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Regenerative Agriculture Infrastructure Design: The Built Environment Of Food, Culture, & Soil, Jesse JW Selman 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Regenerative Agriculture Infrastructure Design: The Built Environment Of Food, Culture, & Soil, Jesse Jw Selman

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The goal of this work is to explore the built context of our food system as a manifestation of a set of social and environmental conditions that are antithetical to the long-term health and survival of human life on this planet. The specific focus of this work is the small-scale, integrated farm. The farm is but one piece of the puzzle of how we eat and resides within the larger context of storage, distribution, economy, culture etc. Using precedents, both past and present, and through design explorations this work seeks to develop a positive course forward that will enable humanity ...


Reworking: Transforming A Textile Mill, Jennifer M. Hayes 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Reworking: Transforming A Textile Mill, Jennifer M. Hayes

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

This project examines the adaptive reuse of a disused nineteenth century textile mill building in Gilbertville, Massachusetts. While the original form and structure of the building type was conducive to maximum production of goods, contemporary uses require different forms. Although other mills in New England have been reused for housing, museums, or professional offices, my goal was to propose a program that related to the building’s original function as a place where people worked. Because the unemployment rate is rising in Massachusetts in 2010, I propose that the mill be reused as a training center where people learn green ...


Civic Center For Municipal Corporation Of Delhi, Akanksha Sharma 2010 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Civic Center For Municipal Corporation Of Delhi, Akanksha Sharma

Masters Theses 1911 - February 2014

The thesis project proposes to explore into the design possibilities for the Civic Center for Municipal Corporation of Delhi and extract the richness of the site conditions into architecture through means of computational design. The computational design approach will provide a degree of variance which will be an interesting thing to explore in terms of defining spaces, program and systems.. The design would hinge on to one of the major centers of Delhi and aim to enhance social permeability through means of forms and articulation of spaces. It would cater to all classes of people and help in promoting small ...


Design And Technology Workshops 2006|2010, Mark D. Linder 2010 Syracuse University

Design And Technology Workshops 2006|2010, Mark D. Linder

Full list of publications from School of Architecture

Design and technology workshops are a key feature to the Syracuse Architecture M.Arch 1 program. All first and second year students and their faculty participate in these two-day events that reinforce the need to integrate all aspects of the core curriculum.


Habitat For Humanity - Interlocking Bricks, Lien Centre for Social Innovation 2010 Singapore Management University

Habitat For Humanity - Interlocking Bricks, Lien Centre For Social Innovation

Social Space

Conscientious housing projects have to perpetually choose between expensive eco-friendly building materials and existing low-cost options that dominate the market. Habitat For Humanity Singapore’s team hopes to set up a research centre to contribute to low-cost, eco-friendly construction and to implement a financially self-sustaining model that provides employment to the local population.


Ecological Engineering In A New Town Development: Drainagedesign In The Woodlands, Texas, Bo Yang, M H. Li 2010 Utah State University

Ecological Engineering In A New Town Development: Drainagedesign In The Woodlands, Texas, Bo Yang, M H. Li

Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning Faculty Publications

This paper presents a comparative study of two different drainage designs in a 10,930-ha new town development of The Woodlands, Texas. Open surface drainage by shallow grassed swales was used in the first two subdivisions that were developed with ecological approaches. Open surface drainage mimics the natural flow regime and is regarded to mitigate development impacts on watershed. In other later subdivisions, the drainage design shifted back to a conventional stormwater drainage system, that is, curb and gutter, drop inlet, and underground piping, known to concentrate stormwater and lead to downstream flooding. The objective of this study is to ...


Philadelphia Neighborhood Conservation: Using Public Policy To Protect Historic And Threatened Residential Neighborhoods, Lindsey E. Allen 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia Neighborhood Conservation: Using Public Policy To Protect Historic And Threatened Residential Neighborhoods, Lindsey E. Allen

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Neighborhood conservation is largely dependent on a municipality’s zoning code. Many tools for protecting neighborhoods are embedded into the zoning code, and residents should be able to rely on them to provide a basic level of protection to neighborhood character. Local historic districts are common regulatory tools that are added as an overlay district and have regulations and standards that supplement those provided by the base zoning districts. However, to utilize this more restrictive tool, neighborhoods must qualify based on a variety of criteria related to the significance of the area and the amount of historical integrity that remains ...


Cultural Heritage In Conflict: World Heritage Cities Of The Middle East, Elvan Cobb 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Cultural Heritage In Conflict: World Heritage Cities Of The Middle East, Elvan Cobb

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Following World War I and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the political and population dynamics of the Middle East changed dramatically. New national borders, defined either by western mandates or by local sovereignties, included peoples and architectural legacies from a variety of religions and ethnicities. Under the unifying pressures of national ideologies, the diverse groups of the Middle East that coexisted under the Ottoman Empire were often pitted against each other. These negative dynamics among people were expressed as conflicts involving the built heritage of the 'other.' These conflicts sometimes took center stage, sometimes occurred stealthily and under the ...


Implementing Archaeological Conservation During American Nation-Building Efforts, Meaghan Colahan 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Implementing Archaeological Conservation During American Nation-Building Efforts, Meaghan Colahan

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis seeks to define best practices for implementing the conservation of archaeological sites as part of a broader system of cultural heritage protection within the framework of United States nation-building efforts. The ransacking of the Baghdad Museum, plus the widespread looting of the Iraq’s archaeological sites, makes it clear that measures for cultural property protection within the United States government military framework deserve a critical analysis. First, the importance of protecting cultural property during armed conflict will be examined from a historical and military perspective. Next, previous American nation building attempts are discussed to give a sense of ...


Preserving The Neighborhood Theatres Of William Harold Lee, Mark Edward Donofrio 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Preserving The Neighborhood Theatres Of William Harold Lee, Mark Edward Donofrio

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The American cinema tradition faces pressures to adapt architecturally, economically, and culturally to the postmodern age as Hollywood-oriented megaplexes, the internet, satellite/cable television, and DVD mail delivery services such as Netflix compete with the communal neighborhood theatre. Consequently, each year numerous historic theatres are either demolished or gutted to provide more commercially viable alternatives, prompting the National Trust for Historic Preservation to designate historic American movie theatres as one of the “11 Most Endangered Places” in 2001. Without concentrated efforts to preserve and to adaptively reuse these endangered movie theatres, many theatre proponents argue that cinematic experience will soon ...


Manufacturing Prosperity: Evaluating The Rehabilitation Of Industrial Complexes, Kate Spencer Milgrim 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Manufacturing Prosperity: Evaluating The Rehabilitation Of Industrial Complexes, Kate Spencer Milgrim

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


Certainty In The Uncertainty Of Venice: John Ruskin And The Daguerreotype Photographic Process, Crystal Leah Medler 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Certainty In The Uncertainty Of Venice: John Ruskin And The Daguerreotype Photographic Process, Crystal Leah Medler

Theses (Historic Preservation)

John Ruskin was among the first to embrace photography as a tool for preservation of historic architecture. His use of the newly invented daguerreotype photographic process in Venice, beginning in 1845, altered the way he documented architecture and aided in his mission to spread awareness of what he believed to be destructive restoration that was conducted throughout Venice in the mid-nineteenth century. Ruskin used the daguerreotype photographic process to produce a record of architecture in Venice which was his implicit form of preservation – an alternative to the destructive restorations he encountered. Ruskin's interaction with the daguerreotype changed his way ...


From Dockyard To Esplanade: Leveraging Industrial Heritage In Waterfront Redevelopment, Jayne O. Spector 2010 University of Pennsylvania

From Dockyard To Esplanade: Leveraging Industrial Heritage In Waterfront Redevelopment, Jayne O. Spector

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The outcomes of preserving and incorporating industrial building fabric and related infrastructure, such as railways, docks and cranes, in redeveloped waterfront sites have yet to be fully understood by planners, preservationists, public administrators or developers. Case studies of Pittsburgh, Baltimore, Philadelphia/Camden, Dublin, Glasgow, examine the industrial history, redevelopment planning and approach to preservation and adaptive reuse in each locale. The effects of contested industrial histories, planning approach, funding, environmental remediation, building materials and scale are evaluated as how they impact preservation outcomes. The case studies reveal a trend towards preservation of industrial waterfront buildings and infrastructure and demonstrate how ...


Alveolar Erosion And Its Conservation Recommendations For The Sandstone Masonry At Durham Castle, Tiffani L. Simple 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Alveolar Erosion And Its Conservation Recommendations For The Sandstone Masonry At Durham Castle, Tiffani L. Simple

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research addresses the sandstone masonry of Durham Castle, a World Heritage site located in Durham, England. The study encompasses a focus on its current condition, deterioration mechanisms, and in particular, alveolar erosion, and the performance of previous repair techniques. The stone and weathering observed at the castle appear to be consistent across the entire site, regardless of age or location and are representative of other buildings in the area. The obvious diagnosis therefore appears to be related to the geo-chemical nature of the stone more than any other single factor. Alveolar erosion is particularly evident and poses the greatest ...


Evaluation Of Cleaning Methods At The Fleisher Art Memorial Sanctuary, Alison K. Haley 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Evaluation Of Cleaning Methods At The Fleisher Art Memorial Sanctuary, Alison K. Haley

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The thesis proposes to investigate cleaning methods for the differing material surfaces (stone and plaster) that are intended to appear uniform, as is the case for the south interior wall of the Fleisher Art Memorial Sanctuary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Effectiveness of cleaning methods is evaluated based upon uniformity of appearance, precision, and degree of damage to surface. Methods of measurement as well as damage thresholds have been established.

This project attempts to answer the following questions:

  • What is the best approach to cleaning differing substrates in order to achieve a uniform result?
  • What effect do these techniques have on the ...


Behavioral Health Services Use Among Heads Of Homeless And Housed Poor Families, Jung Min Park, Stephen Metraux, Dennis P. Culhane 2010 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Behavioral Health Services Use Among Heads Of Homeless And Housed Poor Families, Jung Min Park, Stephen Metraux, Dennis P. Culhane

Departmental Papers (SPP)

Objectives. This study compares the use of and cost for behavioral health services among heads of homeless and housed poor families. Methods. Medicaid records for 59,135 heads of families receiving Temporary Assistance to Needy Families benefits were matched with data from Philadelphia’s municipal shelter system. Propensity score matching was used to select a matched control group to those identified as having been homeless between 1997 and 2003. Behavioral health services utilization was then assessed based on Medicaid claims records. Results. Substantially higher levels of behavioral health services use and corresponding costs were found among heads of families with ...


Optimum Absorption And Aperture Parameters For Realistic Coupled Volume Spaces Determined From Computational Analysis And Subjective Testing Results, David T. Bradley, Lily M. Wang 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Optimum Absorption And Aperture Parameters For Realistic Coupled Volume Spaces Determined From Computational Analysis And Subjective Testing Results, David T. Bradley, Lily M. Wang

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

This project utilizes computational modeling to study the effects of varying two architectural parameters, absorption ratio and aperture size, in a realistic coupled volume concert hall. Coupled volumes have been shown to exhibit non-exponential sound energy decay profiles, referred to as double slope effect. A number of objective metrics (T30/T15, LDT/T10, decay ratio, and ΔL) have been used to quantify the double slope effect of the profiles generated in the virtual hall. T30/T15 and LDT/T10 showed similar trends across all hall configurations, indicating decreasing double slope effect with increasing coupled volume absorption ratio for each aperture ...


Ab-10-018: The Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems With Tonal Components On Human Performance And Perception (1322-Rp), Erica E. Ryherd, Lily M. Wang 2010 Georgia Institute of Technology

Ab-10-018: The Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems With Tonal Components On Human Performance And Perception (1322-Rp), Erica E. Ryherd, Lily M. Wang

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

This study investigated the effects of noise from building mechanical systems with tonal components on human task performance and perception. Six different noise conditions based on in-situ measurements were reproduced in an office-like setting; all were set to approximately the same sound level (47 dBA) but could have one particular tonal frequency (120 Hz, 235 Hz, or 595 Hz) at one of two tonal prominence ratios (5 or 9). Thirty participants were asked to complete typing, grammatical reasoning, and math tasks plus subjective questionnaires, while being exposed for approximately 1 hour to each noise condition. Results show that the noise ...


Ab-10-C037: Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems On Elementary School Student Achievement, Lauren M. Ronsse, Lily M. Wang 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Ab-10-C037: Effects Of Noise From Building Mechanical Systems On Elementary School Student Achievement, Lauren M. Ronsse, Lily M. Wang

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

This project seeks to determine what relationship, if any, exists betweenbackground noise levels in elementary classrooms due to the building mechanicalsystems and student performance on achievement tests. Previous research inclassroom acoustics has clearly identified that lower background noise levelsresult in higher speech intelligibility which is crucial for the learning process;however, there is a lack of data correlating lower noise levels to improved studentachievement scores. For this study, background noise level measurements were madein 14 elementary schools in a public school system in Council Bluffs, Iowa, USA.The measurements were made in unoccupied classrooms with the central buildingmechanical systems activated ...


Ab-10-017: Combined Effects Of Noise And Temperature On Human Comfort And Performance (1128-Rp), Dale Tiller, Lily M. Wang, Amy Musser, Matthew Radik 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Ab-10-017: Combined Effects Of Noise And Temperature On Human Comfort And Performance (1128-Rp), Dale Tiller, Lily M. Wang, Amy Musser, Matthew Radik

Faculty Publications in Architectural Engineering

This paper summarizes results from an experiment designed to investigate the combined effects of noise and temperature on human thermal comfort and task performance. Thirty subjects (16 females, 14 males) were exposed to all combinations of five thermal conditions (PMV +1 [79.6°F:26.4°C], PMV +0.5 [75.8°F:24.3°C], PMV 0 [72.1°F:22.3°C], PMV -0.5 [68.3°F:20.2°C], and PMV -1 [64.6°F:18.1°C]), three RC noise levels (RC-30, RC-40, and RC-50), and two sound qualities (neutral and rumbly): all sounds mimicked ...


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