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Performance And Form: New Pedagogical Approaches To Designing The Building Envelope As An Adaptive Interface, Ulrike Passe, Robert Demel 2012 Iowa State University

Performance And Form: New Pedagogical Approaches To Designing The Building Envelope As An Adaptive Interface, Ulrike Passe, Robert Demel

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Architecture pedagogy plays a significant role in building a sustainable world. Sustainable design requires a thorough understanding of building energy performance, while the urging issue of a changing climate demands for higher energy efficiency and improved energy conservation. This demand challenges conventional ways to program buildings as well as purely formal approaches to the design of their envelope and spatial composition. It is no longer the question to build for one climate instead with the lifespan of a building, design concepts might need to integrate the ability to adapt to at least two climate conditions: current and future. The question ...


Changing The Relationship Of Form And Performance: The Conceptual Integration Of Quantitative Performance Evaluations Into Design Pedagogy, Ulrike Passe 2012 Iowa State University

Changing The Relationship Of Form And Performance: The Conceptual Integration Of Quantitative Performance Evaluations Into Design Pedagogy, Ulrike Passe

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

In Sustainable Environmental Design Teaching, Research and Practice Simos Yannas1 identifies the need for a ‘clearly laid out, continuously evolving approach that sees sustainable design as an integral part of architectural training from the outset’. Thus sustainable design is not an optional technical addendum, but a key ingredient in a new practice that needs to be fostered by a different approach to architectural education. According to Yannas this approach is defined by a holistic knowledge triangle, which might have ‘different origins’ and might well ‘represent different forms of learning’ than we know today. The first point on this knowledge triangle ...


Life In A Late Byzantine Tower: Examples From Northern Greece, Jelena Bogdanović 2012 Iowa State University

Life In A Late Byzantine Tower: Examples From Northern Greece, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Medieval masonry towers are a prominent and ubiquitous feature of the Mediterranean Basin and the Balkan Peninsula. Many are in ruins and most have yet to be studied. We surmise that they were built for protection, so that they are typically associated with the architecture of an "age of insecurity." Professor Slobodan Ćurčić, who dedicated his career to the study of medieval architecture, has nourished a special interest in these buildings. Honoring Professor Ćurčić, I offer this chapter surveying a discrete group of seven Late Byzantine (fourteenth to sixteenth centuries) freestanding towers in northern Greece.


Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková 2012 Iowa State University

Czech Paneláks Are Disappearing, But The Housing Estates Remain / České Paneláky Miznú, Ale Sídliská Zostávajú, Kimberly Elman Zarecor, Eva Špačková

Architecture Publications

A common lament about the legacy of communism in Europe is the damage that it did to the built environment. Particular ire is directed at the concrete prefabricated housing blocks, known in Czech and Slovak as paneláks (structural panel buildings), groups of which were arranged in housing estates (sídliště in Czech and sídlisko in Slovak) to create the region’s characteristic postwar districts. Paneláks were not only signs of the increased production of new housing, but also indicated the acceleration of urbanization in the region as residents moved from rural areas to towns and cities for work. According to United ...


Organizational Culture And Public Sector Reforms In A Post-Washington Consensus Era: Can Ghana’S Reformers Learn From Ghana’S ‘Good Performers’, Francis Owusu 2012 Iowa State University

Organizational Culture And Public Sector Reforms In A Post-Washington Consensus Era: Can Ghana’S Reformers Learn From Ghana’S ‘Good Performers’, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Reforming Africa’s public sector has been on the agenda of African governments and their development partners for decades yet the problem persists. This failure can be attributed to two related factors: solutions to the “African public sector problem” have been dictated by external interests; and the policies have ignored the experiences of organizations within those countries. This paper contributes to the search for effective reform policies by making the case for inclusion of the experiences of organizations within each country. Using the concept of organizational culture as a framework, I propose an approach based on the following claims: in ...


Beyond The ‘Posts’ In African Development Discourse: Exploring Real Solutions To Africa’S Problems, B. Ikubolajeh Logan, Francis Owusu, Ezekiel Kalipeni 2012 Pennsylvania State University - Main Campus

Beyond The ‘Posts’ In African Development Discourse: Exploring Real Solutions To Africa’S Problems, B. Ikubolajeh Logan, Francis Owusu, Ezekiel Kalipeni

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This special issue attempts to further a line of critical inquiry in African politics, administration and development discourse, which we refer to here as the ‘posts’. In our terminology, the ‘posts’ constitute a body of narratives, which critique the heterogeneous assortment of orthodoxies in the mainstream African development discourse. The ‘posts’, although part of the mainstream thinking, interrogate themes within that discourse for their disingenuous intellectual and policy approaches to African problems (see Bourdieu and Wacquant, 1999 for a general discussion of the subject). The ‘posts’ charge that mainstream discourses, far from being beacons of enlightenment about Africa, often reflect ...


The Socioeconomic Determinants Of Hiv/Aids Infection Rates In Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland And Zimbabwe, Christobel Asiedu, Elizabeth Asiedu, Francis Y. Owusu 2012 Louisiana Tech University

The Socioeconomic Determinants Of Hiv/Aids Infection Rates In Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland And Zimbabwe, Christobel Asiedu, Elizabeth Asiedu, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

This paper uses data from the Demographic and Health Survey to analyze the relationship between HIV status and the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of adults in Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. We construct the HIV/AIDS risk profile of the average adult, compute the values of age, education and wealth where the estimated probability of infection assumes its highest value, and we determine the percentage of adults for which age, education and wealth are positively correlated with the probability of infection. We find that in all the four countries: (i) the probability of being HIV positive is higher for women ...


Lincoln Elementary School Cedar Falls, Iowa I-Walk Report Spring 2012, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Sarah T. Watts, Dennis Haney, Ashley Christensen, Christopher J. Seeger, Mary Savage 2012 Iowa Department of Public Health

Lincoln Elementary School Cedar Falls, Iowa I-Walk Report Spring 2012, Catherine J. Lillehoj, Tami Larson, Sarah T. Watts, Dennis Haney, Ashley Christensen, Christopher J. Seeger, Mary Savage

I-WALK Reports

In the past three decades, the number of obese and overweight individuals in Iowa and across the nation has skyrocketed. With obesity comes the greater risk of health complications and life expectancy reduction. As a result, the current generation of youth face a new and growing threat to their overall quality of life. In Iowa alone, 37.1% of 3rd grade students are identified as either overweight or obese.


H.W.S. Cleveland's Landscape For Oak Hill Cemetery: A Design Analysis, Deborah Lynn Cooper 2012 Iowa State University

H.W.S. Cleveland's Landscape For Oak Hill Cemetery: A Design Analysis, Deborah Lynn Cooper

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Oak Hill Cemetery in Cedar Rapids, Iowa is one of H.W.S. Cleveland's early Midwestern cemetery landscapes that is relatively intact. This case study of Oak Hill Cemetery highlights how Cleveland communicated his design ideas through landscape. Specifically, the design analysis of Oak Hill Cemetery reveals Cleveland's design aesthetic in the landscape.

Cleveland was influenced by ideas about the affective quality of the landscape found in early American literature. Consequently, he studied the natural environment in the places where he worked to find inspiration for his designs. Cleveland's belief in the transformative power of the landscape ...


Gis Descriptive Modeling Of General Land Office Surveyor Tree Data And Spatial Relationships With River Valleys And Their Potential Fire Shadow Effects In Polk And Dallas Counties, Iowa, Jonathan David Nelsen 2012 Iowa State University

Gis Descriptive Modeling Of General Land Office Surveyor Tree Data And Spatial Relationships With River Valleys And Their Potential Fire Shadow Effects In Polk And Dallas Counties, Iowa, Jonathan David Nelsen

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Fire was a controlling force in the Iowa landscape long before Euro-Americans took up residence among its forests and prairies (Anderson 1998). Rivers and river valleys are features that influenced the spread of these fires (Leitner and others 1991, Anderson 1998). Based on previous studies in the midwest, the primary wind direction during fire season was from the south and west (Leitner and others 1991, Anderson 1998). As fire spread, river valleys acted as fire breaks and decreased fire frequency and intensity in protected areas to the north and east (Leitner and others 1991). In this study several spatial and ...


Buildings As Teaching Tools: A Case Study Analysis To Determine Best Practices That Teach Environmental Sustainability, Craig Schiller 2012 Carnegie Mellon University

Buildings As Teaching Tools: A Case Study Analysis To Determine Best Practices That Teach Environmental Sustainability, Craig Schiller

Theses

This research is intended to help meet the growing demand for green schools that foster sustainability education by aggregating and cross-analyzing specific pedagogical strategies from buildings currently being used as teaching tools for sustainability. Over 350 specific teaching strategies were collected from 15 of the world’s highest performing academic buildings using Anne Taylor’s theoretical framework for linking architecture with sustainability education. These strategies were collected through interviews, literature reviews, web content, course curriculums, photographs, and site visits. This research also analyzed current educational theory that can be extended to the physical built environment, which was used to qualitatively ...


Deciphering The Cultural Heritage And Function Of The Ella Strong Denison Library Complex, Sara E. Zúñiga 2012 Scripps College

Deciphering The Cultural Heritage And Function Of The Ella Strong Denison Library Complex, Sara E. Zúñiga

Scripps Senior Theses

To be submitted.


Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling 2012 University of South Florida

Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Analyses of traffic accidents are often focused on the characteristics of the accident event and hence do not take into account the broader neighborhood contexts in which accidents are located. This thesis seeks to extend empirical analyses of accidents by understanding the link between accidents and their surroundings. The case study for this thesis is Hillsborough County, Florida, within which the city of Tampa is located. The Tampa Bay region ranks very high in terms of accident rates within U.S. metropolitan areas and is also characterized by transport policies which favor private automobiles over mass transit options, making it ...


Boundaries, Tony Gonzalez 2012 Iowa State University

Boundaries, Tony Gonzalez

Datum: student journal of architecture

Last year in the College of Design there was a large installation that invited students to inscribe upon it their own suggestions for ways to enrich their education. In bold blue letters, someone had written that they do not want to be looked down upon for what major they are in. In our College, there is a kind of stereotype that every major has a different level of difficulty.


Bioremediation As A Solution To Road Runoff Pollution, Lewis DuBois, Edward Jarvis, Ben Root 2012 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Bioremediation As A Solution To Road Runoff Pollution, Lewis Dubois, Edward Jarvis, Ben Root

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Pollutants draining from the road in the form of road runoff are proceeding, untreated, into the soil and nearby bodies of water, like under-ground aquifers. The form of pollutant least filtered through natural means are polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). These PAHs can have detrimental effect on the ecosystems surrounding the contaminated water bodies. Bioremediation of PAHs is the ideal procedure to solve this issue.

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2012)


Wishing For A Well, Jennifer Coffey, Emily Doherty, Christopher Murray, Sydney Tucker, Tammy Zamaitis 2012 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Wishing For A Well, Jennifer Coffey, Emily Doherty, Christopher Murray, Sydney Tucker, Tammy Zamaitis

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

Our goal is to raise $1,000 by fundraising within the WPI and Worcester community. The money will be donated to UNICEF to install a pump in Togo, Africa.

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2012)


Reducing Food Waste In Morgan Dining Hall, Mikayla Filippone, Ayesha Ludhani, Edward Partlow III, Mariana Vertoni 2012 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Reducing Food Waste In Morgan Dining Hall, Mikayla Filippone, Ayesha Ludhani, Edward Partlow Iii, Mariana Vertoni

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

There is excess waste in WPI Morgan Dining Hall.

Poster Presentation, Judge's Winner (2012)


Innovative Field Tools & Rural Outreach, Tint Yadana Aung, William Hunt, Trevor Rocks, Zuhir Sras, Christian Zelaya 2012 Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Innovative Field Tools & Rural Outreach, Tint Yadana Aung, William Hunt, Trevor Rocks, Zuhir Sras, Christian Zelaya

Great Problems Seminar Posters (All Posters, All Years)

As part of an effort to improve access to health services and education in Sierra Leone, Zion Ministries has partnered with Seven Hills Global Outreach (SHGO) in order to create a centralized campus for the purpose of providing maternal and infant health services, a nutrition center, a well, a primary school and a community meeting space for a population of over 13,000 people. Currently, there is not a sustainable way to charge mobile electronics on this campus. NewBorn Solutions has researched the systems most commonly employed for mobile device charging in rural Africa, with the goal of providing recommendations ...


Local Food Access In Inner Cities: Integrated Research Through: Comparison Study, Literature Review, Case Studies And Design Implementation, Courtney Allison Long 2012 Iowa State University

Local Food Access In Inner Cities: Integrated Research Through: Comparison Study, Literature Review, Case Studies And Design Implementation, Courtney Allison Long

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research suggests a strategy to address a difficult challenge: self-sustainability and the promotion of increasing the availability and accessibility of local food. This strategy has the opportunity to bring nutritious meals into our homes, place money into our local economies and promote self-sustaining communities. This study examines literature and case studies involving both primary and secondary sources. Cities and their local food programs were examined by travel within Havana, Cuba, and Kansas City, Missouri, and a field research study in Des Moines, Iowa. The study presents models that address urban agriculture, food accessibility, and design implementations to improve local ...


Effects Of Inclusion Shapes Within Rigid Porous Materials On Acoustic Performance, Hyun Hong, Siu-Kit Lau 2012 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effects Of Inclusion Shapes Within Rigid Porous Materials On Acoustic Performance, Hyun Hong, Siu-Kit Lau

Architectural Engineering -- Faculty Publications

The present study investigates the influence of various shapes of inclusions having same volume embedded in a porous rigid material. Previous studies showed improvement of the broadband sound absorption with particular shapes of inclusions. However, different volumes of the inclusions have been considered; therefore, the bulk densities are not the same for comparison. The present study extends the investigations of inclusions in porous materials with same volume (or bulk density) to eliminate the influence by the change of bulk density. The effects of shape will be discussed. Finite element modeling will be used for this study. Total four different shapes ...


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