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Development Of A Framework To Support The Effective Adoption Of Bim In The Public Sector: Lessons For Ireland, Shiyao Kuang, Alan Hore, Barry McAuley, Roger West 2019 Technological University Dublin

Development Of A Framework To Support The Effective Adoption Of Bim In The Public Sector: Lessons For Ireland, Shiyao Kuang, Alan Hore, Barry Mcauley, Roger West

Conference papers

Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been formally adopted by many countries with the promise of creating greater economic, social and sustainability benefits. Several authors and institutions have presented alternative BIM policies and tactics which have been adopted by developed countries. However, there is evidence to indicate that BIM adoption theories are not well established and, in particular, the linkage between BIM public sector adoption strategy outcomes and their contribution to achieving Government policy objectives are underdeveloped. This paper will present the outcome of the first phase of a systematic literature review of published studies (including journal papers and noteworthy international ...


The Geographical Dimensions Of Patent Innovation: History, Precedents, Praxis, And Pedagogy, In An Expanded Field Of Landscape Technology., Richard Hindle 2019 University of California Berkeley

The Geographical Dimensions Of Patent Innovation: History, Precedents, Praxis, And Pedagogy, In An Expanded Field Of Landscape Technology., Richard Hindle

Building Technology Educator's Society

Innovation has geographical dimensions, ranging from site and building technology, to infrastructure and environmental systems. As the allied professions of environmental design expand disciplinary scope beyond aesthetics into questions of territory, landscape infrastructure, performance-based design, and issues related to climate adaptation and the Anthropocene, an expanded concept of technology and innovation becomes essential to address new pedagogical adjectives and praxis. One of the most effective ways to track technological change in a specific sector of technology is through patent innovation. The global patent archive is the world’s largest technological dossier. An estimated 90 million patents have been granted globally ...


Integration Of Building Energy Modeling (Bem) And Building Information Modeling (Bim): Workflows And Case Study, Mahsa Farid Mohajer, Ajla Aksamija 2019 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Integration Of Building Energy Modeling (Bem) And Building Information Modeling (Bim): Workflows And Case Study, Mahsa Farid Mohajer, Ajla Aksamija

Building Technology Educator's Society

Building Energy Modeling (BEM) intends to quantify buildings’ energy performance to help designers and architects better understand the environmental impacts of their decisions. Building Information Modeling (BIM) refers to a digital, model-based representation, where information about building design can be shared among different stakeholders and used during all stages of buildings’ lifecycle. The purpose of this research was to investigate integration of BEM and BIM, using two analysis tools. Green Building Studio (GBS) and Sefaira are two performance analysis software programs, which can be used both in the form of BIM plug-in/built-in tools, as well as web applications to ...


Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden 2019 Northeastern University

Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the focus of environmental engineering increasingly shifts to landscape-based, decentralized solutions to energy and water; and as architecture increasingly shifts its attention to resilience, ecological connectivity and independence from centralized infrastructure, these two disciplines find themselves closer in scale than before. This paper presents a collaborative project between upper level architecture and environmental engineering students focused on the design of sustainable and integrated water systems. Critical features of transdisciplinarity included: the engagement of stakeholders in the process at multiple moments; the speculative nature of working on very distant futures, the multi-scalar requirements of the collaboration, and the expectation of ...


A Framework For Performance-Based Facade Design: Approach For Multi-Objective And Automated Simulation And Optimization, Mahsa Minaei, Ajla Aksamija 2019 University of Massachusetts - Amherst

A Framework For Performance-Based Facade Design: Approach For Multi-Objective And Automated Simulation And Optimization, Mahsa Minaei, Ajla Aksamija

Building Technology Educator's Society

Buildings have a considerable impact on the environment, and it is crucial to consider environmental and energy performance in building design. In this regard, decision-makers are required to establish an optimal solution, considering multi-objective problems that are usually competitive and nonlinear, such as energy consumption, financial costs, environmental performance, occupant comfort, etc. Sustainable building design requires considerations of a large number of design variables and multiple, often conflicting objectives, such as the initial construction cost, energy cost, energy consumption and occupant satisfaction. One approach to address these issues is the use of building performance simulations and optimization methods.

This paper ...


Microclimates At The Sixth Facade, Abby Reed, David Fannon 2019 Northeastern University

Microclimates At The Sixth Facade, Abby Reed, David Fannon

Building Technology Educator's Society

Elevating buildings above grade is an increasingly- common design approach to address risks of costal and riverine flooding. While elevating buildings improves resistance to flood waters and potentially debris damage, other implications are less well-understood, including the influence of unique thermal and moisture conditions in the space between the ground and the underside of the elevated building—the so-called sixth facade. Unlike conventional basements, crawlspaces, or slabs-on-grade that respond to soil moisture through the installation of a vapor barrier, exposed, elevated floors contend with unique hygrothermal conditions, linked-to but distinct- from both the soil and the ambient air.

Uncontrolled moisture ...


Intuition Before Integers: Integrating Building Technology Into The Design Studio, James Leach, Kristin Nelson 2019 University of Detroit Mercy

Intuition Before Integers: Integrating Building Technology Into The Design Studio, James Leach, Kristin Nelson

Building Technology Educator's Society

The studio methodology, used almost universally to teach architectural design in the US, embraces speculative investigation and hands-on learning, offering unparalleled opportunities for integrated thinking and open-ended inquiry. Building technology courses, in contrast, tend to be taught in more constrained, and more passive modes - lecture classes, sometimes accompanied by a laboratory or including a project or two. As instructors of both design studios and building technology courses, we have found it difficult to generate the level of engagement and enthusiasm, or achieve the depth of inquiry, in the technology classroom that is common in the design studio. Moreover, we find ...


Comprehensive Bim Integration For Architectural Education Using Computational Design Visual Programming Environments, Roger Schroeder, William Dean 2019 SUNY Alfred State College of Technology

Comprehensive Bim Integration For Architectural Education Using Computational Design Visual Programming Environments, Roger Schroeder, William Dean

Building Technology Educator's Society

Recent developments in visual programming environments that function as components of the BIM software point to new ways to interact with the emerging and evolving BIM paradigm now common to most educators. Presenting this material comprehensively across the program curriculum is difficult since the expertise to develop course-specific computational content may not yet exist.

This examination proposes and explores a methodology of assisting the current evolution of using computational frameworks but integrated into coursework across the curriculum. Building components in a modular form will allow both educators and students improved accessibility to the concepts of using a shared model in ...


Methods To Monitor And Simulate Existing Residences: Analyzing And Improving Energy And Comfort For Native Hawaiian Homeowners, Wendy Meguro, Manfred Zapka, Eileen Peppard 2019 University of Hawaii

Methods To Monitor And Simulate Existing Residences: Analyzing And Improving Energy And Comfort For Native Hawaiian Homeowners, Wendy Meguro, Manfred Zapka, Eileen Peppard

Building Technology Educator's Society

To support the State of Hawaii’s goals of improving energy performance of buildings and reducing dependence on fossil fuels, this study develops design recommendations that could improve the energy efficiency and thermal comfort of hundreds of existing and future homes for native Hawaiian families.

This poster shares the methods and learning objectives used by faculty, researchers, and a team of architecture, electrical and mechanical engineering, and computer science students to chart a path to net-zero site energy use in residences in sub-tropical climates by monitoring and simulating existing houses.

The faculty from Architecture and Sea Grant structured the research ...


Bench: Biorhythmic Evaporative-Cooling Nano-Tech, Aletheia Ida 2019 University of Arizona

Bench: Biorhythmic Evaporative-Cooling Nano-Tech, Aletheia Ida

Building Technology Educator's Society

The Biorhythmic Evaporative-cooling Nano-TeCH (BENCH) system is conceived as a novel building skin for architectural enclosures responsive to human interactions for thermal comfort in hot-arid climate conditions. The membrane system concurrently integrates natural ventilation cooling and modulations in daylighting transmission for inhabitant wellbeing and multi-sensory phenomena experience. The BENCH demonstration prototype combines CNC shaped and stained laminated plywood with all wood joinery for the structure of a small covered seating area with atmospheric effects. The soft skin membrane encloses the structure with embedded hydrogels that are actuated with water pumping into the mesh pod modules through clear microbore tubing. Each ...


Watervase: Wind-Catching Adaptive Technology For A Roof-Integrated Ventilation Aperture System And Evaporative-Cooling, Maryam Moradnejad, Dorit Aviv, Aletheia Ida, Forrest Meggers 2019 University of Arizona

Watervase: Wind-Catching Adaptive Technology For A Roof-Integrated Ventilation Aperture System And Evaporative-Cooling, Maryam Moradnejad, Dorit Aviv, Aletheia Ida, Forrest Meggers

Building Technology Educator's Society

The WATeRVASE is a Wind-catching Adaptive Technology for a Roof-integrated Ventilation Aperture System and Evaporative-cooling. Prior research for the adaptive wind catcher technique demonstrates the effective multi-fin design composition for geometry shifting in response to wind directions and speeds (Aviv, Meggers 2018, 186-195; Aviv, Axel, 2017, 1123-1128). Other prior research demonstrates the effectiveness of superporous polyelectrolyte hydrogels for water sorption and diffusion (Smith, 2017, 2481-2488; Ida, 2018). Our team members have also developed a machine-learning platform for testing building technology prototypes for particular environmental conditions and building integration analyses (Smith, Lasch, 2016, 98-105). The new area of research combines the ...


Phenomenology And Performance: Technology | Architecture + Design Through Music, Jerry Stivers 2019 Oklahoma State University

Phenomenology And Performance: Technology | Architecture + Design Through Music, Jerry Stivers

Building Technology Educator's Society

“Phenomenology” is a design philosophy that was first used to criticize the modern movement and as an urge to return to “place-based” architecture. Juhani Pallasmaa further expanded the ideas by introducing the phenomenological aspects of kinesthetic and multi-sensory perception of the human body into this architecture theory.

“Performance Based” design, with the help of computational tools, is a design paradigm within architecture that has emerged in the 21st Century by using building performance as a guiding design principle for the design of cities and buildings. Current interest in building performance as a design paradigm is largely due to the emergence ...


The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez 2019 Kansas State University

The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architectural corners serve as nodes of constructional shifting, of structural logistics, of environmental control emphasis, of spatial experience, and of aesthetic considerations and it is in these particular building intersections that our greatest architects have exceled. Despite the importance of the corner, most architectural software introduces generalizations into design work that all but assures improper understanding of a building’s corners, especially for students and those novice to the profession. The transformations undertaken in the computer rarely reflect the strategies used to create physical, occupiable space. For instance, when working in building information modeling software, walls intersect via “butt” or ...


Truss-Ting History, Chad Dennis, Joshua Friedman 2019 Northeastern University

Truss-Ting History, Chad Dennis, Joshua Friedman

Building Technology Educator's Society

Building performance in this case being evaluated by traditional means, such as energy use over time, in addition to qualitative questions of space, history, pedagogy etc. Another term explicit in this project is that of “future use” by which we build on typical modes of site analysis in addition to the growing body of research developed through building scientists, we ask how building systems can be used to accommodate a variety of program while simultaneously maintaining a strong connection to place. Through the use of a hybrid system of glulam trusses and CLT panels to repurpose an existing historic pumphouse ...


Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers 2019 South Dakota State University

Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers

Building Technology Educator's Society

According to the Department of Transportation, a commercial truck can drive at a maximum speed of sixty miles per-hour while carrying a sixty-foot-long precast concrete beam on a state highway. The beam in question is headed to a town of 1,800 people to be installed as part of a student-driven, faculty led Public Works project in Webster, South Dakota. Design/Lift focuses on the choreography of lifting and positioning a large piece of concrete on a public site. The beam sits in a yard, unapproved to span highway bridges, but potentially ready to engage the public in unexpected ways ...


In Spite Of Pragmatics: The Pursuit Of Both/And For Integrated Architectural Solutions, Hans Herrmann, Jacob Gines 2019 Mississippi State University

In Spite Of Pragmatics: The Pursuit Of Both/And For Integrated Architectural Solutions, Hans Herrmann, Jacob Gines

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architectural design studios that are tasked with the responsibility of addressing and demonstrating NAAB criteria for Integrated Architectural Solutions (IAS, formerly Comprehensive Design) can, by their very nature, become venues for promoting strict pragmatism. By its very definition pragmatism is primarily concerned with relating to matters of fact or practical affairs often to the exclusion of intellectual or artistic endeavors - thus setting up a preferential condition by which project proposals may be evaluated. Pursuits to such an end, although perhaps expressing a certain level of competency and technocratic ability, more often than not fall short of higher architectural aims. The ...


Teaching Structures Online: Finding Opportunities For Tangible Engagement, Dustin Albright 2019 Clemson University

Teaching Structures Online: Finding Opportunities For Tangible Engagement, Dustin Albright

Building Technology Educator's Society

Faced with increasing demand but limited flexibility within the academic year, the School of Architecture at Clemson University developed and delivered an online version of its undergraduate Structures 2 course during the summer of 2018. This shift in timing and format presented a range of challenges, most significantly the compressed schedule (six weeks to deliver fifteen weeks of content), and the desire to maintain engaged, experiential learning despite the detachment and asynchronicity introduced by the online setup.

With respect to this remoteness, it proved fruitful to turn the challenge on its head and instead identify opportunities afforded by the geographic ...


Testing Is Teaching Too: Transitioning A Large-Lecture Course From Summative To Formative Exams, Robert Arens, Brian Osborn, Carmen Trudell 2019 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Testing Is Teaching Too: Transitioning A Large-Lecture Course From Summative To Formative Exams, Robert Arens, Brian Osborn, Carmen Trudell

Building Technology Educator's Society

For students and teachers alike exams can be a dreadful experience with both parties left questioning the value of the exercise. Large-lecture courses tend to employ an exam culture that is more focused on expedience than efficacy as the promise of efficient grading often triumphs over the desire to create meaningful learning experiences. Within the Architectural Technology Fundamentals courses at Cal Poly we have found that machine-readable tests, which use multiple-choice and true-false questions, tend to assess students’ understanding of course topics at only the most basic level and are misaligned with our aspiration to fostering students who can integrate ...


Blown Away: A Case Study In Modulated Airflow Through Digital Modeling And Fabrication, Liane Hancock, Thomas Cline, Adam Feld, Yonas Niguse 2019 University of Louisiana Lafayette

Blown Away: A Case Study In Modulated Airflow Through Digital Modeling And Fabrication, Liane Hancock, Thomas Cline, Adam Feld, Yonas Niguse

Building Technology Educator's Society

This paper describes an interdisciplinary project: the design and fabrication of temporary HVAC diffusers for the University of Louisiana Lafayette School of Architecture and Design to decrease and distribute air supply across the studio environment.

To begin the design process, we charged the students to record data measuring the air velocity around the existing diffusers using an anemometer, creating a grid of yarn to located points in space. In addition to collecting the numerical data, the student observed the movement of the lengths of yarn in response to the airflow. Once the students could visualize the movement of the air ...


Crm Manufacturers In Architecture, Dana Gulling 2019 North Carolina State University

Crm Manufacturers In Architecture, Dana Gulling

Building Technology Educator's Society

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) has revolutionized architecture. Proponents argue that CAM’s computer numeric controlled (CNC) machines make individual architecture components that are not prohibitively expensive, reconnects designers directly to making, and transforms architectural form.[1] Despite these accolades, there is a distinction between CNC equipment directly and indirectly fabricating architecture components. Directly, CNC equipment punched the holes in the copper screen for Herzog and deMeuron’s DeYoung Museum and the steel skin and structure for SHoP’s Barclay Center. Indirectly, makers use CNC equipment to fabricate tooling (e.g. molds, patterns, and dies) to repetitively manufacture components that have been ...


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