A Life in Mine". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "Seventeen". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "Ave Atque Vale". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "The Ashes of Letters". Poem. 11.

Miller, Albert. "...To One I Have Known and Loved". Prose. 12.

Wyman, John. "Browning the Artist". Prose. 14.

Brannon, Pat. "Revolution". Poem. 18.

Forsberg, Nancy. Unnamed. Poem. 18 ...


Portfolio Vol. Vi N 2, John Wyman, Harold R. Holbrook, Barbara Hayne, Ellen Egger, Merrimon Cuninggim, Thelma Willett, Albert Miller, Pat Brannon, Nancy Forsberg, Carolyn Kearns, Richard Harvey, Robert Spike, Patricia Stodghill, Donald Ladd 2017 Denison University

Portfolio Vol. Vi N 2, John Wyman, Harold R. Holbrook, Barbara Hayne, Ellen Egger, Merrimon Cuninggim, Thelma Willett, Albert Miller, Pat Brannon, Nancy Forsberg, Carolyn Kearns, Richard Harvey, Robert Spike, Patricia Stodghill, Donald Ladd

Portfolio

Wyman, John. "Mrs. Brannon's Bathtub". Prose. 1.

Holbrook, Harold R. "Sonnet". Poem. 7.

Hayne, Barbara. "Prayer of A Youth". Poem. 7.

Egger, Ellen. "An Evening". Poem. 7.

Cuninggim, Merrimon. "Lambda Pi Beta Mu". Prose. 9.

Willett, Thelma. "White Rosebuds". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "Span of A Life in Mine". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "Seventeen". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "Ave Atque Vale". Poem. 11.

Willett, Thelma. "The Ashes of Letters". Poem. 11.

Miller, Albert. "...To One I Have Known and Loved". Prose. 12.

Wyman, John. "Browning the Artist". Prose. 14.

Brannon, Pat. "Revolution". Poem. 18.

Forsberg, Nancy. Unnamed. Poem. 18 ...


Portfolio Vol. V N 3, Marilyn Koons, Sally Davidson, Marianna Stander, John Morton, Bonnie Tomlin, Helen Rhu, Carolyn Metcalf, Dick Harvey, Mary Vercoe, Jacque Hill, Earl W. Brannon, Barbara Hayne, Pete Burrows, Leslie Seagrave, Virginia Benson, Virginia Reynolds 2017 Denison University

Portfolio Vol. V N 3, Marilyn Koons, Sally Davidson, Marianna Stander, John Morton, Bonnie Tomlin, Helen Rhu, Carolyn Metcalf, Dick Harvey, Mary Vercoe, Jacque Hill, Earl W. Brannon, Barbara Hayne, Pete Burrows, Leslie Seagrave, Virginia Benson, Virginia Reynolds

Portfolio

Koons, Marilyn. "Apology". Poem. 5.

Koons, Marilyn. "A Woman's Request" Poem. 5.

Davidson, Sally. "Of the Present". Poem. 5.

Koons, Marilyn. "Escape in Memory". Poem. 5.

Stander, Marianna. "Self Portrait". Picture. 5.

Morton, John. "Consumer's Victory". Prose. 6.

Rhu, Helen. "Prize Winning Poem". Poem. 8.

Rhu, Helen. "To the Victor". Poem. 8.

Rhu, Helen. "Fantasy at Midnight". Poem. 8.

Tomlin, Bonnie. "The Drag". Picture. 8.

Morse, Kay. "In Spite of all..." Prose. 9.

Metcalf, Carolyn. "Isolation". Cartoon. 12.

Koons, Marilyn. "In Black and White". Prose. 14.

Harvey, Dick. "Through Enemy Eyes". Prose. 15.

Vercoe, Mary. "Storm".Poem. 16 ...


Portfolio Vol. V N 2, Marilynn Koons, J.G. Rucker, John Wyman, Marace Tolan, Edward A. Wright, Virginia Benson, Moll Wilhelm, Alice Rolph, Mary Vercoe 2017 Denison University

Portfolio Vol. V N 2, Marilynn Koons, J.G. Rucker, John Wyman, Marace Tolan, Edward A. Wright, Virginia Benson, Moll Wilhelm, Alice Rolph, Mary Vercoe

Portfolio

Koons, Marilynn. "America Is". Poem. 4.

Rucker, J.G. "Nothing but the Beat". Prose. 5.

Wyman, John. "Pringle". Prose. 6.

Tolan, Marace. "Hands at Midnight". Poem. 7.

Wright, Edward A. "All in a Day's Work". Prose. 8.

Benson, Virginia. "Now is the Time". Prose. 9.

Moll, Wilhelm. "The Dead Lover". Prose. 12.

Flammt, Marga. "Escape". Poem. 14.

Rolph, Alice. "Fancy's Flight". Poem. 14.

Vercoe, Mary. "Future". Poem. 14.

Klammt,Marga. "Parting". Poem. 14.

Anonymous. "Denisoniana". Picture. 10.

Benson, Virginia. "Marquand-H.M. Pulham. Esquire". Prose. 15.

Benson, Virginia. "Junior Miss". Prose. 15.

Reynolds, Virginia. "Stubs of the Jungle". Prose ...


Portfolio Vol. V N 1, Franklin M. Dippery, Margaret Shields, Toby Raymond, Scott Pruyn, Maurice Tolan, Virginia Benson, Hoyt Leon Sharman, Ervin Nussbaum, Pat Brannon, Leslie Seagrave, Charles Jones, Peggy Collins, Duke Smith 2017 Denison University

Portfolio Vol. V N 1, Franklin M. Dippery, Margaret Shields, Toby Raymond, Scott Pruyn, Maurice Tolan, Virginia Benson, Hoyt Leon Sharman, Ervin Nussbaum, Pat Brannon, Leslie Seagrave, Charles Jones, Peggy Collins, Duke Smith

Portfolio

Dippery, Franklin M. Unnamed. Prose. 2.

Shields, Margaret. "The Dance". Prose. 4.

Raymond, Toby. "Tundra". Prose. 7.

Pruyn, Scott. "Lest We Forget". Poem. 9.

Tolan, Maurice. "Pronounced 'Mejico'". Picture. 10.

Phillips, Alison. "Pronounced "Mejico"". Prose. 10.

Benson, Virginia. "Matter of Opinion". Poem. 12.

Benson, Virginia. "Cloud Shadows". Poem. 12.

Benson, Virginia. "Autumn Organist". Poem. 12.

Sherman, Hoyt Leon. "Orchard". Picture. 12.

Nussbaum, Ervin. "The End of John Brown". Picture. 13.

Brannon, Pat. "Revolution". Poem. 13.

Anonymous, Pat. "A Dream". Poem. 13.

Anonymous, Pat. "Her". Poem. 13.

Seagrave, Leslie. "Tibetan Rug". Prose. 14.

Benson, Virginia. "Cronin-The Keys of the Kingdom". Prose ...


Promise That You Will Sing About Me: Kendrick Lamar In Posterity, Brandon Apol 2017 Cedarville University

Promise That You Will Sing About Me: Kendrick Lamar In Posterity, Brandon Apol

Music and Worship Student Presentations

Sometimes it would seem that the quietest moments turn out to have the loudest repercussions. This would seem to be a consistent case for twenty eight-year old Kendrick Lamar, whose career has been defined by surprise and unannounced publications of music that shortly afterward are spun into respected works of art. With an album that no one anticipated going to the 2013 Grammy awards, another album that leaked a week ahead of schedule (and brought Kendrick 5 Grammys), and an album that was released with almost no warning whatsoever, Kendrick Lamar Duckworth makes headlines with his art; of this there ...


Religion And Violence In Jesse James Films, 1972–2010, Travis Warren Cooper 2017 Indiana University - Bloomington

Religion And Violence In Jesse James Films, 1972–2010, Travis Warren Cooper

Journal of Religion & Film

This essay analyzes recent depictions of Jesse James in cinema, examining filmic portrayals of the figure between the years of 1972 and 2010. Working from the intersection of the anthropology of film and religious studies approaches to popular culture, the essay fills significant gaps in the study of James folklore. As no substantial examinations of the religious aspects of the James myths exist, I hone in on the legend’s religiosity as contested in filmic form. Films, including revisionist Westerns, are not unlike oral-history statements recorded and analyzed by anthropologists, folklorists, and ethnographers. Jesse James movies, in other words, have ...


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