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Scaling Up Passive Energy To Suburban Developer Housing, Craig Griffen 2019 Thomas Jefferson University

Scaling Up Passive Energy To Suburban Developer Housing, Craig Griffen

Building Technology Educator's Society

Recent reports paint a dire picture of the potential worldwide affects climate change. Since our buildings’ energy consumption plays a significant role in the production of greenhouse gases, many more energy- efficient buildings could affect a major reduction in carbon production. Single-family developer housing represents a high percentage of US construction at a million starts per year. Yet, the typical subdivision is designed with little to no regard for orientation to sun, wind and thermal envelope efficiency. Since single- family homes consume around 80% of residential energy use, a million passive energy house starts per year could have profound effects ...


Automated Comprehensiveness: Sectional Practices And The Misuse Of Revit, Jessica Garcia Fritz 2019 South Dakota State University

Automated Comprehensiveness: Sectional Practices And The Misuse Of Revit, Jessica Garcia Fritz

Building Technology Educator's Society

All architectural drawings leave gaps in information. Drawing sets leave the impression that a combination of drawing types is comprehensive, that more information is better, but gaps always exist. In generating architecture, these gaps serve as opportunities for ambiguity, speculation, and exploration. The introduction of BIM in the late twentieth century and its more ubiquitous application in Autodesk’s 2004 release of Revit, challenged these previous notions of orthographic comprehensiveness as many images could be output from a single digital model. As representational types, plans, sections, elevations, and details did not disappear. Yet, the historic and conceptual practice for generating ...


Timber 4.0: Open Source Systems As A Democratic Tool For Designing And Building, Ulrich Dangel 2019 The University of Texas at Austin

Timber 4.0: Open Source Systems As A Democratic Tool For Designing And Building, Ulrich Dangel

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architecture, as it exists today, is deeply rooted in perceptions that were established during the Renaissance, which credited the architect as the sole author of creative thinking processes and the resultant design ideas. Since then, the architectural profession has desired to develop new and innovative ways of building, often without being bound by traditions, the environment, or any other constraints and limitations. This approach has frequently failed to address the needs and concerns of many. As a result, architects have not been successful in imparting significant social change that is valuable to large portions of the population. In contrast, however ...


Reducing Building Water Use Intensity (Wui): Tools For Academia And Practice, Courtney Crosson 2019 University of Arizona

Reducing Building Water Use Intensity (Wui): Tools For Academia And Practice, Courtney Crosson

Building Technology Educator's Society

Recent prolonged droughts have increased water awareness worldwide, yet limited progress has been made to expand integrated building solutions. This paper investigates the critical tools needed by architectural practice and academia to support water efficient pedagogy and design. A water auditing protocol was developed, tested, and standardized during an undergraduate/graduate architecture water efficiency course over 2017-19. This paper presents the case study implementation of this tool for water use reduction in a commercial building in Tucson, Arizona. The paper ultimately evaluates the success of this new tool through four outcomes from the case study. First, a cutting-edge, service-learning pedagogical ...


Classroom As Laboratory: Engaging Architecture Students In Hands-On Building Science Research, Gabrielle Brainard, Cristobal Correa 2019 Pratt Institute

Classroom As Laboratory: Engaging Architecture Students In Hands-On Building Science Research, Gabrielle Brainard, Cristobal Correa

Building Technology Educator's Society

Knowledge of building science – how buildings perform with respect to energy efficiency, durability, comfort, and health – is a key aspect of sustainable architectural design. Although most building science courses are taught in a traditional lecture format, experiential teaching methods have the potential to improve student engagement and comprehension of technical subject matter.

This paper describes a case study of experiential learning in building science education. In Spring, 2018, we conducted a thermal comfort study as part of an integrated design studio at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn, NY. We measured temperature and relative humidity in the studio space and asked students ...


Applying Nature’S Solutions To Architectural Problems, Jay Yowell 2019 Oklahoma State University

Applying Nature’S Solutions To Architectural Problems, Jay Yowell

Building Technology Educator's Society

Nature has inspired architecture for millennia and recent discoveries allow designers to understand the wealth of biological information further. The architectural profession is at a critical point in history with regards to reducing its impact on the environment. To truly minimize a building’s impact it needs to interact more holistically with its surroundings. The lessons learned from natural systems can be applied to architecture to lessen its environmental impact, and this is a critical point to ask: Will architects utilize construction technology as well as advanced scientific knowledge to create an architecture that behaves like nature? Imagine a building ...


Structures For Relief & Resiliency: Enhancing Creative Applications Of Technical Acumen Through Constrained Conditions, Rob Whitehead 2019 Iowa State University

Structures For Relief & Resiliency: Enhancing Creative Applications Of Technical Acumen Through Constrained Conditions, Rob Whitehead

Building Technology Educator's Society

The design of places, objects, and experiential operations are of great importance to the relief, recovery and rebuilding efforts that affect millions of people each year. Proactively designing for these scenarios requires a more than just sensitivity to the vexing nature of the people and their problems. The inter-disciplinary teams that assist in these efforts must be able to translate these activities into solutions that have insights into the structural, material, and construction considerations. Without these qualities, the tangible, useful, and deployable solutions could be marginalized until they become the lowest common denominator of design solutions.

The value of design ...


Big Glue! Testing The Scalability Of Adhesives In Architecture And Design, Emily White, Erik Sapper 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Big Glue! Testing The Scalability Of Adhesives In Architecture And Design, Emily White, Erik Sapper

Building Technology Educator's Society

This paper documents the questions, methods and outcomes of “Big Glue,” a research collaboration among students and faculty from Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo’s chemistry and architecture departments that explores the potentials of structural adhesives in architecture and design. The project asks how adhesives can be more broadly used as work increases in size from the scale of models to full-scale construction.

Our focus is on aluminum structures. We looked at existing adhesive use in construction and in the automotive industry, where adhesives are increasingly used on aluminum and aluminum composites to reduce weight and consequently increase fuel efficiencies ...


Situated Learning Through Robotics Processes, Shahin Vassigh, Jorge Tubella, Hadi Alhaffar, Julian Ramirez, Sara Pezeshk 2019 School of Architecture, Florida International University

Situated Learning Through Robotics Processes, Shahin Vassigh, Jorge Tubella, Hadi Alhaffar, Julian Ramirez, Sara Pezeshk

Building Technology Educator's Society

Technological advances in robotics, digital fabrication, and sensor technologies are changing the landscape of innovation, design, and production. However, integration of these technologies in architecture programs is a challenging task. It requires extensive knowledge of the robotic arm operations, complex computer applications, and developing interdisciplinary skills for producing the end of arm tooling, which makes architectural experimentation and production possible. The following paper describes an informal approach to an interdisciplinary collaboration experiment for initiating operations of a new robotics lab. Leveraging the inaugural event of the lab, students and faculty were invited to design, construct, and participate in exhibiting four ...


Energy Use Intensity As A Driver For Building-Envelope Design, Scott Murray 2019 University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Energy Use Intensity As A Driver For Building-Envelope Design, Scott Murray

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the principal interface between interior and exterior environments, the building envelope plays a primary role in the success or failure of a building’s response to its climate. The design and subsequent performance of building-envelope systems can have significant impacts on the overall energy performance of a building during its lifespan. Design decisions about window-to-wall ratios, the placement and orientation of glazing and shading devices, the components of opaque wall assemblies, and the selection of facade materials, products, and systems each contribute to a building envelope’s performance. To design high-performance enclosures, architects must understand the relationship between these ...


Urban Food Systems: Applying Life Cycle Assessment In Built Environments And Aquaponics, Alex Ianchenko, Gundula Proksch 2019 University of Washington

Urban Food Systems: Applying Life Cycle Assessment In Built Environments And Aquaponics, Alex Ianchenko, Gundula Proksch

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the building sector faces global challenges that affect urban supplies of food, water and energy, multifaceted sustainability solutions need to be re-examined through the lens of built environments. Aquaponics, a strategy that combines recirculating aquaculture with hydroponics to optimize fish and plant production, has been recognized as one of "ten technologies which could change our lives" by merit of its potential to revolutionize how we feed urban populations. To holistically assess the environmental performance of urban aquaponic farms, impacts generated by aquaponic systems must be combined with impacts generated by host envelopes. This paper outlines the opportunities and challenges ...


Concrete: Computation And Optimization, Nik Nikolov 2019 Lehigh University

Concrete: Computation And Optimization, Nik Nikolov

Building Technology Educator's Society

New materials require new design and construction methods. Even old materials are being continually developed with new properties that challenge the way we use them. A recent cycle of innovations has led to concretes with considerable and effective elastic limit in tension and flexural strength. The possibility to design in concrete as a single orthotropic material with both tensile and compressive properties create an opportunity for new products but also require new design approaches.

Topology optimization as an architectural design tool is largely unexplored, in contrast to its wide use in the field of mechanical engineering. Topologically optimized shapes are ...


Isa: Precedent Studies In Arch Structures Iii, Kristopher Palagi 2019 Louisiana State University

Isa: Precedent Studies In Arch Structures Iii, Kristopher Palagi

Building Technology Educator's Society

Engaging structures as impetus for architectural design, this paper examines the implementation of an approach to precedent analysis -- the ISA -- within an architectural structures course. As a means to graft the knowledge digested into familiar design languages, this pedagogy frames the precedent work in three perspectives: First, an understanding of the designers’ intent through assigned readings, essays, and in-class discussions; Second, computational modeling of structural components utilizing Revit’s Adaptive Families; and finally, a comparative analysis of the impact of formal variations on the structural efficacy through diagramming load-path and lateral resistance. Selected for their passion regarding structural logic, the ...


Water And Land In Flux: Pedagogy For Design Innovations That Inhabit Water, Niloufar Emami 2019 Louisiana State University

Water And Land In Flux: Pedagogy For Design Innovations That Inhabit Water, Niloufar Emami

Building Technology Educator's Society

The Float’n’rise Design Studio encourages a paradigm shift in design by speculating how a partially submerged building can be designed along the Southern Louisiana coast. As the erosion and submersion of terra firma continues, what might the future of a community’s existence look like? If the fact that once-inhabitable ground slowly submerges is assumed, why not construct buildings designed to float on water in the first place? Instead of holding firm to past ground/water conditions, and only raising buildings according to the hundred-year flood level principle, why not embrace a relationship with water as a new ...


Topology And Form Finding Via Genetic Algorithms, Michael Goldenberg, Nick Coburn 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Topology And Form Finding Via Genetic Algorithms, Michael Goldenberg, Nick Coburn

Architectural Engineering

The following presents an approach to early applications of the Galapagos program as a means to optimize structural forms. The process was conducted with Rhino’s Grasshopper program, the structural analysis plug-in, Karamba, and the genetic algorithm solver, Galapagos. This topological form finding process was based on flexible parameters that modified brace and column locations, and diaphragm size and positions.

This process worked by having Galapagos modify a parametric model which had initial randomly generated variables for the genomes. After structural analysis, Galapagos was tasked with changing the form in order to minimize overall displacement of the structure. Being an ...


Revision Of The Archicad Manual For Cm 115, Emma Wagner 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Revision Of The Archicad Manual For Cm 115, Emma Wagner

Construction Management

Each CM 115: Fundamentals of Construction Management section contains a quarter long project, the goal of which is to familiarize the students with a modeling software. More so, the goal of the project is to introduce them to a set of construction documents- how to get started, what is included, what they need to pay attention to as a construction manager, and most importantly, to implement what they learn from their written coursework completed during class. This manual was written to help students complete this assignment to the best of their ability, producing a piece of work that shows they ...


Documentation Of Concrete Slabs Prior To Pours, Peter D. Riley 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Documentation Of Concrete Slabs Prior To Pours, Peter D. Riley

Construction Management

Concrete slabs in multi-level commercial building projects contain many components that become no longer visible once concrete has been poured. As building designs advance and continue to locate components in concrete, it is important to document what these slabs contain in order to verify accurate craftsmanship and allow for improved future construction workflows and building modernizations. This paper explores current industry needs for proficient documentation as well as practices to achieve this. A case study was conducted, testing four devices that analyzed feasibility factors for realistic implementation by a contractor such as cost, interoperability, and level of skill required for ...


The Hospitality Design Laboratory: Testing A Growing Global Resource For Architectural Planning Research In The Tourism/Resort Industry, Glenn Nowak 2019 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Hospitality Design Laboratory: Testing A Growing Global Resource For Architectural Planning Research In The Tourism/Resort Industry, Glenn Nowak

International Conference on Gambling & Risk Taking

The HD-Lab at UNLV is an experiment in merging academic research teams with industry leadership to address the ever-changing landscape of global tourism, gaming, and hospitality as it pertains to the built environment. This poster session seeks to share overviews of previous studies, lessons learned, and opportunities for future architectural research. Collaborations amongst diverse teams aim to foster interdisciplinary research and continued contributions to the intellectual capital of hospitality design in Las Vegas and around the world. The presentation is structured across six broad and intertwined areas of foci: 1. Integrated resorts’ future evolutions and innovations, 2. Tourism architecture’s ...


Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. van de Lindt 2019 University of Kansas

Integrative Modeling Of Housing Recovery As A Physical, Economic, And Social Process, Elaina J. Sutley, Sara Hamideh, Maria K. Dillard, Donghwan Gu, Kijin Seong, John W. Van De Lindt

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

This paper presents a novel approach to modeling housing recovery through the formulation of recovery-based fragility functions built on empirical data collected longitudinally after a recent flood disaster. Previous community resilience frameworks have not addressed social and economic considerations in engineering-based recovery modeling. In doing so, this work takes an important step forward, advancing the use of probability and statistics in civil engineering applications and facilitating their role in interdisciplinary analysis of post-disaster recovery. To address community housing recovery after a flood event, two recovery-based limit states were analyzed: repair completion and re-occupancy. Two least squares regression models identified the ...


Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. van de Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh 2019 Ozyegin University

Flood Performance And Dislocation Assessment For Lumberton Homes After Hurricane Matthew, Derya Deniz, Elaina J. Sutley, John W. Van De Lindt, Walter G. Peacock, Nathanael Rosenheim, Donghwan Gu, Judith Mitrani-Reiser, Maria Dillard, Maria Koliou, Sara Hamideh

Community and Regional Planning Proceedings, Papers, and Posters

In order to better understand community resilience following a disaster, a multidisciplinary research team from the Center of Excellence (CoE) for Risk-Based Community Resilience Planning and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) jointly conducted a series of longitudinal field studies in the U.S. city of Lumberton, North Carolina following major flooding from Hurricane Matthew (2016). Damage surveys on structures and interviews with households were conducted during the first field study to explore physical, economic, and social impacts of major riverine flooding on this small, tri-racial community. This paper is focused on damage to housing and subsequent household ...


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