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A Typology Of Main Street Commercial Corridors Using Cluster Analysis, Molly Balzano 2018 University of Pennsylvania

A Typology Of Main Street Commercial Corridors Using Cluster Analysis, Molly Balzano

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Main Street Organization is a nonprofit focused on commercial corridor revitalization. The National Main Street Center has created a targeted program of revitalization called the Four-Point Approach that is designed to breathe new life into local Main Streets: bolster local businesses, save the historic buildings, and reinstate downtown as a social and cultural hub. There are over 1,600 local Main Street communities, and currently, the Four-Point Approach is employed similarly across all of them. This singular application doesn’t adequately address the distinct needs of different Main Streets. While it is infeasible for the National Main Street Center ...


Draft Programmatic Agreement For Buildings And Structures At Cold War Era Dedicated Instrumentation Sites: White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, Phillip S. Esser 2018 Roger Williams University

Draft Programmatic Agreement For Buildings And Structures At Cold War Era Dedicated Instrumentation Sites: White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico, Phillip S. Esser

Historic Preservation Capstone Projects

Since 1966, when the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) was signed into law, federal agencies have been required to consider their impact to known or potential historic resources under their jurisdiction. As a potentially costly and onerous process for large government installations such as the military, the law allows for procedures known as “program alternatives” which allow federal agencies to streamline the requirements for inventorying and evaluating categories of, or similar resources (in this case, buildings and structures) for their potential as historic resources.

This Capstone project seeks to capture a category of such resources, building and structures at Cold ...


Becoming The Preservation Executive Director: A Journey Through The Educational And Professional Development Of Preservation Nonprofit Leaders, Allison G. Bacon 2018 Roger Williams University

Becoming The Preservation Executive Director: A Journey Through The Educational And Professional Development Of Preservation Nonprofit Leaders, Allison G. Bacon

Historic Preservation Theses

Historic preservation executive directors are tasked with using their preservation skills and knowledge to preserve and protect the built environment. However, they are also responsible for running a business, in the form of nonprofit organization, where they manage people, projects and budgets to keep the organization functioning. This thesis explores the necessary knowledge, skills, abilities, and other characteristics (KSAOCs) required of historic preservation executive directors to lead preservation nonprofits using the method of job analysis. Preservation graduate programs and educational standards are analyzed to demonstrate the gap in preservation academic programs to prepare professionals to lead nonprofit organizations. Recommendations are ...


Where Do We Go From Here? Best Practices For Adapting Historic Buildings For Climate Resiliency In Newport, Rhode Island, Olivia Katherine Needham 2018 Roger Williams University

Where Do We Go From Here? Best Practices For Adapting Historic Buildings For Climate Resiliency In Newport, Rhode Island, Olivia Katherine Needham

Historic Preservation Theses

When looking to the future, it is hard to ignore the significant effects climate change will have on our historic built environment. Roughly 2,459.32 acres of land throughout the historic City of Newport, Rhode Island fall within the hundred-year floodplain associated with sea level rise. Through examination of precedents in Louisiana and Charleston, South Carolina, this study analyzes best practices and government policies for adapting historic structures to be more climate-change resilient. The goal is to identify best practices from the precedent areas and use them as guidance for the creation of new initiatives to protect historic structures ...


Preserving Historic Qilou Districts In Southern China: Consideration Of Western Models, Qiming Li 2018 Roger Williams University

Preserving Historic Qilou Districts In Southern China: Consideration Of Western Models, Qiming Li

Historic Preservation Theses

The historic qilou buildings are essential to the people in Southern China. Unfortunately, due to some of the urban renewal policies, many of the qilou districts have been either demolished or abandoned. For years, many scholars had written books and articles about how to preserve these significant historic urban elements. However, these studies failed to include examinations of the historic preservation program in other countries or the existing ones in China. This thesis was written in the hope of filling the gap. This study discusses the historical developments of the qilou buildings and their significances in four selected cities: Guangzhou ...


The Democratic Architecture Of George W. Maher: A Preservation Perspective, Cody chase 2018 Roger Williams University

The Democratic Architecture Of George W. Maher: A Preservation Perspective, Cody Chase

Historic Preservation Theses

As a branch of the international Arts and Crafts Movement, American Prairie Style architecture was a nostalgic ode to the horizontality and natural landscape of the Midwestern prairie and a departure from European design. Today, the work of Frank Lloyd Wright and Louis Sullivan comprise the most memorable examples of the era, leaving a considerable number of architects largely understudied. One of these architects was the prolific theoretician and designer George W. Maher.

Ambitious from a young age, Maher had his own firm by his mid-twenties and produced over 160 structures in his thirty-eight-year career. During that time he was ...


The Andrews Complex Development Feasability Study For Newport Art House’S “Residency 2020” Project, Tracy Jonsson 2018 Roger Williams University

The Andrews Complex Development Feasability Study For Newport Art House’S “Residency 2020” Project, Tracy Jonsson

Historic Preservation Theses

This paper is a needs-driven feasibility study for acquiring and rehabilitating the Andrews Complex, located at 7-10 Fir Street, Newport RI for use in Newport Art House’s Residency 2020 Project.

Newport Art House (NAH) commissioned this study responding to the need for affordable housing and studios within Newport’s artist community in the face of social change resulting from years of municipal economic investment in seasonal tourism. The Residency 2020 Project is one solution addressing equity, sustainability, and community authenticity issues identified by the City of Newport. It is an example of innovation at the intersection of historic preservation ...


Heritage Preservation In War: Proactive And Reactive Approaches Applied To The Old City In Sana’A, Yemen, Xochilt Del Rosal Armenta 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Heritage Preservation In War: Proactive And Reactive Approaches Applied To The Old City In Sana’A, Yemen, Xochilt Del Rosal Armenta

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The inherent nature of heritage as a symbol of a community’s identity – whether it be dependent on national, ethnic, or religious affiliations – has made it a frequent target during warfare despite heritage destruction being a war crime according to the 1954 Hague Convention. During war, the institutions responsible for preserving heritage spaces are often unable to offer support, making it the community’s responsibility to uphold preservation methods which can be secondary to the pressing issues of safety. The protection of heritage amid war depends on numerous variables ranging from community knowledge to the available resources and capacity to ...


Assessing The Deterioration Of Pennsylvania Marble In William Strickland's Mechanics' Bank, Alberto Calderón-González 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Assessing The Deterioration Of Pennsylvania Marble In William Strickland's Mechanics' Bank, Alberto Calderón-González

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Pennsylvania marble, a moderately metamorphosed and polishable calcareous stone, was the most desirable building material in early-nineteenth-century Philadelphia, gracing structures that ranged from federal institutions to hundreds of rowhouse stoops and grave markers. While changes in architectural taste and a poor performance under pollution made it an obsolete material by the early twentieth century, its major role in the historic fabric of the city justifies research into its deterioration and conservation.

The Mechanics’ Bank was erected on Philadelphia’s Third Street in 1837 by William Strickland, one of the country’s leading Greek Revival architects. The marble-clad Corinthian building is ...


The American Garden At Powderham: "Delightful Retreat In The Plantation", Rebecca Wilkinson Flemer 2018 University of Pennsylvania

The American Garden At Powderham: "Delightful Retreat In The Plantation", Rebecca Wilkinson Flemer

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis explores the history of the American Garden at Powderham in Devon, England. The seven-acre space was created, abandoned, and replanted over the course of over two-hundred years yet manages to convey remarkable integrity and sense of place. In the process of discovering who created the garden, this study aims to bring a deeper understanding of how and why American gardens, and Powderham’s in particular, were constructed in the late Georgian period.

Because the Powderham American Garden has changed significantly over the past 200 years, the garden is not as it appeared in the late eighteenth and early ...


An Evaluation Of Historic Cement Stucco Using Conditions Assessment Methodology And Digital Visualization Tools, Grand Teton National Park, Usa, Sara Jane Stratte 2018 University of Pennsylvania

An Evaluation Of Historic Cement Stucco Using Conditions Assessment Methodology And Digital Visualization Tools, Grand Teton National Park, Usa, Sara Jane Stratte

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The John Moulton homestead, constructed in 1938, is one of four intact homesteads in the Mormon Row Historic District within Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming. The homestead is a vernacular, two story wood frame structure finished with pink-painted cementitious stucco. The National Park Service (NPS) has passively preserved the structure since 1990 and it still maintains a high degree of integrity. The John Moulton Homestead is a popular tourist attraction for its accessibility and its unique paint color. At the present, however, the stucco exhibits severe cracking due to a number of causes, including a lack of designed expansion ...


Understanding Traditional Domestic Buildings In Pakistan – Lessons For Contemporary Design, Zara Shafiq Bhatti 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Understanding Traditional Domestic Buildings In Pakistan – Lessons For Contemporary Design, Zara Shafiq Bhatti

Theses (Historic Preservation)

After Independence in 1947, the quest for modernity was evident in the way Pakistan pursued western ideologies in its building design and construction. Architects from around the world were invited to envision the new face of the young nation. The capital, Islamabad was envisioned and planned by Greek Planner Constantinos Dioxidas who was invited by the Government of Pakistan. Modernity was viewed as a symbol of progress, replacing, discarding architectural traditions in the process. Unlike the modern ideology currently being practiced in the country, traditional domestic architecture of Pakistan is a response to local context, that considers the climate, availability ...


One Building, Four Houses: How Identity Influenced The Historic Forms Of The William Brinton 1704 House, Anthony Richard Carlos Hita 2018 University of Pennsylvania

One Building, Four Houses: How Identity Influenced The Historic Forms Of The William Brinton 1704 House, Anthony Richard Carlos Hita

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Built in 1704 by early Chester County Quaker, William Brinton the Younger (1670-1751), the 1704 House underwent four substantial phases of use and modification--a genteel great house (1704-1752), an ornamental farmhouse (1829-1863), a moral rural homestead (1864-1953), and a Colonial Revival house museum (1954-2018). Each of these phases represented a different owner of the structure who modified it to meet their needs and priorities. This thesis examines who these individuals were, how they were influenced by their own conscious values and subconscious social norms, and why and how they adapted the 1704 House as a result. Today, following a 1954 ...


Performance Simulation Of Brick Construction Under The Impacts Of Increased Precipitation As A Consequence Of Climate Change, Xiaolin Chen 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Performance Simulation Of Brick Construction Under The Impacts Of Increased Precipitation As A Consequence Of Climate Change, Xiaolin Chen

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Climate change is one of the most urgent global issues of our time and for the near future. To understand how changes in precipitation, i.e., increased precipitation events, as a consequence of climate change, will affect the performance and deterioration of traditional brick masonry structures, performance tolerance of three different type of brick masonry constructions are discussion in a template climate projection of Philadelphia.

As water is the main agent of deterioration for brick, climate-induced changes in moisture are a concern. The thesis assumes the deterioration of brick masonry construction based on the analysis on the interaction between brick ...


Non-Destructive Evaluation Of George Nakashima's Modernist Thin-Shell Plywood Structure, Elizabeth Henley Reynolds 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Non-Destructive Evaluation Of George Nakashima's Modernist Thin-Shell Plywood Structure, Elizabeth Henley Reynolds

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The purpose of this thesis is two-fold: to understand the construction and vulnerability of an open thin-shell plywood structure, and to propose a holistic and efficient program for assessment of thin-shell buildings using Non-Destructive Evaluation (NDE). This project focuses on the Pool House George Nakashima built in 1960, on his estate in New Hope, Pennsylvania. The structure is noteworthy for its conoid thin-shell roof, as part of a series of experimental roofs extant on the Nakashima Complex. While several other buildings on site employ these warped roofs, the rate of deterioration of the plywood assemblies is not fully understood.

This ...


Towards A Critical Contemporary Design In Historic Settings: Reclaiming The Inherent Relationship Between The Old And The New, Reclaiming Continuity In Differentiation, Shuxin Wu 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Towards A Critical Contemporary Design In Historic Settings: Reclaiming The Inherent Relationship Between The Old And The New, Reclaiming Continuity In Differentiation, Shuxin Wu

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Contemporary design in historic settings is a public concern as it fundamentally impacts the protection of historic resources, which specifically refers to new constructions in historical and existing context. At the core of design in historic settings lies the issues of studying, interpreting, and expressing the relationship between the old and the new. This thesis intends to address some of the limitations in how architectural designers approach these issues in historic settings and propose alternative design strategies. The strategies include analysis and methodology to integrate preservation philosophies with architectural design. They aim to produce new designs in historic settings which ...


Great Adaptations: Shaping The Future Of Historic Preservation In Philadelphia Through An Adaptive Reuse Ordinance, Violette Harrington Levy 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Great Adaptations: Shaping The Future Of Historic Preservation In Philadelphia Through An Adaptive Reuse Ordinance, Violette Harrington Levy

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Widespread vacancy and long-term disinvestment in neighborhoods across the City of Philadelphia have left historic preservation efforts and opportunities at a crossroads. The properties currently listed on the Philadelphia Register of Historic Places represent only a small fraction of the city’s built fabric that is eligible for such recognition. Therefore, it is crucial for the City of Philadelphia to look towards the future, and develop a strategy that will encourage more opportunities for historic preservation to take place. This thesis asserts that Philadelphia would benefit from enacting an Adaptive Reuse Ordinance, which would both allow for and encourage expanded ...


Examining Slavery's Architectural Finishes: The Importance Of Interdisciplinary Investigations Of Humble Spaces, Rebekah Zubaida Yousaf 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Examining Slavery's Architectural Finishes: The Importance Of Interdisciplinary Investigations Of Humble Spaces, Rebekah Zubaida Yousaf

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis studies the evidence of architectural finishes in slave dwellings as a vehicle for understanding their lives, experiences and culture. Reviewing the finishes analyses of slave quarters in eight case studies, the author examines evidence of original finishes and observes how they can inform our understanding of slavery, including the possibility of a transfer of color traditions from Africa. The author also considers architectural and archaeological investigations performed on slave dwellings as a supplement to understanding these spaces and the use of African culture as a form of cultural resistance. The limited but important evidence underlines the need for ...


When A Little Goes A Long Way: Tracking The Historic Preservation Fund & Its Impact On The Field Of Historic Preservation, Tarsha Sydney Wilson 2018 University of Pennsylvania

When A Little Goes A Long Way: Tracking The Historic Preservation Fund & Its Impact On The Field Of Historic Preservation, Tarsha Sydney Wilson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) is a federal grant-in-aid program stemming from the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. It is authorized at $150 million annually with funds deposited from Outer Continental Shelf oil lease revenues. The fund is reauthorized by Congress periodically with apportionment mandated by the National Park Service under the direction of the Secretary of the Interior. Despite being authorized for $150 million, the fund has never been fully appropriated with lows of $25-$26 million and highs reaching close to $90 million. Research for this impact assessment required scouring newspaper archives within the historic preservation field ...


Building Organizational Capacity For Preventive Conservation, Elizabeth C. Tumbull 2018 University of Pennsylvania

Building Organizational Capacity For Preventive Conservation, Elizabeth C. Tumbull

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Despite a centuries-old call for the incremental care of historic sites, stewards remain challenged to embrace a proactive philosophy for building preservation. This philosophy, termed “preventive conservation,” is not only a technical strategy for enabling the long-term preservation of historic resources, but is also an effective approach to historic site management. Through semi-structured interviews with thirteen stewards of historic sites across the United States, this thesis addresses the question: how can organizations build sufficient capacity for successful implementation of preventive conservation? First, the pursuant analysis reveals that capacity for preventive conservation is limited by inconsistently applied terminology, both within and ...


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