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A Sustainable Design For The American Commercial Strip Mall, L. Carl Fiocchi, Jr. 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

A Sustainable Design For The American Commercial Strip Mall, L. Carl Fiocchi, Jr.

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The purpose of this project is to present an alternative in form, materials, and energy performance to the existing building type that has been the staple used in construction of American Commercial Strip Malls since the latter part of the nineteenth century. The project progresses through two phases. The initial phase is the designing of an energy efficient structure that is the basic unit in a system of modularity. This structure permits joining itself together with similar units to form an assortment of assemblies with different possible geometries that are in turn able to respond to various site geometries and ...


Reworking: Transforming A Textile Mill, Jennifer M. Hayes 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Reworking: Transforming A Textile Mill, Jennifer M. Hayes

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This project examines the adaptive reuse of a disused nineteenth century textile mill building in Gilbertville, Massachusetts. While the original form and structure of the building type was conducive to maximum production of goods, contemporary uses require different forms. Although other mills in New England have been reused for housing, museums, or professional offices, my goal was to propose a program that related to the building’s original function as a place where people worked. Because the unemployment rate is rising in Massachusetts in 2010, I propose that the mill be reused as a training center where people learn green ...


Evaluating Strategies To Create Successful Business Incubators In Massachusetts Gateway Cities, Sonya C. Smith 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Evaluating Strategies To Create Successful Business Incubators In Massachusetts Gateway Cities, Sonya C. Smith

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This thesis evaluates economic development, planning, public policy, and business strategies to create successful business incubators in Massachusetts’ post-industrial cities. These post-industrial cities in Massachusetts are dubbed “Gateway Cities” because they were once the economic engines of the region as well as areas of entry for many foreign-born residences to live and work. These cities have been recently plagued by high unemployment, poverty, and low business investment as many businesses, especially manufacturing, have located elsewhere. Legislation and policies involving redistribution of wealth to these Gateway Cities has recently been enacted to strengthen these communities. Although there currently isn’t a ...


Socio-Spatial Constructs Of The Local Retail Food Environment: A Case Study Of Holyoke, Massachusetts, Walter F. Ramsey 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Socio-Spatial Constructs Of The Local Retail Food Environment: A Case Study Of Holyoke, Massachusetts, Walter F. Ramsey

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This mixed-methods study addresses the relationship between the availability of food and realized food access by studying the retail food landscape of Holyoke, Massachusetts – a small, socio-economically diverse city. While a large body of empirical research finds that low-income communities and communities of color are especially likely to lack adequate access to healthy foods and experience increased vulnerability to food insecurity, few studies explore urban food environments through a mixed-methods case study approach. Through the use of food store mapping, store audits, and resident interviews, this research is a nascent attempt to articulate how the unique development histories and cultural ...


Crafting Form: A Tradition Reinvented, Abigail R. Pratt 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Crafting Form: A Tradition Reinvented, Abigail R. Pratt

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

Knitting always begins with a line. As the needles and hands work together, performing the same action over and over again, the line quickly becomes a collection of lines, crossing, looping and locking. The looping and locking generates a surface, and the surface becomes a form. Knitting generates form.

Knitting is commonly categorized as a craft, associated with quick hands, idle time, and everyday objects that clothe us, and as a result, the technique is often overlooked and rarely pursued beyond its’ culturally constructed boundaries. What if knitting constructed new forms that transcended the ordinary and the expected, and challenged ...


Reviewed Work(S): Elizabethan Architecture: Its Rise And Fall, 1540–1640 By Mark Girouard, John E. Moore 2010 Smith College

Reviewed Work(S): Elizabethan Architecture: Its Rise And Fall, 1540–1640 By Mark Girouard, John E. Moore

Art: Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Adaptive Housing: Transformation And Growth In The Urban Environment, Kevin Mowatt 2010 Roger Williams University

Adaptive Housing: Transformation And Growth In The Urban Environment, Kevin Mowatt

Architecture Theses

The proposal for an adaptive housing project and its chosen location arose from two obstacles that all modern cities and the world as a whole, face. The urban environment is revered for its cultural amalgam of people and wide range of demographics; however with this density and diversity comes a shortage of one type or another of commodious housing. Additionally and consequentially, the city must expand and build new buildings, leaving older, unsuitable building vacant. An adaptive architecture would allow families to grow and demographics to shift within the established community, all the while reinvigorating that second obstacle the city ...


Rising Architecture, Erica M. Wiggin 2010 Roger Williams University

Rising Architecture, Erica M. Wiggin

Architecture Theses

Many cities have experienced shrinkage in their city centers, leaving behind abandoned lots and buildings throughout the city streets. The historic city of Providence was split after the construction of I-95, leaving the west side of the city separated and in some cases abandoned from downtown. Creating a couple living communities that work together to live sustainably by producing necessities such as electricity, clean water, food and medicine will be contributing to the quality of the city as well as improving their lives by learning, developing and teaching new means of living to the rest of the community in their ...


Contradiction And Duality Within The City: The House Of Arts And Culture, Andrei Sdrula 2010 Roger Williams University

Contradiction And Duality Within The City: The House Of Arts And Culture, Andrei Sdrula

Architecture Theses

This project aims to apply the concepts of contradiction and duality as described in the manifesto to reinvigorate and reconnect a portion of the city Bucharest: the capital of Romania. This city has a long history of architectural achievements and disasters, and this intervention gets to the heart of that legacy when it confronts the House of Parliament: a massive megalomaniacal building constructed under the Ceausescu regime in the 1980s. The project addresses the parliament, sector, city, country, and people with first: a master plan, and then a civic building within that master plan that is located in front of ...


Community Infrastructure: A Transformation Of The New Orleans Industrial Canal, Nicholas Thornton 2010 Roger Williams University

Community Infrastructure: A Transformation Of The New Orleans Industrial Canal, Nicholas Thornton

Architecture Theses

The city of New Orleans is in need of a symbol of stability and hope. The design proposal is for a New Orleans Water Treatment Facility that focuses on purification, reclamation and desalination processes. The facility will create a pure water supply that will be distributed into public circulation as well as be made readily available during natural disasters. A public works building such as this is important to the growth of the ever rebuilding city. In 2005, New Orleans was hit by Hurricane Katrina causing flooding and destruction to a great majority of the city. Once the hurricane subsided ...


Redefining The Rural Experience: Change For The People Of The Appalachian Mountains, Magoffin County Crafts, Social, And Health Services Center Gifford, Kentucky, Katelyn Chapin 2010 Roger Williams University

Redefining The Rural Experience: Change For The People Of The Appalachian Mountains, Magoffin County Crafts, Social, And Health Services Center Gifford, Kentucky, Katelyn Chapin

Architecture Theses

As an introductory attempt to develop improvements within economically challenged Magoffin County, Kentucky, and explore the relationship of program to an individual’s life, craft, social, and health initiatives would be introduced to the residents. A community would evolve where locals could receive education, have access to daycare, purchase food at discount prices, engage in indigenous craft making, and visit professional doctors in the health clinic and urgent care center. Done in order to facilitate individual advancement and community growth, this design will support social integration by allowing people to share the resources needed to end the problem of generational ...


Creating Community: Mixed Use Development In New Bedford, Ma, Matthew J.B. Cate 2010 Roger Williams University

Creating Community: Mixed Use Development In New Bedford, Ma, Matthew J.B. Cate

Architecture Theses

In creating a new type of community for New Bedford, MA, there was an awareness of both the existing community, context, and people, while realizing a need for change. The design uses the concept of adapting the existing density into two modes. First, merging the existing residential fabric and merging it with a public program including both commercial and retail development. Second, focusing that new typology into a smaller more refi ned space, while creating new public areas for communal enjoyment and development. Creating such an idea of living takes the existing unused exterior spaces allotted to the typical housing ...


Urban [Boxscape], Brad W. Bolte 2010 Roger Williams University

Urban [Boxscape], Brad W. Bolte

Architecture Theses

Urban [BOXSCAPE] is a method of developing upon the existing Big Box Landscape in order to synthesize commercial, environmental, and social components of civic life into an integrated solution. This urban concept is demonstrated through a design vision for a Big Box Center in Seekonk, Massachusetts. However, the guidelines and options used in this exercise are meant to exceed this site’s immediate relevance and provide a model approach for similar sites across the nation.


Sustainability Initiatives In East Bayside Neighborhood Portland, Maine, Garvan Donegan, Henry Heyburn, Caitlyn Horose, Matt Klebes, Jennifer Riley, Damon Yakovleff, New England Environmental Finance Center 2010 University of Southern Maine

Sustainability Initiatives In East Bayside Neighborhood Portland, Maine, Garvan Donegan, Henry Heyburn, Caitlyn Horose, Matt Klebes, Jennifer Riley, Damon Yakovleff, New England Environmental Finance Center

Planning

This is a bundle containing research on sustainability initiatives that could be implemented in the East Bayside neighborhood of Portland, ME. These six essays were prepared by the Spring, 2010 Sustainable Communities Class known as CPD 602 at the University of Southern Maine. The class is part of the core curriculum of the Community Planning and Development program of the Muskie School of Public Service at the university. The instructor for the class was Samuel Merrill, Ph. D. who is also director of the New England Environmental Finance Center at the University. These papers were prepared in conjunction with Alan ...


Treatises Cited In The Most Notable Antiquity, Rumiko Handa 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Treatises Cited In The Most Notable Antiquity, Rumiko Handa

Architecture Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

Much debated is the authorship of The Most Notable Antiquity of Great Britain, Vulgarly Called Stone-Heng, on Salisbury Plain, Restored by Inigo Jones (London, 1655) for a number of reasons. Firstly, the book was published three years after Jones’s death, who was Surveyor for Prince Henry, King James I, and King Charles I. Secondly, it presented an erroneous interpretation that Stonehenge was a Roman temple dedicated to Coelus. Thirdly, John Webb, Jones’s assistant since 1628, claimed that he himself “compose[d] this Treatise” from the master’s “some few indigested notes.” By comparing the printed sources the book ...


Moving From Agenda To Action: Evaluating Local Climate Change Action Plans, Zhenghong Tang, Samuel D. Brody, Courtney E. Quinn, Liang Chang, Ting Wei 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Moving From Agenda To Action: Evaluating Local Climate Change Action Plans, Zhenghong Tang, Samuel D. Brody, Courtney E. Quinn, Liang Chang, Ting Wei

Community and Regional Planning Program: Faculty Scholarly and Creative Activity

Climate change is conventionally recognized as a large-scale issue resolved through regional or national policy initiatives. However, little research has been done to directly evaluate local climate change action plans. This study examines 40 recently adopted local climate change action plans in the US and analyzes how well they recognize the concepts of climate change and prepare for climate change mitigation and adaptation. The results indicate that local climate change action plans have a high level of “awareness”, moderate “analysis capabilities” for climate change, and relatively limited “action approaches” for climate change mitigation. The study also identifies specific factors influencing ...


An Analysis Of Small Business Loan Guarantee Funds, William E. O'Bryan III 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

An Analysis Of Small Business Loan Guarantee Funds, William E. O'Bryan Iii

Community and Regional Planning Program: Student Projects and Theses

Small businesses are considered important engines for job growth and economic development by policy makers worldwide. One of the most commonly cited constraints of small businesses is a lack of access to capital. To address this constraint, small business loan guarantee programs have been established in over 100 countries. There are a variety of types of guarantee funds, with the most significant differences being which borrowers are eligible for guarantees, and how borrowers are approved for guarantees. There is currently no clear delineation between types of programs and the economic conditions they operate in, though some trends are becoming apparent ...


Ab-10-018: The Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems With Tonal Components On Human Performance And Perception (1322-Rp), Erica E. Ryherd, Lily M. Wang 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

Ab-10-018: The Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems With Tonal Components On Human Performance And Perception (1322-Rp), Erica E. Ryherd, Lily M. Wang

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

This study investigated the effects of noise from building mechanical systems with tonal components on human task performance and perception. Six different noise conditions based on in-situ measurements were reproduced in an office-like setting; all were set to approximately the same sound level (47 dBA) but could have one particular tonal frequency (120 Hz, 235 Hz, or 595 Hz) at one of two tonal prominence ratios (5 or 9). Thirty participants were asked to complete typing, grammatical reasoning, and math tasks plus subjective questionnaires, while being exposed for approximately 1 hour to each noise condition. Results show that the noise ...


Computational Modeling Of Effects Of Alloying Elements On Elastic Coefficients, Z. K. Liu, H. Zhang, S. Ganeshan, Y. Wang, S. N. Mathaudhu 2010 Pennsylvania State University

Computational Modeling Of Effects Of Alloying Elements On Elastic Coefficients, Z. K. Liu, H. Zhang, S. Ganeshan, Y. Wang, S. N. Mathaudhu

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Models for composition and temperature dependencies of single-crystal elastic stiffness coefficients are developed and applied to the Al12Mg17 and hexagonal closed-packed solution phases in the Mg–Al system based on data from first-principles calculations. In combination with models for multi-phases, the bulk, shear, and Young’s moduli of Mg–Al alloys are predicted and compared with available experimental data in the literature. It is noted that both phase transition and grain boundary sliding may play important roles in the elastic coefficients as a function of temperature.


Active Noise Barrier Minimizing Pressure Gradient, Carl Hart, Siu-Kit Lau 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Active Noise Barrier Minimizing Pressure Gradient, Carl Hart, Siu-Kit Lau

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

Minimization of the sound pressure field within the shadow zone of a noise barrier is achieved by reducing the pressure gradient along a line, at the top of a barrier, via active noise control. The noise control effectiveness of a barrier is increased by this strategy, especially for specific system configurations. The proposed method was evaluated by numerical simulation. Results indicate that system orientation has little effect on minimizing the pressure gradient at the top of the barrier when the error sensors are invisible to the primary noise disturbance. Highly effective control within the shadow zone and close to the ...


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