Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urban, Community and Regional Planning Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5,513 Full-Text Articles 5,278 Authors 2,509,431 Downloads 173 Institutions

All Articles in Urban, Community and Regional Planning

Faceted Search

5,513 full-text articles. Page 179 of 180.

The Concept Of The Territorial System Of Ecological Stability (Tses) In The Planning Practice In Slovakia, Zita Izakovičová, László Miklós 2010 Institute of Landscape Ecology, Slovak Academy of Sciences

The Concept Of The Territorial System Of Ecological Stability (Tses) In The Planning Practice In Slovakia, Zita Izakovičová, László Miklós

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The creation of ecological networks represents basic strategy of the nature and landscape protection. This principle is declared in many international documents, as are: AGENDA 21, Convention on biological diversity from Rio Summit °92, Pan-European strategy about biological and landscape biodiversity, EECONET in European programme IUCN, Landscape Convention etc. The maintenance of valuable natural ecosystems is basic principle of NATURA 2000, too. From these international concepts and programme outcomes national programme of ecological networks. Development of documents for ecological networks has been intensive for the last decade. This development can be seen as a response to fragmentation of land and …


Angelgreen: Green Network Development Strategy Of The 13th District Of Budapest., Péter Gábor 2010 Budapest Corvinus Universtiy Department of Urban Planning Green Tree Studio

Angelgreen: Green Network Development Strategy Of The 13th District Of Budapest., Péter Gábor

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The planning of greenways and green networks is relevant not only on regional scale and in rural and suburban areas but also in the scale of settlements or even districts within the cities. The AngelGREEN is the green network development strategy of the 13th district (also called as Angel-land) of Budapest. The strategy has been elaborated in order to help the district’s Environment Management Non-profit Ltd. in its objectives of developing and maintaining the green spaces owned by the District Council. The strategy serves as a framework to determine priorities in the company’s management responsibilities, and it is also expected …


From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc 2010 School of Landscape architecture of Versailles,Department of ecology and ethnoecology,

From The Peasant Bocage To The New “Green Territories”: Political And Cultural Construction Combining The Environment, The Landscape And The Heritage, Pauline Frileux, Monique Toublanc

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Within the framework of research on green networks2, we have studied the evolution of the forms and functions of the bocage systems in two peri-urban areas, close to two major French cities, Angers and Rennes. Our work has focused more specifically on pollarded trees – known as “ragosses” in the Rennais region and “têtards” in the Anjou region – which are one of the components of this system made up of plots of land within a network of ditches, embankments and hedgerows, themselves subdivided into several layers (tree - pollarded trees -, shrub and herbaceous). The Angevin site is a …


Blueprints For Green Communities: Climate Change Visioning And Participatory Landscape Planning For Resilient Low-Carbon Communities, David N. Flanders, Stephen R.J. Sheppard, Ellen Pond, Sarah Burch, Alison Shaw, Stewart Cohen 2010 University of British Columbia, Collaborative for Landscape Planning (CALP)

Blueprints For Green Communities: Climate Change Visioning And Participatory Landscape Planning For Resilient Low-Carbon Communities, David N. Flanders, Stephen R.J. Sheppard, Ellen Pond, Sarah Burch, Alison Shaw, Stewart Cohen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Emerging 3D visualization tools and future visioning methods offer new ways to make climate change impacts and potential responses explicit, and accelerate holistic solutions. Previous research at UBC’s Collaborative for Advanced Landscape Planning (CALP) and elsewhere confirms that 4D visioning processes using landscape visualizations of recognizable places under alternative future conditions can improve community engagement and awareness on complex environmental and planning issues (Tress and Tress, 2002; Sheppard and Meitner, 2005; Schroth, 2007). This paper examines a visioning process (Sheppard, 2008) that applies visualization and other landscape planning methods to explore high and low-carbon futures of the affluent, sub-urban hillside …


Change And Continuity: The New Understanding Of The Historic Past Presented By The Example Of Mikes Estate, Zabola, Albert Fekete 2010 Corvinus University of Budapest, Dept. of Garden and Open Space Design

Change And Continuity: The New Understanding Of The Historic Past Presented By The Example Of Mikes Estate, Zabola, Albert Fekete

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Park landscapes can be regarded as a means of cultural expression. The Mikes Estate from Zabola (Zabala-Romania) shows - through its creation, its history and through the present situation and management of the estate - how the cultural landscape embodied many of the ideals and needs of the local society. These ideals reflected new reverence for the environment, new approaches to the conservation of natural resources, and a new sense of the historic past. The studied site is located in the central region of Romania, in the eastern side of Transylvania, at the foot of the Carpathian Mountains.


Towards A Sustainable Community-Supported Green Space System For Budapest, Kristin Faurest 2010 Budapest Corvinus University, Faculty of Landscape Architecture, Department of Garden and Open Space Design

Towards A Sustainable Community-Supported Green Space System For Budapest, Kristin Faurest

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The idea of social justice as being intrinsic to landscape architecture can be traced back to Frederick Law Olmsted, who perceived urban parks as sites of egalitarian mingling of the classes, and fresh air and green space as a basic human right. Olmsted’s ideas were radical for his time; in the 21st century, in an increasingly urbanized world with a growing rich-poor gap, they are nothing short of urgent. The presence of accessible, safe, quality green space offers people the opportunity for active recreation, for enjoying clean air in an oasis far from city noise and traffic, and for outdoor …


Visibility Assessment Of The Perenye Windpark Near The Kőszegi Mountain In Hungary, Dóra Drexler, Ágnes Sallay, Sándor Jombach 2010 Technische Universität München, Department of Landscape Ecology

Visibility Assessment Of The Perenye Windpark Near The Kőszegi Mountain In Hungary, Dóra Drexler, Ágnes Sallay, Sándor Jombach

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The visibility assessment of the Perenye Windpark was commissioned in 2009 by the West Transdanubian Authority for Environmental Protection. The plans of the windpark contained 11 turbines situated in an arable area near the small village of Perenye, south of the scenic Kőszegi Mountain and the Írottkő Nature Park. The height of the planned turbines was 179 meters (160 meters tower plus 19 meters rotor height). Ten of them were planned to have 2 MW energy output and one, which was offered by the investors to the local government, 850 kW.

The main reason for the visibility assessment was the …


Frederick Law Olmsted’S Public Parks, Parkways And Their Influence On The Continent, Luca Csepely-Knorr 2010 Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Garden and Open Space Design

Frederick Law Olmsted’S Public Parks, Parkways And Their Influence On The Continent, Luca Csepely-Knorr

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The connections between European and American park design have been the subject of a considerable body of research (e.g. Bowe, 1995). However, relatively little has been written on the extent to which European public parks have exerted an influence on the development of American urban green spaces, and the reciprocal effect of these open spaces on European park design.

The main goal of this paper is to examine how Frederick Law Olmsted’s European travels influenced his planning concepts, what he considered as his precedents, and how he put these in practical uses. Adopting a continental point of view, the focus …


Is The French View Of Greenways Avant-Garde Or Déjà-Vu?, Laure Cormier, Monique Toublanc, Jacques Baudry 2010 PhD student UP Landscape, AGROCAMPUS OUEST, centre d’Angers, Institut national d’horticulture et de paysage, France

Is The French View Of Greenways Avant-Garde Or Déjà-Vu?, Laure Cormier, Monique Toublanc, Jacques Baudry

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

“Greenway” has become trendy in the French planners’ vocabulary. Indeed, this term has many meanings, related to both the environmental and social characteristics of a territory. It carries many positive cultural values. There are not one but several types of greenways in according to specific area (urban, peri-urban, and rural) with different objectives (recreation, nature conservation, human well being). Nowadays, the French term for greenways is “trame verte”. This expression is a planning concept dealing mostly with private land.

The objective of the paper is threefold. First, we shall look at the changes in the content of “greenways” in this …


Western Sydney Parklands: Creating Coherency From Diversity In A Greenway Corridor, Linda Corkery, Catherine Evans 2010 University of New South Wales, Landscape Architecture Program

Western Sydney Parklands: Creating Coherency From Diversity In A Greenway Corridor, Linda Corkery, Catherine Evans

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The Western Sydney Parklands (WSP) is a significant greenway corridor of some 5280 ha, extending 27 km from north to south, located 35 km west of the Sydney CBD. It is a corridor replete with opportunities, but also presenting many challenges to its future development and ongoing management, in particular, balancing the public’s interest to gain access to the corridor for recreation with broader conservation concerns to enhance its ecological integrity. This paper charts the evolution of the WSP throughout its history, and explores how the WSP in combination with the M7 motorway has evolved since 1968, focusing on shifts …


The Planning Principles Of Standing Waters’ Shore Zones Demonstrated By The Example Of Velence-Lake, Zsombor Boromisza 2010 Corvinus University of Budapest, Department of Landscape Preservation and Reclamation

The Planning Principles Of Standing Waters’ Shore Zones Demonstrated By The Example Of Velence-Lake, Zsombor Boromisza

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

The importance of investigating shore zones is justified, on one hand, by the numerous functions the land zones have (that of bio filter, preserving the assortment of species, in addition to being habitat, ecological network’s unit, as well as destination and attracting factor for recreational and tourism opportunities etc.). On the other hand, however, many interests are crossing as to shore zones, the increased utilization’s demands may – in many cases – limit or cease the above mentioned functions, e.g. as a result of regulating the water level, the shore, the water-course or the built-in shore zone . Having in …


Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver 2010 Ankara University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Landscape Architecture, Diskapi, Ankara, Turkey

Greenways And The Urban Form: City Of Ankara, Turkey, Mukerrem Arslan, Emin Baris, Elmas Erdogan, Zuhal Dilaver

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

A greenway is a linear open space established along either a natural corridor, such as a riverfront, stream valley, or ridgeline, or overland along a railroad right-of-way converted to recreational use, a canal, scenic rood, or other route. It is any natural or landscaped course for pedestrian or bicycle passage. An open-space connector linking parks, nature reserves, cultural features, or historic sites with each other and with populated areas (Little, 1995; Miller et al., 1998; Viles and Rosier, 2001).

A greenway is a connector; a pattern of protected lands linking other protected lands such as natural features or historic sites …


Ecological Networks: From Regional To Metropolitan Strategies. The Northern Region Of Portugal And Oporto Metropolitan Area, Teresa Andresen 2010 CIBIO - University of Porto, Portugal

Ecological Networks: From Regional To Metropolitan Strategies. The Northern Region Of Portugal And Oporto Metropolitan Area, Teresa Andresen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Planning for change across landscape scales in Northern Portugal through the definition of ecological networks has proved to be a challenging exercise. The outputs produced between 2004 and 2009 by CIBIO, a research unit at the University of Porto, demonstrate the complementarities of landscape planning at the regional and metropolitan scales and between regional ecological networks for environmental protection and a metropolitan network of parks.

Through the five years of research, we were moved by the idea of providing solutions for better living in the ‘rural-urban compact’ where the Porto Metropolitan Area is embedded. Gutman (2007, pp. 385) defends that …


Sustainability And Cities: A Landscape Planning Approach, Jack Ahern 2010 University of Massachusetts, Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning

Sustainability And Cities: A Landscape Planning Approach, Jack Ahern

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

According to the United Nations, the world’s population has recently become predominantly urban, and the world’s urban population is projected to double by 2050 (United Nations Habitat 2006). This paper discusses the issues, challenges and best practices that are being conceived and applied by landscape and urban planners to bring sustainability and to build resilience capacity in cities. Landscape planning provides working/operational methods to address complex built and green urban environments with diverse resources, land uses and competing social needs and values. The theories behind landscape planning, landscape urbanism and new initiatives on sustainability and resilience will be reviewed and …


Working With Communities: U.S National Park Service Community Assistance In Corridor Planning, Charles L. Tracy 2010 National Park Service, U.S Department of the Interior

Working With Communities: U.S National Park Service Community Assistance In Corridor Planning, Charles L. Tracy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Shifting Leadership to the Local and Regional Level: Changes in federal land protection priorities and U.S. demographics have prompted a growing realization within the U.S. National Park Service (NPS) and other federal land managing agencies that they need to be more creative in partnering with local communities, including those with underserved populations, to engage them more fully in the protection and stewardship of cultural landscapes, river corridors, and recreational trails and greenways. This increased recognition of the need for partnership, especially in the protection of linear corridors, is underscored by the introduction of “Treasured Landscapes” (DOI, 2010) a new federal …


Responsive Urbanism: Sustainable Development Strategies For Small Communities With An Inter-Cultural Focus, Christine Scott Thomson, Kim Thornton, Gunther Koppelhuber 2010 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Department of Architecture

Responsive Urbanism: Sustainable Development Strategies For Small Communities With An Inter-Cultural Focus, Christine Scott Thomson, Kim Thornton, Gunther Koppelhuber

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This essay explores the development of a landscape design method referred to as Responsive Urbanism, the intention of which is to reverse the negative effects of globalization currently reordering the physical and social fabric of small communities. Responsive Urbanism utilizes a landscape based framework and systems focus that emphasizes the following series of disciplines (1) ecological networks in the natural world, (2) fabric of the built environment, (3) dynamics between land and transportation, and (4) socially networked decision making. The method also integrates community design events and cross-cultural collaboration, and concludes with multi-scaled design development that makes ecological integrity and …


Plan-It: A Method Enabling Regional Stakeholders To Design A Green Climate Corridor: The Groningen Case, Eveliene Steingröver, Sabine van Rooij 2010 Wageningen UR, Alterra, Landscape Centre, The Netherlands

Plan-It: A Method Enabling Regional Stakeholders To Design A Green Climate Corridor: The Groningen Case, Eveliene Steingröver, Sabine Van Rooij

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In this paper we present the implementation of a newly developed method to integrally plan for nature and water measures required to adapt to climate change, together with stakeholders. The identification of required nature adaptation measures is based on metapopulation theories.

The climate is changing and this has a pronounced effect on biodiversity (Van den Hurk, B. et al., 2006; Vos, C. et al., 2008). Researchers expect that a significant part of European biodiversity might be lost in several decades. The shifting climate zones and more frequent extreme weather events, combined with the small and highly fragmented nature areas in …


University Urban Design Centers In The Planning And Implementation Of Urban Greenways. – Possible Strategies For The Umass Amherst Design Center In Springfield, Ma., Frank Sleegers, Michael DiPasquale 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst, Department of Landscape Architecture and Regional Planning

University Urban Design Centers In The Planning And Implementation Of Urban Greenways. – Possible Strategies For The Umass Amherst Design Center In Springfield, Ma., Frank Sleegers, Michael Dipasquale

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

University supported community design centers in the United States provide an institutional alternative for urban design and planning. They are a link between the innovative and educational milieu of the university and professional practice. Design centers provide the infrastructure that allows faculty and students’ research opportunities and projects that intersect with the practice of urban design and planning, with the goal of improving the physical and consequently, the social environment.

This paper assesses the following goals that nascent community design centers should pursue in the planning and design of greenways: 1. focus on developing a collective vision and a tangible …


Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini 2010 University of Milan, Department of Agricultural Engineering

Urban Greenways Planning. A Vision Plan For Milan (Italy), Giulio Senes, Natalia Fumagalli, Alessandro Toccolini

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenways are “green infrastructure” to link people and places (Fabos, 1995) and can be planned at different scales (from national to municipal) and for multiple purposes, “including ecological, recreational, cultural, aesthetic” (Ahern, 1995), “to provide people with access to open spaces close to where they live” (President's Commission on Americans Outdoors, 1987), in order to “enhance both the environment and quality of life” (European Greenways Association, 2000).

At the municipal scale, the urban greenways network can help to reshape the city, making it more livable; urban greenways represent “at once the parks for the 21st century and a part of …


Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado 2010 CIBIO/University of Porto, Faculty of Sciences of the University of Porto, Department of Geosciences, Environment and Landscape Planning

Integrating Ecology And Society In The Urban Green Structure Planning: Evaluation Of Ugs Patches Quality In The City Of Porto, Portugal, Andreia V. Quintas, Maria José Curado

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cities are complex entities, with their own rules and dynamics of growth, behaviour and evolution, which result from interactions between biophysical and socioeconomic forces (Alberti et al., 2003). They have their own structure and functions. While the urban structure comprises its elements, its functions are based in the variety of services that cities provide (Pickett and Cadenasso, 2008). Its physical structure is composed by four main elements: buildings, build infrastructures, technical infrastructures and green infrastructures (Sandström et al., 2007), being complemented by the society component. These elements form a complex mosaic of patches, in a matrix of infrastructures, organizations and …


Digital Commons powered by bepress